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2013

University of South Florida

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Articles 1 - 30 of 224

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Gay, Straight, Or Slightly Bent? The Interaction Of Leader Sexual Orientation And Gender On Leadership Evaluations, Fred George Macoukji Dec 2013

Gay, Straight, Or Slightly Bent? The Interaction Of Leader Sexual Orientation And Gender On Leadership Evaluations, Fred George Macoukji

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

Existing research has shown that gender stereotypes regarding characteristics of men and women influence others' perceptions of their fit with organizational roles, including leadership roles (cf. Eagly & Karau, 2002). However, little research has examined stereotypes regarding other demographic characteristics (e.g., race, sexual orientation) and how they may interact with gender stereotypes to influence leadership evaluations. The current study examined whether leader gender and sexual orientation interact to influence subordinates' evaluations of leader effectiveness, likability, and boss desirability using an experimental design. In addition to examining whether leader gender and sexual orientation interacted to predict leader evaluations, the present ...


Unanswered Occupational Calling: The Development And Validation Of A New Measure, Michele Wilk Gazica Dec 2013

Unanswered Occupational Calling: The Development And Validation Of A New Measure, Michele Wilk Gazica

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is a limited body of research that illuminates the various positive life-, health-, and work-related outcomes that an individual may experience through the pursuit of his or her occupational calling. An occupational calling is defined as an occupation that a person feels drawn to, finds intrinsically enjoyable and meaningful, and identifies as a central part of his or her identity. The extant literature on occupational callings, however, rarely considers the possible detrimental effects of having an occupational calling other than to explain unexpected study results. These unexpected study results hint at adverse psychological and job-related outcomes when an individual ...


A Study On The Depiction Of Drug Usage, Alcohol Consumption And Cigarette Smoking In Movies And Its Perceived Effect On A Young Audience. A Comparative Study Of American And Indian Cinema And Their Respective Audiences., Zain Farook Merchant Nov 2013

A Study On The Depiction Of Drug Usage, Alcohol Consumption And Cigarette Smoking In Movies And Its Perceived Effect On A Young Audience. A Comparative Study Of American And Indian Cinema And Their Respective Audiences., Zain Farook Merchant

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzes the depiction of drug usage, cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption in

movies in terms of character stereotyping and typecasting. Because movies are focused on making money they are being used as marketing tools by alcohol and cigarette conglomerates (Grube, 2004). The study also explores youth perception of such content and tries to determine the behavioral implications or influence of such content on young children. The goal of this research is to analyze the social cognitive influence of movies on the youth and the effects of censorship in movies today. The research compares this effect in the two ...


How Individual Differences In Self- And Other-Focused Co-Rumination Relate To Internalizing Symptoms And Friendship Quality, Heather Smith-Schrandt Nov 2013

How Individual Differences In Self- And Other-Focused Co-Rumination Relate To Internalizing Symptoms And Friendship Quality, Heather Smith-Schrandt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Co-rumination involves friends spending a great deal of time encouraging each other to excessively discuss problems, with content being largely negative (Rose, 2002). Co-rumination appears to strengthen the bonds between best friends, while ironically exacerbating internalizing symptoms. Co-rumination is conceptualized as a mutual dyadic process, but little is known about the reciprocity of excessive problem discussion. The balance of college students' (N = 601) self- and other-focused co-rumination with their best friend was assessed via an online survey. Contrary to expectations, inconsistent and weak evidence was obtained for differentiating self- and other-focused co-rumination, and their balance. Specifically, self- and other-focused co-rumination ...


Caver Quest 3d Virtual Cave Simulation Of Snowy River In Fort Stanton Cave, Ronald J. Lipinski, Pete Lindsley Nov 2013

Caver Quest 3d Virtual Cave Simulation Of Snowy River In Fort Stanton Cave, Ronald J. Lipinski, Pete Lindsley

National Cave and Karst Management Symposium 2013

Virtual worlds, or 3D simulations through which an avatar can travel, is becoming a common means to display products or provide training in new environments. This paper describes the steps in producing the 3D virtual simulation of Snowy River in Fort Stanton Cave, New Mexico. A traditional cave survey and map with cross sections was used to produce a 3D meshed surface of the cave walls using the Blender software package. Photographs were taken of the walls, ceiling, and floor and merged together. The merged montage was applied to the 3D mesh walls as a “texture”. Unity3D was used to ...


