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2013

Bullying

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Bullying Prevention In Schoolwide Positive Behavior Supports: A Review Of The Literature, Allen Garcia, Regina M. Oliver Dec 2013

Bullying Prevention In Schoolwide Positive Behavior Supports: A Review Of The Literature, Allen Garcia, Regina M. Oliver

The Nebraska Educator: A Student-Led Journal

The literature has suggested that problem behavior in the schools is an ongoing problem (Sugai et. al., 2000). This is a major concern for schools that want to provide a safe learning environment that promotes positive behaviors and academic learning. Such problem requires a systematic response, thus, School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS) was created to target and prevent problem behaviors. Another form of problem behaviors in schools is bullying, and within the framework of SW-PBIS, there is limited research on targeting bullying. The current review examines and evaluates current research of SW-PBIS, and it’s application to bullying ...


Cyberbullying In 'Left 4 Dead 2': A Study In Collaborative Play, Kimberly L. Kulovitz Dec 2013

Cyberbullying In 'Left 4 Dead 2': A Study In Collaborative Play, Kimberly L. Kulovitz

Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to further our understanding of the role of cyberbullying in the cooperative team-based game Left 4 Dead 2 (L4D2). A sample of 41 4-person groups generated a total n = 415 messages used for evaluating the behavioral content of game play. Four hypotheses were advanced assessing cyberbullying behavior and game outcome (success vs. failure), group cohesion, target participation, and perceptions of bullies. Out of the 41 groups 25 groups had cyberbullying behavior present and 16 groups had prosocial behavior. Overall, cyberbullying behavior had little effect on game outcome, group cohesion and target participation. Groups using only prosocial messages ...


Bullying Experiences Of Individuals With Visual Impairment: The Mitigating Role Of Sport Participation, Emily Danes-Staples, Lauren J. Lieberman, Jennifer Ratcliff, Kala Rounds Dec 2013

Bullying Experiences Of Individuals With Visual Impairment: The Mitigating Role Of Sport Participation, Emily Danes-Staples, Lauren J. Lieberman, Jennifer Ratcliff, Kala Rounds

Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education Faculty Publications

In bullying research, status plays a key role in who is the instigator and who is the recipient of bullying. Athletes are often considered a high status individual and have been accused of engaging in bullying behaviors. Individuals with disabilities are seen as possessing lower status and are often the victims of bullying. What is unclear is if athletes who have a disability are instigators of bullying or are victims themselves. This study explored implications of status as it relates to bullying experiences by athletes and non-athletes with visual impairments. Specific attention was paid to uncovering similarities and differences between ...


Lunch Buddy Mentoring For Bullied Children: Four Case Studies And A Thematic Analysis, Samantha Gregus Dec 2013

Lunch Buddy Mentoring For Bullied Children: Four Case Studies And A Thematic Analysis, Samantha Gregus

Theses and Dissertations

Lunch Buddy (LB) mentoring, a type of school-based mentoring, holds promise as a selective intervention for children who are chronically bullied (Elledge, Cavell, Ogle, & Newgent, 2010). This study expanded upon previous research (Elledge et al., 2010) by utilizing a case-study approach combining qualitative and quantitative methods to gain more evidence about the palatability of the intervention and to uncover possible mechanisms by which the intervention is working. Participants were four elementary school children in grades four and five who had been identified as bullied based on child and teacher reports. Quantitative data were collected at multiple points during the course ...


Dehumanization: As It Is Present Within Bullying Behaviors In An Anti-Bullying Program, Katelyn Amos Dec 2013

Dehumanization: As It Is Present Within Bullying Behaviors In An Anti-Bullying Program, Katelyn Amos

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Bullying is an aggressive act performed repeatedly on another enacting a power differential. This thesis utilized data collected from The Anti-Bullying Prevention Pilot Program (ABPPP), which studied bullying within eleven schools in a large metropolitan area in southwestern United States. The program was aimed to increase positive school climate through the use of Operation Respect and Welcoming Schools programs.

Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) and mixed methods approaches were used in order to analyze interviews and questionnaires. Grounded Theory analysis procedures were used to code the information, and thick descriptions were utilized to illustrate the occurrence of dehumanization among across four ...


