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2009

Health

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Articles 1 - 30 of 57

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Macroeconomy And Health In The United States, Elizabeth Herring Dec 2009

The Macroeconomy And Health In The United States, Elizabeth Herring

All Theses

The economy affects everyone as it expands and contracts. This paper will look at the effects that economic downturns have on the health of Americans. It will analyze the number of deaths per year caused by certain causes of death and determine the extent to which a downturn affects these numbers. This paper also looks at the cause and effect relationship between antidepressants and suicide. The empirical results indicate that the state of the economy affects the health of the nation.


Assessing Animal Welfare: Different Philosophies, Different Scientific Approaches, David Fraser Nov 2009

Assessing Animal Welfare: Different Philosophies, Different Scientific Approaches, David Fraser

Assessment of Animal Welfare Collection

Attempts to improve animal welfare have commonly centered around three broad objectives: (1) to ensure good physical health and functioning of animals, (2) to minimize unpleasant ‘‘affective states’’ (pain, fear, etc.) and to allow animals normal pleasures, and (3) to allow animals to develop and live in ways that are natural for the species. Each of these objectives has given rise to scientific approaches for assessing animal welfare. An emphasis on health and functioning has led to assessment methods based on rates of disease, injury, mortality, and reproductive success. An emphasis on affective states has led to assessment methods based ...


Slides: Intermountain Oil And Gas Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz Oct 2009

Slides: Intermountain Oil And Gas Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz

Best Practices for Community and Environmental Protection (October 14)

Presenter: Kathryn Mutz, Natural Resources Law Center

19 slides


Attachment Avoidance Predicts Inflammatory Responses To Marital Conflict, Jean-Phillipe Gouin, Ronald Glaser, Timothy J. Loving, William B. Malarkey, Jeffrey R. Stowell, Carrie Houts, Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser Oct 2009

Attachment Avoidance Predicts Inflammatory Responses To Marital Conflict, Jean-Phillipe Gouin, Ronald Glaser, Timothy J. Loving, William B. Malarkey, Jeffrey R. Stowell, Carrie Houts, Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser

Jeffrey R. Stowell

Marital stress has been associated with immune dysregulation, including increased production of interleukin-6 (IL-6). Attachment style, one’s expectations about the availability and responsiveness of others in intimate relationships, appears to influence physiological stress reactivity and thus could influence inflammatory responses to marital conflict. Thirty-five couples were invited for two 24-hour admissions to a hospital research unit. The first visit included a structured social support interaction, while the second visit comprised the discussion of a marital disagreement. A mixed effect within-subject repeated measure model indicated that attachment avoidance significantly influenced IL-6 production during the conflict visit but not during the ...


Attachment Avoidance Predicts Inflammatory Responses To Marital Conflict, Jean-Phillipe Gouin, Ronald Glaser, Timothy J. Loving, William B. Malarkey, Jeffrey R. Stowell, Carrie Houts, Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser Oct 2009

Attachment Avoidance Predicts Inflammatory Responses To Marital Conflict, Jean-Phillipe Gouin, Ronald Glaser, Timothy J. Loving, William B. Malarkey, Jeffrey R. Stowell, Carrie Houts, Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser

Faculty Research and Creative Activity

Marital stress has been associated with immune dysregulation, including increased production of interleukin-6 (IL-6). Attachment style, one’s expectations about the availability and responsiveness of others in intimate relationships, appears to influence physiological stress reactivity and thus could influence inflammatory responses to marital conflict. Thirty-five couples were invited for two 24-hour admissions to a hospital research unit. The first visit included a structured social support interaction, while the second visit comprised the discussion of a marital disagreement. A mixed effect within-subject repeated measure model indicated that attachment avoidance significantly influenced IL-6 production during the conflict visit but not during the ...


Personal Attributes And The Financial Well-Being Of Older Adults: The Effects Of Control Beliefs, Karen A. Zurlo Sep 2009

Personal Attributes And The Financial Well-Being Of Older Adults: The Effects Of Control Beliefs, Karen A. Zurlo

PARC Working Paper Series

As the baby-boom population ages, adults are expected to take greater responsibility and control of their financial situation, but often are not equipped to assume that responsibility. This lack of control of one's finances exposes individuals to financial risk, potentially resulting in a reduced standard of living in retirement. This study explores the relationship between the personal attributes of older adults and their financial well-being, measured as financial satisfaction, while focusing on the mediating effects of control beliefs, defined as general sense of control and domain-specific levels of control related to work, health, and finances.

