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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Discerning For Peace In Africa: The Sudan Civil Wars And Peace Processes 1955-2013, Conrad John Masabo Mr. Dec 2013

Discerning For Peace In Africa: The Sudan Civil Wars And Peace Processes 1955-2013, Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Separation of the Sudan into the Republic of Sudan (North) and the Republic of Southern Sudan (South) was globally extolled as the long-lasting solution to one of the longest civil wars in post-Colonial Africa. However, recent developments in Sudan: continued clashes between north and south, crises in the contested areas and tribal civil wars have uncovered that: separation without addressing the principal root causes of the conflicts is not the panacea to prone and protracted civil wars. Taking a historical analysis framework, the paper attempts to tackle issues of causes, opportunities and challenges for peace in Sudan.


Toward A Low Wage World: The Development And Limitation Of Taiwan' Labor Regime(1980s~2010s), Wei-Yi Chang, Chih-Lung Huang Dec 2013

Toward A Low Wage World: The Development And Limitation Of Taiwan' Labor Regime(1980s~2010s), Wei-Yi Chang, Chih-Lung Huang

Chih-lung Huang

This article tries to explain why Taiwan’s labor regime has fallen into a low wage environment. A review of literature shows that existing studies consider only the elements of state, capital, labor, or the social environment to explain the low wage within different historical stages. But the literature to date could not answer the question as for why Taiwan’s labor wage did not increase with economic growth after 2000s. In order to bridge the gap, the legislation and amendment of related labor laws from 1980s to 2010s was explored through the perspective of historical institutionalism. It was found ...


The New International Division Of Labor, Dependency Theory And The Global Economy, Heidi Feight Dec 2013

The New International Division Of Labor, Dependency Theory And The Global Economy, Heidi Feight

Heidi Feight

No abstract provided.


Autonomia Y Dependencia En Las Ciencias Sociales Latinoamericanas, Jorge Gibert-Galassi Nov 2013

Autonomia Y Dependencia En Las Ciencias Sociales Latinoamericanas, Jorge Gibert-Galassi

jorge gibert-galassi

Description paper about the problem of Latin American academics in terms of autonomy or dependence from the central countries and scientific institutions from the north. It is centrally a diagnosis on political science, sociology and economics in 5 Latin American countries.


Combating Terrorism On The Free Highway, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Nov 2013

Combating Terrorism On The Free Highway, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

The Internet has enabled transnational jihad based on a decentralized network that overcomes the limitations of face-to-face interaction. Terrorists are making the most of the Internet to: 1) find essential information, 2) communicate, and 3) coordinate among each other in order to wage violent anti-social operations.


Estimations Of Flood Waste From Rural Dumpsites Located On Floodplains From Neamţ, County, Romania, Florin C. Mihai Nov 2013

Estimations Of Flood Waste From Rural Dumpsites Located On Floodplains From Neamţ, County, Romania, Florin C. Mihai

Florin C MIHAI

Waste dumping is a serious environmental threat to major rivers from extra- Carpathian Region of Neamţ county in the proximity of villages because the lack of waste collection services. In this context, floodplains are frequently susceptible to such bad practices, these areas being also exposed to stronger floods. The paper aims to calculate the potential waste taken from these areas in order to assess a quantitative impact of these bad practices.


A Crise Social Induzida, Eliel Matias Da Rosa Oct 2013

A Crise Social Induzida, Eliel Matias Da Rosa

Eliel Matias da Rosa

No abrir das cortinas do Século XXI, eis que o homem se depara frente a um triste cenário: A crise humana. Antes de tudo, de falarmos em crise financeira, crise ambiental, crise religiosa, etc, há de se falar em crise do homem, pois é o homem, sem sombra de dúvidas, o idealizador ou o principal agente responsável pela decadência de tais elementos sociais.


Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Fall 2013), Dylan Kissane Oct 2013

Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Fall 2013), Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


Multicultural Citizenship Education In Indonesia: The Case Of A Chinese Christian School, Chang Yau Hoon Oct 2013

Multicultural Citizenship Education In Indonesia: The Case Of A Chinese Christian School, Chang Yau Hoon

Chang Yau HOON

No abstract provided.