Perceptions Of Middle School Students And Parents On The Effectiveness Of The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, John Brewer Oct 2013

Perceptions Of Middle School Students And Parents On The Effectiveness Of The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, John Brewer

Counselor Education Master's Theses

Bullying has been recognized as a significant problem in adolescents. The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program (OBPP) has been the most successful and widely used program in schools to reduce the incidence of bullying. This study aimed to investigate the perceptions of middle school students and parents on the effectiveness of OBPP. Online surveys for students and parents were developed using a Likert-type scale. The results indicate that students and parents believe OBPP is effective in increasing knowledge of bullying and how to effectively deal with it. Parents do not perceive that incidents of bullying have decreased since implementation of OBPP ...


High School Staff Perceptions Of Interpersonal Relationships With Students As A Result Of An Intervention Called Challenge Day, Stacy Chase Mcmillan Sep 2013

High School Staff Perceptions Of Interpersonal Relationships With Students As A Result Of An Intervention Called Challenge Day, Stacy Chase Mcmillan

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This project was undertaken to capture the responses of administrators and teachers in a public high school setting in regard to their perceptions of interpersonal relationships with students as a result of participation in Challenge Day, an experiential youth program that targets the cause of social oppression on school campuses. As there was little prior research that indicated how teachers and administrators of public schools understand and integrate teachings presented in large-scale interventions, this research attempted to offer data that will allow for a broader discussion of prevention and intervention programs involving school staff and students collectively. A public high ...


The Ecology Of Bullying : How Might Counselors' Reflections On Bullying Improve School-Based Interventions?, Mary K. GutiéRrez Sep 2013

The Ecology Of Bullying : How Might Counselors' Reflections On Bullying Improve School-Based Interventions?, Mary K. GutiéRrez

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Schools are struggling to find intervention and prevention plans that will be effective in preventing and intervening in bullying. Phone interviews and online surveys were conducted with 16 respondents - a cross-section of child and school counselors - to find what they have found most and least helpful. Overall, participants agreed that they continue to struggle to find effective ways of preventing, managing and responding to bullying incidents and the overall culture that induces bullying. The majority of respondents felt their schools' policies and/or actions were not effective or not effective enough, however, those who worked in schools that used a ...


Explaining Organizational Responses To Workplace Aggression, Elizabeth Fredericksen, Suzanne Mccorkle Aug 2013

Explaining Organizational Responses To Workplace Aggression, Elizabeth Fredericksen, Suzanne Mccorkle

Elizabeth D. Fredericksen

Although scholarship in the area of workplace aggression is beginning to flourish, the varied definitions, assumptions, and methodologies used to describe workplace aggression compound the challenge of formulating practical theory and models to address workplace aggression. While this phenomenon occurs in public, private, and nonprofit organizations, the unique political and legal context of public organizations warrants targeted attention. We propose the organizational Accountability Grid as an umbrella concept to understand how organizations become permissive or disciplined cultures in their responses to workplace aggression. The productive management of workplace aggression is necessary to ensure the accountable pursuit of the public interest.


A Social Justice Perspective In Anti-Bullying Program Implementation, Monica Vanderheiden Aug 2013

A Social Justice Perspective In Anti-Bullying Program Implementation, Monica Vanderheiden

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Oppression is in our everyday lives. Children get to experience it first hand in school by simply being different than others. Bullying has become a serious problem in American schools and many programs have been implemented to address it. This thesis grew out of a large evaluation study of anti-bullying program implemented in a large school district located in the Pacific Southwest. The main goal of this thesis is to continue the research process of the large evaluation study by focusing on the theme of implementation. Another goal is understand social justice as it relates to anti-bulling program evaluation. In ...


Exploring Heterosexist Bias And Oppressive Bullying In Anti-Bullying Prevention Programs, Shayna Yamashiro Aug 2013

Exploring Heterosexist Bias And Oppressive Bullying In Anti-Bullying Prevention Programs, Shayna Yamashiro

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Children in the K-12 school environment who identify in the sexually underrepresented groups experience the effects of heterosexism, which is a manifestation of oppressive bullying. This work explores and analyzes the results of Anti-Bullying Prevention Pilot Program (ABPPP) which is a large-scale three-year evaluation. This study analyzed qualitative data (structured interviews) by utilizing a Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) and Mixed Methods approach to find the emergent theme of heterosexism. Grounded Theory was then used to code that information. This work found thick descriptions which illustrated the presence of heterosexist bias in the qualitative data. Thus, this writer proposes a model ...


