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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Cattle Smuggling From India To Bangladesh, Elyse Malnekoff Dec 2013

Cattle Smuggling From India To Bangladesh, Elyse Malnekoff

Honors Theses

This essay examines the current trend of rustling and transporting cattle from throughout India for trade at the cattle corridors that lie along the border between India’s West Bengal and Bangladesh. An analysis of historical and cultural factors seeks to explain how this trade possibly began and increased. These motivators include the effects of the Mad Cow disease outbreak in the 1980s on international beef trade and the many economic uses for bovines and their by-products in Bangladesh. This research also looks at cattle-specific legislation in India that prohibits many of the practices employed by smugglers and details some ...


Wmu International News Fall 2013, Haenicke Institute Dec 2013

Wmu International News Fall 2013, Haenicke Institute

WMU International News

In this issue:

  • Empowering global engagement across the arts and sciences
  • Employees abroad: Spanish immersion program expands understanding of international education
  • Excelling in public relations key goal for Chinese twinning student
  • WMU cultural anthropologist examines migration and lupus in Ecuador
  • Ambiguity of borders continues to intrigue alumna from Berlin
  • Visits to 35 countries complements global studies major
  • Veteran administrator tapped to lead University’s international initiatives
  • Future Iraqi engineer discovers the world at WMU
  • WMU alumna coach points Japanese tennis player to Kalamazoo


Refugee Reflections: A Focus On The Lived Experiences Of African Refugees Resettling In Michigan, Diane Roushangar Dec 2013

Refugee Reflections: A Focus On The Lived Experiences Of African Refugees Resettling In Michigan, Diane Roushangar

Master's Theses

Refugee resettlement is often observed by focusing on external indicators of integration such as employment and English proficiency. What is often ignored is the multi-faceted process refugees experience in regard to the emotions that occur during these transitions of resettlement. Emotional stressors include financial concerns, work-related issues, a lack of adequate counseling services and ESL support that can all lead to increased anxiety. This paper examines the process of resettlement that northeast African and sub-Saharan African refugees have experienced including issues of unsafe working conditions, changing gender roles, and a lack of adequate time for adjusting to the culture.


Tushar Gadhok, Jerry Malec Nov 2013

Tushar Gadhok, Jerry Malec

International Alumni

When Tushar Gadhok arrived in fall 2012 from New Delhi, India at Western Michigan University as a junior, he took his motto “One life … Make it large!” directly to heart.


The Need For Interdisciplinary Research And Education For Sustainable Human Development To Deal With Global Challenges, Solomon Bililign Oct 2013

The Need For Interdisciplinary Research And Education For Sustainable Human Development To Deal With Global Challenges, Solomon Bililign

International Journal of African Development

Major issues in society - developing alternate sources of energy and a sustainable environment, improving health, and minimizing the effects of climate change require a collective effort by different disciplines working in interdisciplinary groups. Indeed, the boundaries between the different disciplines are becoming increasingly blurred. Society’s responses to major social challenges must be informed by an improved understanding of human perceptions, responses, and of the economic and social impacts of the physical, and biological processes to promote social wellbeing. A comprehensive understanding of the main social challenges requires the collaboration of physical scientists, social scientists, humanities scholars and engineers, and ...


Do Foreign Direct Investment And Foreign Aid Promote Good Governance In Africa?, Adugna Lemi, Blen Solomon, Sisay Asefa Oct 2013

Do Foreign Direct Investment And Foreign Aid Promote Good Governance In Africa?, Adugna Lemi, Blen Solomon, Sisay Asefa

International Journal of African Development

The literature on the roles that governance/political and economic stability play to attract capital flows into African economies has been burgeoning. Good governance, liberalization, infrastructure, incentive packages have been regarded as cures to break the deadlock to reverse the economic plight, to attract inflow of capital and, in some cases, to reverse outflows of African economies. The flow of capital, however, has undesirable side effects on host economies’ working conditions, environmental standard, inequality, and culture, among others. These economic and social external or negative spillover effects are due to the phenomenon of “race-to-the-bottom” where companies invest in economies with ...