Capital Cost Comparisons Between Low Impact Development (Lid) And Conventional Stormwater Management Systems In Florida, Daniel C. Penniman, Mark Hostetler, Tatiana Borisova, Glenn Acomb Oct 2013

Capital Cost Comparisons Between Low Impact Development (Lid) And Conventional Stormwater Management Systems In Florida, Daniel C. Penniman, Mark Hostetler, Tatiana Borisova, Glenn Acomb

Suburban Sustainability

Low impact development (LID), an ecologically sensitive development strategy and stormwater management (SWM) method, is beginning to be implemented in more suburban and metropolitan projects. However, construction firms that work in Florida have been relatively slow to adopt LID. One significant reason being that many professionals in the development community believe LID practices raise the cost of construction compared to conventional, “pipe and pond” methods. Our objective for this study was to determine how specific capital costs differed between LID and conventional SWM methods. We surveyed a group of LID-experienced design professionals to collect cost data from projects that were ...


Using Learning Objects To Enhance Distance Or Blended Learning, Susan A. Ariew, Maryellen Allen Oct 2013

Using Learning Objects To Enhance Distance Or Blended Learning, Susan A. Ariew, Maryellen Allen

Academic Services Faculty and Staff Publications

The USF Tampa Library has been creating learning objects to enhance instruction and reference since YouTube came into its own in 2006. Over that period of time, the need for more expertise in creating quality learning objects that can be embedded in course management systems or on the library web site created a shift in priorities and leadership. In 2012 the USF Library hired an Assistant Director for Instruction and a Blended Librarian to provide a new direction for the instruction program, one that would include more online learning components. Both of these experts have helped transform teaching and learning ...


Oral History Curation In An Academic Library, Barbara Lewis, Mary Beth Isaacson, Kimberly Nordon, Alexandra Curran Oct 2013

Oral History Curation In An Academic Library, Barbara Lewis, Mary Beth Isaacson, Kimberly Nordon, Alexandra Curran

Special Collections Faculty and Staff Publications

This four-person roundtable will discuss the different methods and applications that are currently being used by the University of South Florida’s (USF) Oral History Program to curate, present, and promote oral histories. This program, which is based out of the USF Tampa Library, has explored several different delivery models, both traditional and nontraditional. We will examine the digital platforms used by the oral history program, Omeka, LibGuides, and an internally developed media player, and their accessibility and usability for research and teaching. These two platforms provide different structural and organizational models, thus allowing for different levels of curation. In ...


Campus Map, Usf Oct 2013

Campus Map, Usf

Identities and Inequalities in a Globalizing World

No abstract provided.


Conference Program, Usf Oct 2013

Conference Program, Usf

Identities and Inequalities in a Globalizing World

No abstract provided.


Ant 4930 Anthropology Of Childhood, Rebecca K. Zarger Oct 2013

Ant 4930 Anthropology Of Childhood, Rebecca K. Zarger

Service-Learning Syllabi

No abstract provided.


Processus De Démocratisation Dans La Région Des Grands Lacs: Poids Du Passe Et Perspectives, Eric Nsanzubuhoro Ndushabandi Sep 2013

Processus De Démocratisation Dans La Région Des Grands Lacs: Poids Du Passe Et Perspectives, Eric Nsanzubuhoro Ndushabandi

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

Cette réflexion à pour objet d’analyser les processus de démocratisation dans la Région des grands lacs. Elle se limite sur les enjeux, les défis liés au passé et les progrès de ces processus de démocratisation dans trois pays de la Région des Grands Lacs à savoir la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda et le Burundi. Cette délimitation se justifie par les liens géographiques, historiques, socio-économiques et politiques que ces trois pays ont en commun. Le multipartisme fut développé depuis la fin des conférences nationales de 1990-1991 au lendemain de la conférence de la baule qui a prescrit à ...


