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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Building Cultural Competency In Therapy, Naveen Jonathan Dec 2013

Building Cultural Competency In Therapy, Naveen Jonathan

Marriage and Family Therapy Faculty Presentations

Discusses how to build better cultural competency in order to help clients of diverse ethnic, racial, and cultural backgrounds.


Do Market Incentives Crowd Out Charitable Giving?, Cary Deck, Erik O. Kimbrough Dec 2013

Do Market Incentives Crowd Out Charitable Giving?, Cary Deck, Erik O. Kimbrough

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

Donations and volunteerism can be conceived as market transactions with a zero explicit price. However, evidence suggests people may not view zero as just another price when it comes to pro-social behavior. Thus, while markets might be expected to increase the supply of assets available to those in need, some worry such financial incentives will crowd out altruistic giving. This paper reports laboratory experiments directly investigating the degree to which market incentives crowd out large, discrete charitable donations in a setting related to deceased organ donation. The results suggest markets increase the supply of assets available to those in need ...


Feeling Welcomed And Empowered: A Formula Of Success, Essraa Nawar Oct 2013

Feeling Welcomed And Empowered: A Formula Of Success, Essraa Nawar

Library Presentations, Posters, and Videos

Slides from Essraa Nawar’s presentation to Temple Judea about feeling welcomed in the US as a young, Muslim immigrant. She details her life and background and Do you wish to assign a Creative Commons License? If so, which one? how she used positivity to shape her life and career into successes.


Cardiovascular Health: Associations With Race-Ethnicity, Nativity, And Education In A Diverse, Population-Based Sample Of Californians, Georgiana Bostean, Christian K. Roberts, Catherine M. Crespi, Michael Prelip, Anne Peters, Thomas R. Belin, William J. Mccarthy Jul 2013

Cardiovascular Health: Associations With Race-Ethnicity, Nativity, And Education In A Diverse, Population-Based Sample Of Californians, Georgiana Bostean, Christian K. Roberts, Catherine M. Crespi, Michael Prelip, Anne Peters, Thomas R. Belin, William J. Mccarthy

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose—This study examined how race-ethnicity, nativity, and education interact to influence disparities in cardiovascular (CV) health, a new concept defined by the American Heart Association (AHA). We assessed whether race-ethnicity and nativity disparities in CV health vary by education, and whether the foreign-born differ in CV health from their US-born race-ethnic counterparts with comparable education.

Methods—We used data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey to determine the prevalence of optimal CV health metrics (based on selected AHA guidelines) among adults ages 25 and over (n = 42,014). We examined the interaction between education and ethnicity-nativity, comparing predicted ...


Does Selective Migration Explain The Hispanic Paradox?: A Comparative Analysis Of Mexicans In The U.S. And Mexico, Georgiana Bostean Jun 2013

Does Selective Migration Explain The Hispanic Paradox?: A Comparative Analysis Of Mexicans In The U.S. And Mexico, Georgiana Bostean

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

Latino immigrants, particularly Mexican, have some health advantages over U.S.-born Mexicans and Whites. Because of their lower socioeconomic status, this phenomenon has been called the epidemiologic “Hispanic Paradox.” While cultural theories have dominated explanations for the Paradox, the role of selective migration has been inadequately addressed. This study is among the few to combine Mexican and U.S. data to examine health selectivity in activity limitation, self-rated health, and chronic conditions among Mexican immigrants, ages 18 and over. Drawing on theories of selective migration, this study tested the “healthy migrant” and “salmon-bias” hypotheses by comparing the health of ...


The Fragility Of Consensus: Public Reason, Diversity And Stability, John Thrasher, Kevin Vallier May 2013

The Fragility Of Consensus: Public Reason, Diversity And Stability, John Thrasher, Kevin Vallier

Philosophy Faculty Articles and Research

John Rawls's transition from A Theory of Justice to Political Liberalism was driven by his rejection of Theory's account of stability. The key to his later account of stability is the idea of public reason. We see Rawls's account of stability as an attempt to solve a mutual assurance problem. We maintain that Rawls's solution fails because his primary assurance mechanism, in the form of public reason, is fragile. His conception of public reason relies on a condition of consensus that we argue is unrealistic in modern, pluralistic democracies. After rejecting Rawls's conception of public ...


