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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Risk And Protective Factors Associated With Health-Related Quality Of Life Among Older Gay And Bisexual Men Living With Hiv Disease, Charles A. Emlet, Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen Nov 2013

Risk And Protective Factors Associated With Health-Related Quality Of Life Among Older Gay And Bisexual Men Living With Hiv Disease, Charles A. Emlet, Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen

Charles Emlet

No abstract provided.


The Failure Of Neoliberal Globalization And The End Of Empire: Neoliberalism, Imperialism, And The Rise Of The Anti-Globalization Movement, Martin Orr Oct 2013

The Failure Of Neoliberal Globalization And The End Of Empire: Neoliberalism, Imperialism, And The Rise Of The Anti-Globalization Movement, Martin Orr

Martin Orr

This article offers a critical analysis of the development and dissolution of neoliberalism and neoconservatism, with emphasis on the role of popular resistance in bringing about the collapse of both forms of imperial domination. Responding to the brutal realities of the post-Cold War "new world order," opposition to neoliberal globalization grew over the 1990s, culminating in the protests against the 1999 meetings of the World Trade Organization in Seattle. Having successfully blocked the machinations of the leading capitalist powers for world domination, Seattle served as a model for a series of worldwide protests and demonstrations that, despite state repression and ...


Emergence Of "The Lone Superpower": Implications For Exploitation, Repression, And Resistance, Martin Orr Oct 2013

Emergence Of "The Lone Superpower": Implications For Exploitation, Repression, And Resistance, Martin Orr

Martin Orr

A simple time line of events is illustrative. In 1933, [Hitler] informed [Neville Chamberlain]'s British ambassador of a desire to rectify Germany's eastern borders. Despite this, a 1935 treaty between England and Germany "permitted" Germany to build up its navy in defiance of Versailles. In 1936, Germany formed an alliance with Japan--the Anti-Comintern Pact--which Italy joined the following year. In 1937, Chamberlain's foreign minister, Lord Halifax, praised Germany as "a bulwark of the West against Bolshevism." In 1938, Chamberlain propagated Hitler's lie of an uncoerced unification of Germany and Austria. Later that year, in meetings that ...


The Paradigmatic Underpinnings And The Categorical Structure Of Sociology, 1973-1994: An Explanation For And Documentation Of Metatheoretical Shift, Martin Orr Oct 2013

The Paradigmatic Underpinnings And The Categorical Structure Of Sociology, 1973-1994: An Explanation For And Documentation Of Metatheoretical Shift, Martin Orr

Martin Orr

This contribution to the sociology of sociology offers an empirical evaluation of a comprehensive class-analytic explanation for structured and temporal intellectual diversity in sociological theory and analysis. In an articulation of the arguments of Chertok (1990) and Szymanski (1985), it is suggested that the structured diversity of the discipline is a function of class structure, and that "metatheoretical shifts" — systematic changes in the paradigmatic underpinnings and the categorical structure of sociological theories and analyses — are a function of the vitality of social movements. A quantitative analysis of the conceptual content of the Sociological Abstracts on CD-ROM ("Sociofile") documents the existence ...


Perception And Use Of Public Exercise Stations In The Yokine Reserve Within The City Of Stirling: A Pilot Study: Final Report, October 2011, Maria Ryan, Pascal Scherrer, Ruth Sibson Aug 2013

Perception And Use Of Public Exercise Stations In The Yokine Reserve Within The City Of Stirling: A Pilot Study: Final Report, October 2011, Maria Ryan, Pascal Scherrer, Ruth Sibson

Maria M Ryan

No abstract provided.


A Sense Of Home. , Maria Ryan, Madeleine Ogilvie Aug 2013

A Sense Of Home. , Maria Ryan, Madeleine Ogilvie

Maria M Ryan

No abstract provided.


Monastic Traditions: Developing A New Norcia Brand, Maria Ryan, Katherine Mizerski Aug 2013

Monastic Traditions: Developing A New Norcia Brand, Maria Ryan, Katherine Mizerski

Maria M Ryan

No abstract provided.


