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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Character Strength And Character Disorder : An Investigation Into How Personality Disorder Diagnosis Intersects With Character Strength Measurements, Joshua T. Tecu Sep 2013

Character Strength And Character Disorder : An Investigation Into How Personality Disorder Diagnosis Intersects With Character Strength Measurements, Joshua T. Tecu

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

On the eve of the release of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5, with major revisions planned in its diagnostic approach to personality disorder (PD), qualitative research was conducted via face-to-face interviews to explore the perspective of seasoned mental health clinicians regarding their experience working with personality disordered individuals, and how that experience squared with current debates within personality science and positive psychology. Eight experienced clinicians were asked how they saw PD in regard to character strength, what relationship they imagined existed between the two, and whether they saw them as existing on the same dimensional axis. Participants chose from ...


Suicide In Older Adults : Helping Case Managers Engage In Difficult Conversations : A Project Based Upon An Independent Investigation In Collaboration The Producer Of The Film "Talking With Dolores", Darlene O'Connor, Jennelle Liljestrand Sep 2013

Suicide In Older Adults : Helping Case Managers Engage In Difficult Conversations : A Project Based Upon An Independent Investigation In Collaboration The Producer Of The Film "Talking With Dolores", Darlene O'Connor, Jennelle Liljestrand

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Suicide among older adults is an increasing mental health concern in the United States, and yet depression and other signs of suicide often go unnoticed. The film and discussion guide "Talking with Dolores" was funded by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health to increase awareness of warnings of depression and suicide in the elderly and demonstrate ways of conversing with them about suicide. Because of their unique contact with older individuals in their own homes, geriatric case managers are positioned as a gateway to necessary psychosocial support for elders, yet may not be receiving adequate training for the initial detection ...


A Question Of Diagnosis : Mood And Character In A Case Of Emerging Mental Illness, Tandeka Guilderson Sep 2013

A Question Of Diagnosis : Mood And Character In A Case Of Emerging Mental Illness, Tandeka Guilderson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

My thesis will use case material from a patient with an emerging diagnosis of a major mental illness (Bipolar Disorder) to examine the intersection of mood, character, medical comorbidity, substance abuse, to better understand how these factors contribute to the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with a complicated, but in no way unique presentation, of this complicated and unique disorder. The case material utilized will be based on patient records and process recordings from our treatment sessions. The theoretical thesis structurally is comprised of an analysis of two bodies of knowledge, a phenomenon, and a synthesis. The first area ...


The Use Of Storytelling In Therapy With Children, Michael Delaney Cantor Sep 2013

The Use Of Storytelling In Therapy With Children, Michael Delaney Cantor

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was a qualitative study that asked clinicians from any discipline to describe how they use storytelling in their clinical practices. Two primary research questions were addressed; the first being to ascertain whether or not clinicians are using storytelling and the second question was to learn how they are using this technique in practice. 13 subjects responded to an on-line electronic survey that was distributed using a snowball method of sampling. Several themes emerged through the narratives of the participants regarding how they use storytelling in their practices. These themes were: Conceptualization of storytelling; Choices of implementation; Content of ...


High School Staff Perceptions Of Interpersonal Relationships With Students As A Result Of An Intervention Called Challenge Day, Stacy Chase Mcmillan Sep 2013

High School Staff Perceptions Of Interpersonal Relationships With Students As A Result Of An Intervention Called Challenge Day, Stacy Chase Mcmillan

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This project was undertaken to capture the responses of administrators and teachers in a public high school setting in regard to their perceptions of interpersonal relationships with students as a result of participation in Challenge Day, an experiential youth program that targets the cause of social oppression on school campuses. As there was little prior research that indicated how teachers and administrators of public schools understand and integrate teachings presented in large-scale interventions, this research attempted to offer data that will allow for a broader discussion of prevention and intervention programs involving school staff and students collectively. A public high ...


The Role Of Lgbt Community In The Lives Of Lesbians Over 65 : An Exploratory Study, Sarah L. Shapiro Sep 2013

The Role Of Lgbt Community In The Lives Of Lesbians Over 65 : An Exploratory Study, Sarah L. Shapiro

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was undertaken to explore the role of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community in the lives of lesbians over 65. Lesbians over 65 have lived through a period in U.S. history when homosexuality was not socially acceptable or safe; LGBT individuals lived with a real and constant threat of loss of employment and family, and of violence, without protection of law that is afforded today. LGBT individuals are currently more accepted, safe, and visible in the U.S, as are the communities that they have formed. With these new developments, do lesbians over 65 participate in, or ...


