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2013

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Articles 3151 - 3180 of 3223

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Gestalt Of A Group, Rodger E. Broome Phd Dec 2012

Gestalt Of A Group, Rodger E. Broome Phd

Rodger E. Broome

In the recent past, we have seen news reports in the media regarding police response to group activities like the Occupy Movement. Protests are often couched by their participants as Gandhi-Style ordeals and, by purpose and intention, perhaps that is their original design. The peaceful protesters that desire to sit-in merely to be present or be a bother also become the prey of some of the bad elements in society. So they legitimately need police protection. On the other hand, there are also those who may arrive or are in the design, to incite the crowd to commit acts of ...


Breaking The Theft-Chain-Cycle: Property Marking As A Defensive Tool, William J. Bailey, David J. Brooks Dec 2012

Breaking The Theft-Chain-Cycle: Property Marking As A Defensive Tool, William J. Bailey, David J. Brooks

Bill Bailey

The theft of property and its associated impact effects many parts of society. For example, a considerable amount of resources are expended in trying to reduce property theft, as such crime engenders both a financial and emotional impact (Grabosky, 1995, p. 1) on those involved. Factors such as fear of crime, increased insurance premiums and victimization are all outcomes of property crime. Much of the past research has focused on the mitigation of such crimes, collectively termed as ‘crime prevention’. Crime prevention are “any actions designed to reduce the actual level of crime and/or the perceived crime” (S.P ...


Gestalt Of A Group, Rodger E. Broome Phd Dec 2012

Gestalt Of A Group, Rodger E. Broome Phd

Rodger E. Broome

In the recent past, we have seen news reports in the media regarding police response to group activities like the Occupy Movement. Protests are often couched by their participants as Gandhi-Style ordeals and, by purpose and intention, perhaps that is their original design. The peaceful protesters that desire to sit-in merely to be present or be a bother also become the prey of some of the bad elements in society. So they legitimately need police protection. On the other hand, there are also those who may arrive or are in the design, to incite the crowd to commit acts of ...


Forced Transnationalism: Transnational Coping Strategies And Gendered Stigma Among Jamaican Deportees, Tanya Golash-Boza Dec 2012

Forced Transnationalism: Transnational Coping Strategies And Gendered Stigma Among Jamaican Deportees, Tanya Golash-Boza

tanya golash-boza

Once forcibly returned to their countries of citizenship, how and why do deportees engage in transnational relationships? Through analyses of 37 interviews with Jamaican deportees, I approach the question of why deportees engage in transnational practices and reveal that deportees use transnational ties as coping strategies to deal with financial and emotional hardship. This reliance on transnational ties, however, has two consequences: (1) male deportees who rely on transnational strategies to survive face a gendered stigma because they must relinquish the provider role and become dependants; and (2) the transnational coping strategies serve as a reminder of the shame, isolation ...


Social Learning Pillars, Sam Frankel Dec 2012

Social Learning Pillars, Sam Frankel

Sam Frankel

The Social Learning Model provide a focus for a Social Learning Agenda in schools. This document reflects the definition of a Social Learner and the 5 pillars that can direct school communities in implementing a social learning agenda as they seek to equip children as social learners.


Peer Effects And Early Sexual Initiation For African-American Adolescents, Olugbenga Ajilore Dec 2012

Peer Effects And Early Sexual Initiation For African-American Adolescents, Olugbenga Ajilore

Olugbenga Ajilore

Adolescent risky sexual behavior is serious problem that plagues the African-American population more than other ethnic groups. African-American males are more likely to be sexually active, have multiple partners, and have a higher incidence of sexually-transmitted diseases. This paper explores the role of peer effects on early sexual initiation for African-American youth. Most studies analyzing peer influences ignore the “reflection” problem that occurs with studying peer effects. One method of solving this problem is through the use of spatial econometrics. This study contributes to literature on adolescent risky sexual behavior by using a generalized spatial autoregressive approach to model peer ...


Predictors Of Marital Satisfaction Within An Orthodox Jewish Sample, Hod Tamir Dec 2012

Predictors Of Marital Satisfaction Within An Orthodox Jewish Sample, Hod Tamir

Hod Tamir

Romantic experiences in adolescence have been found to predict relationship stability and marital status in adulthood. Religious practice and belief also have been linked to many benefits, including increased marital satisfaction and overall wellbeing. However, certain religions limit cross-gender interaction in areas of education, social interaction, and romantic relationships. Although gender segregation has been studied in educational and occupational contexts, no previous research has addressed religious gender segregation and its impact on relationship development, marital satisfaction, and overall wellbeing. The present study addressed the generalizability of data on cross-gender experience derived from normative populations to a religious subculture, outlining predictors ...