Sustainability Of Expansion In An African Airline: A Case Study, Sisay Asefa, Allen Batteau, Lisa Whittaker, Hung-Sying Jing Oct 2013

Sustainability Of Expansion In An African Airline: A Case Study, Sisay Asefa, Allen Batteau, Lisa Whittaker, Hung-Sying Jing

International Journal of African Development

Ethiopian Air Lines (Ethiopian) has committed to the purchase of 41 new aircraft, nearly doubling their fleet and introducing three new, state-of-the-art types (the A350-900 and the 787-8, and the DA40NG) into a fleet currently consisting of seven models. In a logistically complex industry, this represents a substantial increase in resource commitments and management responsibility in many areas including maintenance, pilot training, facilities, and route planning. The purpose of this paper is to examine this growth strategy, its underlying assumptions, and its sustainability given long-range industry trends in both the developed and the developing world. Using corporate and industry data ...


The Lost Opportunity For Ethiopia: The Failure To Move Toward Democratic Governance, Theodor Vestal Oct 2013

The Lost Opportunity For Ethiopia: The Failure To Move Toward Democratic Governance, Theodor Vestal

International Journal of African Development

During the critical five year period leading up to the velvet revolution and the overthrow of Haile Selassie’s regime, there were missed opportunities to bring about peaceful change in Ethiopia’s governance. This paper analyzes the events of this period that led to the rise of the Derg and the revolutionary changes that followed and speculates on when strategic steps could have been taken to avoid the catastrophic events that ensued in 1974.


The Political Economy Of Poverty Reduction, Abu Girma Moges Oct 2013

The Political Economy Of Poverty Reduction, Abu Girma Moges

International Journal of African Development

Poverty reduction strategies and policies have gained considerable popularity in recent policy discourse and international economic relations. These policies and strategies are framed in the context of the Millennium Development Goals that set specific quantitative targets to be achieved within a specified time framework. The goals specify the targets and require countries to design national poverty reduction strategies and achieve them with a generous financial assistance from the international community. However, the domestic political economic forces remain to shape the extent and effectiveness of such strategies in addressing and reducing the extent and depth of poverty in the reforming countries ...


Ethiopia’S Dilemma: Missed Chances From The 1960s To The Present, Donald Levine Oct 2013

Ethiopia’S Dilemma: Missed Chances From The 1960s To The Present, Donald Levine

International Journal of African Development

This was the keynote address at the Fourth International Conference on Ethiopian Development Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, August 3, 2007.

The title "An Ethiopian Dilemma" stands to evoke an association to the book by Swedish sociologist Gunnar Myrdal, An American Dilemma, which played a signal role in helping Americans resolve their longstanding conflict of values regarding racial discrimination. The author hopes to suggest ways in which a social scientist might help Ethiopians get a better grip on their country's problems.

Not since the 16th Century has Ethiopia experienced changes so convulsive as in the past fifty years ...


Editorial Note, Sisay Asefa Oct 2013

Editorial Note, Sisay Asefa

International Journal of African Development

No abstract provided.


International Journal Of African Development, Vol. 1, Issue 1 Oct 2013

International Journal Of African Development, Vol. 1, Issue 1

International Journal of African Development

Complete issue of International Journal of African Development, Volume 1, Issue 1.


Ann Miles, Jerry Malec Oct 2013

Ann Miles, Jerry Malec

International Faculty Researchers

Touching saltwater marks at the waterline of a cargo ship in Lake Michigan when she was just nine years old planted the question in the mind of Dr. Ann Miles: Where has this ship been?


Tugba Basaran, Jerry Malec Oct 2013

Tugba Basaran, Jerry Malec

International Alumni

As a resident of Berlin when the wall came down in 1989, Western Michigan University alumna Dr. Tugba Basaran has witnessed the impact of shifting borders and has dedicated her career to fostering international cooperation and development.