Chieftaincy-Based Community Dispute Resolution: The Case Of Sierra Leone, Whitney Mcintyre Miller Apr 2013

Chieftaincy-Based Community Dispute Resolution: The Case Of Sierra Leone, Whitney Mcintyre Miller

Education Faculty Articles and Research

Sierra Leone suffered a destructive 11-year civil war that largely left its communities torn apart and in need of vast redevelopment. One of the ways that communities are rebuilding and making efforts to move forward is through the chieftaincy-based community dispute resolution process. Based on historical norms, this process involves the community leader, or chief, helping to resolve disputes within the community. This article reviews this chieftaincy-based community dispute resolution process, discusses the types of disputes settled, and provides broader lessons learned for communities who may be interested in truly community-based dispute resolution.


Uniqueness And Symmetry In Bargaining Theories Of Justice, John Thrasher Mar 2013

Uniqueness And Symmetry In Bargaining Theories Of Justice, John Thrasher

Philosophy Faculty Articles and Research

For contractarians, justice is the result of a rational bargain. The goal is to show that the rules of justice are consistent with rationality. The two most important bargaining theories of justice are David Gauthier’s and those that use the Nash’s bargaining solution. I argue that both of these approaches are fatally undermined by their reliance on a symmetry condition. Symmetry is a substantive constraint, not an implication of rationality. I argue that using symmetry to generate uniqueness undermines the goal of bargaining theories of justice.


The Conceptualization And Communication Of Risk Among Rural Appalachian Adolescents, Jennifer J. Moreland, Janice L. Krieger, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day Jan 2013

The Conceptualization And Communication Of Risk Among Rural Appalachian Adolescents, Jennifer J. Moreland, Janice L. Krieger, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

This study employs a meta-theoretical perspective for examining risk perceptions and behavior in the rural, Appalachian cultural context, an area that remains largely unexplored. In-depth interviews were conducted with 113 rural adolescents to describe how youth conceptualize risk and how risk is communicated in the rural environment. Analyses revealed adolescents viewed behavior as risky when they had personal or vicarious experiences resulting in a loss of control or physical harm. Elements of the rural Appalachian culture including activities, familism, and community ties can both prevent and promote adolescent risk-taking in various forms. This study demonstrates the conceptualization of risk and ...


Random Assignment Of Schools To Groups In The Drug Resistance Strategies Rural Project: Some New Methodological Twists, John W. Graham, Jonathan Pettigrew, Michelle Miller-Day, Janice L. Krieger, Jiangxiu Zhou, Michael L. Hecht Jan 2013

Random Assignment Of Schools To Groups In The Drug Resistance Strategies Rural Project: Some New Methodological Twists, John W. Graham, Jonathan Pettigrew, Michelle Miller-Day, Janice L. Krieger, Jiangxiu Zhou, Michael L. Hecht

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

Random assignment to groups is the foundation for scientifically rigorous clinical trials. But assignment is challenging in group randomized trials when only a few units (schools) are assigned to each condition. In the DRSR project, we assigned 39 rural Pennsylvania and Ohio schools to three conditions (rural, classic, control). But even with 13 schools per condition, achieving pretest equivalence on important variables is not guaranteed. We collected data on six important school-level variables: rurality, number of grades in the school, enrollment per grade, percent white, percent receiving free/assisted lunch, and test scores. Key to our procedure was the inclusion ...