Social Determinants Of Health: A View On Theory And Measurement, Fernando De Maio, John Mazzeo, Dannie Ritchie Dec 2012

Social Determinants Of Health: A View On Theory And Measurement, Fernando De Maio, John Mazzeo, Dannie Ritchie

Fernando De Maio

No abstract provided.


The Normal Science Of Queerness: Lgbt Sociology Books In The Twenty-First Century, Joshua Gamson Dec 2012

The Normal Science Of Queerness: Lgbt Sociology Books In The Twenty-First Century, Joshua Gamson

Joshua Gamson

No abstract provided.


Race, Poverty And Sat Scores: Modeling The Influences Of Family Income On Black And White High School Students’ Sat Performance, Ezekiel J. Dixon-Román, Howard T. Everson, John J. Mcardle Dec 2012

Race, Poverty And Sat Scores: Modeling The Influences Of Family Income On Black And White High School Students’ Sat Performance, Ezekiel J. Dixon-Román, Howard T. Everson, John J. Mcardle

Ezekiel J Dixon-Román

Background:

Educational policy makers and test critics often assert that standardized test scores are strongly influenced by factors beyond individual differences in academic achievement such as family income and wealth. Unfortunately, few empirical studies consider the simultaneous and related influences of family income, parental education, and high school achievement on college admissions test scores.

Focus of Study:

This research was animated by the nagging question of the association of family income with SAT performance. For example, is the relationship between family income and SAT performance non-linear? Does the relationship differ markedly by race? More importantly, how strong are the effects ...


The Limits Of Debate Or What We Talk About When We Talk About Gender Imbalance On The Bench, Keith Bybee Dec 2012

The Limits Of Debate Or What We Talk About When We Talk About Gender Imbalance On The Bench, Keith Bybee

Keith J. Bybee

What do we talk about when we talk about gender imbalance on the bench? The first thing we do is keep track of the number of female judges. Once the data has been gathered, we then argue about what the disparity between men and women in the judiciary means. These arguments about meaning are not freestanding. On the contrary, I claim that debates over gender imbalance occur within the context of a broader public debate over the nature of judicial decisionmaking. I argue that this public debate revolves around dueling conceptions of the judge as impartial arbiter and as politically ...


“If There Is No Struggle, There Is No Progress”: Transformative Youth Resistance And The School Of Ethnic Studies., Nolan L. Cabrera Dec 2012

“If There Is No Struggle, There Is No Progress”: Transformative Youth Resistance And The School Of Ethnic Studies., Nolan L. Cabrera

Nolan L. Cabrera

In the wake of the Tucson Unified School District dismantling its highly successful Mexican American Studies (MAS) program, students staged walkouts across the district to demonstrate their opposition. Student-led walkouts were portrayed as merely ‘‘ditching,’’ and students were described as not really understanding why they were protesting. After these events, a group of student activists called UNIDOS organized and led the School of Ethnic Studies. This was a community school dedicated to teaching the forbidden MAS curriculum. In this article we present counternarratives from organizers, presenters, and participants in the School of Ethnic Studies. These narratives demonstrate the transformative resistance ...


Breaking Down The "Walls Of A Facade": The Influence Of Compartmentalization On Gay College Males' Meaning-Making, Daniel Tillapaugh Dec 2012

Breaking Down The "Walls Of A Facade": The Influence Of Compartmentalization On Gay College Males' Meaning-Making, Daniel Tillapaugh

Daniel Tillapaugh

This study examined how the act of compartmentalization influenced gay male college students’ meaning-making of their multiple identities. This study, involving 17 males attending colleges in Southern California, explored how these students compartmentalized their identities within different cultures, including race, religion, and socioeconomic class, as well as in different student cultures, such as fraternities and student organizations. The findings of this constructivist grounded theory study illuminate how compartmentalization of one’s identity is seen at the individual, group, and systemic levels within society to help and hinder these gay males’ holistic sense of self. Additionally, implications for professional practice and ...


The Future Prospects Of Embedded Microchips In Humans As Unique Identifiers: The Risks Versus The Rewards, Katina Michael, M.G. Michael Dec 2012

The Future Prospects Of Embedded Microchips In Humans As Unique Identifiers: The Risks Versus The Rewards, Katina Michael, M.G. Michael

Professor Katina Michael

Microchip implants for humans are not new. Placing heart pacemakers in humans for prosthesis is now considered a straightforward procedure. In more recent times we have begun to use brain pacemakers for therapeutic purposes to combat illnesses such as epilepsy, Parkinson’s Disease, and severe depression. Microchips are even being placed inside prosthetic knees and hips during restorative procedures to help in the gathering of post-operative analytics that can aid rehabilitation further. While medical innovations that utilise microchips abound, over the last decade we have begun to see the potential use of microchip implants for non-medical devices in humans, namely ...