Akasha Creamer, Haenicke Instititue For Global Education Oct 2013

Akasha Creamer, Haenicke Instititue For Global Education

Study Abroad Alumni

Akasha Creamer visits to 35 countries complements global studies major.


Expanding Collaborations And Institutional Linkages Between U.S. And Ethiopian Universities, Admasu Tsegaye Sep 2013

Expanding Collaborations And Institutional Linkages Between U.S. And Ethiopian Universities, Admasu Tsegaye

Distinguished Lectures on Africa

Dr. Admasu Tsegaye, president and associate professor of Addis Ababa University since March 2011, is currently serving as a Fulbright Scholar at Oklahoma State University. His research and journal articles focus on various aspects of biodiversity, genetic diversity and physiology of indigenous crops.


Adjuration By Alexander Pushkin, J. M. Mcbirnie Aug 2013

Adjuration By Alexander Pushkin, J. M. Mcbirnie

Transference

Translated from the Russian with commentary by J.M. McBirnie.


A Nomad’S Progression To The Settled Life By Yuri Vaella, Claude Clayton Smith Aug 2013

A Nomad’S Progression To The Settled Life By Yuri Vaella, Claude Clayton Smith

Transference

Translated from the Russian by Claude Clayton Smith and Alexander Vaschenko with commentary by Claude Clayton Smith.


After The War By Arseny Tarkovsky, Philip Metres, Dimitri Psurtsev Aug 2013

After The War By Arseny Tarkovsky, Philip Metres, Dimitri Psurtsev

Transference

Translated from the Russian by Philip Metres and Dimitri Psurtsev with commentary by Philip Metres.


Transference Vol. 1, Summer 2013 Aug 2013

Transference Vol. 1, Summer 2013

Transference

Transference is published by the Department of World Languages and Literatures at Western Michigan University. Dedicated to the celebration of poetry in translation, the journal publishes translations from Arabic, Chinese, French and Old French, German, Classical Greek and Latin, Japanese, and Russian into English verse. Transference contains translations as well as commentaries on the art and process of translating.


Greizie Rati #1, Maira Bundza Aug 2013

Greizie Rati #1, Maira Bundza

Maira Bundza

This was the first of two newsletters published during the course of the Latvian Heritage Camp 3x3 in the Latvian Center Garezers in Three Rivers, MI. Bundza was the editor and wrote some of the articles.


Wmu International News Summer 2013, Haenicke Institute For Global Education Jul 2013

Wmu International News Summer 2013, Haenicke Institute For Global Education

WMU International News

In this issue of WMU International News we are featuring the global engagement efforts of the faculty, students and staff of Western Michigan University’s Haworth College of Business. Under the direction of Dean Kay Palan, the college is a campus internationalization leader through a faculty dedicated to ensuring its graduates are real-world ready. The founding of a Global Business Center in spring of 2010 provided a focal point to support ongoing and expanded efforts to internationalize the curriculum, faculty and students through a broad range of opportunities, including research support, international internships, study abroad programs and scholarships, conferences, partnerships ...


Kalamazoo Latvian News - June 2013, Maira Bundza Jun 2013

Kalamazoo Latvian News - June 2013, Maira Bundza

Maira Bundza

The Kalamazoo Latvian community newsletter comes out in Latvian and English and is now published by the Kalamazoo Latvian Association and Daugavas Vanagi. This issue includes ideas from the American Latvian Association Congress, articles about the Museum of Occupation in Riga, new board members Anita Gaudio and Malda Putelis, spring clean-up, our high school and college graduates, the annual Daugavas Vanagi meeting, their annual reports, the Latvian Foster Family Society they support, Zane Valdmane, the Latvian Foundation projects for 2013 and the upcoming events calendar.


