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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Organised Crime And Public Sector Corruption: A Crime Scripts Analysis Of Tactical Displacement Risks, Elizabeth Rowe, Tabor Akman, Russell Smith, Adam Tomison Jan 2013

Organised Crime And Public Sector Corruption: A Crime Scripts Analysis Of Tactical Displacement Risks, Elizabeth Rowe, Tabor Akman, Russell Smith, Adam Tomison

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Organised crime in Australia has received increased attention over the last decade, with the enactment of legislation and the development of other interventions that have sought to control this serious criminal phenomenon. Although the success of such interventions in reducing organised crime is yet to be subject to detailed evaluation, prior research has identified certain risks associated with policy responses that could, arguably, also lead to counterproductive consequences (Guerette & Bowers 2009; Smith, Wolanin & Worthington 2003). One consequence of enhanced legislation and/or law enforcement approaches developed to combat organised crime is so-called ‘tactical crime displacement’, namely that criminals may modify their tactics ...


Intellectual Entrepreneurs And The Diffusion Of Ideas: Two Historical Cases Of Knowledge Flow [Accepted Manuscript], Xiaoying Qi Jan 2013

Intellectual Entrepreneurs And The Diffusion Of Ideas: Two Historical Cases Of Knowledge Flow [Accepted Manuscript], Xiaoying Qi

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This article argues that the diffusion of concepts and theories from one culture or society to another requires the active engagement of a category of agents which I identify as ‘intellectual entrepreneurs’. Two historically contrasting cases of the transmission of ideas are examined in order to explain the processes whereby alien concepts are diffused across cultures. Foreign ideas and concepts that are successfully assimilated into a culture are neither automatically accepted nor externally imposed. Rather, knowledge flow succeeds on the basis of selection and transformation by local intellectual entrepreneurs who at the same time transform the receiving context to accommodate ...


Guanxi, Social Capital Theory And Beyond: Toward A Globalized Social Science [Accepted Manuscript], Xiaoying Qi Jan 2013

Guanxi, Social Capital Theory And Beyond: Toward A Globalized Social Science [Accepted Manuscript], Xiaoying Qi

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Western theoretical traditions can benefit from systematic engagement with non-Western concepts: This is shown through an analysis of the Chinese concept guanxi. After considering the general nature of guanxi, including its possible association with corrupt practices and its particular cultural characteristics, the paper goes on to identify the elements of its general form which have universal representation. The possibility of conceiving guanxi as a variant form of social capital is explored. This shows the way in which both the expressive and instrumentalized forms of guanxi indicate otherwise neglected aspects of social and economic relationships not always recognized and addressed by ...


The Paradox Of Power: Conceptions Of Power And The Relations Of Reason And Emotion In European And Chinese Culture [Accepted Manuscript], Jack Barbalet, Xiaoying Qi Jan 2013

The Paradox Of Power: Conceptions Of Power And The Relations Of Reason And Emotion In European And Chinese Culture [Accepted Manuscript], Jack Barbalet, Xiaoying Qi

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

An historical consequence of power relations in European culture has been a dichotomy of reason and emotion. This pattern did not arise in China, one of the oldest and most enduring structures of power in human history. The social basis of the Chinese concept of xin (heart-mind) is considered in the paper, and a discussion of a characteristic Chinese conception of power is also presented.