Bibliotherapy And Bullying: Teaching Young Childrento Utilize Peer Group Power To Combat Bullying, Rebecca Lyn Spencer Jul 2013

Bibliotherapy And Bullying: Teaching Young Childrento Utilize Peer Group Power To Combat Bullying, Rebecca Lyn Spencer

Theses and Dissertations

Bullying is a major concern for school-age children. This study compares the use of bibliotherapy and didactic instruction techniques for teaching anti-bullying strategies to young children. The study explores 36 first graders' perceptions of bullying and their perceptions of their roles and responsibilities in bullying situations. In comparison to the control group, students who were taught specific bully intervention skills, both through didactic instruction and bibliotherapy, reflected an increased understanding of bullying, used a larger bully vocabulary, and demonstrated more specific and varied actions in response to bullying from pre-test to post-test conditions. Participants in the group who received didactic ...


Bullying Prevalence In Mississippi: A Comparison Of Urban And Rural Schools, Valarie Mccaskill Jun 2013

Bullying Prevalence In Mississippi: A Comparison Of Urban And Rural Schools, Valarie Mccaskill

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This study examines the prevalence of bullying in urban and rural schools in Mississippi. Students at eight middle schools completed the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire to identify bullies and bully victims. The results of the study showed that approximately 50% of students in both urban and rural schools were identified as being bullied once or more during the current school term. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of bullying at urban and rural schools based on students who attended the eight middle schools who participated in the study. However, there was a significant difference in the prevalence of ...


The Bullying Cycle : Bullies, Victims, And Curriculum Advances, Jordana Marshall May 2013

The Bullying Cycle : Bullies, Victims, And Curriculum Advances, Jordana Marshall

Graduate Student Independent Studies

Although bullying occurs in all age groups, and in every situation from prisons to corporate institutions, the scope of this paper is limited to the effects of bullying on children. The author reviews and explores the empirical data and evidence as it specifically relates to children, from preschool through adolescence and high school. Lastly, this paper explores legislation, preventative programs, and curricular responses that have been developed in response to this disturbing and dangerous social interaction


Bullying : What You Need To Know, Hela Erez May 2013

Bullying : What You Need To Know, Hela Erez

Graduate Student Independent Studies

Examines the bullying phenomenon and the different factors it involves. Statistics of bullying provide additional information and show the severity and complexity of bullying. This research is intended to help educators and parents oversee the origins from which the bullying phenomenon emerges and consequentially, help resolve bullying among school age children.


Bullying And Sensitivity To Rejection: The Role Of Individual Difference Variables In Social Exclusion’S Impact On Eating Behaviors, Karen M. Ramos May 2013

Bullying And Sensitivity To Rejection: The Role Of Individual Difference Variables In Social Exclusion’S Impact On Eating Behaviors, Karen M. Ramos

Psychology Honors Projects

Social exclusion negatively impacts health behaviors such as eating, and new research suggests that individual difference variables can influence the strength of its effects. Two studies examined whether prior experience with bullying is an individual difference variable that could influence ostracism’s impact on food consumption. I hypothesized that people with a history of bullying would be more likely to eat unhealthy foods than healthy foods after experiencing social exclusion, and that this group would likely consume more food after experiencing social exclusion. Neither study found that prior experience with bullying impacted the strength of ostracism’s effect on food ...


Context And The Assessment Of Peer Preference: The Lunch Table Rating Scale, James Thomas Craig May 2013

Context And The Assessment Of Peer Preference: The Lunch Table Rating Scale, James Thomas Craig

Theses and Dissertations

This study reports on the development and initial evaluation of a novel peer-report measure of lunch mate preference. The Lunch Table Rating Scale (LTRS) was designed to assess peer preference within a narrow but important Social context while limiting the unwanted influence of reputational bias on peer ratings. Psychometric properties of the LTRS were examined using a sample of 298 fourth-grade students. The LTRS demonstrated good internal consistency and adequate stability over a four-month interval. LTRS scores were positively correlated with Social preference scores from a traditional classroom sociometric instrument and negatively correlated with self-, teacher-, and peer-reported levels of ...


Comparison Of Study/Article Characteristics And Methodological Quality Of International Nurse Workplace Violence Research Published Before And After The Joint Commission Sentinel Event Alert On Disruptive Behaviors, Terressa Margarette Stowell Love May 2013

Comparison Of Study/Article Characteristics And Methodological Quality Of International Nurse Workplace Violence Research Published Before And After The Joint Commission Sentinel Event Alert On Disruptive Behaviors, Terressa Margarette Stowell Love

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Purpose: The majority of new nurses experience workplace violence from other nurses. The purpose of this study was to compare study/research characteristics and methodological quality of international nurse workplace violence research published before and after the 2008 release of the U.S. The Joint Commission (TJC) sentinel event alert on disruptive behaviors.