Are You My Motherboard? : The Effects Of Technology On The Parent-Child Relationship, David S. Sullivan Sep 2013

Are You My Motherboard? : The Effects Of Technology On The Parent-Child Relationship, David S. Sullivan

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

New technologies have been evolving at a rapid pace over the last few decades. The convenience afforded by many technologies presents interesting questions in terms of attachment. Recent research on internet addiction disorder (IAD) has revealed that technology may be affecting people on a social, familial, and neurophysiological basis. This research explores the effects of technology on the parent-child relationship. The research interviewed six participants through telephone interviews: treatment participants (TP, n=2) in this research are both young men who meet criteria for IAD and completed treatment relative to their technology addiction; clinical participants (CP, n=4) in this ...


Propensity For Military Enlistment : A Descriptive Study Of Motivations, Claudia J. Vogelsang Sep 2013

Propensity For Military Enlistment : A Descriptive Study Of Motivations, Claudia J. Vogelsang

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The objective of this descriptive study was to identify and describe those motivations for individuals who chose to enter into the military. Motivations are important to understand as they provide insight into the values and needs of individuals. These values and needs impact an individual's Person-In-Environment fit. The study utilized an online survey to which 76 veterans or service members responded. The online survey collected demographic data such as age, gender, race and branch of service. The questionnaire then asked participants to rank a list of enlistment motivations noted in previous studies (Griffith, 2008; Woodruff, Kelty and Segal, 2007 ...


Cultural Competence : An Exploration Of Its Translation Into Therapeutic Practice, Tsu-Yin Chang Sep 2013

Cultural Competence : An Exploration Of Its Translation Into Therapeutic Practice, Tsu-Yin Chang

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study explores the construct of cultural competence through clients' perceptions of treatment issues encountered when working with clinicians of a differing racial background. Utilizing interviews with twelve clients of color who had worked psychotherapeutically within cross-racial dyads, this exploratory study examines clients' experiences of treatment issues in this treatment context, clients' understanding of cultural competence in psychotherapy, and their suggestions for cultivating it in clinical practice. Participants were recruited from the San Francisco Bay Area of California and sat for an hour-long audio-taped interview during which prompts designed to elicit information regarding their past treatment experiences were given. The ...


Engaging Parents In The Treatment Of Their Child : Clinicians Views On Parent Work, Kim Elaine Monson Sep 2013

Engaging Parents In The Treatment Of Their Child : Clinicians Views On Parent Work, Kim Elaine Monson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate how clinicians engage parents in their child's therapy. The study attempts to learn from a clinicians' perspective about their parent work. Participants were asked to discuss their experiences, thoughts, and feelings about parent work especially about engaging parents in the treatment of their child. The sample included twelve clinicians who had at least two years of experience working with children, adolescents, their parents and/or families. Seven of the participants were licensed clinical social workers, two were licensed marriage and family therapists, one was a licensed mental health counselor, one ...


Authentic Connectedness : An Exploration Of Gestalt Therapy Principles In Addressing The Dynamics Of Interacting Across Identity Difference, Marissa H. Mcmillin Sep 2013

Authentic Connectedness : An Exploration Of Gestalt Therapy Principles In Addressing The Dynamics Of Interacting Across Identity Difference, Marissa H. Mcmillin

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study explored the experiences of how Gestalt therapists understand and apply principles of "authentic connectedness" when interacting across difference, such as race, culture, class, gender or sexuality, in both their clinical work and experiences in daily life. The researcher was especially interested in how these principles are used to understand and address interactions around privilege and oppression, which are dynamics that come up on a daily basis in American society, both within and beyond the therapy relationship. Ten Gestalt therapists, formally trained in Gestalt therapy, were interviewed and asked to describe interactions where they were cognizant of a ...


An Exploration Of The Effects Of Stigma On The Experiences Of Foster Care Alumni, Anais J. Penninck Sep 2013

An Exploration Of The Effects Of Stigma On The Experiences Of Foster Care Alumni, Anais J. Penninck

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of stigma on foster care alumni. Participants were asked about their experiences in foster care related to stigma and how this may have affected their relationships and personal development. They were also prompted to share any other information the researcher may have missed. Six men were interviewed for this study between the ages of 19 and 37. The interviews provided rich information about how they interpreted the stigma and what short and long-term effects were results of this stigma. Additionally, the majority of participants who identified stigma described it ...