Is Physical Activity Leisure Or Work? Exploring The Leisure-Tourism-Physical Activity Relationship With Holidaymakers On Rottnest Island, Ruth Sibson, Pascal Scherrer, Maria Ryan, Nadine Henley, Lynnaire Sheridan Aug 2013

Is Physical Activity Leisure Or Work? Exploring The Leisure-Tourism-Physical Activity Relationship With Holidaymakers On Rottnest Island, Ruth Sibson, Pascal Scherrer, Maria Ryan, Nadine Henley, Lynnaire Sheridan

Maria M Ryan

To help overcome preventable health problems in the developed world, the 'active living' concept seeks to stimulate people's physical activity in every day environments. This study contributes to the understanding of the leisure-tourism-physical activity relationship by investigating the self-reported physical activity of holiday makers on Rottnest Island, Western Australia, compared to their home environment. The quantitative analysis of 41 participant interviews on behaviour, motivation and constraints revealed that physical activity was seen as leisure on Rottnest but work at home. A uniquely attractive and easily accessible environment and positive social interactions were key contributors to participation in physical activity.


Global Corporate Challenge Qualitative Research Project: The Effect Of A Workplace Team Initiative On Participants' Motivation To Sustain A Physical Activity Program, Nadine Henley, Pascal Scherrer, Ruth Sibson, Lynnaire Sheridan, Susanne Bahn, Maria Ryan, Raguragavan Ganeshasundaram Aug 2013

Global Corporate Challenge Qualitative Research Project: The Effect Of A Workplace Team Initiative On Participants' Motivation To Sustain A Physical Activity Program, Nadine Henley, Pascal Scherrer, Ruth Sibson, Lynnaire Sheridan, Susanne Bahn, Maria Ryan, Raguragavan Ganeshasundaram

Maria M Ryan

Physical inactivity is one of the major contributors to ill health and, hence, productivity costs in Australia. While the workplace is increasingly recognised as an appropriate site for promoting healthy behaviour, the effectiveness of workplace physical activity programs remains to be demonstrated, particularly with regards to participants' motivation to achieve sustained positive physical activity behaviour change. This exploratory study examined how participation in the Global Corporate Challenge (GCC) affected participants' motivation to sustain regular physical activity. The GCC is a commercially operated four-month program based on the 10,000 steps-a-day concept. Three distinct phases in terms of participant motivation were ...


“I Think It Is Fun Because Of Where You Are‟: People's Experiences Of Physical Activity On Rottnest Island, Wa, Ruth Sibson, Maria Ryan, Pascal Scherrer, Lynnaire Sheridan, Justine Nagorski, Nadine Henley, Raguragavan Ganeshasundaram Aug 2013

“I Think It Is Fun Because Of Where You Are‟: People's Experiences Of Physical Activity On Rottnest Island, Wa, Ruth Sibson, Maria Ryan, Pascal Scherrer, Lynnaire Sheridan, Justine Nagorski, Nadine Henley, Raguragavan Ganeshasundaram

Maria M Ryan

Many holiday destinations provide people with different social, cultural and natural environments that promote opportunities for participation in a range of physical activities. Holiday-makers also generally have more commitment-free time which can provide for increased levels of physical activity. There has, however, been limited research which explores the link between holiday-makers and physical activity and, more specifically, how an individual’s leisure behaviour is influenced by their social and physical environments. This paper explores people’s physical activity experiences on the popular, and fairly unique, holiday destination of Rottnest Island, off the coast of Perth, WA. Thirty intercept interviews were ...


Directed Research Experiences For Undergraduates, Katherine Novak Jul 2013

Directed Research Experiences For Undergraduates, Katherine Novak

Katherine B. Novak

Presentation on “Making Students Count: Innovations in Undergraduate Research, Publication, and Teaching” at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, New York, NY, August 10-13, 2013.


How To Talk To Decision Makers...Who Don't Want To Talk To You: An Interview With Leida Rijnhout, Sherrie Steiner Jul 2013

How To Talk To Decision Makers...Who Don't Want To Talk To You: An Interview With Leida Rijnhout, Sherrie Steiner

Sherrie M Steiner

No abstract provided.