The Potential Of Youth Savings Accounts In Three East African Countries: Kenya, Tanzania, And Uganda, Njeri Kagotho, Proscovia Nabunya, Fred Ssewamala, Vilma Ilic May 2013

The Potential Of Youth Savings Accounts In Three East African Countries: Kenya, Tanzania, And Uganda, Njeri Kagotho, Proscovia Nabunya, Fred Ssewamala, Vilma Ilic

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper explores the potential of expanding a youth-focused asset-based intervention program for poor communities heavily affected by HIV and AIDS-currently underway in one East African country, Uganda-into similar communities in the other two East African countries: Kenya and Tanzania. This concept paper is informed by prior work on youth-focused asset-based programs first proposed in the United States of America and now successfully implemented in Uganda (Ssewamala, 2008; Ssewamala, Alicea, Bannon, & Ismayilova, 2008; Ssewamala & Ismayilova, 2008, 2009) and grounded in an asset-based development theoretical framework, which denotes an integrated approach to human, social, and economic capital development (Sherraden, 1990, 1991). Although each ...


Sustainable Chemistry And Business In The United States And Africa, Mo Hunsen Apr 2013

Sustainable Chemistry And Business In The United States And Africa, Mo Hunsen

Distinguished Lectures on Africa

Dr. Mo Hunsen is chair of the Department of Chemistry at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio. His research interests focus on green chemical and enzymatic catalysis in carbohydrate and polymer chemistry. His research also involves the use of natural product based prevention of cancer and Alzheimer’s disease.

Hunsen has a passion for exploring how green and sustainable chemistry and technology could serve as a platform for green businesses that transform cheap and abundant natural resources to value-added products. He is currently associate editor of Green and Sustainable Chemistry and on the editorial board of Organic Chemistry Current Research, and ...


Economic Autonomy Of The Miskitu Women Of The North Atlantic Autonomous Region, Nicaragua: Do Current Development Polices Apply To Matrifocal Societies?, Ariana M. Toth Apr 2013

Economic Autonomy Of The Miskitu Women Of The North Atlantic Autonomous Region, Nicaragua: Do Current Development Polices Apply To Matrifocal Societies?, Ariana M. Toth

Master's Theses

This thesis provides an ethnographic investigation into the economic autonomy of Miskitu women in the North Atlantic Autonomous Region of Nicaragua. The purpose of this study is to determine whether dominant development models created by patriarchal Western powers are suited to alleviating gendered poverty disparity among the matrifocal Miskitu Indians. Surveys of Miskitu women obtained during field research, with support from relevant literature, comprise the main source of information considered. It is concluded that while dominant development models are not best suited to alleviating gendered poverty in this region, it is the overarching indigenous nature of Miskitu culture and not ...


Influences Of Environmental Factors On The Physical Functioning Of Older Adults In Urban China, Fei Sun, Chuntian Lu, Jordan I. Kosberg Mar 2013

Influences Of Environmental Factors On The Physical Functioning Of Older Adults In Urban China, Fei Sun, Chuntian Lu, Jordan I. Kosberg

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study examined the influence of municipal-level environmental factors (i.e., economy, pollution, health care) on the physical functioning of the elder population in urban China using a two level hierarchical linear model (HLM) method. Data came from the 2005 wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, including 3,830 older adults (Ma, - 86.4) randomly selected from 152 cities across China. Municipal-level data retrieved from the Chinese Statistical Yearbook 2005 include indictors of economic development, pollution, and health service availability. Higher gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and more doctors were associated with fewer functioning limitations. The effect ...


Perceived Discrimination And Subjective Well-Being Among Rural-To-Urban Migrants In China, Juan Chen Mar 2013

Perceived Discrimination And Subjective Well-Being Among Rural-To-Urban Migrants In China, Juan Chen

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Using data from a 2009 national household survey (N = 2,866), this study investigates the differential experience of perceived institutional and interpersonal discrimination among rural-to-urban migrants in China, and the consequences of these two types of discrimination on measures of subjective well-being. The results indicate that rural-to-urban migrants perceive institutional discrimination more frequently than interpersonal discrimination. However, perceived interpersonal discrimination has a more detrimental effect than perceived institutional discrimination for rural-to-urban migrants, and this effect takes the form of self-rated physical health and depressive distress. The research calls for a more equitable social environment and equal distribution of resources and ...