Learning To Work With Clients : A Quantitative Study On Educational Pathways For Social Workers Working With Psychotropic Medication, Katherine S. Preston Sep 2013

Learning To Work With Clients : A Quantitative Study On Educational Pathways For Social Workers Working With Psychotropic Medication, Katherine S. Preston

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The current study explored how clinical social workers working with patients who are prescribed psychotropic medication went about developing the knowledge and skills to work with the population. The study identified training activities that contribute to the development of practice skills, and examined the relationship between these activities and self-rated practice competency levels. A snowball sample of 28 clinical social workers whose scope of practice included collaborating on the care of patients who are prescribed psychotropic medications were recruited. Participants completed a brief, anonymous, online questionnaire that was developed for the current study, and informed by the work of Bentley ...


The Effectiveness Of Psychodrama For Adolescents Who Have Experienced Trauma, Corrine E. Mertz Sep 2013

The Effectiveness Of Psychodrama For Adolescents Who Have Experienced Trauma, Corrine E. Mertz

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study focuses on the effectiveness of psychodrama as a treatment for adolescents who have experienced trauma. This study looked extensively at adolescent trauma and three treatment frameworks designed to treat it, The Neurosequential Model of Therapeutics, Attachment Self Regulation and Competency, and Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. This study also looked at psychodrama and psychodrama frameworks that are intended for use with trauma survivors. Psychodrama is an action- based treatment framework, where clients engage in therapeutic enactments. The effectiveness of psychodrama was researched through qualitative interviews with seven clinicians who practice psychodrama with adolescents. Participants were asked specific questions ...


The Impact Of Maternal Incarceration On Latency Aged Children, Mae M. Ryan Sep 2013

The Impact Of Maternal Incarceration On Latency Aged Children, Mae M. Ryan

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The rate of maternal incarceration has significantly increased throughout the past forty years. A rising number of children under the age of eighteen experience having their mother incarcerated. Evidence suggests maternal incarceration creates significant disruptions within family structures and has implications for the attachments children will form. Evidence suggests children whose mother is incarcerated primarily display insecure attachments. Researchers posit that family systems endure significant changes and emotional relationships are greatly altered.


The Therapist's Pregnancy And The Client-Therapist Relationship : An Exploratory Study, Elizabeth H. Wolfe Sep 2013

The Therapist's Pregnancy And The Client-Therapist Relationship : An Exploratory Study, Elizabeth H. Wolfe

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This empirical research study explored the impact of the therapist's pregnancy on the therapist-client relationship. Specifically, this study asked whether therapists and clients interact in less professional, more personal ways during the therapist's pregnancy, and how this is perceived by therapists to impact treatment. Relational psychodynamic theory was the theoretical underpinning of this study. Thirteen psychotherapists were interviewed about their experiences of practicing therapy while pregnant. All participants were either currently or recently pregnant. Interview questions were developed by this researcher to elicit therapist experiences with clients who asked personal questions or offered baby gifts to the therapist ...


Female Tenure-Track Professors And Their Perceived Satisfaction Levels In Romantic Relationships, Brianna N. Meehan Sep 2013

Female Tenure-Track Professors And Their Perceived Satisfaction Levels In Romantic Relationships, Brianna N. Meehan

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This empirical study surveyed seventy-six female professors who hold tenure-track positions at eleven eastern Pennsylvania colleges and universities. The participants ranged in age from 20's to 60's and varied in race. While there is literature regarding women's relationship satisfaction and job satisfaction, there is a lack of literature about the personal lives of this specific population in relation to their career demands. The study was designed to investigate this population's perceived satisfaction levels in romantic relationships and to determine the relationship statuses of the group that was surveyed. Grounded theory methodology was used in order to ...


Sexual Violence Clinicians' Views On Protective Factors For Vicarious Traumatization : A Project Based Upon An Independent Investigation, Aasta Heasley Ziegler Sep 2013

Sexual Violence Clinicians' Views On Protective Factors For Vicarious Traumatization : A Project Based Upon An Independent Investigation, Aasta Heasley Ziegler

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore sexual violence clinicians' views on protective factors for Vicarious Traumatization. The study sought to understand not only how participants have been affected by conducting therapy with survivors of sexual violence, but also how they and their colleagues are able to maintain their well-being. In-person and telephone interviews were conducted with twelve licensed clinicians whose caseloads are comprised primarily of survivors of sexual violence. Participants were asked about personal and professional effects of doing clinical work with survivors, intentional practices and innate factors that they find helpful for their well-being, and their motivations ...