MotivaçÕEs Para Interagir Na Blogosfera Portuguesa, Inês Sampayo Sep 2013

MotivaçÕEs Para Interagir Na Blogosfera Portuguesa, Inês Sampayo

Inês Sampayo

This study aims to explore the motivations of twenty Portuguese individuals to create and maintain blogs. We interviewed ten women and ten men, who provided us with a very personal and unique vision of this type of social interaction. Results showed that the twenty Portuguese bloggers are ordinary people, who use their blog not only to keep an account of their personal lives online but also to communicate with others by sharing and expressing their opinions on a wide range of topics. For these individuals, blogging is a hobby and, as such, an activity that is balanced between family, career ...


Redrawing The Boundary: Work Units And Social Stratification In Urban China, Xiaogang Wu Sep 2013

Redrawing The Boundary: Work Units And Social Stratification In Urban China, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

While work units continue to play an important role in shaping employees’ economic rewards in urban China, the way organizational affiliations affect social stratification has undergone a subtle transformation and the distinctive boundaries among work units have been redrawn. Analysis of the data from the Chinese General Social Survey (2005) shows that the boundaries exist mainly between government agencies/public institutions and enterprises: workers in the former sector enjoyed significantly higher income as well as more fringe benefits than their counterparts in the latter sector. Analyses using propensity score matching methods further identify the existence of organizational premiums (structural effect ...


Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz Aug 2013

Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Why are most capitalist enterprises of any size organized as authoritarian bureaucracies rather than incorporating genuine employee participation that would give the workers real authority? Even firms with employee participation programs leave virtually all decision-making power in the hands of management. The standard answer is that hierarchy is more economically efficient than any sort of genuine participation, so that participatory firms would be less productive and lose out to more traditional competitors. This answer is indefensible. After surveying the history, legal status, and varieties of employee participation, I examine and reject as question-begging the argument that the rarity of genuine ...


Achieving Participatory Development Communication Through 3d Model Building In Timor-Leste, Lauren Leigh Hinthorne Aug 2013

Achieving Participatory Development Communication Through 3d Model Building In Timor-Leste, Lauren Leigh Hinthorne

Lauren Leigh Hinthorne

Participatory development is now widely accepted in principle. In practice, however, institutional obstacles, resource constraints and perceived capacity weaknesses conspire to undermine genuine community participation in project design, implementation and evaluation. The question is no longer whether communities should participate in development initiatives, but how. In this paper I draw on recent exploratory research in Timor-Leste to discuss the potential of structured 3D model building as a tool for promoting substantive community engagement in development projects.


Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Summer 2013), Dylan Kissane Jul 2013

Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Summer 2013), Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


Evolving Christian Attitudes Towards Personal And National Self-Defense, David B. Kopel Jul 2013

Evolving Christian Attitudes Towards Personal And National Self-Defense, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

This Article analyzes the changes in orthodox Christian attitudes towards defensive violence. While the Article begins in the 19th century and ends in the 21st, most of the Article is about the 20th century. The Article focuses on American Catholicism and on the Vatican, although there is some discussion of American Protestantism.

In the nineteenth and early in the twentieth centuries, the traditional Christian concepts of Just War and of the individual's duty to use force to defend himself and his family remained uncontroversial, as they had been for centuries.

Disillusionment over World War I turned many Catholics and ...


A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz Jun 2013

A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Just as Marx's insights into capitalism have been most strikingly vindicated by the rise of neoliberalism and the near-collapse of the world economy, Marxism as social movement has become bereft of support. Is there any point in people who find Marx's analysis useful in clinging to the term "Marxism" - which Marx himself rejected -- at time when self-identified Marxist organizations and societies have collapsed or renounced the identification, and Marxism own working class constituency rejects the term? I set aside bad reasons to give on "Marxism," such as that the theory is purportedly refuted, that its adoption leads necessarily ...