Methods: Thirty-nine quantitative nurse workplace violence research articles published between 2001 and 2012 were assessed and divided into two groups: articles published (a) before the 2008 TJC sentinel event alert or the same year, i.e., 2001-2008 (BTJC) and (b) after the 2008 TJC sentinel event alert ...


Perceptions Of Workplace Bullying Among Practicing Registered Nurses, Crystal Regina Threadgill May 2013

Perceptions Of Workplace Bullying Among Practicing Registered Nurses, Crystal Regina Threadgill

Dissertations

Workplace bullying (WPB) is a social and organizational problem. Within the health care arena, employees, particularly registered nurses, are at risk. WPB has several adverse effects and has been cited in the literature as closely associated with burnout and nurses leaving their positions. This quantitative study examined workplace bullying among practicing registered and its relationship with burnout and nurses’ intent to leave their current position.

The surveys utilized were the Negative Acts Questionnaires-Revised (NAQ-R), Maslach Burnout Inventory Survey, Intention to Turnover Scale and a demographic survey. Of the surveys distributed, a total of 185 were returned from one selected hospital ...


An Econometric Analysis Of Anti-Bullying Program Factors On Bullying In Public American Middle Schools And High Schools, Austin B. Beck Apr 2013

An Econometric Analysis Of Anti-Bullying Program Factors On Bullying In Public American Middle Schools And High Schools, Austin B. Beck

Undergraduate Economic Review

This paper seeks to answer the question: “Do typical factors of anti-bullying programs reduce the amount of bullying that takes place in American public middle schools and high schools?” An overview of the literature on bullying and anti-bullying programs is provided. Data from the School Survey on Crime and Safety is analyzed using a probit model. The model is tested for accuracy and the results are analyzed. Parental involvement and out-of-school suspension are found to be significant anti-bullying program factors. Other explanatory variables are also discussed and recommendations for further research are provided.


Do Students Understand What Researchers Mean By Bullying?, Kristin E. Bieber Apr 2013

Do Students Understand What Researchers Mean By Bullying?, Kristin E. Bieber

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

The definition of bullying most often used by researchers incorporates three key elements: repetition, intent to harm, and a power imbalance (Olweus, 2010). Past studies have found that students may not understand how this definition of bullying is different from general peer aggression, and that they may report their involvement in instances of aggression that occur only once, or happen among individuals of equal power, when they are asked about their involvement in bullying (Monks & Smith, 2006).

This dissertation examined: a) grade differences in students’ abilities to accurately apply the definition of bullying when determining if a behavior is or is not bullying; (b) differences in students’ accurate identification of bullying as a result of grade, gender, and type of bullying; and (c) the relationship between students’ accurate ...


High School Bullying Awareness And Prevention, Tracey Ruby Madrigal Mar 2013

High School Bullying Awareness And Prevention, Tracey Ruby Madrigal

Social Sciences

No abstract provided.


Perceptions : A Quantitative Look At The Impacts Of Gsas On Bullying And Overall School Climate, Meghan E. Mcgrath Jan 2013

Perceptions : A Quantitative Look At The Impacts Of Gsas On Bullying And Overall School Climate, Meghan E. Mcgrath

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Bullying and school climate are salient topics in today's society particularly in the educational setting. They are especially salient topics for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) youth because they are targeted more frequently and with more intensity. However, there is little existing information regarding risk and protective factors for this population. This quantitative study examined the perceptions of the faculty and staff at one high school, Helix Charter High School in San Diego, California, with regard to the Gay/Straight Alliance (GSA) and its impacts on bullying and overall school climate. The 72 participants answered an online ...


Antecedents To Mobbing, Anita Lois Lane Jan 2013

Antecedents To Mobbing, Anita Lois Lane

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The research examines possible antecedents to mobbing behavior. Mobbing typically occurs following a bullying incident. Dyadic Power Theory (Dunbar, 2004) is applied to the behaviors associated with this phenomenon. Indirect Interpersonal Aggression can be perceived as a communicative strategy to demonstrate control attempts. Those who lack in self-assurance may be more apt to join in with the mob and cultivate mobbing episodes in the adult world. Emerging adults are entering vocational spheres in large numbers. Becoming aware of unethical communicative behaviors that lead to severe workplace and individual consequences is the focus of this study.


