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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2013

Sociology

Iowa State University

Articles 1 - 30 of 55

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

First-Generation College Students: Understanding And Improving The Experience From Recruitment To Commencement, Dian Squire Dec 2013

First-Generation College Students: Understanding And Improving The Experience From Recruitment To Commencement, Dian Squire

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This book review examines First Generation College Students a new book published by Jossey-Bass publishers. An offering of a reframing of the book's main arguments through Critical Race Theory and Community Cultural Wealth frameworks provides for a holistic and anti-deficit framing of this population.


Fashion Industry Professionals’ Viewpoints On Creative Traits And, Strategies For Creativity Development, Elena E. Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Caitlyn Kamm Dec 2013

Fashion Industry Professionals’ Viewpoints On Creative Traits And, Strategies For Creativity Development, Elena E. Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Caitlyn Kamm

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Through in-depth interviews, the study explored fashion industry professionals’ viewpoints, on creativity, focusing on traits of creative people and how creativity can be developed. Four creative, traits were identified, including different thought processes, determination, having an open mind, and, risk taking. About one-third of participants believed that creativity is innate, and therefore, some, people were born creative whereas others were not. Another third of participants maintained that, everyone has some creative potential that can be further developed. The remaining fashion, professionals distinguished artistic creativity from creative problem solving. Suggested strategies for, creativity enhancement and development included (1) practicing creative thinking ...


Factors Related To Depression Among Latina Immigrant Mothers, Dawn Browder, Kimberly A. Greder, Sedahlia Jasper Oct 2013

Factors Related To Depression Among Latina Immigrant Mothers, Dawn Browder, Kimberly A. Greder, Sedahlia Jasper

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Latinos account for 16.3 percent (50.5 million) of the total U.S. population, for more than half of the total growth of the U.S. population in the last decade (Humes, Jones, and Ramirez, 2011), and halting, and in some cases reversing, the gradual population decline in pockets of rural America (Kandel and Cromatie, 2004). However, as the Latino population has grown, so has the prevalence of poverty (21.5% in 2000; 26.6% in 2010) (DeNavas-Walt C, Proctor BD, and Smith, 2011) and food insecurity (21.8% in 2000; 26.2% in 2010) (Nord, Andrews and Carlson ...


Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll: 2013 Summary Report, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Paul Lasley Oct 2013

Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll: 2013 Summary Report, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Paul Lasley

Extension Community and Economic Development Publications

The Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll is an annual survey of Iowa farmers. The survey project collects and disseminates information on issues of importance to communities across Iowa and the Midwest. The Farm Poll has been conducted every year since its establishment in 1982, making it the longest-running survey of its kind in the nation. Iowa State University (ISU) Extension and Outreach, the Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station, the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, and the Iowa Agricultural Statistics Service are partners in the Farm Poll. The information gathered through the annual survey is used ...


Women And Small Apparel Business Ownership: A Cross-Cultural Exploration Of The Entrepreneurial Experience, Nancy N. Hodges, Kittichai Watchravesringkan, Jennifer Yurchisin, Michelle Childs, Elena E. Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Jane Hegland, Ruoh-Nan Yan Oct 2013

Women And Small Apparel Business Ownership: A Cross-Cultural Exploration Of The Entrepreneurial Experience, Nancy N. Hodges, Kittichai Watchravesringkan, Jennifer Yurchisin, Michelle Childs, Elena E. Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Jane Hegland, Ruoh-Nan Yan

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to explore to the role of such challenges within the entrepreneurial experiences of women who own small apparel businesses and to examine them across cultures. Because small business play an integral role in the apparel supply chain within nearly every country, an examination of the small apparel business across countries would add an international dimension to the literature.


Soup Consumption Is Associated With A Reduced Risk Of Overweight And Obesity But Not Metabolic Syndrome In Us Adults: Nhanes 2003-2006, Yong Zhu, James H. Hollis Sep 2013

Soup Consumption Is Associated With A Reduced Risk Of Overweight And Obesity But Not Metabolic Syndrome In Us Adults: Nhanes 2003-2006, Yong Zhu, James H. Hollis

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

A limited number of studies have found that soup consumption is related to a lower risk of overweight and obesity in Asian and European populations, however, these studies do not provide a consistent picture regarding the association between soup consumption and markers of metabolic syndrome. To date, no study examining the relationship between soup and body weight or metabolic syndrome have been conducted in the US population. The present study used a sample of 4158 adults aged 19–64 who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2003 and 2006. The frequency of soup consumption was determined ...