The Importance Of Female Choice: Evolutionary Perspectives On Constraints, Expressions, And Variations, David Frederick, Tania A. Reynolds, Maryanne L. Fisher Jan 2013

The Importance Of Female Choice: Evolutionary Perspectives On Constraints, Expressions, And Variations, David Frederick, Tania A. Reynolds, Maryanne L. Fisher

Psychology Faculty Books and Book Chapters

This chapter introduces the reader to some of the influential perspectives on female mate choice in human evolutionary biology, including parental investment theory. We then present two key theories in evolutionary psychology that have been applied to understand variations in women’s mating preferences and choices: sexual strategies theory and strategic pluralism theory. Although the importance of female choice has gained widespread acceptance in the biological sciences, the influence that female choice has on mating systems can be limited by many factors, such as control over mating decisions by parents and men’s control over women’s sexuality. Despite these ...


Potpourri, Jasmin Sanchez, Jessica Swaney Jan 2013

Potpourri, Jasmin Sanchez, Jessica Swaney

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings, artwork, and activities addressing rape culture and victim blaming, a feminist perspective of crocheting, gendered titles for women professionals, reclaiming language (particularly the word bitch), and the music of Claire Boucher (a.k.a. Grimes). Original zine contents include a CD and crocheted "FemPower" bookmark.


Femjam: A History Of All-Girl Bands, Kelsey Hart, Yelena Liepelt, Mackenzie Smith Jan 2013

Femjam: A History Of All-Girl Bands, Kelsey Hart, Yelena Liepelt, Mackenzie Smith

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and artwork depicting a feminist history of female- and queer-fronted music.


Pussy Pride, Andy Fab Jan 2013

Pussy Pride, Andy Fab

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and art about Riot Grrrrl history and culture, written from the perspective of a self-proclaimed "gay boy."


50 Shades Of Feminism, Debbie Urimolchai, Chontelle Vargas, Ariel Jean Chaklai Jan 2013

50 Shades Of Feminism, Debbie Urimolchai, Chontelle Vargas, Ariel Jean Chaklai

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and artwork on white privilege and Westernized feminism, intersectionality, and purdah (or pardah).


Rogue, Annie Hornung, Eva Mcavoy, Sara Knobel Jan 2013

Rogue, Annie Hornung, Eva Mcavoy, Sara Knobel

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

No abstract provided.


Women In Media, Lindsay Taylor, Hadley Dion, Shelley Dehekker Jan 2013

Women In Media, Lindsay Taylor, Hadley Dion, Shelley Dehekker

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

No abstract provided.


Wonder Woman Complex, Camellia Khalvati, Sarah Dawson, Kathleen Doll Jan 2013

Wonder Woman Complex, Camellia Khalvati, Sarah Dawson, Kathleen Doll

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and artwork deconstructing the institution of marriage, beauty standards, motherhood, and work ("the glorification of busy").


W.O.C. In Da Biz, Graeme Aegerter, Ellen Butterworth, Katie Davidson Jan 2013

W.O.C. In Da Biz, Graeme Aegerter, Ellen Butterworth, Katie Davidson

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and art addressing intersectionalities of music, gender, and race, focusing on M.I.A., Janelle Monae, and Ciara Princess Harris.


What You Need To Know About Sex, Lauren Gardner, Paula Pearl, Jessie Roth, Cristina Smith Jan 2013

What You Need To Know About Sex, Lauren Gardner, Paula Pearl, Jessie Roth, Cristina Smith

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and artwork examining messages about sex and contraception in the media, intimate partner violence, sexuality and gender in popular music, and sexuality.


The Va-Jay-Jay Revolution Jan 2013

The Va-Jay-Jay Revolution

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and art about beauty standards, the portrayal of lesbians on television, a critique of the word bitch, organized religion as a violation of women's rights, harassment in public spaces, and the representation of women in various countries as observed by studying abroad.


The Handbook Of Self-Loathing, Haley Bresnahan, Kristen Pagnan, Katie Dumas Jan 2013

The Handbook Of Self-Loathing, Haley Bresnahan, Kristen Pagnan, Katie Dumas

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and artwork on body image and dieting (including "fat phobia").


The Feminist Technique, Nate Woodward, Jessica Rabalis, Emily Risbrough Jan 2013

The Feminist Technique, Nate Woodward, Jessica Rabalis, Emily Risbrough

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and artwork on male feminism and masculinities, dating, rape culture, and interpersonal consent.