Characterizing The Syphilis Epidemic Among Men Who Have Sex With Men In Lima, Peru To Identify New Treatment And Control Strategies, Robert Deiss, Segundo R. Leon, Kelika A. Konda, Brandon Brown, Eddy R. Segura, Jerome T. Galea, Carlos F. Caceres, Jeffrey D. Klausner Sep 2013

Characterizing The Syphilis Epidemic Among Men Who Have Sex With Men In Lima, Peru To Identify New Treatment And Control Strategies, Robert Deiss, Segundo R. Leon, Kelika A. Konda, Brandon Brown, Eddy R. Segura, Jerome T. Galea, Carlos F. Caceres, Jeffrey D. Klausner

Social Work Faculty Publications

Background: Syphilis is an important sexually transmitted infection (STI) with serious public health consequences. Among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Lima, the prevalence and incidence are extraordinarily high. Current syndromic approaches, however, fail to identify asymptomatic cases, and in settings where large proportions of individuals test positive again after treatment, it is frequently difficult to distinguish treatment failure from re-infection. Thus, new approaches are needed to improve treatment strategies and public health control efforts.

Methods/Design: Study participants will undergo baseline testing for syphilis infection along with a behavioral survey covering demographics, sexual behavior, drug and alcohol ...


Sources Of Interference In Recognition Testing, Jeffrey Annis, Kenneth J. Malmberg, Amy Criss, Richard M. Shiffrin Sep 2013

Sources Of Interference In Recognition Testing, Jeffrey Annis, Kenneth J. Malmberg, Amy Criss, Richard M. Shiffrin

Psychology Faculty Publications

Recognition memory accuracy is harmed by prior testing (a.k.a., output interference [OI]; Tulving & Arbuckle, 1966). In several experiments, we interpolated various tasks between recognition test trials. The stimuli and the tasks were more similar (lexical decision [LD] of words and nonwords) or less similar (gender identification of male and female faces) to the stimuli and task used in recognition testing. Not only did the similarity between the interpolated and recognition tasks not affect recognition accuracy but performance of the interpolated task caused no interference in subsequent recognition testing. Only the addition of recognition trials caused OI. When we ...


Egalite Du Genre Dans Le Processus De La Stabilisation De La S/Region Des Grands Lacs : Quels Enjeux Dans Le Processus Electoral 2011 En Rdc?, Vincent Muderhwa Barhatulirwa Sep 2013

Egalite Du Genre Dans Le Processus De La Stabilisation De La S/Region Des Grands Lacs : Quels Enjeux Dans Le Processus Electoral 2011 En Rdc?, Vincent Muderhwa Barhatulirwa

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

La question du genre m’intéresse car ‘l’institutionnalisation sociale des différences des sexes va au cœur du politique, et donc au cœur de la paix’. La stabilité socio-économique et politique de la Sous-Région dépendra de la promotion du genre. Le point de départ de cette réflexion consistera à faire une analyse du contexte. D’abord, faire découvrir que la plupart des Etats fonctionnent comme un système social patriarcal imbu des cultures et des traditions marginalisant les femmes par des formes de langage qui les dévalorisant et les décourageant à jouer un rôle dans le domaine public. Ensuite, essayer de ...


Introduction, François Masabo Sep 2013

Introduction, François Masabo

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

No abstract provided.


The Role Of History And Political Studies In Post-Genocide Reconstruction And Development, Charles Kabwete Mulinda Sep 2013

The Role Of History And Political Studies In Post-Genocide Reconstruction And Development, Charles Kabwete Mulinda

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

This paper argues for complementarity between social sciences, such as history and political studies on the one hand, and science and technology on the other hand. It insists that Africa and Rwanda in particular need the discipline of history in conjunction with science and technology in order to teach knowledge that is complete and to target African renaissance, that is, sustainable development and sustainable peace.

It also makes an advocacy for History and Political Science disciplines because of particular crises that those programmes are currently facing at the National University of Rwanda (NUR). But it does also put those crises ...


Notions D`Education À La Culture De La Paix, Laurent Nkusi Sep 2013

Notions D`Education À La Culture De La Paix, Laurent Nkusi

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

No abstract provided.


