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2009

Ethics

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Articles 1 - 30 of 54

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Adoption Fees: Ethical Considerations For All Parties In Adoption, Mirah Riben Dec 2009

Adoption Fees: Ethical Considerations For All Parties In Adoption, Mirah Riben

Mirah Riben

A great deal is said about ethics in adoption. However, the term remains vague, undefined, and subjective with suggested, but no firm or enforced guidelines enacted to police the adoption industry and protect the families and individuals whose lives they irrevocably change. This presentation focuses on the inequities of adoption fees particularly in terms of providing legal counsel to the mothers relinquishing.


Animal Cognition, Kristin Andrews, Ljiljana Radenovic Dec 2009

Animal Cognition, Kristin Andrews, Ljiljana Radenovic

SENTIENCE

Debates in applied ethics about the proper treatment of animals often refer to empirical data about animal cognition, emotion, and behavior. In addition, there is increasing interest in the question of whether any nonhuman animal could be something like a moral agent.


Responsible Leadership - An Ethic Of Right Behavior, C. William Pollard Nov 2009

Responsible Leadership - An Ethic Of Right Behavior, C. William Pollard

C. William Pollard Papers

No abstract provided.


Case Study: Recruitment Of Egg Donors By South Korean Stem Cell Researchers, Mj Peterson, Osman Kiratli, Ilke Ercan Nov 2009

Case Study: Recruitment Of Egg Donors By South Korean Stem Cell Researchers, Mj Peterson, Osman Kiratli, Ilke Ercan

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

This case study examines the controversy surrounding Dr. Hwang Woo-suk's recruitment of egg donors for his team's stem cell research from 2002 through 2005. It explores the international dimensions of ethical standards, the political decentralization of global regulation, and the internationalization of science.


Between A Rock And A Soft Place: Ecological And Feminist Economics In Policy Debates, Julie A. Nelson Nov 2009

Between A Rock And A Soft Place: Ecological And Feminist Economics In Policy Debates, Julie A. Nelson

Economics Faculty Publication Series

The field of ecological economics includes both economic analysis on the one hand, and discussions of normative values and visions for society, on the other. Using feminist insights into cultural beliefs about the relative “hardness” and “softness” of these two sides, this essay discusses how ecological economists can use this unique “between” space in order to better inform policy. The current crisis of global climate change, it is argued, requires that economists move beyond modeling and measurement, while ecological thinkers need to re-examine beliefs about markets and profit.


Between A Rock And A Soft Place: Ecological And Feminist Economics In Policy Debates, Julie A. Nelson Oct 2009

Between A Rock And A Soft Place: Ecological And Feminist Economics In Policy Debates, Julie A. Nelson

Julie A. Nelson

The field of ecological economics includes both economic analysis on the one hand, and discussions of normative values and visions for society, on the other. Using feminist insights into cultural beliefs about the relative “hardness” and “softness” of these two sides, this essay discusses how ecological economists can use this unique “between” space in order to better inform policy. The current crisis of global climate change, it is argued, requires that economists move beyond modeling and measurement, while ecological thinkers need to re-examine beliefs about markets and profit.


Public Relations And War: Socially Responsible Or Unethical, John R. Fisher Oct 2009

Public Relations And War: Socially Responsible Or Unethical, John R. Fisher

Dr. John R. Fisher

This article applies symmetrical public relations to warfare and argues that it is not possible because the purpose of public relations in wartime is to persuade and control information.


Online Interviewing: It’S Not As Simple As Point And Click, Robin Cooper Oct 2009

Online Interviewing: It’S Not As Simple As Point And Click, Robin Cooper

The Qualitative Report

In Online Interviewing, Nalita James and Hugh Busher offer a thoughtful discussion of epistemological, methodological, and ethical considerations related to qualitative research in the online environment. They describe several forms of online interviews, as well as benefits and challenges associated with this form of research. The authors include practical tips for online researchers and examples from studies that employed online research methods.


Sound Ethics For Data Repositories, Kevin Miller Oct 2009

Sound Ethics For Data Repositories, Kevin Miller

Kevin C. Miller

This is my complete portfolio (final project) for the MLIS at the University of California, Los Angeles (CV removed). Taking the discipline of ethnomusicology as an example, I contend that data repositories of unedited, digitized field recordings, while invaluable to the scholarly value chain, must develop new conceptual and physical infrastructures to live up to their own ethical standards and accommodate the interests of the source communities they represent. The portfolio also includes supporting papers produced during the course of my MLIS degree. Advisor: Anne Gilliland.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 3.0 United ...


"Studying The Interaction" : Remix Literacy In The Writing Classroom, Kyle D. Stedman Sep 2009

"Studying The Interaction" : Remix Literacy In The Writing Classroom, Kyle D. Stedman

Georgia International Conference on Information Literacy

See presentation description.


