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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Exploration Of Crime By Policewomen, Philip M. Stinson, Natalie E. Todak, Mary Dodge Oct 2013

An Exploration Of Crime By Policewomen, Philip M. Stinson, Natalie E. Todak, Mary Dodge

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

The current study explores criminal conduct by policewomen. This information is increasingly relevant as police departments hire more women, especially if the crimes committed by policewomen differ from those of policemen. News searches identified 105 cases depicting arrests of policewomen. A content analysis was performed. Findings indicate differences exist between crimes committed by policemen and policewomen, as well as by policewomen and women in general. Crime by policewomen is most often profit-motivated. Policewomen had fewer years of service and lower ranks, committed less violent crimes, and were more likely to receive suspensions for off-duty crimes compared to their male peers.


Police Integrity Lost: Preliminary Findings Of A National Study Of Law Enforcement Officers Arrested, Philip M. Stinson Jul 2013

Police Integrity Lost: Preliminary Findings Of A National Study Of Law Enforcement Officers Arrested, Philip M. Stinson

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

This presentation presents preliminary research findings of a study on the nature and extent of police crime in the United States. It provides information on the factors that influence how a law enforcement agency responds to arrests of its officers. The data indicate that civil rights litigation is a correlate of police misconduct.


Drink, Drive, Go To Jail? A Study Of Police Officers Arrested For Drunk Driving, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Steven L. Brewer, Natalie E. Todak Jun 2013

Drink, Drive, Go To Jail? A Study Of Police Officers Arrested For Drunk Driving, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Steven L. Brewer, Natalie E. Todak

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

The purpose of the current study is to provide empirical data on cases of police driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and/or drugs. It identifies events that may have influenced the decision to arrest, including associated traffic accidents, fatalities, officer resistance, the refusal of field sobriety tests, and the refusal of blood alcohol content (BAC) tests. The study is a quantitative content analysis of news articles identified through the Google News search engine using 48 automated Google Alerts queries. Data are analyzed on 782 DUI arrest cases of officers employed by 511 nonfederal law enforcement agencies throughout the ...


Global Patterns In Overweight Among Children And Mothers In Less Developed Countries, Jennifer Van Hook, Claire E. Altman, Kelly Stamper Balistreri Apr 2013

Global Patterns In Overweight Among Children And Mothers In Less Developed Countries, Jennifer Van Hook, Claire E. Altman, Kelly Stamper Balistreri

Sociology Faculty Publications

Objective: Past research has identified increases in national income and urbanization as key drivers of the global obesity epidemic. That work further identified educational attainment and urban residence as important moderators of the effects of national income. However, such work has tended to assume that children and adults respond in the same way to these factors. In the present paper, we evaluate how the socio-economic and country-level factors associated with obesity differ between children and their mothers. Design: We modelled the associations between maternal education, country-level income and urban residence with mother's and children's weight status. Setting We ...


Father’S Contributions To Housework And Childcare And Parental Aggravation Among First-Time Parents, Alfred Demaris, Annette Mahoney, Kenneth A. Pargament Apr 2013

Father’S Contributions To Housework And Childcare And Parental Aggravation Among First-Time Parents, Alfred Demaris, Annette Mahoney, Kenneth A. Pargament

Sociology Faculty Publications

This study investigated the associations between fathers’ contributions to housework and childcare and both spouses’ parenting aggravation. It was hypothesized that greater father contributions to domestic labor would be associated with more paternal aggravation but less maternal aggravation. Data are from a four-wave study of 178 married couples undergoing the transition to first parenthood. Dyadic growth-curve models revealed gender differences in aggravation trajectories over the first year of the child’s life. Fathers were higher in initial aggravation but mothers’ aggravation grew at a faster rate over time. The primary hypothesis was only partially supported. Fathers’ contributions to childcare were ...


Burning The Candle At Both Ends: Extramarital Sex As A Precursor Of Marital Disruption, Alfred Demaris Jan 2013

Burning The Candle At Both Ends: Extramarital Sex As A Precursor Of Marital Disruption, Alfred Demaris

Sociology Faculty Publications

This study examines several aspects of the association between engaging in extramarital sex and the disruption of one’s marriage. Panel data on 1621 respondents followed from 1980 – 2000 in the Marital Instability Over the Life Course survey were utilized to answer these questions. Interval-censored Cox regression analysis revealed several noteworthy findings. As previously found in earlier analyses with these data, reports of problems due to extramarital involvement were strongly related to marital disruption, even holding constant the quality of the marriage. Although men were about three times more likely to be the cheating spouse, there was no difference in ...