Toward A Deeper Understanding Of The Meaning Of Marriage Among Black Men, Tera R. Hurt Jul 2013

Toward A Deeper Understanding Of The Meaning Of Marriage Among Black Men, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Black men benefit from healthy, satisfying marriages in domains of physical, psychological, and financial well-being. Yet marriage among Black men has declined and remains elusive for many. One gap in the research concerns the positive meaning that Black men find in their marriages. Prior research has failed to collect in-depth accounts of Black men’s experiences of marriage. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the meaning of marriage among 52 Black men, using interview data. Findings highlight four themes in the meaning of marriage—secure emotional support, lifelong commitment, enhanced life success, and secure attachment. Two themes ...


Consistency And Timing Of Marital Transitions And Survival During Midlife: The Role Of Personality And Health Risk Behaviors, Ilene C. Siegler, Beverly H. Brummett, Peter Martin, Michael J. Helms Jun 2013

Consistency And Timing Of Marital Transitions And Survival During Midlife: The Role Of Personality And Health Risk Behaviors, Ilene C. Siegler, Beverly H. Brummett, Peter Martin, Michael J. Helms

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Background

Marital status is associated with survival.

Purpose

The aims of this study are to evaluate marital history and timing on mortality during midlife, test the role of pre-marital personality, and quantify the role of health risk behaviors.

Methods

Cox proportional hazard models were run with varying classifications of marital history and sets of covariates.

Results

In fully adjusted models compared to the currently married, lifetime marital history predicts premature mortality with never married at 2.33 times risk of death and ever married at 1.64 risk of death. Midlife marital history shows that not having a partner during ...


Farmer Beliefs And Concerns About Climate Change And Attitudes Toward Adaptation And Mitigation: Evidence From Iowa, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Lois Wright Morton, Jon Hobbs Jun 2013

Farmer Beliefs And Concerns About Climate Change And Attitudes Toward Adaptation And Mitigation: Evidence From Iowa, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Lois Wright Morton, Jon Hobbs

Sociology Publications

Agriculture is both vulnerable to climate change impacts and a significant source of greenhouse gases. Increasing agriculture’s resilience and reducing its contribution to climate change are societal priorities. Survey data collected from Iowa farmers are analyzed to answer the related research questions: (1) do farmers support adaptation and mitigation actions, and (2) do beliefs and concerns about climate change influence those attitudes. Results indicate that farmers who were concerned about the impacts of climate change on agriculture and attributed it to human activities had more positive attitudes toward both adaptive and mitigative management strategies. Farmers who believed that climate ...


The Role Of Farm Families In Local Community Philanthropy, Paul Lasley, John Ferrell, J. Gordon Arbuckle Apr 2013

The Role Of Farm Families In Local Community Philanthropy, Paul Lasley, John Ferrell, J. Gordon Arbuckle

Extension Community and Economic Development Publications

Historically rural community development was rooted in self-help and collaborative efforts. Often organized on informal bases, these social actions and behaviors fell into the general rubric of “being a good neighbor.” Lacking access to political capital and external resources, residents of many small communities discovered that if something was going to get done, they had to do it themselves. Cooperative community action such as building schools, churches, stringing early electrical lines, and other public goods were rooted in a common belief that neighbors helping each other was the only viable way to make community improvements. These shared values of helping ...