Ethics With Character: Virtues And The Ethical Social Worker, Paul Adams Sep 2009

Ethics With Character: Virtues And The Ethical Social Worker, Paul Adams

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article explores the relevance to social work of those aspects of applied ethics that are not primarily about identifying and resolving dilemmas. It examines the potential of the ethical tradition rooted in the virtues and character of the practitioner-from Aristotle and Hippocrates to contemporary virtue-based ethics in medicine-to guide and enrich our understanding of the social work profession and the dispositions or qualities of character its practice requires and develops.


Module 2.2: Responsible Participation By Scientists And Engineers In International Political Processes, M.J. Peterson Aug 2009

Module 2.2: Responsible Participation By Scientists And Engineers In International Political Processes, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Scientists and engineers participate in international regulatory processes in a variety of ways. This module seeks to better define participation, particularly responsible participation, by delineating several categories of participation: epistemic communities, professional associations, scientists as citizen-advocates, scientists as employees of private organizations, and scientists as government officials. It will also examine the various channels of influence open to each type of participation.


Module 2.1: Variation In International Regulatory Processes, M.J. Peterson Aug 2009

Module 2.1: Variation In International Regulatory Processes, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

The essence of international ethics is that variation exists among regulatory processes. This module will examine variation in multilateral intergovernmental organizations such as United Nations Conferences, United Nations specialized agencies, regional conferences or commissions, and other international bodies including private industry standards-setting bodies.


Module 2.3b: Stakeholder Inclusion, M.J. Peterson Aug 2009

Module 2.3b: Stakeholder Inclusion, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

The social context of science and engineering includes many actors. This module will define and identify stakeholders in various contexts and explain a model of social mobilization.


Diagrams: Networks And Organizations, M.J. Peterson Aug 2009

Diagrams: Networks And Organizations, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Diagrams representing typical bureaucratic organizations, networks, and communication hubs.


International Forums For Addressing Social Inclusion And Social Equity Issues, M.J. Peterson Aug 2009

International Forums For Addressing Social Inclusion And Social Equity Issues, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Global intergovernmental organizations such as the United Nations (UN), World Bank, and the World Trade Organization (WTO), have been some of the primary forums for discussion of social inclusion at the global level since 1945. There are regional intergovernmental organizations however, such as the European Union (EU), African Union (AU), and other elite forums that also address social issues depending on what the governments of member states wish to discuss.


Module 2.4: Social Inclusion & Equity, M.J. Peterson Aug 2009

Module 2.4: Social Inclusion & Equity, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Transnational scientific and engineering activity has effects on social equity. This module will examine international-level mechanisms for raising social equity concerns including global multilateral organizations, regional multilateral organizations, transnational policy advocacy, transnational social mobilizations, and elite interchange.


Controlling Influenza A (H1n1) In China: Bayesian Or Frequentist Approach, Dejian Lai, Chiehwen Ed Hsu Jul 2009

Controlling Influenza A (H1n1) In China: Bayesian Or Frequentist Approach, Dejian Lai, Chiehwen Ed Hsu

Chiehwen Ed Hsu

In this article we discuss two approaches to controlling the newly identified influenza A (H1N1) via Bayesian and frequentist statistical reasoning. We reviewed the measures implemented in China as an example to illustrate these two approaches. Since May 2009, China has deployed strict controlling mechanisms based on the strong prior Bayesian assumption that the origin of influenza A (H1N1) was from outside China and as such strict border control would keep the virus from entering China. After more than two months of hard work by Chinese health professionals and officials, the number of confirmed influenza A (H1N1) has increased steadily ...


Cultural Competence In A Transnational Workplace, M.J. Peterson Jul 2009

Cultural Competence In A Transnational Workplace, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Many considerations, sensitivities, and cross-cultural awareness contribute to creating a successful transnational workplace. Developing the ability to negotiate with individuals of other cultures requires an understanding of which methods are acceptable or unacceptable to a particular culture.


Hints On Cross Cultural Skills, M.J. Peterson Jul 2009

Hints On Cross Cultural Skills, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

This document outlines suggestions on dealing with cultural differences among collaborators drawn from business literature. Different authors present different schemes, but there is broad consensus on three elements of effective cross-cultural interaction.


Efforts To Control Information Flows, M.J. Peterson, Ilke Ercan Jul 2009

Efforts To Control Information Flows, M.J. Peterson, Ilke Ercan

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Since the mid-20th century, the importance of intellectual property rights have become a major avenue for governments, corporations, and other groups to control and limit the diffusion of scientific and technical information. Some of these limits are efforts to regulate who has what information through general censorship.


