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2013

Sociology

Sociology

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Articles 1 - 30 of 63

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Individual And Society: Sociological Social Psychology, Lizabeth A. Crawford, Katherine B. Novak Dec 2013

Individual And Society: Sociological Social Psychology, Lizabeth A. Crawford, Katherine B. Novak

Katherine B. Novak

Unlike other texts for undergraduate sociological social psychology courses, this text presents the three distinct traditions (or "faces") in sociological social psychology (symbolic interactionism, social structure and personality, and group processes and structures) and emphasizes the different theoretical frameworks within which social psychological analyses are conducted within each research tradition. With this approach, the authors make clear the link between "face" of sociological social psychology, theory, and methodology. Thus, students gain an appreciably better understanding of the field of sociological social psychology; how and why social psychologists trained in sociology ask particular kinds of questions; the types of research they ...


A Rationalization Of Pain: How Do Athletes Do It?, Kevin O'Connor Dec 2013

A Rationalization Of Pain: How Do Athletes Do It?, Kevin O'Connor

Honors Projects in History and Social Sciences

In recent years we have seen an increased participation in sport. With this increased participation comes increased risk of pain and injury. The short-term rewards of competing with a degree of pain might be great, but the long-term ramifications could prove to be detrimental. Many factors, such as age, level of professionalism, time spent in sport, and gender has an impact on an athlete’s rationalization for competing with pain. Their view of the consequences also differs depending on their status in the sport. In order to determine where the most important factors lie, a combination of in-person interviews and ...


Japanese Expatriate Women In The United States, Ayano Sonoda Dec 2013

Japanese Expatriate Women In The United States, Ayano Sonoda

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Expatriation from Japanese companies has been considered mainly for men. This research focuses on gradually increasing Japanese expatriate women’s experiences in the United States. Using structuration theory (Giddens, 1984) and doing gender (West & Zimmerman, 1987), gender practices and (re)production of gendered structure at Japanese organizations in the United States are illustrated. It is exploratory research without prior research focusing on the subjects. Literature review, therefore, covers three relevant areas: women in workplace in Japan, Japanese expatriates in the United States, and women in international assignments from western countries. This research employs qualitative research method to understand the social ...


Exposing Evolution's Influence, Robert G. Parr Nov 2013

Exposing Evolution's Influence, Robert G. Parr

Robert G. Parr, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Murder And Capital-Punishment In The Evolving Context Of The Post-Furman Era, Ruth D. Peterson, William C. Bailey Oct 2013

Murder And Capital-Punishment In The Evolving Context Of The Post-Furman Era, Ruth D. Peterson, William C. Bailey

William C. Bailey

In view of (1) escalating national attention, and political and judicial activity centering on capital punishment during the past decade and a half, and (2) concomitant changes in homicides this paper investigates the impact of the death penalty on state homicide rates for the post-Furman period, 1973 -84 The research also addresses the debate over the relative merits of the contiguous state matching strategy versus multiple regression as a means of controlling for the influence of possible confounding factors in examining the capital punishment/homicide relationship. The two approaches yield quite similar results. Consistent with a long line of deterrence ...


Welcome To Gsa, Program For 2013 Meeting, Linda A. Treiber Oct 2013

Welcome To Gsa, Program For 2013 Meeting, Linda A. Treiber

Linda A. Treiber

No abstract provided.


Climate Change And The Color Line, Michael Murphy Oct 2013

Climate Change And The Color Line, Michael Murphy

Class, Race and Corporate Power

Climate change is estimated to be responsible for 400,000 deaths per year, mostly because of hunger and communicable diseases affecting children in the Global South. Using the sociology of W.E.B. Du Bois, I attempt to demonstrate how and why climate change occurs along the color line. I conclude by arguing why it is important to think about climate change as a human rights issue.


Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Fall 2013), Dylan Kissane Oct 2013

Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Fall 2013), Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


Central Government Poverty Policy And Local Deviation: A Comparison Of Dibao Regulations Across State Levels, Maja Kolmos, Christopher Rosenmeier Oct 2013

Central Government Poverty Policy And Local Deviation: A Comparison Of Dibao Regulations Across State Levels, Maja Kolmos, Christopher Rosenmeier

Global Asia Journal

The Chinese government has implemented a means-tested social security net for the poorest known as dibao. We compare dibao legislation from the State Council, the Shandong provincial government, and the Qingdao municipal government. As a case study, this comparative analysis of dibao legislation across different state levels and time periods provides a method to analyze differences between central and local government levels. We show that local governments are able to subvert the intentions of the central government by adding sections and altering the language in key passages. This type of horizontal and vertical reading of multiple texts reveals priorities and ...


Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll: 2013 Summary Report, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Paul Lasley Oct 2013

Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll: 2013 Summary Report, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Paul Lasley

Extension Community and Economic Development Publications

The Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll is an annual survey of Iowa farmers. The survey project collects and disseminates information on issues of importance to communities across Iowa and the Midwest. The Farm Poll has been conducted every year since its establishment in 1982, making it the longest-running survey of its kind in the nation. Iowa State University (ISU) Extension and Outreach, the Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station, the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, and the Iowa Agricultural Statistics Service are partners in the Farm Poll. The information gathered through the annual survey is used ...


Public Perceptions On Family Planning And Birth Spacing In The Cultural And Religious Context Of Senegal: A Case Study In Dakar, Senegal, Heidi Kahle Oct 2013

Public Perceptions On Family Planning And Birth Spacing In The Cultural And Religious Context Of Senegal: A Case Study In Dakar, Senegal, Heidi Kahle

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Much prior research has examined the prevalence rates of family planning and contraceptive use in Senegal, as well as the importance of family planning for reducing maternal and infant mortality, improving the well being of families, and improving the national economy. Few studies, though, have captured the perspectives of Senegalese persons and their attitudes and beliefs toward family planning, rumors and stigmas that surround it, and how different actors can work together to dispel rumors and encourage the use of family planning. I conducted my research in Dakar, Senegal, where I interviewed a variety of persons – two gynecologists, a public ...


The Contribution Of Sociology To The Emergence Of Applied And Pre-Professional College Majors, Jerry A. Jacobs Oct 2013

The Contribution Of Sociology To The Emergence Of Applied And Pre-Professional College Majors, Jerry A. Jacobs

PSC Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Receptivity Curves: Educational Research And The Flow Of Ideas: Expanded Version, Jerry A. Jacobs Oct 2013

Receptivity Curves: Educational Research And The Flow Of Ideas: Expanded Version, Jerry A. Jacobs

PSC Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


There Are No Fat People In The Netherlands: Embodied Identities, Hypervisibility, And The Contextual Relevancy Of Fatness, Jean Ochterski Oct 2013

There Are No Fat People In The Netherlands: Embodied Identities, Hypervisibility, And The Contextual Relevancy Of Fatness, Jean Ochterski

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This research is the product of a month long exploratory study on fatness in the Netherlands and how it intersects with other marginalized identities, including race, class, and queerness. The primary question it answers is the ways in which hypervisibility of fat bodies interplays with the silences surrounding size as an axis of identity. The research removes fatness from solely conversations in the public health field and re-situates it in a feminist, academic framework. Data was obtained through oral history interviews with seven self identified fat people currently living the Netherlands. The results show that childhood, dieting practices, standards of ...


Mcjobs And Pieces Of Flair: Linking Mcdonaldization To Alienating Work Sep 2013

Mcjobs And Pieces Of Flair: Linking Mcdonaldization To Alienating Work

Linda A. Treiber

This paper offers strategies for teaching about rationality, bureaucracy, and social change using George Ritzer’s The McDonaldization of Society (2013) and its ideas about efficiency, predictability, calculability, and control. Student learning is facilitated using a series of strategies: Making the Familiar Strange, Explaining McDonaldization, Self-Investigation and Discovery, and Exploring and Implementing Alternatives. Through assignments, class exercises, and films, students contextualize modernity and its unintended negative consequences by viewing McDonaldization though the lenses of work and jobs. These strategies provide a framework to help students understand key concepts, critique McDonaldization, and formulate positive ways to cope with Weber’s iron ...


