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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Developing The Lismore Csg Poll – A University/Local Government Collaboration, Hanabeth Luke, Kristin A. Den Exter, William E. Boyd, David J. Lloyd, Ben Roche Jan 2013

Developing The Lismore Csg Poll – A University/Local Government Collaboration, Hanabeth Luke, Kristin A. Den Exter, William E. Boyd, David J. Lloyd, Ben Roche

Journal of Economic and Social Policy

Regional universities can contribute to the capacity of regional governance by providing an important source of specialist knowledge that can be used to aid problem-solving and engage communities more actively in decision-making. This paper reports a case of a partnership between a regional university and a local government authority (LGA), in a situation where the local government authority chose to run a referendum-style poll on a regionally important environmental and industrial issue; the development of the coal seam gas industry in a rural area. The partnership was adopted to produce an independently developed question for the poll. The poll question ...


Testing The Dimensionality Of Place Attachment And Its Relationships With Place Satisfaction And Pro-Environmental Behaviours: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach, Haywantee Ramkissoon, Liam Dg Smith, Betty Weiler Jan 2013

Testing The Dimensionality Of Place Attachment And Its Relationships With Place Satisfaction And Pro-Environmental Behaviours: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach, Haywantee Ramkissoon, Liam Dg Smith, Betty Weiler

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Drawing on literature from environmental psychology, the present study examined place attachment as a second-order factor and investigated its relationships with place satisfaction and visitors' low and high effort pro-environmental behavioural intentions. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling were used to test a model using a sample of 452 visitors at the Dandenong Ranges National Park, in Australia. Results supported the four-dimensional second-order factor of place attachment and indicated (a) positive and significant effects of place attachment on both low and high effort pro-environmental behavioural intentions of park visitors, (b) a significant and positive influence of place attachment on ...


Consumer Attitudes Towards Internet Gambling: Perceptions Of Responsible Gambling Policies, Consumer Protection, And Regulation Of Online Gambling Sites, Sally M. Gainsbury, Jonathan Parke, Niko Suhonen Jan 2013

Consumer Attitudes Towards Internet Gambling: Perceptions Of Responsible Gambling Policies, Consumer Protection, And Regulation Of Online Gambling Sites, Sally M. Gainsbury, Jonathan Parke, Niko Suhonen

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

There is an insufficient understanding of consumer attitudes towards Internet gambling, which contributes to difficulties in developing policies to encourage the use of regulated online gambling sites. This research aimed to generate knowledge about consumer attitudes towards online gambling, specifically concerning the issues of player protection, regulation, and responsible gambling. An online survey was completed by 10,838 online casino and poker players from 96 countries. Responsible gambling features were generally viewed positively, particularly by casino game players, those who chased losses, and younger adults. Over one-third of participants reported having experienced a dispute with an online gambling operator. Respondents ...


The Impact Of Jackpots On Egm Gambling Behavior: A Review, Matthew J. Rockloff, Nerilee Hing Jan 2013

The Impact Of Jackpots On Egm Gambling Behavior: A Review, Matthew J. Rockloff, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper reviews literature on how jackpots influence Electronic Gaming Machine (EGM) gambling behaviour. Most of the available evidence addresses the motivational effect of the mere presence of EGM jackpots on play, as actual wins are relatively rare for individual gamblers. The review identifies a distinction between rational, biased and irrational motivations that attract people to EGM jackpots. The evidence suggests that EGM jackpots should generate additional consumption on EGMs above machines that do not have such lottery-like features. Rational motivations are likely to lead to consumer surplus, whereas biased and irrational motivations are likely to contribute to excessive consumption ...