The Persistence Of Bullying At School And Public Policy Responses: What Ails?, Rajeet Guha Jan 2013

The Persistence Of Bullying At School And Public Policy Responses: What Ails?, Rajeet Guha

Master in Public Administration Theses

No abstract provided.


A Developmental Approach To Civility And Bystander Intervention, Jennifer Q. Mccary Jan 2013

A Developmental Approach To Civility And Bystander Intervention, Jennifer Q. Mccary

College Life Publications

The students of color in your classroom experience discrimination every day, in small and large ways. They don’t often see themselves represented in their textbooks, and encounter hostility in school, and outside. For them race is a constant reality, and an issue they need, and want, to discuss. Failure to do so can inhibit their academic performance.

Failure to discuss race prevents White students from getting a real, critical and deep understanding of our society and their place in it. It is essential for the well-being of all students that they learn to have constructive conversations about the history ...


The Student's Perspective: Exploring Ethnic Group Variances In Bullying Behavior Using Mixed Methods Research, Stephanie Grunewald Jan 2013

The Student's Perspective: Exploring Ethnic Group Variances In Bullying Behavior Using Mixed Methods Research, Stephanie Grunewald

Dissertations

Although bullying is a widely recognized problem among school-aged youth, current research has failed to adequately consider whether ethnicity impacts students' involvement in, and perceptions of, bullying behaviors. This study employed a mixed methodology to examine how an ethnically diverse sample of students in seventh and eighth grade described and perceived bullying within their school. Initially, the Student Comprehensive Assessment of Bullying Behavior-Revised (SCABB-R) (Varjas, Henrich & Meyers, 2008a) was administered to students attending a suburban middle school in the Midwest (N = 750; 391 males, 359 females). Individual interviews were then conducted to further explore students' perspectives of bullying (N = 16; 7 boys, 9 girls). The results from the surveys and from the interviews revealed some convergence ...


Preschool Bullying: Does It Exist, What Does It Look Like, And What Can Be Done?, Laura Humphrey Jan 2013

Preschool Bullying: Does It Exist, What Does It Look Like, And What Can Be Done?, Laura Humphrey

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

Bullying is a nationwide problem happening in our schools, homes, and workplaces. There have been numerous studies conducted to find out causes of bullying, prevention methods, and effects of bullying in children and adults. All of these studies have looked at children in kindergarten or older. This qualitative study had the goal of determining if bullying was happening in the preschool-age group, and if so, what was currently being done about it. In-person interviews and focus groups were done with seven preschool teachers. Through these interviews it was determined that bullying does happen as early as preschool and that there ...


What Components Of Bullying Prevention Are Present Within Minnesota Schools And Communities?, Mckena Katherine Martin Jan 2013

What Components Of Bullying Prevention Are Present Within Minnesota Schools And Communities?, Mckena Katherine Martin

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this study was to determine which components of bullying prevention are present within Minnesota schools and communities, according to Minnesota school social workers. This study was a quantitative study, which used surveys to collect data. Respondents answered 37 questions regarding bullying at their respective schools. Thirty-four (n = 34) Minnesota school social workers were recruited through the Minnesota School Social Work Association using email. The findings from this study demonstrated that Minnesota schools and communities are implicating most components needed for an effective bullying prevention program. The findings also implicated that continuing research needs to look at differences ...


The Forms Of Bullying Scale (Fbs): Validity And Reliability Estimates For A Measure Of Bullying Victimization And Perpetration In Adolescence, Therese M. Shaw, Julian J. Dooley, Donna S. Cross, Stephen R Zubrick, Stacey K. Waters Jan 2013

The Forms Of Bullying Scale (Fbs): Validity And Reliability Estimates For A Measure Of Bullying Victimization And Perpetration In Adolescence, Therese M. Shaw, Julian J. Dooley, Donna S. Cross, Stephen R Zubrick, Stacey K. Waters

ECU Publications 2013

The study of bullying behavior and its consequences for young people depends on valid and reliable measurement of bullying victimization and perpetration. Although numerous self-report bullying-related measures have been developed, robust evidence of their psychometric properties is scant, and several limitations inhibit their applicability. The Forms of Bullying Scale (FBS), with versions to measure bullying victimization (FBS-V) and perpetration (FBS-P), was developed on the basis of existing instruments, for use with 12-to 15-year-old adolescents to economically, yet comprehensively measure both bullying perpetration and victimization. Measurement properties were estimated. Scale validity was tested using data from 2 independent studies of 3 ...