World Religious Leaders' Reflexivity In Dialogue With 'Others' About Global Governance, Sherrie Steiner Jun 2013

World Religious Leaders' Reflexivity In Dialogue With 'Others' About Global Governance, Sherrie Steiner

Sherrie M Steiner

No abstract provided.


The Gender Of Sexuality, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

The Gender Of Sexuality, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

An excellent analysis of the ways in which human sexuality is structured by gender but also by moral and political approaches - especially as it concerns gay and lesbian expressions and relationships - as well as by race and class. New to this edition is a major revision of chapter 5 on the politics of sexuality including gay and lesbian marriage, educational issues, teen sexuality - including 'hooking up' - and inequality issues.


The Encyclopedia Of Human Sexuality, Virginia Rutter Jun 2013

The Encyclopedia Of Human Sexuality, Virginia Rutter

Virginia Rutter

No abstract provided.


Public And Private Families: An Introduction, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

Public And Private Families: An Introduction, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

No abstract provided.


The Diversity Of Human Relationships, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

The Diversity Of Human Relationships, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

No abstract provided.


Handbook Of Family Diversity, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

Handbook Of Family Diversity, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

The status of the American family has been the topic of considerable debate in recent years. As demographic changes make our country more multicultural and as new types of families continue to form and become more common, it is essential for sociologists, social workers, family researchers, and psychologists to understand the full range of diversity in American families. However, to varying extents, African American families, Latino families, Asian American families, poverty-stricken and near-poor families, lesbian and gay families, single-parent families, and stepfamilies have been marginalized from mainstream scholarship. As a result, students taking courses on families are typically not exposed ...


Families As They Really Are, Virginia Rutter Jun 2013

Families As They Really Are, Virginia Rutter

Virginia Rutter

A fresh collection of original essays by leading scholars that focuses on how families operate in everyday life: what they are, how they work, and why they matter. Families as They Really Are goes to the heart of the family values debate by reframing the question about families from “Are they breaking down?” to “Where are they going, how, and why?” Essays in the book are not reprints; you won’t find them anywhere else. Each article is a new contribution to the research and theory about families, drawn from an interdisciplinary community of experts. The four parts of Families ...


Speaking Of Sexuality: Interdisciplinary Readings, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

Speaking Of Sexuality: Interdisciplinary Readings, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

Speaking of Sexuality, Third Edition, presents leading classic and contemporary works in sexuality research and theory along with in-depth articles about timely issues from the popular media. The book chapters and journal articles, which have been carefully edited to make them accessible yet still rigorous, are enhanced by detailed part openers and chapter lead-ins that provoke critical thinking and class discussions. Incorporating the insights of a new coeditor, psychologist Terri D. Fisher, the third edition offers twenty-eight new book chapters and journal articles and two additional units--"Relationships and Sexuality" and "Sexual Health." This edition also integrates more selections on ...


The Love Test: Romance And Relationship Self-Quizzes Developed By Psychologists And Therapists, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz Jun 2013

The Love Test: Romance And Relationship Self-Quizzes Developed By Psychologists And Therapists, Virginia Rutter, Pepper Schwartz

Virginia Rutter

Love can seem like a hopeless riddle sometimes-but with this array of self-tests, created and used by psychologists and therapists, it's possible to take some of the mystery out of the mating dance. With quizzes that measure our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors with regard to such issues as intimacy, sexuality, jealousy, commitment and compatibility, The Love Test uses scoring keys and summaries to help readers evaluate their romantic lives...and find ways to improve them.


Religious Soft Power In International Relations: Dual Streams Or Theoretical Bias?, Sherrie Steiner May 2013

Religious Soft Power In International Relations: Dual Streams Or Theoretical Bias?, Sherrie Steiner

Sherrie M Steiner

No abstract provided.


Tourism Transport Issues In Brazil, Gui Lohmann, Jakob Trischler May 2013

Tourism Transport Issues In Brazil, Gui Lohmann, Jakob Trischler

Jakob Trischler

No abstract provided.