Place Attachment, Place Satisfaction And Pro-Environmental Behaviour: A Comparative Assessment Of Multiple Regression And Structural Equation Modelling, Haywantee Ramkissoon, Betty Weiler, Liam Dg Smith Jan 2013

Place Attachment, Place Satisfaction And Pro-Environmental Behaviour: A Comparative Assessment Of Multiple Regression And Structural Equation Modelling, Haywantee Ramkissoon, Betty Weiler, Liam Dg Smith

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Using data collected from 452 visitors at the Dandenong Ranges National Park, Australia, this paper applies multiple regression (MR) and structural equation modelling (SEM) approaches to test the relationships between the respective sub-constructs of place attachment (place dependence, place identity, place affect, place social bonding), place satisfaction, and visitors' pro-environmental behavioural intentions. Findings revealed differences in strength and magnitude of the regression paths. The SEM analysis further reveals insignificant regression paths between place identity and place satisfaction, and place social bonding and low-effort pro-environmental behavioural intentions in contrast to the MR results. An empirical comparison of the MR and SEM ...


Visitor's Perceptions Of Tourism Impacts: Bruny And Magnetic Islands, Australia, Brent D. Moyle, Betty Weiler, Glen Croy Jan 2013

Visitor's Perceptions Of Tourism Impacts: Bruny And Magnetic Islands, Australia, Brent D. Moyle, Betty Weiler, Glen Croy

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Tourism on islands, as elsewhere, can have positive and negative economic, environmental, and sociocultural impacts. Previous research has focused on residents’ perceptions of these impacts with little emphasis on those of the visitor, resulting in a lack of theorizing and empirical investigation into how visitors perceive and evaluate their impacts. Based on the premise that a better understanding of the visitor perspective can underpin the proactive management of some tourism impacts, this study uses Social Exchange Theory to explore visitors’ perceptions of tourism impacts on two Australian islands. Overall, visitors recognized that tourism activity increases impacts and evaluated these as ...


Business As Usual? Barriers To Education For Sustainability In The Tourism Curriculum, Erica Wilson, Tania Von Der Heidt Jan 2013

Business As Usual? Barriers To Education For Sustainability In The Tourism Curriculum, Erica Wilson, Tania Von Der Heidt

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

There is little research on how “sustainability” is embedded within tourism programs. This article draws on findings from a study of education for sustainability within the 1st-year business/tourism curriculum at an Australian regional university. Using an interpretive methodology, interviews took place with 16 academics regarding the barriers in trying to incorporate sustainability. Three key themes were revealed: (1) a crowded curriculum; (2) staff and student resistance to sustainability; and (3) the realities of a complex, multicampus institution. These impediments will be important to consider if we want to engender a more transformational approach to sustainability leadership in tourism education.


Building And Sustaining Support For National Parks In The 21st Century: Why And How To Save The National Park Experience From Extinction, Betty Weiler, Susan A. Moore, Brent D. Moyle Jan 2013

Building And Sustaining Support For National Parks In The 21st Century: Why And How To Save The National Park Experience From Extinction, Betty Weiler, Susan A. Moore, Brent D. Moyle

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Understanding and enhancing societal support for national parks is critical for their survival globally, especially in the uncertain and rapidly changing economic and political environment of the twenty-first century. This paper argues that the continuing availability of a diversity of visitor experiences in national parks is essential for cultivating this support. Employing national park experiences as key tools for building and sustaining societal support, and the strategies for doing so, have received limited attention by scholars. This paper aims to conceptualize the benefits and threats to visitor experiences in national parks as a basis for cementing their protection and enhancement ...


The Impact Of Partial Liberalization Of Internet Gambling: A Comparison Of Internet And Non-Internet Gamblers, Sally M. Gainsbury, Nerilee Hing, Alex Russell, Alex Blaszczynski, Robert Wood, Dan Lubman Jan 2013

The Impact Of Partial Liberalization Of Internet Gambling: A Comparison Of Internet And Non-Internet Gamblers, Sally M. Gainsbury, Nerilee Hing, Alex Russell, Alex Blaszczynski, Robert Wood, Dan Lubman

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

No abstract provided.


Gambling Sponsorship Of Sport: An Exploratory Study Of Links With Gambling Attitudes And Intentions, Nerilee Hing, Peter Vitartas, Matthew James Lamont Jan 2013

Gambling Sponsorship Of Sport: An Exploratory Study Of Links With Gambling Attitudes And Intentions, Nerilee Hing, Peter Vitartas, Matthew James Lamont

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Gambling sponsorship of sport is increasingly prolific, but also contentious. Underpinned by the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), this study explores relationships between gambling sponsorship, and attitudes and intentions relating to gambling, in the context of a major Australian football competition heavily sponsored by gambling companies. Data were gathered via two online surveys (N = 212). Analysis confirmed that attitudes and social norms predicted gambling intention. Further, attitudes to gambling and gambling intention were positively associated with response to gambling sponsorship. Viewing televised football matches, perceptions about sponsor–event fit and attitude to gambling sponsorship were associated with respondents' interest in ...