The Importance Of Language Studies In Conflict Resolution, Amini Jean De Dieu Ngabonziza Sep 2013

The Importance Of Language Studies In Conflict Resolution, Amini Jean De Dieu Ngabonziza

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

After the genocide perpetuated against Tutsi, the government of Rwanda took on the path to rebuild the country. Education became Rwanda’s priority in order to recover the lost human resource capacity. The government also focused on unity and reconciliation to create harmony among Rwandans. Science and technology has been advanced as one of the key solutions to Rwanda’s development needs. This promotion of science and technology has led to a lack of appreciation of language studies, arts, and humanities in general. As a result, the importance of language studies in the country’s growth and its role in ...


Les Droits Et Les Marches Linguistiques Au Rwanda, Straton Rurangirwa Sep 2013

Les Droits Et Les Marches Linguistiques Au Rwanda, Straton Rurangirwa

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

No abstract provided.


Elections Presidentielles De 2010 Au Rwanda : Progres Et Perspectives, François Masabo Sep 2013

Elections Presidentielles De 2010 Au Rwanda : Progres Et Perspectives, François Masabo

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

No abstract provided.


Public Holidays In Post-Independence Rwanda: A Historical Reading Of Some Speeches, Charles Kabwete Mulinda Sep 2013

Public Holidays In Post-Independence Rwanda: A Historical Reading Of Some Speeches, Charles Kabwete Mulinda

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

Since independence, Rwandan governments have made it a culture to commemorate some events considered as important. These include the dates of 28 January in remembrance of the Gitarama proclamation of the Republic and abolition of Monarchy on 28 January 1961; 25 September to commemorate the victory of Party of Movement of Emancipation of Hutu (PARMEHUTU) victory of legislative elections, and 1 July to celebrate the Rwandan independence that took place on 1 July 1962. Other important dates include the 1st of January of each year when the Head of State used to address the nation and the 5th ...


Institutional Repository Annual Report: Fy 2012-2013, Rebel Cummings-Sauls Aug 2013

Institutional Repository Annual Report: Fy 2012-2013, Rebel Cummings-Sauls

Scholar Commons Publications

In fall 2011, the Academic Resources Unit of Tampa Library officially launched Scholar Commons, the University of South Florida’s (USF’s) institutional repository (IR), as a virtual showcase for research and creative energies. Scholar Commons provides digital preservation and free, open access (OA) to all scholarly works produced by the USF Community. Scholar Commons will be a vehicle to drive research communication across disciplines and the globe. This report will review the progress of this initiative through the past fiscal year (FY). Scholar Commons can be accessed at: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/.


Financial Literacy And Household Savings In Romania, Elisabeth Beckmann Jul 2013

Financial Literacy And Household Savings In Romania, Elisabeth Beckmann

Numeracy

We present new evidence from the Euro Survey of the Austrian Central Bank on the level of financial literacy in Romania and analyze how financial literacy is related to household savings. Less than 5% of respondents were able to correctly answer the three “core” financial literacy questions on interest compounding, inflation, and risk diversification, with the risk diversification question posing the greatest difficulties. Twenty percent of respondents are able to answer both the interest compounding and inflation questions correctly. Financial literacy levels differ between regions and across rural and urban areas. Older and less-educated individuals perform worst on the financial ...


Financial Literacy And Financial Planning In France, Luc Arrondel, Majdi Debbich, Frédérique Savignac Jul 2013

Financial Literacy And Financial Planning In France, Luc Arrondel, Majdi Debbich, Frédérique Savignac

Numeracy

We study financial literacy in France using the PATER survey and following the Lusardi and Mitchell (2011c) approach. We find that some subpopulations are less financially literate than others: women, young and old people as well as less-educated people are more likely to face difficulties when dealing with fundamental financial concepts such as risk diversification and inflation and interest compounding. We also find some differences in financial knowledge depending on the political opinion of the respondents. Finally we show that these differences in financial knowledge are correlated with differences in the propensity to plan: people who score higher on the ...