The Changing Paths Of The Child Care Policy And Welfare Regimes: A Comparison Among Sweden, Germany And United States, Chih-Lung Huang Jun 2013

The Changing Paths Of The Child Care Policy And Welfare Regimes: A Comparison Among Sweden, Germany And United States, Chih-Lung Huang

Chih-lung Huang

With the economic globalization, the transformation of post industrialized, and the change of employment pattern, the women’s labor participation is still rising. This phenomenon not only affected the breadwinner model which were shaped by the welfare regime, but also caused the consequence of baby bust and ageing population. This article will explore the changing paths of welfare regimes which includes the social democracy-Sweden, the conservatism-Germany, and the liberal- the U.S.A. We try to clarify the effect of reform ideas for the changing paths of breadwinner model behind the welfare regimes, and the policy implications for the work ...


Dynamics Of Civil Resistance In Oceania, Thomas Dick, Jason Mcleod, Luke Johnston Jun 2013

Dynamics Of Civil Resistance In Oceania, Thomas Dick, Jason Mcleod, Luke Johnston

Thomas Dick

The Dynamics of Civil Resistance (DOCR), is a not-for-profit popular education and cultural development programme in Oceania. We work in collaboration with churches, human rights organisations, traditional leaders, women leaders, youth and student groups and community organisations to establish a network of indigenous educators who can resource nonviolent social movements and democratic transitions.

DOCR has developed out of programs that originated in 2005, in response to requests from Papuan human rights activists (Rayfield and Morello 2012). The purpose of the Project is to build their capacity of activists and artists working nonviolently for a just and sustainable peace in the ...


Migration And Development Of Abuja: An Evaluation, Dagachi Aliyu Manbe Dr., Bashiru Salawu Dr. Apr 2013

Migration And Development Of Abuja: An Evaluation, Dagachi Aliyu Manbe Dr., Bashiru Salawu Dr.

Dagachi Aliyu Manbe Dr.

1.0 INTRODUCTION One of the most distinguishing characteristics of people is their tendency to migrate. The distance of these movements as well as their frequency, are distinctive characteristics. The mobility of humans is evidenced by the linguistic, social and nationalistic mixing of much of the world’s population, although, the mobility has always been a basic trait of human population. It has accelerated with economic technological process, particularly in the fields of communication and transportation. Cultural adaptability has allowed human to adjust to major ecological changes by employing mental abilities and technological skills.


Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Spring 2013), Dylan Kissane Apr 2013

Phil 130: Dimensions Of Diversity (Spring 2013), Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


Padrões De Segregação Em Metrópoles Não-Centrais, Patrick Silva Apr 2013

Padrões De Segregação Em Metrópoles Não-Centrais, Patrick Silva

Patrick Silva

No abstract provided.


The Ghosts Of Mad Men: Race And Gender Inequality Inside American Advertising Agencies, Christopher Boulton Mar 2013

The Ghosts Of Mad Men: Race And Gender Inequality Inside American Advertising Agencies, Christopher Boulton

Christopher Boulton

To view the video version of this argument, please visit https://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/chris_boulton/17/
This chapter juxtaposes interviews of advertising practitioners with scenes from the AMC drama Mad Men to suggest that the show, set in the 1960’s, helps explain how the twin specters of sexism and racism continue to haunt the industry today. While contemporary forms of discrimination may seem less explicit when compared to Mad Men, tacit rules still allow hiring on the basis "fit," familiarity, and even friendship. Thus, despite various efforts to increase racial diversity and promote women within advertising, a structural system ...


Ciências Sociais, Censo E Informação Quantitativa No Brasil, Rogério Barbosa, Murilo De Brito, Diogo Ferrari, Patrick Silva, Ian Prates, Leonardo Barone Mar 2013

Ciências Sociais, Censo E Informação Quantitativa No Brasil, Rogério Barbosa, Murilo De Brito, Diogo Ferrari, Patrick Silva, Ian Prates, Leonardo Barone

Patrick Silva

Nesta entrevista, os pesquisadores Elza Berquó e Nelson do Valle Silva relembram suas trajetórias profissionais e a consolidação da pesquisa quantitativa nas ciências sociais no Brasil.