Agricultural Advisors: A Receptive Audience For Weather And Climate Information?, Linda Stalker Prokopy, Tonya Haigh, Amber Saylor Mase, Jim Angel, Chad E. Hart, Cody Knutson, Maria Carmen Lemos, Yun-Jia Lo, Jean Mcguire, Lois Wright Morton, Jennifer Perron, Dennis Patrick Todey, Melissa Widhalm Apr 2013

Agricultural Advisors: A Receptive Audience For Weather And Climate Information?, Linda Stalker Prokopy, Tonya Haigh, Amber Saylor Mase, Jim Angel, Chad E. Hart, Cody Knutson, Maria Carmen Lemos, Yun-Jia Lo, Jean Mcguire, Lois Wright Morton, Jennifer Perron, Dennis Patrick Todey, Melissa Widhalm

Economics Publications

As the climate in the midwestern United States becomes increasingly variable because of global climate change, it is critical to provide tools to the agricultural community to ensure adaptability and profitability of agricultural cropping systems. When used by farmers and their advisors, agricultural decision support tools can reduce uncertainty and risks in the planning, operation, and management decisions of the farm enterprise. Agricultural advisors have historically played a key role in providing information and guidance in these decisions. However, little is known about what these advisors know or think about weather and climate information and their willingness to incorporate this ...


Debt Begets Debt: Examining Negative Credit Card Behaviors And Other Forms Of Consumer Debt, Lukas R. Dean, So-Hyun Joo, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Judith L. Fischer, Nathan Lambert Mar 2013

Debt Begets Debt: Examining Negative Credit Card Behaviors And Other Forms Of Consumer Debt, Lukas R. Dean, So-Hyun Joo, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Judith L. Fischer, Nathan Lambert

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

The effect of negative credit card behaviors is examined for association with other forms of consumer debt (automobile debt, installment debt, and personal loan debt). Data were collected using a combination of random digit dialing and convenience sampling from two cities. Respondents' median age is 48 years old, ranging from 20-87. Results indicate that despite controlling for income, not paying off the monthly balance and reaching the maximum limit on credit cards are associated with a variety of other debts. Although consumers can increase lifetime utility by borrowing, less educated consumers are more vulnerable to less favorable sources of credit ...


What Explains Schooling Differences Across Countries?, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Marla Ripoll Mar 2013

What Explains Schooling Differences Across Countries?, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Marla Ripoll

Economics Publications

This paper provides a theory that explains the cross-country distribution of average years of schooling, as well as the so called human capital premium puzzle. In our theory, credit frictions as well as differences in access to public education, fertility and mortality turn out to be the key reasons why schooling differs across countries. Differences in growth rates and in wages are second order.


Applied Social Science Research To Improve Water Quality Programming: Participatory Evaluation Of Iowa's Clean Water State Revolving Fund Programs, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Patti Cale-Finnegan, Tony Toigo Mar 2013

Applied Social Science Research To Improve Water Quality Programming: Participatory Evaluation Of Iowa's Clean Water State Revolving Fund Programs, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Patti Cale-Finnegan, Tony Toigo

Sociology Publications

The Iowa Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF), established by the Clean Water Act, is a federal assistance program primarily administered by the states. While currently 94 percent of the loan dollars nationally are used for publicly owned wastewater facilities (Section 212 or “point source” projects), states may also fund nonpoint source pollution control (Section 319) and estuary protection (Section 320) projects (USEPA, 2012). Seventeen states have provided some level of funding for soil erosion control and manure management practices for nonpoint source water quality protection.


The Role Of Random Allocation In Randomized Controlled Trials: Distinguishing Selection Bias From Baseline Imbalance, Allyn Fives, Daniel W. Rusell, Noreen Kearns, Rena Lyons, Patricia Eaton, John Canavan, Carmel Devaney, Aoife O'Brien Feb 2013

The Role Of Random Allocation In Randomized Controlled Trials: Distinguishing Selection Bias From Baseline Imbalance, Allyn Fives, Daniel W. Rusell, Noreen Kearns, Rena Lyons, Patricia Eaton, John Canavan, Carmel Devaney, Aoife O'Brien

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Background: This paper addresses one threat to the internal validity of a randomized controlled trial (RCT), selection bias. Many authors argue that random allocation is used to ensure baseline equality between study conditions in a given study and that statistically significant differences at pretest mean that randomisation has failed.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to clarify the role of random allocation in an RCT study. Is the role of random allocation to protect against selection bias? And does it have a further role, namely to ensure baseline equality and the absence of statistically significant differences between study conditions ...