Can A Summer Bridge Program Impact First-Year Persistence And Performance?: A Case Study Of The New Start Summer Program, Nolan L. Cabrera, Danielle D. Miner, Jeffrey F. Milem Dec 2012

Can A Summer Bridge Program Impact First-Year Persistence And Performance?: A Case Study Of The New Start Summer Program, Nolan L. Cabrera, Danielle D. Miner, Jeffrey F. Milem

Nolan L. Cabrera

This longitudinal study assesses the impact of the University of Arizona’s New Start Summer Program (NSSP) on participants’ first year GPA and retention, controlling for incoming student characteristics. While programmatic participation significantly predicted first-year GPA and retention, this relationship became insignificant when controlling for first-year college experiences and student development. Programmatic efficacy is largely determined not only by how practitioners develop participants’ cognitive abilities, but also how effectively they connect them to social and academic support networks during their first year of college. Within this context, programmatic impact is likely indirect which poses a number of methodological and resource ...


Providing Clinical Service To Unaccompanied Homeless Youth, Rebecca Mirick, Ruth Dean Dec 2012

Providing Clinical Service To Unaccompanied Homeless Youth, Rebecca Mirick, Ruth Dean

Rebecca Mirick

Work with unaccompanied homeless youth is an increasing focus of social work practice. It is estimated that there are between 204,000 and 406,000 unaccompanied homeless youth (ages 12 to 24) in the United States (Abel, 2010; Homeless Research Institute, 2012). These youth have high rates of substance abuse, suicide (Barczyk & Thompson, 2008), and trauma, both in their homes of origin (Kurtz, Kurtz, & Jarvis, 1991; Rew, 2001; Slesnick, Kang, & Aukward, 2008), and on the streets (Fisher, Florsheim, & Sheetz, 2005). With the recent economic recession, their numbers have increased and their needs have become more urgent than ever (Kidd & Scrimenti ...


A New Social Physic: The Sociology Of Gabriel Tarde And Its Legacy, Sergio Tonkonoff Dec 2012

A New Social Physic: The Sociology Of Gabriel Tarde And Its Legacy, Sergio Tonkonoff

Sergio Tonkonoff

This article aims to present a reconstruction of Gabriel Tarde’s micro-sociology in order to highlight its current relevance. The author of the article attempts to show that its distinction lies in taking the immense diversity of small social interactions as a starting point for the analysis of both face-to-face situations and large-scale institutions and social processes. Here the social field is described as made up of multiple propagations of desires and beliefs that spread from one individual to other, taking countless directions, interfering with each other, forming networks, and escaping them in search of new connections. The author attempts ...


Sencur In Sencurjani V Prvi Pplovici (In Slovenian), Joel Halpern Dec 2012

Sencur In Sencurjani V Prvi Pplovici (In Slovenian), Joel Halpern

Joel M. Halpern

The village of Sencur in the 1960s. Anthropological, demo-graphical and sociological perspective for the years 1961 and 1962. Community study of the people and influences of industrialization in the context of a rural economy.


Radical Love: A Transatlantic Dialogue About Race And Mixed Race, Daniel Mcneil, Leanne Taylor Dec 2012

Radical Love: A Transatlantic Dialogue About Race And Mixed Race, Daniel Mcneil, Leanne Taylor

Daniel McNeil

Whereas the transracial, transdisciplinary and transnational field of mixed race studies tends to focus on the love between “interracial couples” and their children, this dialogue documents how people read as 'mixed race' navigate race, racialization and relationships across time and space.


Trustee Courts And The Judicialization Of International Regimes: The Politics Of Majoritarian Activism In The Echr, The Eu, And The Wto, Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2012

Trustee Courts And The Judicialization Of International Regimes: The Politics Of Majoritarian Activism In The Echr, The Eu, And The Wto, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


The Structure Of Constitutional Pluralism, Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2012

The Structure Of Constitutional Pluralism, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


Information – Power To The People: Students And Librarians Dialoguing About Power, Social Justice, And Information, Amanda J. Swygart-Hobaugh M.L.S., Ph.D. Dec 2012

Information – Power To The People: Students And Librarians Dialoguing About Power, Social Justice, And Information, Amanda J. Swygart-Hobaugh M.L.S., Ph.D.

Mandy (Amanda) Swygart-Hobaugh

This chapter provides a case study of teaching an Honors Freshman Seminar at Georgia State University. The pedagogical goals for this course were: (1) to push the boundaries of the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL) Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education; (2) to engage students in applying critical-theoretical and social-justice frameworks to the course topics via dialogic, problem-posing learning; and (3) to expand and challenge the students’ perceptions of librarianship by elucidating the role librarians play in social justice and democratizing efforts related to information access.