Reconciling Kastom, Tourism, Art In The Pacific: The Case Of The Leweton Cultural Group And “Water Music”, Tom Dick Jan 2013

Reconciling Kastom, Tourism, Art In The Pacific: The Case Of The Leweton Cultural Group And “Water Music”, Tom Dick

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Post-colonial Vanuatu is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse
countries in the world. Ni-Vanuatu cultural performers present themselves as
local, national, and international actors simultaneously by allowing outsiders
to witness and engage with their living cultural expressions or “kastom”.
Contemporary ni-Vanuatu communities are establishing themselves as
distinct and differentiated “cultural villages”, often in urban settings away from
traditional or kastom places.
Taking the case of the Mwerlap-speaking diaspora from the islands of Gaua
and Merelava who perform “water music”. I will investigate the forces at play
in the transitioning of the Mwerlap-speaking diaspora into the Leweton
Cultural Village ...


Fragile Environment In Need Of Resilient Carers? A Case Of Regional Natural Resources Management In Perth, Western Australia, Subas P. Dhakal Jan 2013

Fragile Environment In Need Of Resilient Carers? A Case Of Regional Natural Resources Management In Perth, Western Australia, Subas P. Dhakal

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

The Perth region is one of the 56 designated Natural Resources Management (NRM) regions in Australia. A community-led body – Perth Region NRM (PRNRM) – is in charge of overseeing NRM initiatives in the region. PRNRM heavily relies on Environmental Care Organisations (ECOs) that are involved in a wide variety of activities ranging from managing nature reserves to restoring ecosystems on a voluntary basis. While ECOs have become an integral component of PRNRM, they are often vulnerable because of the uncertain availability of financial and human resources. The way these organisations can overcome resource scarcities and become resilient is therefore significant for ...


An Analysis Of The Suitability Of Public Spaces To Physical Activity Practice In Rio De Janeiro, Marcelo Carvalho Vieira, Sandro Sperandei, Arianne Carvalhedo Reis, Claudia Goncalves Thaumaturgo Da Silva Jan 2013

An Analysis Of The Suitability Of Public Spaces To Physical Activity Practice In Rio De Janeiro, Marcelo Carvalho Vieira, Sandro Sperandei, Arianne Carvalhedo Reis, Claudia Goncalves Thaumaturgo Da Silva

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Objectives

To assess the physical characteristics of public spaces designed for sport/physical activity/leisure in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and their relationship to the socioeconomic indicators.

Methods

Public spaces (n = 38) spread across the city were evaluated between December 2011 and January 2012 using the Physical Activity Resource Assessment (PARA) instrument. Based on PARA results, a Quality Indicator (QI) was prepared and the sample was grouped into “High QI” and “Low QI” using a k-means clustering algorithm. The association between QI and the local Social Development Index (SDI) was tested using a Chi-square test.

Results

The average QI was ...


Personal Transformation Through Long-Distance Walking, Rob E. Saunders, Jennifer Laing, Betty Weiler Jan 2013

Personal Transformation Through Long-Distance Walking, Rob E. Saunders, Jennifer Laing, Betty Weiler

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Internet Gambling On Gambling Problems: A Comparison Of Moderate-Risk And Problem Internet And Non-Internet Gamblers, Sally M. Gainsbury, Alex Russell, Nerilee Hing, Robert Wood, Alex Blaszczynski Jan 2013

The Impact Of Internet Gambling On Gambling Problems: A Comparison Of Moderate-Risk And Problem Internet And Non-Internet Gamblers, Sally M. Gainsbury, Alex Russell, Nerilee Hing, Robert Wood, Alex Blaszczynski

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Numerous studies have reported higher rates of gambling problems among Internet compared with non-Internet gamblers. However, little research has examined those at risk of developing gambling problems or overall gambling involvement. This study aimed to examine differences between problem and moderate-risk gamblers among Internet and non-Internet gamblers to determine the mechanisms for how Internet gambling may contribute to gambling problems. Australian gamblers (N = 6,682) completed an online survey that included measures of gambling participation, problem gambling severity, and help seeking. Compared with non-Internet gamblers, Internet gamblers were younger, engaged in a greater number of gambling activities, and were more ...