Social Workers With Mental Illness : Coming Out In The Workplace, Alix M. Zamansky Sep 2013

Social Workers With Mental Illness : Coming Out In The Workplace, Alix M. Zamansky

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of disclosure in the workplace among social workers with mental health issues with a particular focus on the catalysts of coming out, whether stigma inhibits disclosure, and the perceived social and emotional benefits and costs of coming out. Due to the sensitive nature of the research topic, an anonymous online survey was used. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, mental health questionnaire, and a researcher-designed Outness Inventory. Thirty-six clinical social workers with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual diagnoses participated in the study, 21 of whom reported being out to someone at work ...


Factors Associated With Young Adult Use Of Facebook For Emotional Support, Marissa L. Zanno Sep 2013

Factors Associated With Young Adult Use Of Facebook For Emotional Support, Marissa L. Zanno

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The present study sought to learn about the factors associated with young adult use of Facebook for emotional support. The population of interest was individuals born in the years 1980 to 1994, also known as "Generation Y". Inclusion criteria included being at least age 18, born in or between the years 1980 to 1994, literacy in English, and having a Facebook account. An anonymous, online survey was used to collect quantitative data, including demographic information, perceived financial need, social support, coping behavior, Facebook intensity, Facebook satisfaction, emotional support received and provided on Facebook, and categories of Facebook use. The researcher ...


An Investigation Of Racism And Its Emotional Cost : How Mindfulness And Perceptions Of Control Shape Role-Related Beliefs And Behavior, Trina M. Zahller Sep 2013

An Investigation Of Racism And Its Emotional Cost : How Mindfulness And Perceptions Of Control Shape Role-Related Beliefs And Behavior, Trina M. Zahller

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this research was to explore potential correlations between mindfulness and racism among White meditation practitioners. The secondary purpose was to investigate how locus of control may moderate those correlations. This research was carried out with the goal of identifying ways in which anti-racism programs could be more effective, the role mindfulness might play in future anti-racism programming, and how cultural messages about control might shape relationships between mindfulness and racism. Variations among style and degree of mindfulness practice were also assessed. Participants filled out an online survey that included scales to assess their self-reported racial animosity, emotional ...


Korean Cultural Narratives Of Depression, Shannon M. Yambasky Sep 2013

Korean Cultural Narratives Of Depression, Shannon M. Yambasky

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative exploratory study examines the Korean cultural narrative of depression from Korean American clinician's perspectives. There were eight participants that were licensed in one of the following professions; marriage and family therapist, licensed clinical social worker, psychologist and psychiatrist. The participants provided their understanding from a Korean cultural point of view, as well being able to compare and contrast it to the western diagnosis of depression. The goal being to provide clinicians working with Korean individual's greater knowledge and insight so they may have a more culturally competent practice. Study results indicated that within the Korean culture ...


Face To Face : Impacts Of Facebook On Young Adults' Self-Esteem, Katherine Wiscomb Sep 2013

Face To Face : Impacts Of Facebook On Young Adults' Self-Esteem, Katherine Wiscomb

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study explored the possible implications social media sites, such as Facebook, have on young adults' self-esteem. The phenomenon of online friend-networking sites has increased over the past decade, and utilizing such sites has become a part of daily living for many individuals. This study also examined how individuals present themselves online--whether they post photos or status updates that represent who they are, or by presenting their hoped for self, their best self, or who they think others want them to be. While the findings indicated that participants experience a range of feelings while utilizing the Facebook networking site, the ...


The Perspectives Of Asian Therapists On The Impacts Of Race And Ethnicity With Asian Clients And Non-Asian Clients Of Color, Andrea R. Yoshida Sep 2013

The Perspectives Of Asian Therapists On The Impacts Of Race And Ethnicity With Asian Clients And Non-Asian Clients Of Color, Andrea R. Yoshida

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study explores the perspectives of Asian therapists on how issues of race and ethnicity impact their clinical work with Asian clients and other clients of color. Ten Asian therapists from varying educational and professional backgrounds were interviewed about how the elements of racial similarity, racial difference, ethnic similarity, and ethnic difference may have influence on the relationships between them and their clients. Findings from this study confirmed previous studies regarding the positive impacts of racial and ethnic match on the therapeutic relationship between Asian therapists and Asian clients. As a small number of previous studies had indicated, this ...