Financial Literacy And Financial Behavior Among Young Adults: Evidence And Implications, Carlo De Bassa Scheresberg Jul 2013

Financial Literacy And Financial Behavior Among Young Adults: Evidence And Implications, Carlo De Bassa Scheresberg

Numeracy

This paper uses data from the 2009 National Financial Capability Study to examine financial literacy and financial behavior in a sample of approximately 4,500 young adults age 25 to 34. The paper finds that most young adults lack basic financial knowledge. Financial literacy is especially low among certain demographic groups, such as women, minorities, and lower-income or less-educated people. A high level of education, however, is not a guarantee of financial literacy. Only 49% of young respondents with a college education and 60% of young respondents with postgraduate education could correctly answer three simple questions designed to assess financial ...


Financial Literacy And Retirement Planning In Switzerland, Martin Brown, Roman Graf Jul 2013

Financial Literacy And Retirement Planning In Switzerland, Martin Brown, Roman Graf

Numeracy

We use a representative survey covering 1,500 households to document the level of financial literacy in Switzerland and to examine how financial literacy is related to retirement planning. We measure financial literacy with standardized questions that capture knowledge about three basic financial concepts: Compound interest, inflation, and risk diversification. We measure retirement planning by the incidence of a voluntary retirement savings account. Our results show that financial literacy in Switzerland is high by international standards--a result which is compatible with the high ranking of Switzerland on the PISA mathematical scales. Financial literacy is lower among low-income, less-educated, and immigrant ...


Financial Literacy And Credit Card Behaviors: A Cross-Sectional Analysis By Age, Sam Allgood, William Walstad Jul 2013

Financial Literacy And Credit Card Behaviors: A Cross-Sectional Analysis By Age, Sam Allgood, William Walstad

Numeracy

In this study, we use a measure of financial literacy that includes both a test score of actual financial literacy and a self-rating of perceived financial literacy to investigate how financial literacy affects five credit card behaviors: (1) always paying a credit card balance in full; (2) carrying over a credit card balance and being charged interest; (3) making only a minimum payment on a credit card balance; (4) being charged a fee for a late payment; and (5) being charged a fee for exceeding a credit limit. Probit analysis was used to assess each behavior with a large nationally ...


The Geography Of Financial Literacy, Christopher Bumcrot, Judy Lin, Annamaria Lusardi Jul 2013

The Geography Of Financial Literacy, Christopher Bumcrot, Judy Lin, Annamaria Lusardi

Numeracy

This paper explores how well equipped today’s households are to make complex financial decisions in the face of often high-cost and high-risk financial instruments. Specifically we focus on financial literacy. Most importantly, we describe the geography of financial literacy, i.e., how financial literacy is distributed across the fifty US states. We describe the correlation of financial literacy and some important aggregate variables, such as state-level poverty rates. Finally, we examine the extent to which differences in financial literacy can be explained by states’ demographic and economic characteristics. To assess financial literacy, five questions were added to the 2009 ...


Time Doesn’T Change Everything: The Longitudinal Course Of Distress Tolerance And Its Relationship With Internalizing And Externalizing Symptoms During Early Adolescence, Jenna R. Cummings, Marina Bornovalova, Tiina Ojanen, Elizabeth Hunt, Laura Macpherson, Carl W. Lejuez Jul 2013

Time Doesn’T Change Everything: The Longitudinal Course Of Distress Tolerance And Its Relationship With Internalizing And Externalizing Symptoms During Early Adolescence, Jenna R. Cummings, Marina Bornovalova, Tiina Ojanen, Elizabeth Hunt, Laura Macpherson, Carl W. Lejuez

Psychology Faculty Publications

Although distress tolerance is an emerging construct of empirical interest, we know little about its temporal change, developmental trajectory, and prospective relationships with maladaptive behaviors. The current study examined the developmental trajectory (mean- and individual-level change, and rank-order stability) of distress tolerance in an adolescent sample of boys and girls (N = 277) followed over a four-year period. Next we examined if distress tolerance influenced change in Externalizing (EXT) and Internalizing (INT) symptoms, and if EXT and INT symptoms in turn influenced change in distress tolerance. Finally, we examined if any of these trends differed by gender. Results indicated that distress ...