Collecting Data For Collective Impact: A Guide For Coordinators In The Regional Food Systems Working Group, Corry Bregendahl, Laura Kleiman, Teresa Wiemerslage Feb 2013

Collecting Data For Collective Impact: A Guide For Coordinators In The Regional Food Systems Working Group, Corry Bregendahl, Laura Kleiman, Teresa Wiemerslage

Leopold Center Publications and Papers

This manual outlines a shared measurement system for collecting economic data for coordinators of 17 Regional Food Groups that are part of the Regional Food Systems Working Group (RFSWG). The manual includes a sample farmer survey [PDF] to report local food sales and a sample institution survey [PDF] to report local food purchases, as well as instructions for coordinators to submit data [PDF].


Mexico's American/America's Mexican: Cross-Border Flows Of Nationalism And Culture Between The United States And Mexico, Brian D. Behnken Jan 2013

Mexico's American/America's Mexican: Cross-Border Flows Of Nationalism And Culture Between The United States And Mexico, Brian D. Behnken

History Publications

In 2006, immigrant rights protests hit almost every major city in the United States. Propelled by a wave of anti-immigrant sentiment and proposed immigration legislation that developed out of the 2004 presidential election, Latino/a activists demanded an end to the biased, and often racist, immigration reform debate, a debate that characterized immigrants as violent criminals who wantonly broke American law. Individuals of all ethnicities and nationalities, but mainly Latinos, participated in massive demonstrations to oppose the legislation and debate. In the Southwest, in cities such as Los Angeles, Phoenix, Dallas, and El Paso, Mexican Americans showed by force of ...


Strengthening Families: Exploring The Impacts Of Family Camp Experiences On Family Functioning And Parenting, Barry A. Garst, Sarah Baughman, Nancy K. Franz, Richard W. Seidel Jan 2013

Strengthening Families: Exploring The Impacts Of Family Camp Experiences On Family Functioning And Parenting, Barry A. Garst, Sarah Baughman, Nancy K. Franz, Richard W. Seidel

Extension and Outreach Research and Scholarship

Research suggests that family camp experiences can enhance family relationships. Families often participate in family camp experiences for a vacation, as part of a therapeutic and/or intervention strategy, or to gain general enrichment or engagement. To better understand the impacts of family camp experiences on family functioning, a mixed-methods study was conducted with 60 families across 18 camps. Respondents shared that family camp experiences benefit families because of the positive impacts of the camp staff, parenting reinforcement, and enhancement of family relationships, with 60% of respondents indicating that family camp experiences reinforced good parenting and 86% of respondents indicating ...


Customer Service With A Smile: Creating A Climate Where Customers Come First, Tina A. Coffelt Jan 2013

Customer Service With A Smile: Creating A Climate Where Customers Come First, Tina A. Coffelt

English Publications

Nestled in the small, manufacturing and university town of Maryville, MO, resides a great example of customer service—Fred Mares. Fred is a greeter at the local Hy-Vee store, which has survived the infringing competition from Wal-Mart when other local and regional grocers could not. There are several reasons Hy-Vee has survived and even expanded its Maryville food center, one of which is Fred Mares. Fred is no ordinary grocery store greeter. Fred excels at extending a warm, genuine greeting to every customer who enters the store. He remembers people’s names and important events in their lives. I left ...


Investigating Opportunities For Enhancing Farmer Adoption Of Strategically Targeted Prairie Strips In Iowa, J. Gordon Arbuckle R., Drake Larsen, Tricia G. Knoot, John Tyndall, Emily Sorensen Jan 2013

Investigating Opportunities For Enhancing Farmer Adoption Of Strategically Targeted Prairie Strips In Iowa, J. Gordon Arbuckle R., Drake Larsen, Tricia G. Knoot, John Tyndall, Emily Sorensen

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Project researchers conducted in-depth interviews with a broad range of stakeholders from state agricultural and environmental groups and agencies. The research identified perceived barriers to adoption and gained stakeholder feedback on practical steps that might be taken to surmount those barriers and broaden awareness of and support for the technology.