Fp-13-08 Receipt Of Food & Cash Assistance Among Poor Children: Trends And Geographic Variation, Seth Williams, Matthew Lehnert Jan 2013

Fp-13-08 Receipt Of Food & Cash Assistance Among Poor Children: Trends And Geographic Variation, Seth Williams, Matthew Lehnert

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-17 Age Variation In The Remarriage Rate, 1990-2011, Susan L. Brown, I-Fen Lin Jan 2013

Fp-13-17 Age Variation In The Remarriage Rate, 1990-2011, Susan L. Brown, I-Fen Lin

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-09 Working Women With Children In The Household, 2011, Larry Gibbs Jan 2013

Fp-13-09 Working Women With Children In The Household, 2011, Larry Gibbs

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

This profile presents information on women’s employment rate by presence of own children in the household using data from the American Community Survey (2011).

This profile limits analyses to the female population ages 16 years and older. Presence of own children is defined as a child under 18 years old who is a son or daughter by birth, marriage (stepchild), or adoption.


Fp-13-18 Living Alone In The U.S., 2011, Breana Wilson, Esther Lamidi Jan 2013

Fp-13-18 Living Alone In The U.S., 2011, Breana Wilson, Esther Lamidi

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-12 Trends In Cohabitation: Over Twenty Years Of Change, 1987-2010, Wendy D. Manning Jan 2013

Fp-13-12 Trends In Cohabitation: Over Twenty Years Of Change, 1987-2010, Wendy D. Manning

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-13 Marriage: More Than A Century Of Change, Julissa Cruz Jan 2013

Fp-13-13 Marriage: More Than A Century Of Change, Julissa Cruz

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-02 Public Assistance Participation Among U.S. Children In Poverty, 2010, Seth Williams Jan 2013

Fp-13-02 Public Assistance Participation Among U.S. Children In Poverty, 2010, Seth Williams

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

The purpose of this profile is to assess how public assistance program participation varies among disadvantaged children according to family structure, race-ethnicity, and nativity. Specifically, data from the 2010 American Community Survey 1-year estimates are used to examine poor children’s participation in two programs: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as food stamps) and public cash assistance, including Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).


A Study Of Drug-Related Police Corruption Arrests, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Steven L. Brewer, Hans Schmalzried, Brooke E. Mathna, Krista L. Long Jan 2013

A Study Of Drug-Related Police Corruption Arrests, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Steven L. Brewer, Hans Schmalzried, Brooke E. Mathna, Krista L. Long

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

Purpose – The purpose of the study is to provide empirical data on cases of drug-related police corruption. It identifies and describes incidents in which police officers were arrested for criminal offenses associated with drug-related corruption.

Design/methodology/approach – The study is a quantitative content analysis of news articles identified through the Google News search engine using 48 automated Google Alerts queries. Statistical analyses include classification trees to examine causal pathways between drugs and corruption.

Findings – Data were analyzed on 221 drug-related arrest cases of officers employed by police agencies throughout the United States. Findings show that drug-related corruption involves a ...


Research Brief One-Sheet No.5: Police Criminal Misuse Of Conductive Energy Devices, Philip M. Stinson, Bradford W. Reyns, John Liederbach Jan 2013

Research Brief One-Sheet No.5: Police Criminal Misuse Of Conductive Energy Devices, Philip M. Stinson, Bradford W. Reyns, John Liederbach

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

The purpose of the research is to explore and describe the nature and character of arrest cases that involve the criminal misuse of TASERS by police officers through a content analysis of news articles. The research specifically focuses on factors that were common among the arrest events involving CEDs, especially with regard to the actions and motivations of the arrested officers and how the situational context appeared to influence the criminal misconduct of police officers.


Research Brief One-Sheet No.6: Officers Arrested For Drunk Driving, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Steven L. Brewer, Natalie E. Todak Jan 2013

Research Brief One-Sheet No.6: Officers Arrested For Drunk Driving, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Steven L. Brewer, Natalie E. Todak

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

Cases involving police who drive drunk are part of the larger problem of driving under the influence (DUI). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that alcohol-impaired traffic accidents kill over 10,000 people annually, accounting for nearly one-third of all traffic-related deaths in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). But, cases that involve police who drive drunk (or, Police DUIs) should also be recognized as a phenomenon that presents unique problems. Police DUI's have the potential to weaken public trust and the legitimacy of strategies designed to mitigate drunk driving, because the drunk ...