Internet Shopping Learning Model : Theory Building Study Using A Phenomenological Research Method, Elise Fereti Puni Jan 2013

Internet Shopping Learning Model : Theory Building Study Using A Phenomenological Research Method, Elise Fereti Puni

Theses

This research builds a model of how some consumers learn Internet shopping for purchasing physical goods. Phenomenological interviews are conducted to formulate an Internet Shopping Learning Model (ISLM). Internet shopping results from a learning process comprised of four stages, before, perceived barriers, during and becoming stages. Early stages of learning centre on an enabling process comprising influencing factors: motivational drivers; perceived usefulness; ease of use; social groups and media; attitude towards Internet shopping; prior knowledge and experience; trust propensity; familiarity; and qualifying trust. Qualifying trust is the key factor in determining whether or not a consumer adopts Internet shopping.


Organizational Food Culture : A Theoretical And Empirical Construct, Jhony Choon Yeong Ng Jan 2013

Organizational Food Culture : A Theoretical And Empirical Construct, Jhony Choon Yeong Ng

Theses

Research has indicated that environmental factors influence individual food practice. An individual’s food practice, in turn, will influence the person’s health. Research has also indicated that organisational culture influences individual behaviour. Given this, it is possible for an organisation’s food culture to have an influence on an employee’s health via employee’s food practice.

As there is a current dearth of research on the topic of organisational food culture, this research has been conducted. In this research, a theoretical construct of organisational food culture is first proposed. Then, a parsimonious empirical construct of organisational food culture ...


Menopause : The Need For A Paradigm Shift From Disease To Women's Health, Margaret Teresa Harris Jan 2013

Menopause : The Need For A Paradigm Shift From Disease To Women's Health, Margaret Teresa Harris

Theses

Through a multimethodology, this research revealed menopause and women’s menopausal and postmenopausal ageing life cycle journey as a women’s positive adult developmental process. Utilizing multi-methods I argue that emerging from women’s narratives, the phenomenon of menopause is limited by a reductionist paradigm. Further exploration revealed that a paradigm underpinned by a wholistic philosophy is more appropriate for women as they negotiate this significant ageing life cycle process to postmenopausal status.

The positive conceptualisation of menopause is set against a backdrop of a discourse analysis of seminal and pivotal biomedical texts, which revealed the marginalization of women’s ...


Monumentalising Language : Visitor Experience And Meaning Making At The Afrikaanse Taalmonument, Stephen John Smith Jan 2013

Monumentalising Language : Visitor Experience And Meaning Making At The Afrikaanse Taalmonument, Stephen John Smith

Theses

The overarching aim of the thesis has been to investigate the ways in which a feature of intangible cultural heritage, language, can be made into material form as a visitor attraction through the process of ‘monumentalisation’. A phenomenological, hermeneutic methodological approach was taken to observe visitors as they interacted with the Monument, detailing their activities, reactions and performances. Visitors’ interpretations of the ATM occurred as an outcome of an interactive process which includes their corporeal and sensorial encounters with the Monument coupled with their intellectual or cognitive perceptions or understandings. Visitors were observed and also interviewed about their experiences, impressions ...


Emotional Labour And The Job Satisfaction Of Adventure Tour Leaders In Australia, Monica Torland Jan 2013

Emotional Labour And The Job Satisfaction Of Adventure Tour Leaders In Australia, Monica Torland

Theses

This thesis critically examines the relationships between two types of emotional labour and job satisfaction of adventure tour leaders employed within Australia, applying a mixed methods approach. While deep acting has a statistically significant positive impact on adventure tour leaders’ job satisfaction, there is no statistically significant relationship between surface acting and job satisfaction. These findings are consistent with research suggesting that deep acting could help to convey a sense of authenticity and a feeling of achievement in employees, thus leading to higher levels of job satisfaction. This has implications for the way adventure tour operators manage their human resources.