The Feminist Hollywood, Stephanie Fasi, Guillaume Beaudoin, Shane Dicristina Jan 2013

The Feminist Hollywood, Stephanie Fasi, Guillaume Beaudoin, Shane Dicristina

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and art examining feature films thought to represent feminist values, the evolution of female Disney characters, and female musicians who challenge the patriarchal music industry.


The Beauty Mark, Annie Bruington, Connor O'Brien, Jackie Topete Jan 2013

The Beauty Mark, Annie Bruington, Connor O'Brien, Jackie Topete

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and art critiquing television programming, sexual harassment experienced on campus, and racism experienced by a Mexican-American woman.


I'M A Barbie Girl, In A Barbie World, Sydnee Goodman, Brenda Haug, Nicole Winkler Jan 2013

I'M A Barbie Girl, In A Barbie World, Sydnee Goodman, Brenda Haug, Nicole Winkler

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and artwork examining beauty standards in advertising and fashion (including "The Disney Effect"), eating disorders, dieting, and cosmetic surgery.


Buffy Vs. Dracula: Feminism And Its Fanged Foe, Amethyst Hethcoat, Leah Chole Jan 2013

Buffy Vs. Dracula: Feminism And Its Fanged Foe, Amethyst Hethcoat, Leah Chole

Women’s Studies, Feminist Zine Archive

Writings and artwork critiquing popular vampire culture and "strong female characters" in popular media through a feminist lens.


An Agent-Based Model Of Centralized Institutions, Social Network Technology, And Revolution, Michael D. Makowsky, Jared Rubin Jan 2013

An Agent-Based Model Of Centralized Institutions, Social Network Technology, And Revolution, Michael D. Makowsky, Jared Rubin

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

This paper sheds light on the general mechanisms underlying large-scale social and institutional change. We employ an agent-based model to test the impact of authority centralization and social network technology on preference falsification and institutional change. We find that preference falsification is increasing with centralization and decreasing with social network range. This leads to greater cascades of preference revelation and thus more institutional change in highly centralized societies and this effect is exacerbated at greater social network ranges. An empirical analysis confirms the connections that we find between institutional centralization, social radius, preference falsification, and institutional change.


You Can't Put Old Wine In New Bottles: The Effect Of Newcomers On Coordination In Groups, Matthew Mccarter, Roman M. Sheremeta Jan 2013

You Can't Put Old Wine In New Bottles: The Effect Of Newcomers On Coordination In Groups, Matthew Mccarter, Roman M. Sheremeta

Business Faculty Articles and Research

A common finding in social sciences is that member change hinders group functioning and performance. However, questions remain as to why member change negatively affects group performance and what are some ways to alleviate the negative effects of member change on performance? To answer these questions we conduct an experiment in which we investigate the effect of newcomers on a group's ability to coordinate efficiently. Participants play a coordination game in a four-person group for the first part of the experiment, and then two members of the group are replaced with new participants, and the newly formed group plays ...


Does Breastfeeding Offer Protection Against Maternal Depressive Symptomatology? A Prospective Study From Pregnancy To 2 Years After Birth, Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, Martie G. Haselton, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Laura M. Glynn Jan 2013

Does Breastfeeding Offer Protection Against Maternal Depressive Symptomatology? A Prospective Study From Pregnancy To 2 Years After Birth, Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, Martie G. Haselton, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Laura M. Glynn

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Depression is the leading cause of disability in women (Nobel 2005) and is the most prevalent of all childbearing-related illnesses, affecting approximately 13% of women worldwide within the first 12 [...] Mothers who breastfeed typically exhibit lower levels of depressive symptomatology than mothers who do not. However, very few studies have investigated the directionality of this relationship. Of the prospective studies published, all but one focus exclusively on whether maternal depression reduces rates of subsequent breastfeeding. This study again examines this relationship, but also the reverse--that breastfeeding might predict lower levels of later depression. Using multilevel modeling, we investigated the relationship ...