Relating Linguistic Competence To Culture : How Bilingual Spanish-English Social Workers Who Speak English As A First Language Experience And Conceptualize Culture In Their Practice With Spanish Speaking Clients, Audra T. Winn Sep 2013

Relating Linguistic Competence To Culture : How Bilingual Spanish-English Social Workers Who Speak English As A First Language Experience And Conceptualize Culture In Their Practice With Spanish Speaking Clients, Audra T. Winn

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Cultural experiences and conceptualizations of native English bilingual social workers have not been dominant in the ongoing discussion of bilingualism and cultural competence in social work practice, education, and literature. This exploratory study examined practice based cultural experiences of bilingual Spanish-English social workers native to English who work with Spanish speaking clients. Specifically, the focus of the study was centered on how these social workers conceptualize their experiences through a cultural lens in their Spanish language work. Through eleven qualitative interviews with Master's level social workers who use their non-native Spanish in social work practice, this study looked at ...


An Invitation To Pay Attention : A Quantitative Study Of Vicarious Trauma And Secondary Traumatic Stress In Child Advocacy Employees, Volunteers And Interns, Isabelle C. Thurmer Sep 2013

An Invitation To Pay Attention : A Quantitative Study Of Vicarious Trauma And Secondary Traumatic Stress In Child Advocacy Employees, Volunteers And Interns, Isabelle C. Thurmer

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Vicarious trauma (VT) and secondary traumatic stress (STS) are two concepts that are recognized in the professional helping fields as potential risks of working with trauma survivors. This study examined VT and STS among staff members of Children's Advocacy Centers across the United States. Variables that were hypothesized to impact STS and VT were identified and their correlations were analyzed statistically. Two scales, the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale and the World Assumptions Scale, were used to measure rates of STS and VT among participants. This study also examined the relationship between education, additional training, age, gender, responsibilities, time working ...


New Questions, Multiple Meanings : Exploring Attachment Theory, Self Psychology, And Anti-Oppression Perspectives On Human-Companion Animal Relationships In The Rural West, Sarah H. Winchester Sep 2013

New Questions, Multiple Meanings : Exploring Attachment Theory, Self Psychology, And Anti-Oppression Perspectives On Human-Companion Animal Relationships In The Rural West, Sarah H. Winchester

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

In spite of burgeoning interest in the significance of human-companion animal relationships in social work and related fields, the theoretical conceptualization of these relationships in the context of mental health remains largely limited to the cross-species and cross-cultural application of Attachment Theory. Further, the literature on human-companion animal relationships through the lens of Attachment Theory reflects a narrow scope of research methodologies and demographic variables, thus leaving the unique, multiple meanings of these relationships – and their intersections with varying and marginalized sociocultural identities – largely unexplored. In order to address these gaps and expand theoretical discourse on the phenomenon, the thesis ...


In The Environment : Clinician Perspectives On Nature And Psychological Health, Benjamin D. White Sep 2013

In The Environment : Clinician Perspectives On Nature And Psychological Health, Benjamin D. White

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study explores the relationship between nature and psychological health from the perspectives of 12 clinicians from a variety of training backgrounds. During 30 to 45- minute interviews, participants were asked a variety of questions about their personal and clinical experience as they have informed their perspectives on the question: How does nature influence psychological health? Major findings of the study showed there to be a significant difference between the importance of nature in clinicians' personal lives and nature's role in clinical practice. Findings indicated that although nature was important to participants' personal psychological well-being that nature was ...


Clinicians' Attitudes Towards Borderline Personality Disorder And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder : Implications Of Gender And A Diagnostic Label, Marja A. Walthall Sep 2013

Clinicians' Attitudes Towards Borderline Personality Disorder And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder : Implications Of Gender And A Diagnostic Label, Marja A. Walthall

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of the current study was to investigate mental health clinicians' diagnostic assessments of individuals who have features associated with both Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), the effect of gender on their assessments, and associated attitudes. Recruitment resulted in a participant sample of 38 mental health clinicians who completed the survey in its entirety. Most of the participants identified as white (71.2%), were female (61.5%), worked in a community mental health center setting (76.9%) and had their LCSW (25%) or MA/MS in counseling (28.8%). Three surveys were evenly distributed between ...


School Social Workers Perceptions On Multilevel Practice : Understanding, Implementation, And Barriers To Engaement, Sarah L. Wettenstein Sep 2013

School Social Workers Perceptions On Multilevel Practice : Understanding, Implementation, And Barriers To Engaement, Sarah L. Wettenstein

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The National Association of Social Works standards for school social workers [SSWs] urges SSWS to engage in ecologically informed practice interventions that affect both individual students and the multiple levels of the school environment. Despite this recommendation, survey literature indicates that SSWs spend most of their time using individual interventions to affect students' well being. This qualitative study explores the perspectives of current SSWs to gain a deeper understanding of how they think about and implement multilevel practice. In particular, this study explores SSWs' perceptions of the barriers to increased engagement in multilevel practice. Six currently practicing social workers practicing ...