Fp-13-04 General Marriage Rate And General Divorce Rate, 2008: A Comparison Of Acs & Nvs Data, Julissa Cruz, Wendy D. Manning Jan 2013

Fp-13-04 General Marriage Rate And General Divorce Rate, 2008: A Comparison Of Acs & Nvs Data, Julissa Cruz, Wendy D. Manning

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-05 Economic Well-Being And The Great Recession: Dual Earner Married Couples In The U.S., 2006 And 2011, Krista K. Payne, Larry Gibbs Jan 2013

Fp-13-05 Economic Well-Being And The Great Recession: Dual Earner Married Couples In The U.S., 2006 And 2011, Krista K. Payne, Larry Gibbs

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-06 Crossover In Median Age At First Marriage And First Birth: Thirty Years Of Change, Julia Arroyo, Krista K. Payne, Susan L. Brown, Wendy D. Manning Jan 2013

Fp-13-06 Crossover In Median Age At First Marriage And First Birth: Thirty Years Of Change, Julia Arroyo, Krista K. Payne, Susan L. Brown, Wendy D. Manning

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-07 Young Adults In The Parental Home And The Great Recession, Krista K. Payne, Jennifer Copp Jan 2013

Fp-13-07 Young Adults In The Parental Home And The Great Recession, Krista K. Payne, Jennifer Copp

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-11 Marriage Rate In The U.S., 2011, Julissa Cruz Jan 2013

Fp-13-11 Marriage Rate In The U.S., 2011, Julissa Cruz

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-14 Divorce Rate In The U.S., 2011, Julissa Cruz Jan 2013

Fp-13-14 Divorce Rate In The U.S., 2011, Julissa Cruz

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-15 Intentions Of Nonmarital First Births And Maternal Age At Birth, 2000-2010, Karen Benjamin Guzzo, Krista K. Payne Jan 2013

Fp-13-15 Intentions Of Nonmarital First Births And Maternal Age At Birth, 2000-2010, Karen Benjamin Guzzo, Krista K. Payne

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-01 Coresident Vs. Non-Coresident Young Adults, 2011, Krista K. Payne Jan 2013

Fp-13-01 Coresident Vs. Non-Coresident Young Adults, 2011, Krista K. Payne

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

Using 2011 data from the American Community Survey, this profile compares coresiding young adults with their non-coresiding counterparts on key factors associated with a successful transition to adulthood. These factors include school enrollment, employment, wages, parenthood, and marriage.


Fp-13-10 Women Who Gave Birth Within The Past 12 Months, 2011, Julissa Cruz Jan 2013

Fp-13-10 Women Who Gave Birth Within The Past 12 Months, 2011, Julissa Cruz

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

This profile uses the 2011 American Community Survey 1-year population records to examine the demographic characteristics of currently unmarried and married women in the U.S., aged 15 to 44, who reported having given birth within the past 12 months.


Fp-13-03 Grandchildren: Living In A Grandparent-Headed Household, Breana Wilson Jan 2013

Fp-13-03 Grandchildren: Living In A Grandparent-Headed Household, Breana Wilson

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

Using the 2010 American Community Survey and Integrated Public Use Microdata Series USA, this profile examines multiple characteristics of coresident grandchildren living in a grandparent-headed household and compares those who have a parent present in the household to those who do not.


Fp-13-19 Children's Family Structure, 2013, Krista K. Payne Jan 2013

Fp-13-19 Children's Family Structure, 2013, Krista K. Payne

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-20 Change In Proportion Of Childless Women, 1995-2010, Esther Lamidi, Krista K. Payne Jan 2013

Fp-13-20 Change In Proportion Of Childless Women, 1995-2010, Esther Lamidi, Krista K. Payne

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fp-13-16 Diverging Destinies: Children's Family Structure Variation By Maternal Education, Bart Stykes, Seth Williams Jan 2013

Fp-13-16 Diverging Destinies: Children's Family Structure Variation By Maternal Education, Bart Stykes, Seth Williams

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

No abstract provided.


Fox In The Henhouse: A Study Of Police Officers Arrested For Crimes Associated With Domestic And/Or Family Violence, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach Jan 2013

Fox In The Henhouse: A Study Of Police Officers Arrested For Crimes Associated With Domestic And/Or Family Violence, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

The problem of violence within police families has been increasingly recognized as an important socio-legal issue, but there is a lack of empirical data on what has commonly been referred to as officer-involved domestic violence (OIDV). There are no comprehensive statistics available on OIDV and no government entity collects data on the criminal conviction of police officers for crimes associated with domestic and/or family violence. Prior self-report officer surveys are limited by the tendency to conceal instances of family violence and the interests of officers to maintain a "code of silence" to protect their careers. The purpose of the ...