Gay And Greek: Supporting Lgbq Fraternity And Sorority Members, Larry D. Long, Monica Crissman Feb 2013

Gay And Greek: Supporting Lgbq Fraternity And Sorority Members, Larry D. Long, Monica Crissman

Larry D. Long

No abstract provided.


Biomes And Ecosystems, Robert Warren Howarth Jan 2013

Biomes And Ecosystems, Robert Warren Howarth


No abstract provided.


A Civic Engagement Agenda For Caribbean Higher Education, Glenn A. Bowen Phd Jan 2013

A Civic Engagement Agenda For Caribbean Higher Education, Glenn A. Bowen Phd

Glenn A Bowen PhD

Civic engagement programs have become prevalent in higher education in many regions of the world. Interest in engagement has increased at a time when Caribbean countries are strengthening the regional integration movement in response to the demands of globalization. Based on a cross-national assessment, this article describes the manifestations of civic engagement in Caribbean universities and proposes an agenda for institutionalizing the practice. The civic engagement agenda is applicable to higher education institutions elsewhere.


Fostering College Students' Civic Commitment Through Alternative Breaks, Glenn A. Bowen Phd Jan 2013

Fostering College Students' Civic Commitment Through Alternative Breaks, Glenn A. Bowen Phd

Glenn A Bowen PhD

Higher education institutions in the United States sponsor alternative breaks to give students an opportunity to assist underserved communities during spring and fall/winter breaks. As students address social issues during alternative breaks, many are likely to commit themselves to long-term involvement in community service. This article is based on research conducted at a public, comprehensive university in Western North Carolina. Case study methods were used to explore the learning/development outcomes of the university's alternative break program and the influence of alternative break experiences on students' continued involvement in civic activities. The research revealed that, despite the limitations ...


發展社會照顧,豐富安老服務, Cheung Ming, Alfred Chan Jan 2013

發展社會照顧,豐富安老服務, Cheung Ming, Alfred Chan

Prof. CHAN Cheung-ming, Alfred

No abstract provided.


Development Of Msw Collection Services On Regional Scale : Spatial Analysis And Urban Disparities In North-East Region, Romania, Florin C. Mihai Jan 2013

Development Of Msw Collection Services On Regional Scale : Spatial Analysis And Urban Disparities In North-East Region, Romania, Florin C. Mihai

Florin C MIHAI

The cities are facing illegal dumping of municipal solid waste (MSW) because the waste collection facilities do not cover the entire population. Furthermore, this sector is poorly developed in small towns or villages annexed to administrative territory units (ATU) of cities , MSW are disposed in open dumps polluting the local environment. This paper analyzes on the one hand the urban disparities on public access to waste collection services (WCS) in the North-East Region on the other hand, it performs a comparative analysis between 2003 and 2010 outlining the changes made in the context of Romania’s accession to EU. Also ...


Economic Utopia Inventions As Observed Phenomenon-Success, Failure, Persistence Through History From Dawn Of Mankind To Jesus To Thomas More To Pullman, Riverside And Eugenics, James T. Struck Jan 2013

Economic Utopia Inventions As Observed Phenomenon-Success, Failure, Persistence Through History From Dawn Of Mankind To Jesus To Thomas More To Pullman, Riverside And Eugenics, James T. Struck

James T Struck

Economic Utopia Inventions as Observed Phenomenon-Success, Failure, Persistence Through History From Dawn of Mankind to Jesus to Thomas More to Pullman, Riverside and Eugenics Economic Utopia inventions have been tried from humanity's beginning to today with failure and success. I walked along Cottage Grove Avenue to look at the remains of the Pullman Sleeping Car Company near 111th Street in Chicago; part of what remains of the important Pullman Sleeping Car Company are boarded up buildings, beautiful red towers, nice windows, Hotel Florence, much writing, and a Pullman Historical Foundation and Pullman Historical Site. An Economic utopia invention was ...