Successful Recruitment Of Centenarians For Post-Mortem Brain Donation: Results From The Georgia Centenarian Study, Kathy Shaw, Marla Gearing, Adam Davey, Molly Burgess, Leonard W. Poon, Peter Martin, Robert C. Green Jan 2013

Successful Recruitment Of Centenarians For Post-Mortem Brain Donation: Results From The Georgia Centenarian Study, Kathy Shaw, Marla Gearing, Adam Davey, Molly Burgess, Leonard W. Poon, Peter Martin, Robert C. Green

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Objective

Brain donation and neuropathological examination of brain tissues is the only way to obtain definitive diagnostic information on research subjects enrolled in aging studies. We investigated predictors of brain donation in a population-based study of centenarians in Phase III of the Georgia Centenarian Study (GCS).

Methods

Sixty-six individuals (mean age = 100.6 years, 91% female, 20% African American) were successfully recruited from the core sample of 244 individuals residing in 44 counties of Northeast Georgia to provide brain donation.

Results

Bivariate (t-tests, chi-square tests) and multivariate analyses (logistic regression) showed no significant differences between donors and non-donors across a ...


Elucidating Parenting Processes That Influence Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Qualitative Inquiry, Tera R. Hurt, Gene H. Brody, Velma Mcbride Murry, Cady Berkel, Yi-Fu Chen Jan 2013

Elucidating Parenting Processes That Influence Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Qualitative Inquiry, Tera R. Hurt, Gene H. Brody, Velma Mcbride Murry, Cady Berkel, Yi-Fu Chen

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This study’s purpose was to learn why some youth who participated in the Strong African American Families (SAAF) program increased alcohol use after 2 years whereas other youth did not. Using a sample of 28 African American caregiver-youth dyads, the authors collected qualitative data to explore these issues. Findings underscore the importance of caregivers’ practicing vigilant monitoring to keep their adolescents from experimenting with alcohol. Recommendations for limiting access to alcohol and encouraging vigilant parenting are discussed.


Determinants Of Participation And Leadership In Food Security Groups In Southeast Uganda: Implications For Development Programs And Policies, Francis Y. Owusu, Haroon Sseguya, Robert E. Mazur, Jemimah M. Njuki Jan 2013

Determinants Of Participation And Leadership In Food Security Groups In Southeast Uganda: Implications For Development Programs And Policies, Francis Y. Owusu, Haroon Sseguya, Robert E. Mazur, Jemimah M. Njuki

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Local groups are increasingly being promoted as vehicles for effective involvement of community members in development initiatives in the Global South, with the expectation of successful and sustained achievements. Previous studies on participation and leadership in groups have yielded mixed results, implying a need for more contextualized and validated assessments. In this study, using 281 household interviews and discussions with 21 farmers’ groups in southeast Uganda, we established that group participation was positively associated with age of household head, household size, and proximity to trading and health facilities. Group leadership was positively associated with the educational level of the household ...


Introduction: Hybrid National Belonging And Identity In A Transnational World, Simon Wendt, Brian D. Behnken Jan 2013

Introduction: Hybrid National Belonging And Identity In A Transnational World, Simon Wendt, Brian D. Behnken

History Publications

During World War II, Imperial Japan conquered vast swaths of territory in the Pacific and East Asia. While it constituted a military and political type of colonialism, Japanese leaders advertised their project of expansion as a form of anti-colonialism and Pan-Asian nationalism. The Japanese Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere, the grandiloquent label given to this venture, hardly sounded imperialistic. The Japanese infused their colonial ambitions with variations of civic and ethnic nationalism, which became transnationalized when they spread beyond the territorial borders of the Japanese islands. Moreover, they promised to spread a type of national belonging that would draw all ...