Twelve students consented to content analyses of their assignment texts. The content analyses were conducted using Strauss and Corbin’s (1998) grounded ...


Encyclopedia Of Gender In Media, (Mary Kosut (Ed.), Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage, 2012), Amanda J. Swygart-Hobaugh M.L.S., Ph.D. Dec 2012

Encyclopedia Of Gender In Media, (Mary Kosut (Ed.), Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage, 2012), Amanda J. Swygart-Hobaugh M.L.S., Ph.D.

Mandy (Amanda) Swygart-Hobaugh

No abstract provided.


Exhibition Review: Clive Holden: Media/Mediated, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. Dec 2012

Exhibition Review: Clive Holden: Media/Mediated, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

An approach to artmaking that is driven by the prospect of chance, by the accidental, is reliant upon the inherent rationale of the natural world. There, chaos constitutes change (or vice versa) and reveals new forms that displace and/or update the old. Toronto-based multidisciplinary artist Clive Holden’s recent practice has manipulated the properties of the natural world into an aesthetic strategy. Utilizing the randomization and dynamism found in nature serves to unsettle and reconfigure his installations, transforming them into ever-evolving media.


Shapeshifting: Transformations In Native American Art, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. Dec 2012

Shapeshifting: Transformations In Native American Art, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Concise, clear and consistent, the catalogue that accompanies the exhibition Shapeshifting: Transformations in Native American Art establishes a critical dialogue between historical and contemporary Native American objects. Mounted at the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts by the PEM’s resident curator of Native American Art and Culture Karen Kramer Russell, the exhibition “offers an exciting new orientation for understanding Native creativity and art-making as an all-encompassing product of its time, grounded in an artist’s community, philosophy, language, and environment” (15). Essentially, the exhibition project embraced chronological and aesthetic differences to reconsider the ways that Native American transhistoricity can ...


Gary Wyatt: Seekers And Travellers Contemporary Art Of The Pacific Northwest Coast, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. Dec 2012

Gary Wyatt: Seekers And Travellers Contemporary Art Of The Pacific Northwest Coast, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Deterring The ‘Boat People’: Explaining The Australian Government's People Swap Response To Asylum Seekers, Jaffa Mckenzie, Reza Hasmath Dec 2012

Deterring The ‘Boat People’: Explaining The Australian Government's People Swap Response To Asylum Seekers, Jaffa Mckenzie, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

This article examines why Australia has taken a tough stance on ‘boat people’, through an analysis of the Malaysian People Swap response. The findings support the view that Australia’s asylum seeker policy agenda is driven by populism, wedge politics and a culture of control. The article further argues that these political pressures, in sum, hold numerous negative implications for the tone of Australia’s political debate, the quality of policy formulation, as well as for asylum seekers and refugees themselves.


States And Financial Crises, Elisabeth Brooke Harrington Dec 2012

States And Financial Crises, Elisabeth Brooke Harrington

Brooke Harrington

Most states act to protect the “safety, prosperity, and happiness of the people” against the depredations of financial crises in some or all of the following ways: regulation; provision of a safety net to protect individuals and key institutions from being irreparably damaged by crises; and, finally, punishment of those responsible in order to prevent crises in future. All three measures are intended to sustain public trust in financial systems. This is essential because, as former Federal Reserve Bank Chairman Alan Greenspan put it, “Trust is at the root of any economic system based on mutually beneficial exchange … If a ...


Confessions Of A Border-Crossing Brotha-Scholar: Teaching Race With All Of Me, Ty-Ron M. O. Douglas Ph.D. Dec 2012

Confessions Of A Border-Crossing Brotha-Scholar: Teaching Race With All Of Me, Ty-Ron M. O. Douglas Ph.D.

Ty-Ron M. O. Douglas, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Review Of Unionists, Loyalists And Conflict Transformation In Northern Ireland By Lee Smithey, Margo Shea Dec 2012

Review Of Unionists, Loyalists And Conflict Transformation In Northern Ireland By Lee Smithey, Margo Shea

Margo Shea

The cessation of violence in Northern Ireland did not signal an end to conflict; rather, it ushered in an era marked by different kinds of contestations experienced within as well as across traditional sectarian divides. In Unionists, Loyalists and Conflict Transformation in Northern Ireland, the sociologist Lee Smithey contributes to a growing literature on the uncertain and arduous processes that accompany conflict transformation. Smithey develops a nuanced understanding of identity formation. Examining a rich set of examples of public displays and performances of heritage and cultural expression in Protestant, Unionist, and loyalist communities, Smithey explains the significance of—and also ...