Contested Authenticity In Zimbabwean Tourist Eatertainment, Muchazondida Mkono Jan 2013

Contested Authenticity In Zimbabwean Tourist Eatertainment, Muchazondida Mkono

Theses

In this thesis I examine the contestation of authenticity in cultural experiences (“eatertainment”) provided for tourists, both Indigenous African and Western, at a number of restaurants operating at Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. Object authenticity appeared to be more important to Western tourists than to Indigenous African tourists. I also illustrate the ways in which the traditional philosophical value systems of Ubuntu, Hlonipha, and Isithunzi mediate both the experience and expression of interpersonal and intrapersonal existential authenticity. In sum, by representing both Indigenous African and Western voices, the thesis provides a comprehensive and critical analysis of the concept of authenticity.


Values, Voice And Choice : Western Arrernte Outstation Engagement In The Northern Territory Intervention, Annie Elizabeth Kennedy Jan 2013

Values, Voice And Choice : Western Arrernte Outstation Engagement In The Northern Territory Intervention, Annie Elizabeth Kennedy

Theses

This study examines engagement with the state from a remote, Aboriginal perspective. It aims to foster a better understanding of how we work with, not what we do to Aboriginal people. Set in the context of everyday outstation lives in the Central Australian desert, the study privileges the voices of Western Arrernte men and women as they encounter three of the reforms introduced under the Howard Government’s contentious 2007 Northern Territory Emergency Response (NTER) and its continuation over the next two years under the incoming Rudd Labor Government.

Through narratives of outstation encounters with the myriad of policy reforms ...


Jumping Through Hoops : Delivering More Effective Community Consultation During The Grant Application Process, Lynne Hardy De Weaver Jan 2013

Jumping Through Hoops : Delivering More Effective Community Consultation During The Grant Application Process, Lynne Hardy De Weaver

Theses

This research identified a number of issues that affect the grant application process and subsequent outcomes for small regional communities in Australia. It provides greater clarity concerning the importance of building social capital and capacity during the community consultation process in order to empower communities. Some of the major problems identified were the importation of government cultural, educational and corporate sector values and language into rural communities without prior testing to examine potential mismatches between government expectations and community understanding. As a result of this research, a more effective model for building knowledge, capacity and developing social capital has emerged.


An Action Research Project Examining Anger And Aggression With Rural Adolescent Males Participating In The Rock And Water Program, Paul Christopher Edwards Jan 2013

An Action Research Project Examining Anger And Aggression With Rural Adolescent Males Participating In The Rock And Water Program, Paul Christopher Edwards

Theses

The Rock and Water Program (RWP) was used as a means of contacting 187 rural adolescent males from four schools on the north coast of NSW in order to explore their views relating to anger and aggression as well as their perception of the RWP, which is a popular program used with boys in Australian schools. Working with focus group participants showed that historical-cultural attitudes have a direct impact on this cohorts experience and expression of anger while also impacting their views related to learning activities and programs.

A qualitative research methodology was utilized where focus groups were the method ...


Examining The Relationship Of Motivation, Performance Quality, Experience Of Quality, Satisfaction And Loyalty Among Visitors To Hong Kong Global Geopark Of China, So Kiu Ng Jan 2013

Examining The Relationship Of Motivation, Performance Quality, Experience Of Quality, Satisfaction And Loyalty Among Visitors To Hong Kong Global Geopark Of China, So Kiu Ng

Theses

This thesis examines the relationship between motivation, performance quality, experience quality, satisfaction and loyalty. It aims to establish and quantify the critical link between post-visit evaluation and future behavioral intention towards Hong Kong Global Geopark of China. A conceptual framework was developed to model these relationships, which was validated with an empirical data set.

The findings will assist marketers in identifying the different types of visitors in HKGGC and also will help the tourism researchers in building a framework for identifying the antecedents of satisfaction and loyalty by conceptualizing visitors’ motivational behavior and quality perception on various attributes of HKGGC.