An Analysis Of Technical Assistance Providers In Copanch'orti' Guatemala, Victoria Lebeaux Jan 2013

An Analysis Of Technical Assistance Providers In Copanch'orti' Guatemala, Victoria Lebeaux

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Guatemala has the fourth highest rate of chronic under-nutrition for children under five in the world. One region particularly impacted is the Copanch'orti' area of eastern Guatemala where chronic under-nutrition affected 61% of the population in 2008. Although efforts to solve the malnutrition problem have been underway for several decades, there is a persistent need for greater and better coordination and integration of food security programming, within and across sectors (agriculture, education, environment, health, etc.), as well as across local, regional, and national platforms. In this dissertation I addressed the question of how the actions of development practitioners can ...


Involving New Immigrants And Minority Youth In Local Food Systems, Jan Flora Jan 2013

Involving New Immigrants And Minority Youth In Local Food Systems, Jan Flora

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The project focused on building awareness of the social and cultural aspects of food and its origins among an audience of high school age immigrant youth. Latino students from three Iowa communities were involved in photography project experiences.


Farmer Support For Extending Conservation Compliance Beyond Soil Erosion: Evidence From Iowa, J. G. Arbuckle Jr. Jan 2013

Farmer Support For Extending Conservation Compliance Beyond Soil Erosion: Evidence From Iowa, J. G. Arbuckle Jr.

Sociology Publications

Conservation Compliance, which since its inception in 1985 has led to substantial reductions in soil erosion by linking eligibility for some Farm Bill programs to erosion control on highly erodible land, is at a critical juncture. Agricultural economic and budget factors have reduced the effectiveness of compliance incentives, and numerous groups are calling for enhancement of incentives and/or for extension of compliance beyond erosion control to cover concerns such as water quality impairment. This study analyzed survey data measuring Iowa farmers' support for four increasingly stringent Conservation Compliance scenarios ranging from the current configuration to a requirement that all ...


Shifts In Farmer Uncertainty Over Time About Sustainable Farming Practices And Modern Farming's Reliance On Commercial Fertilizers, Insecticides, And Herbicides, L. W. Morton, J. Hobbs, J. G. Arbuckle Jan 2013

Shifts In Farmer Uncertainty Over Time About Sustainable Farming Practices And Modern Farming's Reliance On Commercial Fertilizers, Insecticides, And Herbicides, L. W. Morton, J. Hobbs, J. G. Arbuckle

Sociology Publications

Nitrogen (N) is critical for maintaining crop yields; however, current agricultural management practices are major contributors to high levels of N and other agricultural chemicals leaking into neighboring water bodies thereby limiting the achievement of sustainability goals for water resources. Changes in farmer beliefs over time about sustainability goals and production inputs reveal increasing uncertainty about the connection between sustainability and their practices. Inference from a multinomial model analysis of farmer beliefs from 1989 to 2002 shows increasing odds of being uncertain about whether use of sustainable farming practices help maintain the natural resource base. Almost 29% of the population ...


Communicating Climate Science: Components Of Engaging The Agricultural Audience, Adam Wilke Jan 2013

Communicating Climate Science: Components Of Engaging The Agricultural Audience, Adam Wilke

Sociology Publications

The agricultural sector relies on climate information to formulate management decisions which hedge against environmental risks. How this scientific information is communicated by climatologists to the agricultural audience is investigated. It is necessary to not only provide data, but also frame the message as relevant to agriculture, encompassing risk management.


Predictors Of Gains In Inductive Reasoning Strategies And Everyday Functioning: Results From The Advanced Cognitive Training For Independent And Vital Elderly (Active) Study, Joan Blaser Baenziger Jan 2013

Predictors Of Gains In Inductive Reasoning Strategies And Everyday Functioning: Results From The Advanced Cognitive Training For Independent And Vital Elderly (Active) Study, Joan Blaser Baenziger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Prior research demonstrates that some cognitive abilities (i.e., memory, speed of processing and reasoning) decline starting in the sixth decade of life. One mechanism underlying training interventions is cognitive strategies which can maintain or enhance abilities and associated everyday functioning. The present study focused on two research questions. First, does participation in reasoning strategy training lead to increased use of the strategies in performing reasoning tasks? Second, does participation in reasoning strategy training influence subsequent changes in indicators of everyday functioning over a five-year period? To address these issues data were analyzed from the Advanced Cognitive Training for ...