Meta-Analysis Of The Book: "Privilege, Power And Difference" -- A Review Of The Dimensions Of Institutional Segregation As Psychological Paradox, Alexej Savreux Sep 2013

Meta-Analysis Of The Book: "Privilege, Power And Difference" -- A Review Of The Dimensions Of Institutional Segregation As Psychological Paradox, Alexej Savreux

Sociology Student Papers and Presentations

This paper analyzes and synthesizes concepts and alternative perspectives of sociologist and author Allan G. Johnson’s book “Privilege, Power and Difference” through the lens of the sociological imagination. The first phase of the review addresses the different chapter dimensions of the concept (or purported abstraction) of ‘inequality’ as social, economic and historical concretion. The model is later elaborated upon and the work extrapolated into a meta-theoretical analysis of the first seven chapters of the textbook. By identifying and reviewing the principal points within the book, we present a multitude of vantage points by which continuation and assimilation of material ...


Barriers For Foreign-Born Students In Elite Post-Secondary Education In The United States, Charmian Lam Jul 2013

Barriers For Foreign-Born Students In Elite Post-Secondary Education In The United States, Charmian Lam

Theses and Dissertations

Foreign-born students complete college at a lower rate when compared to native-born students. It is essential to examine both the known and latent barriers that prevent foreign-born students from successfully completing the first four years of college. The purpose of this study is to assess the applicability of Bourdieuian notions of capital in explaining the discrepancy in educational attainment between foreign-born and native born students. The data is from the 1999 National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen (n=3176), a survey designed to test various theoretical explanations for minority underachievement in higher education. Stepwise regressions were used to determine the individual ...


Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Summer 2013), Dylan Kissane Jul 2013

Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Summer 2013), Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


Transpersonal Sociology: Origins, Development, And Theory, Ryan Rominger, Harris L. Friedman Jul 2013

Transpersonal Sociology: Origins, Development, And Theory, Ryan Rominger, Harris L. Friedman

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

Transpersonal theory formally developed within psychology through the initial definition of the field in the publishing of the Journal of Transpersonal Psychology. However, transpersonal sociology also developed with the Transpersonal Sociology Newsletter, which operated through the middle 1990s. Both disciplines have long histories, while one continues to flourish and the other, comparatively, is languishing. In order to encourage renewed interest in this important area of transpersonal studies, we discuss the history, and further define the field of transpersonal sociology, discuss practical applications of transpersonal sociology, and introduce research approaches that might be of benefit for transpersonal sociological researchers and practitioners.


Religion And Spiritual Experience: Revisiting Key Assumptions In Sociology, Steven F. Cohn, Kyriacos C. Markides Jul 2013

Religion And Spiritual Experience: Revisiting Key Assumptions In Sociology, Steven F. Cohn, Kyriacos C. Markides

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

In this paper, we examine the dominant materialist assumption that there is an inherent conflict between sociology, religion, and spirituality. We will suggest that such a conflict is not fundamental and that accepting the possibility that religious experiences might reflect contact with a transcendent reality can enrich the theoretical possibilities of sociology, supplementing rather than replacing existing insights.


The Gender Of Sexuality, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

The Gender Of Sexuality, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

An excellent analysis of the ways in which human sexuality is structured by gender but also by moral and political approaches - especially as it concerns gay and lesbian expressions and relationships - as well as by race and class. New to this edition is a major revision of chapter 5 on the politics of sexuality including gay and lesbian marriage, educational issues, teen sexuality - including 'hooking up' - and inequality issues.


The Encyclopedia Of Human Sexuality, Virginia Rutter Jun 2013

The Encyclopedia Of Human Sexuality, Virginia Rutter

Virginia Rutter

No abstract provided.


Public And Private Families: An Introduction, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

Public And Private Families: An Introduction, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

No abstract provided.