China's Agrarian Reform And The Privatization Of Land: A Contrarian View , Qian (Forrest) Zhang, John Andrew Donaldson May 2013

China's Agrarian Reform And The Privatization Of Land: A Contrarian View , Qian (Forrest) Zhang, John Andrew Donaldson

John Donaldson

Many reporters and scholars outside China advocate the privatization of land ownership in China as a necessary step for the transformation of China's agriculture system into a modern, large-scale, market-oriented and technology-intensive one. Chinese scholars advocating land privatization, for their part, typically argue that land privatization would better protect farmers’ rights and interests. We present a contrarian view to these calls for land privatization. Under China's current system of collective land ownership and individualized land use rights, agriculture has modernized rapidly in China in a way that has avoided privatization's many downsides. Land privatization, by contrast, would ...


Comparing Local Models Of Agrarian Transition In China, Qian Forrest Zhang May 2013

Comparing Local Models Of Agrarian Transition In China, Qian Forrest Zhang

Qian Forrest ZHANG

The development of markets and the penetration of capital into agriculture have started the agrarian transition in rural China, which is transforming smallholding, household-based agriculture into various forms of capitalistic production. This again raises in a new historical and social context the long-debated question in the agrarian transition literature: Can family farms survive the onslaught of capitalist agriculture based on wage labor and what shapes the confrontation between family farms and agro-capital? I argue that it is the local political economy—rather than some natural obstacles in agriculture to the penetration of capitalism—that shapes this confrontation and gives rise ...


International Military Memoirs, Esmeralda Kleinreesink Apr 2013

International Military Memoirs, Esmeralda Kleinreesink

Esmeralda Kleinreesink

Military memoirs are written in many western countries, but who writes them, who publishes them, what is written in them and why they are written can differ from country to country. Some aspects, such as the low number of female writers, are universal, other aspects are warrior nation related, such as the kind of soldiers that get published by traditional publishers, and some aspects are completely country dependent, such as whether reservists publish books, or not. This presentation, given to the PSP (Power, Space and Politics) research group at Newcastle University, gives a quick overview of some of the results ...


Journalism In A Pr World, Michael I. Niman Ph.D. Apr 2013

Journalism In A Pr World, Michael I. Niman Ph.D.

Michael I Niman Ph.D.

Mike Niman discusses the future of journalism in a PR-dominated communication environment. In particular, he examines the migration of talent from journalism to the PR industry, the collapse of mainstream journalism and the role of an emergent alternative media as American journalism goes through metamorphosis from what it was to what it could become. Journalism is a social good that should equip people to understand and resist spin. Niman argues that mainstream American journalism, rather than rising to this challenge, has transparently succumbed to serving as an arm of the corporate PR industry, thus laying the groundwork for its own ...


To Be A Good Nurse, One Must Be A Good Woman: Gender Polarization In Nursing, Linda Treiber Apr 2013

To Be A Good Nurse, One Must Be A Good Woman: Gender Polarization In Nursing, Linda Treiber

Linda A. Treiber

No abstract provided.


Motivations For Disaffiliation From The Two-By-Two Sect, Julene L. Jones Apr 2013

Motivations For Disaffiliation From The Two-By-Two Sect, Julene L. Jones

Julene L. Jones

Disaffiliates from encapsulating sects may have many motivations for their disaffiliation. Multiple typologies exist which shed light on an individual’s motivations for disaffiliation from religious groups in general, and on motivations for disaffiliation from particular sects, though no exploration has been made of disaffiliates of the highly tense, fundamentalist Christian Two-by-Two sect. This article describes results from a survey of former members of the sect which points to motivations regarding the implausibility of doctrine as being the strongest motivations for these disaffiliates.


Global Culture Concerns, Korcel M. Price Apr 2013

Global Culture Concerns, Korcel M. Price

Korcel M Price

The following proposal seeks to change hiring, promoting, and firing practices among global and trans-national companies. The changes are intended to fortify the organization through better management, a better employee contract, and by moving closer to a learning organization.

At the heart of the proposal is the desire to move hiring, promoting, and firing practices to an external or internal third party, as means of creating a global culture that consistently applies the values of supra system’s organization.