Responses from two components ...


Portfolio Choice In Retirement: Health Risk And The Demand For Annuities, Housing, And Risky Assets, Motohiro Yogo Aug 2009

Portfolio Choice In Retirement: Health Risk And The Demand For Annuities, Housing, And Risky Assets, Motohiro Yogo

PARC Working Paper Series

This paper develops a consumption and portfolio-choice model of a retiree who allocates wealth in four asset classes: a riskless bond, a risky asset, a real annuity, and housing. The retiree chooses health expenditure endogenously in response to stochastic depreciation of health. The model is calibrated to explain the joint dynamics of health expenditure, health, and asset allocation for retirees in the Health and Retirement Study, aged 65 and older. The calibrated model is used to assess the welfare gain from private annuitization. The welfare gain ranges from 13 percent of wealth at age 65 for those in worst health ...


The Hurtful Relationship: A Longitudinal Study Of Relational Aggression And Physical Health In Marriage, Matthew P. Martin Jul 2009

The Hurtful Relationship: A Longitudinal Study Of Relational Aggression And Physical Health In Marriage, Matthew P. Martin

Theses and Dissertations

Previous literature has examined the link between overt marital conflict and physical health and found that negative interactions in marriage may lead to poorer health. Moreover, recent studies have identified relational aggression as a type of covert marital conflict. However, none have tested for effects of relational aggression on physical health in marriage. The purpose of this research is to further study this type of conflict by examining longitudinal dyadic data to determine how subtle, indirect marital conflict like relational aggression affects the health of spouses. Data from 316 couples, from the first two waves of the BYU Flourishing Families ...


Just One Act Of Kindness From Your Heart Can Make Us All Feel Great Forever, Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero, Marvin Myles S. Santos (Art Director) May 2009

Just One Act Of Kindness From Your Heart Can Make Us All Feel Great Forever, Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero, Marvin Myles S. Santos (Art Director)

Emmanuel Mario B Santos aka Marc Guerrero

Page 1, Cover. Page 2, About theINSTITUTE, in a few words. Page 3, Philippine SEC, DSWD, BIR, PCNC. Page 4, Quadro Programs. Page 5, Medical research and other Mission, Vision and Core Values of theFOUNDATION. Page 6, Contact us. Page 7, Membership, Fundraising, Programming, Advocacy and International Partnership, and How to donate in 9 ways. Page 8, Paying forward and how to partner with us.


Does Unemployment Decrease Cancer Mortality?, Benjamin Torres Galick May 2009

Does Unemployment Decrease Cancer Mortality?, Benjamin Torres Galick

Economics Honors Projects

Recent research indicates that healthier lifestyles during recessions decrease the most common U.S. mortalities, but not cancer. However, they combine specific cancer mortalities with different progressions into one, possibly obscuring cancer’s link to unemployment. This paper estimates a fixed-effects regression model on unemployment and the nine most prevalent cancers between 1988 and 2002 using state-level panel data. Five cancers and total cancer are procyclical, and suggest that unemployment affects both incidence and gestation for some cancers. Consistent with the medical literature, this paper contradicts previous economic research and suggests that behavioral factors significantly impact cancer mortality.


Grossman’S Missing Health Threshold, Titus Galama, Arie Kapteyn Apr 2009

Grossman’S Missing Health Threshold, Titus Galama, Arie Kapteyn

Titus Galama

We present a generalized solution to Grossman’s model of health capital (1972), relaxing the widely used assumption that individuals can adjust their health stock instantaneously to an “optimal” level without adjustment costs. The Grossman model then predicts the existence of a health threshold above which individuals do not demand medical care. Our generalized solution addresses a significant criticism: the model’s prediction that health and medical care are positively related is consistently rejected by the data. We suggest structural and reduced form equations to test our generalized solution and contrast the predictions of the model with the empirical literature.


Gender Mainstreaming In Social Protection By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Apr 2009

Gender Mainstreaming In Social Protection By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Gender mainstreaming has become a buzzword in development discourse in the 21st century. The volume under review is a timely publication in the context of the ever increasing pauperisation and immiserisation of millions of people, especially women and children. Naila Kabeer has performed a daunting task in examining the effect of economic globalisation on gender relations for a large majority of the poor around the world and the affirmative actions taken by the nation states.


