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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Music, Aesthetics, Peripherality: Notes On A Philosophy Of History Of Latin American Music (1910-1973), Stephan Hammel Jan 2013

Music, Aesthetics, Peripherality: Notes On A Philosophy Of History Of Latin American Music (1910-1973), Stephan Hammel

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation is a theoretical treatment of the history of Latin American music in the twentieth century. It's central claim is twofold. First, the progressive development of a Latin American music was made possible and meaningful by the region's economic, political and cultural peripherality vis-Ã -vis the (neo-)colonial metropole: Western Europe and the United States. That peripherality was manifest as an attempt to find in Latin American particularity the grounds for universal significance. Reading this attempt in Kantian terms of conceptual determination, it appears as an aesthetics. Given the failure of imported concepts to adequately schematize the ...


The Horse In Pre-Imperial China, Xiang Wan Jan 2013

The Horse In Pre-Imperial China, Xiang Wan

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the role of the domestic horse in pre-imperial China motivated by the rise of studies on the horse as an interdisciplinary field. Among archaeological finds of the pre-imperial era, horse corpses and horse harnesses have been an essential part of cultural relics. Documentary sources on the horse can be traced back to the earliest Chinese writings. In this dissertation it is suggested that the domestication was a long, staged process, and the transmission route of the horse from the Urals to China via Central Asia will be proposed.

A comprehensive survey of the archaeological remains related to ...


African Americans From "Back Yonder": The Historical Archaeology Of The Formation, Maintenance, And Dissolution Of The American Enclave In Samanã¡, Dominican Republic, Kristen R. Fellows Jan 2013

African Americans From "Back Yonder": The Historical Archaeology Of The Formation, Maintenance, And Dissolution Of The American Enclave In Samanã¡, Dominican Republic, Kristen R. Fellows

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

By the end of 1825, 6,000 African Americans had left the United States to settle in the free black Republic of Haiti. After arriving on the island, 200 immigrants formed an enclave in what is now Samaná, Dominican Republic. The Americans in Samaná continued to speak English, remained Protestant (in a country of devout Catholics), and retained American cultural practices for over 150 years. Relying on historical archaeological methods, this dissertation explores the processes of community formation, maintenance, and dissolution, while paying particular attention to intersections of race and nation. Fieldwork took place in the Spring and Summer of ...


Mechanics Of Mobilization: The Making Of A Taxi Workers Alliance, Amruta Inamdar Jan 2013

Mechanics Of Mobilization: The Making Of A Taxi Workers Alliance, Amruta Inamdar

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation examines the political engagement and occupational struggles of South Asian immigrant taxi workers in an American metropolis, and their participation in a taxi workers alliance. Contrary to popular understandings of South Asian immigrants as a model minority --- politically passive and economically successful professionals --- these South Asian immigrant taxi workers often struggle to make ends meet, and are actively involved in both leadership positions of their workers alliance as well as the rank and file. Further, their political engagements and their creative strategies to survive, maximize income, and achieve upward mobility show how poorer immigrants in non-professional occupations cannot ...


Labors Of Representation: Cultivating Land, Self, And Community Among Muslims In Late Colonial Bengal, Ananya Dasgupta Jan 2013

Labors Of Representation: Cultivating Land, Self, And Community Among Muslims In Late Colonial Bengal, Ananya Dasgupta

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

LABORS OF REPRESENTATION: CULTIVATING LAND, SELF, AND COMMUNITY AMONG MUSLIMS IN LATE COLONIAL BENGAL

Ananya Dasgupta

Lisa Mitchell

This dissertation studies how the specificity of regional practices of cultural productions, ideological strands, forms and practices of civil associations, and styles of literary expressions among Muslims inflected the Pakistan movement in late colonial Bengal. Using wide-ranging sources that include vernacular religious tracts, the popular genre of Muslim improvement texts, pamphlets of tenant-peasant associations, journals, diaries, autobiographies, and literary archives, I trace historical transformations in practices and ideas about religion and political representation among the Muslims of Bengal from the mid-nineteenth century ...


Northern Song Reflections On The Tang, Jeffrey Rice Jan 2013

Northern Song Reflections On The Tang, Jeffrey Rice

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

NORTHERN SONG REFLECTIONS ON THE TANG

Jeffrey Rice

Victor Mair

In the mid-eleventh century Chinese intellectuals argued about history, and left their competing narratives to us in print. They contested how history should be written, and what relevant lessons ought to be adapted to the changing society of Song 宋 (960-1279) dynasty China. They were particularly concerned with the history of the long-lasting Tang 唐 (618-907) dynasty. They revised the official history of the Tang on a variety of levels: they used primary sources differently to analyze evidence, developed a new literary language to write historical prose, employed editorial critiques ...


Essays On Family Structure And Marriage In Sub-Saharan Africa, Sophia Chae Jan 2013

Essays On Family Structure And Marriage In Sub-Saharan Africa, Sophia Chae

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The three essays in this dissertation examine issues related to family structure and marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa. The first two essays explore how family structures influence children's outcomes. The third essay focuses on the data quality of marriage histories collected in a longitudinal survey. The first essay examines whether the timing and type of orphanhood is associated with early sexual debut and early marriage among 12-19-year-old adolescents in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, and Uganda. I also test whether education mediates orphans' risk of early sexual initiation and early marriage. Discrete-time event history models suggest that female double orphans, regardless ...


Towards A Multilingual Future: The Ecology Of Language At A University In Eastern Ukraine, Bridget A. Goodman Jan 2013

Towards A Multilingual Future: The Ecology Of Language At A University In Eastern Ukraine, Bridget A. Goodman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In Ukraine, the Russian and Ukrainian languages have historically alternated in policy and practice in their official status and social prestige. As in many areas of the world, English is emerging in Ukraine as a language of economic value, social prestige, and education though it is not a language of wider communication. The goal of the research was to explore the ecology of language at a university which is implementing English as a medium of instruction in all subjects for multiple groups of students in Dnipropetrovs&rsquok, Ukraine. Ethnographic fieldwork was conducted over the 2010-2011 academic year to answer the ...


In The Government's Service: A Study Of The Role And Practice Of Early China's Officials Based On Excavated Manuscripts, Daniel Sungbin Sou Jan 2013

In The Government's Service: A Study Of The Role And Practice Of Early China's Officials Based On Excavated Manuscripts, Daniel Sungbin Sou

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The aim of this dissertation is to examine the practices of local officials serving in the Chu and Qin centralized governments during the late Warring States period, with particular interest in relevant excavated texts. The recent discoveries of Warring States slips have provided scholars with new information about how local offices operated and functioned as a crucial organ of the centralized state. Among the many excavated texts, I mainly focus on those found in Baoshan, Shuihudi, Fangmatan, Liye, and the one held by the Yuelu Academy.

Much attention is given to the function of districts and their officials in the ...


The Female Gaze In Contemporary Japanese Literature, Kathryn Hemmann Jan 2013

The Female Gaze In Contemporary Japanese Literature, Kathryn Hemmann

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The female gaze can be used by writers and readers to look at narratives from a perspective that sees women as subjects instead of objects. Applying a female gaze to discourses that have traditionally been male-dominated opens new avenues of interpretation that are empowering from a feminist perspective. In this dissertation, I use the murder mystery novels of the bestselling female author Kirino Natsuo and the graphic novels of a prolific four-woman artistic collective called CLAMP to demonstrate how writers are capable of applying a female gaze to the themes of their work and how readers can and have read ...