The Diversity Of Human Relationships, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

The Diversity Of Human Relationships, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

No abstract provided.


Handbook Of Family Diversity, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

Handbook Of Family Diversity, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

The status of the American family has been the topic of considerable debate in recent years. As demographic changes make our country more multicultural and as new types of families continue to form and become more common, it is essential for sociologists, social workers, family researchers, and psychologists to understand the full range of diversity in American families. However, to varying extents, African American families, Latino families, Asian American families, poverty-stricken and near-poor families, lesbian and gay families, single-parent families, and stepfamilies have been marginalized from mainstream scholarship. As a result, students taking courses on families are typically not exposed ...


Families As They Really Are, Virginia Rutter Jun 2013

Families As They Really Are, Virginia Rutter

Virginia Rutter

A fresh collection of original essays by leading scholars that focuses on how families operate in everyday life: what they are, how they work, and why they matter. Families as They Really Are goes to the heart of the family values debate by reframing the question about families from “Are they breaking down?” to “Where are they going, how, and why?” Essays in the book are not reprints; you won’t find them anywhere else. Each article is a new contribution to the research and theory about families, drawn from an interdisciplinary community of experts. The four parts of Families ...


Speaking Of Sexuality: Interdisciplinary Readings, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

Speaking Of Sexuality: Interdisciplinary Readings, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

Speaking of Sexuality, Third Edition, presents leading classic and contemporary works in sexuality research and theory along with in-depth articles about timely issues from the popular media. The book chapters and journal articles, which have been carefully edited to make them accessible yet still rigorous, are enhanced by detailed part openers and chapter lead-ins that provoke critical thinking and class discussions. Incorporating the insights of a new coeditor, psychologist Terri D. Fisher, the third edition offers twenty-eight new book chapters and journal articles and two additional units--"Relationships and Sexuality" and "Sexual Health." This edition also integrates more selections on ...


The Love Test: Romance And Relationship Self-Quizzes Developed By Psychologists And Therapists, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

The Love Test: Romance And Relationship Self-Quizzes Developed By Psychologists And Therapists, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

Love can seem like a hopeless riddle sometimes-but with this array of self-tests, created and used by psychologists and therapists, it's possible to take some of the mystery out of the mating dance. With quizzes that measure our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors with regard to such issues as intimacy, sexuality, jealousy, commitment and compatibility, The Love Test uses scoring keys and summaries to help readers evaluate their romantic lives...and find ways to improve them.


Civic Vision: Seeing The Invisible On The Path To A Just Society, Ronald J.O. Flores May 2013

Civic Vision: Seeing The Invisible On The Path To A Just Society, Ronald J.O. Flores

Baccalaureate Addresses

Sociology professor Ronald J. O. Flores once collaborated with the Mohawk Nation to offer undergraduate service learning seminar on Native American Children and Youth and shares his insights on this experience with the Connecticut College community gathered for Baccalaureate, an annual celebration of the spiritual diversity of the graduating class.

Of the students in the class, he found that, "by spending time and sharing experiences, by engaging in honest and open dialogue, and by working together in the spirit of reciprocity and equality, they began to see, to feel, and perhaps to understand the injustices faced by those who were ...


The Brutal Reality Of Bringing Kids Up To Level: Are Critical Thinking And Creativity Lost In The World Of Standardized Testing?, Jamie M. Carroll May 2013

The Brutal Reality Of Bringing Kids Up To Level: Are Critical Thinking And Creativity Lost In The World Of Standardized Testing?, Jamie M. Carroll

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Since the passage of No Child Left Behind, the output of education has been measured through student achievement on standardized tests. School ratings, student graduation, teacher jobs and school charters are all tied to these tests. This study analyzes the extent to which math and science public high school teachers in New Orleans focus on critical thinking and creativity, skills needed to be successful in the future. Through a framework of Richard Paul’s model of critical thinking and Theresa Amabile’s social psychology of creativity, this study evaluates support for critical thinking and creativity through classroom observations, analysis of ...