Gender And Place Influences On Health Risk Perspectives In Northern Canadian Aboriginal Communities, Cynthia G. Jardine, Amanda D. Boyd, Christopher M. Furgal Apr 2009

Gender And Place Influences On Health Risk Perspectives In Northern Canadian Aboriginal Communities, Cynthia G. Jardine, Amanda D. Boyd, Christopher M. Furgal

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

Developing a better understanding of the factors underlying health and environmental risk perspectives has been the focus of significant research in recent years. Although many previous studies have shown that perspectives of risk are often associated with gender, sociocultural variables and place, our understanding of the relationship between these factors and risk remains equivocal. A research study was undertaken to develop better insights into the understanding and perspectives of various types of health risks in two sets of northern Canadian Aboriginal communities – the Yellowknives Dene First Nation communities of N’Dilo and Dettah in the Northwest Territories and the Inuit ...


Canada's Quiet Bargain: The Benefits Of Public Spending, Hugh Mackenzie, Richard Shillington Apr 2009

Canada's Quiet Bargain: The Benefits Of Public Spending, Hugh Mackenzie, Richard Shillington

GLADNET Collection

This study adds a dimension that has been missing to the public debate over taxes and public spending in Canada. It weighs the benefits of public services pro¬vided by federal, provincial, and municipal governments against the benefits of re¬cent tax cuts.

Using a sophisticated array of data sets and analytical tools from Statistics Canada, this study concludes that Canadians depend to a significant extent on public services such as education, health care, child care, public pensions, employment insurance, and family benefits for their living standard.

In fact, this study puts a number on it: Canadians enjoy an average ...


Experience Corps: Health Outcomes Of Participation, Nancy Morrow-Howell Mar 2009

Experience Corps: Health Outcomes Of Participation, Nancy Morrow-Howell

Center for Social Development Research

Experience Corps: Health Outcomes of Participation


Why Do Entreprenuers Have Higher Longevity Expectations?, Govind Hariharan, Huan Ni Mar 2009

Why Do Entreprenuers Have Higher Longevity Expectations?, Govind Hariharan, Huan Ni

Faculty Publications

The health and lifespan of entrepreneurs not only affect their private decisions such as consumption and savings, assets transfer, life insurance and labor supply, but also their business decisions. Based on a large longitudinal data set of individuals in the United States, we find in our sample of business owners that they expect to live much longer (7.47% higher) than non business owners. Moreover, these entrepreneurs have better self-rated health, better health endowment, and are more likely to exercise frequently. In future work we will further disentangle the effects of these observable characteristics from those of unobserved heterogeneity.


Health Care In America, South Dakota State University Jan 2009

Health Care In America, South Dakota State University

Health/Nutrition

Bibliography and photograph of a display of government documents from South Dakota State University.


Slan 2007 : Survey Of Lifestyle, Attitudes And Nutrition In Ireland. ' One Island - One Lifestyle?' Health And Lifestyles In The Republic Of Ireland And Northern Ireland : Comparing The Population Surveys Slan 2007 And Nihsws 2005, Mark Ward, Hannah Mcgee, Karen Morgan, Eric Van Lente, Richard Layte, Margaret Barry, Dorothy Watson, Emer Shelley, Ivan Perry Jan 2009

Slan 2007 : Survey Of Lifestyle, Attitudes And Nutrition In Ireland. ' One Island - One Lifestyle?' Health And Lifestyles In The Republic Of Ireland And Northern Ireland : Comparing The Population Surveys Slan 2007 And Nihsws 2005, Mark Ward, Hannah Mcgee, Karen Morgan, Eric Van Lente, Richard Layte, Margaret Barry, Dorothy Watson, Emer Shelley, Ivan Perry

Psychology Reports

The information provided here gives a sense of the value of comparing population studies between the Republic and Northern Ireland, albeit incomplete comparisons in this case since the studies were conducted independently. We share enough that is both common and unique in our attitudes, health profiles and health systems to enable fruitful comparisons for both sides. Future opportunities for comparison should be more explicitly incorporated into the planning stages of such studies. We hope that this report will provide a catalyst for joint survey planning, such that information forthcoming can inform and benefit policy and practice in the pursuit of ...


Why Are The Disability Rolls Skyrocketing? The Contribution Of Population Characteristics, Economic Conditions, And Program Generosity, Mark Duggan, Scott. A. Imberman Jan 2009

Why Are The Disability Rolls Skyrocketing? The Contribution Of Population Characteristics, Economic Conditions, And Program Generosity, Mark Duggan, Scott. A. Imberman

Health Care Management Papers

This chapter, which addresses three categories of explanation—the characteristics of individuals insured by the Disability Insurance (DI) program, the state of the economy, and the generosity of program benefits—argues that the growth in DI rolls is likely to continue and perhaps accelerate going forward. The data indicate that the recessions of 1991 and 2001 can explain 24 percent of the growth in DI receipt among men and 12 percent of the growth among women. Changes in health during the past two decades have slowed rather than added to the growth of the DI rolls. DI awards for certain ...


Calidad De Vida, Salud Y Trabajo La Relación Con Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2, José G. Salazar-Estrada, Teresa M. Torres-López, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, Mario Angel-González Jan 2009

Calidad De Vida, Salud Y Trabajo La Relación Con Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2, José G. Salazar-Estrada, Teresa M. Torres-López, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, Mario Angel-González

José G. Salazar Estrada

Compare the quality of life (QoL), perception of health and its relation in people with and without diabetes. Study comparative sample of 208 people over 40 years, users of the public health system. For QoL, we apply 5 EuroQol-5D dimensions, besides sociodemographic variables, the data were processed with SPSS 11.0 program using Chi2 analysis of variance and odds ratios, taking as a significant P <0.05. The total sample (238), 61% are women, with an average age of 54.7 ± 6.8 years, 47% devoted to housework, 38% with higher education to primary, 23% without primary and 39% Primary completed, the separation between diabetics and non-diabetics, there were no differences in sociodemographic variables of gender, education and marital status, with the exception of financial compensation (p = 0.002) and this time the average age (0.002). In 5 dimensions and the overall rating of CV, the score was higher for people without diabetes who self rated with a better quality of life, the area most affected in people with diabetes is anxiety / depression (P <0.00). There was a tendency for women with diabetes to qualify higher CV compared with men. People with diabetes are classified as deteriorating quality of life, although there is a favorable trend in women with diabetes who evaluate and improve their quality of life compared to men with diabetes. The most affected dimension is anxiety / depression.


Use Of Card Sort Methodology In The Testing Of A Clinical Leadership Competencies Model, Gordon Marnoch, Haitham Jahrami, Ann Marie Gray Jan 2009

Use Of Card Sort Methodology In The Testing Of A Clinical Leadership Competencies Model, Gordon Marnoch, Haitham Jahrami, Ann Marie Gray

Gordon Marnoch

The purpose of this paper is to examine the utility of a qualitative ‘card sort’ research tool – when it is merged with traditional quantitative data gathering methods – to add to our understanding about the nature of competency-based approaches to leadership studies. The study demonstrates how a qualitative technique (card sort) was used for the task of testing a clinical leadership competencies model. All the steps in the card sort methodology are described through its application to the research problem. The paper concludes that card sort has considerable use in adding to the validity of research into the competency approach to ...


Elder Activities: Patterns, Motives, And Interpretation. Massachusetts Lifestyles Study Iii, Francis G. Caro, Jeffrey A. Burr, Eilon Caspi, Jan E. Mutchler Jan 2009

Elder Activities: Patterns, Motives, And Interpretation. Massachusetts Lifestyles Study Iii, Francis G. Caro, Jeffrey A. Burr, Eilon Caspi, Jan E. Mutchler

Gerontology Institute Publications

We are engaged in a continuing effort to understand the scope of elder activity and the implications of activity for well-being. We are particularly interested in the forces that encourage or inhibit multiple forms of activity, the ways in which participation in some activities influences participation in other activities, and the cumulative implications of activities for well being. Our interest in multiple forms of activities sets us somewhat apart from Gerontologists who focus on single forms of activity such as volunteering, taking classes, caring for grandchildren, working, or exercising.


Qigong As A Mindful Exercise Intervention For People Living With Mental Ill Health, Chris Lloyd, H. Tsang, Frank P. Deane Jan 2009

Qigong As A Mindful Exercise Intervention For People Living With Mental Ill Health, Chris Lloyd, H. Tsang, Frank P. Deane

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Individuals with schizophrenia are more likely to be overweight or obese than the general population, and the associated health problems put them at a higher risk of death. Exercise is therefore an important non-pharmacological intervention that mental health workers can assist clients to engage in, and mindful exercise approaches may be particularly well-suited to this population. Content: This article describes the concept of qigong as a mindful exercise and looks at preliminary evidence suggesting that mindful exercise is of physical and emotional benefit to people with mental ill health. The authors propose an easy, standardized exercise protocol which clinicians ...


Children's Health And Rf Emf Exposure, Peter Wiedemann, Holger Schutz, Franziska Borner, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Rodney J. Croft, Alexander Lerchl, Luc Martens, Georg Neubauer, Sabine Regel, Michael Repacholi Jan 2009

Children's Health And Rf Emf Exposure, Peter Wiedemann, Holger Schutz, Franziska Borner, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Rodney J. Croft, Alexander Lerchl, Luc Martens, Georg Neubauer, Sabine Regel, Michael Repacholi

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The present report documents a dialogue between scientists reviewing the currently available scientific evidence with respect to the effects of RF EMF exposure on children. The focus was directed towards a transparent and comprehensible characterization of the findings and conclusions for the evaluation of the relationship between mobile phone communication and children’s health. The now available report, based on the scientific opinions of the experts as well as on a series of workshops, aims to help the public and policy makers to better understand the current state of the scientific evidence as well as implications for the risk evaluation ...


The Effects Of Reason And Event Saliency On Health-Related Decisions, Lisa Woods, Amy Y. Chan Jan 2009

The Effects Of Reason And Event Saliency On Health-Related Decisions, Lisa Woods, Amy Y. Chan

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The current study examined how event saliency and reason for action influence the amount of regret anticipated about a foregone option, and on people‟s anticipated choice of behavior when they are confronted with a choice between two equally aversive options. The participants were 120 undergraduate psychology students. Participants who were prompted to imagine choosing to fulfill an internal desire instead of an internal obligation anticipated significantly more regret than those who were prompted to make the opposite choice. No significant differences in the amount of regret anticipated was found between participants who had to choose between two external obligations ...


Health Promotion For Maine’S Aging Population: A Legislative Roadmap, Lenard W. Kaye, Rachel Hutchins, Dyan Walsh Jan 2009

Health Promotion For Maine’S Aging Population: A Legislative Roadmap, Lenard W. Kaye, Rachel Hutchins, Dyan Walsh

Maine Center on Aging Research and Evaluation

Maine has the distinction of being the oldest state in the nation. This policy brief considers strategies for promoting the health of aging Mainers. As of 2005, 7.5 million individuals living in rural America were over the age of 65. Challenges of living in a rural area can make it difficult for older individuals to access services that are vital to their daily living. Older adults in rural regions are found to be less educated, have worse health outcomes, and have incomes that fall below the poverty level. Recommended strategies include utilizing the Federally Qualified Health Centers, encourage greater ...


Stopping A Pandemic, Minnesota State University Mankato Jan 2009

Stopping A Pandemic, Minnesota State University Mankato

Health/Nutrition

Bibliography and photographs of a display of government documents from Minnesota State University, Mankato.


Mental Health Education For Nurses In General Practice, Kathryn Godwin Jan 2009

Mental Health Education For Nurses In General Practice, Kathryn Godwin

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Over the last seven years practice nurse numbers have grown across Australia to over 7,824 (est.) in 2007, with at least 60% of general practices now employing a practice nurse (APNA 2008). Nurses hav~ helped many GPs with overwhelming workloads which include dealing with complex mental health complaints, such as depression and anxiety related to chronic disease conditions. Practice nurses are a key component in primary health care with one nurse to every 2.3 GPs in 2007 (APNA 2008


Rational Exercising: A Lifetime Choice With A Link Between Health And Happiness, Amnon Levy Jan 2009

Rational Exercising: A Lifetime Choice With A Link Between Health And Happiness, Amnon Levy

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper deals with a widespread type of investment in personal health that is not adequately explained by the economic literature. The analysis of people’s choice of intensity of engagement in health enhancing activities is made within an integrative, stochastic, micro-dynamic optimisation framework in which people’s utility is accumulated along a health-dependent random lifespan with direct and indirect mutual effects among exercise, health, consumption, utility, happiness, productivity and survival. Distinction is made between exercise’s length and exercise’s vigour in analysing the effect of exercising on health and rest. A link between health and utility is introduced ...


Innovative Workplace Change: Social Well-Being And Health, Patrick M. Dawson, Michael Zanko Jan 2009

Innovative Workplace Change: Social Well-Being And Health, Patrick M. Dawson, Michael Zanko

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Since the industrial revolution a chief concern of business organizations has been how best to organise work to maximise productivity and minimise costs. Securing and maintaining competitive advantage through new methods of work organization and systems of operation have largely centred around commercial and financial concerns rather than on the well-being of employees. Issues of occupational health and safety (OHS) have arisen in a range of working environments and legislative change has sought to ensure that safe and secure working conditions are a mandatory requirement of modern business. However, implementation of these mandates generally rests with management and whilst procedural ...