Ethics, Evidence And International Debt, Julie Nelson Jun 2009

Ethics, Evidence And International Debt, Julie Nelson

Julie A. Nelson

The assumption that contracts are largely impersonal, rational, voluntary agreements drawn up between self-interested individual agents is a convenient fiction, necessary for analysis using conventional economic methods. Papers prepared for a recent conference on ethics and international debt were shaped by just such an assumption. The adequacy of this approach is, however, challenged by evidence about who is affected by international debt, how contracts are actually made and followed, the behavior of actors in financial markets, and the motivations of scholars themselves. This essay uses insights from feminist and relational scholarship from several disciplines to analyze the reasons for this ...


Stakeholders, M.J. Peterson, Ilke Ercan Jun 2009

Stakeholders, M.J. Peterson, Ilke Ercan

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Two distinct concepts of "stakeholder" have developed in recent decades. The first existing in politics to describe anyone affected by a decision occurring within the domains of a ruling government, and the second being used in business management manuals, where it applies to the relationship between a business firm and an individual or group, interested in the firm's success.


The Concepts Of Social Inclusion And Social Equity, M.J. Peterson Jun 2009

The Concepts Of Social Inclusion And Social Equity, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

The rapid growth in transnational professional activity has encouraged Intergovernmental Organizations (IGO), and other international professional associations to develop cross-national regulations and standards to promote worldwide policy coordination and standardization.


Responsible Participation By Scientists And Engineers In International Political Process, M.J. Peterson Jun 2009

Responsible Participation By Scientists And Engineers In International Political Process, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Conditions of globalization and increasing prominence of scientific and technical matters in everyday life has created a need for scientists and engineers to participate in national and international debates about solving problems, applying technologies to particular purposes, and avoiding or minimizing serious harm. Policy-makers and others concerned with particular issues seek various types of expert advice depending on how well the issue is understood, and how urgent addressing it appears to be.


Achieving Obligation In Information Organization: Some Novel Approaches, Cary S. Daniel May 2009

Achieving Obligation In Information Organization: Some Novel Approaches, Cary S. Daniel

Western Libraries Presentations

Information organized in any fashion needs to be understood, needs to be communicated in order to be useful.

Baudrillard’s views on consumers in and of a postmodern society are employed to describe the users (researchers) vis-à-vis interactions with the metadata described. Hyperreality leads naturally into Introna’s call for a personal relationship as the sine qua non of obligation. This, along with Wittgenstein’s notion of ambiguities in language (meaning) grounded in activities and practices, leads to an ethical level of practice.

A number of models are suggested to aid in communication and achieve obligation in information organization.


Ongeoorloofde Pressiemiddelen Tijdens Ondervraging In Extreme Situaties: Moraliteit, Effectiviteit En Efficiëntie, George Dimitriu May 2009

Ongeoorloofde Pressiemiddelen Tijdens Ondervraging In Extreme Situaties: Moraliteit, Effectiviteit En Efficiëntie, George Dimitriu

George Dimitriu

The paper is about the question whether alleged terrorists or insurgents in certain circumstances should be tortured. Does it yield any results? Is it effective? Paper in Dutch.

In veel landen, waaronder ook westerse, worden pressiemiddelen gebruikt bij ondervragingen vangevangenen. Sinds de aanslagen op 11 september 2001 in de Verenigde Staten en de ‘War on Terror’is de discussie over het toepassen van pressiemiddelen weer actueel. Ernstige schendingen van mensen-rechten door Amerikaanse militairen op Guantanamo Bay kwamen aan het licht. Wat zijn de morele argumenten om ongeoorloofde pressiemiddelen toe te staan dan wel te verbieden? Welke juridische kaders zijn er ...


Towards A Politics Of Truths: The Political Theory Of Alain Badiou, Thomas A. Huddleston May 2009

Towards A Politics Of Truths: The Political Theory Of Alain Badiou, Thomas A. Huddleston

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Alain Badiou, a French theorist, philosopher and political activist, has been receiving increased attention in the beginning of the 21st century. This paper provides an analysis of his major works and an attempt to display and critique what some might call, and what Badiou certainly hopes, a contemporary, generalized account of politics and the political. It focuses on three fundamental concepts that are central to Badiou's politics--the political subject, the political event, and the political ethic.


Case Study: Bhopal Plant Disaster, M.J. Peterson Mar 2009

Case Study: Bhopal Plant Disaster, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

The Bhopal case is an in-depth study of the industrial accident at the Union Carbide factory in India that immediately killed 2,000 people, injured another 200,000 to 300,000 more, and immediately raised questions about plant safety and corporate responsibility around the world. Includes seven detailed appendices: A.) Chronology, B.) Stakeholders and Level of Responsibility, C.) Economic/industrial climate of India, D.) Union Carbide Corporation, E.) Issues in Chemical Processing, F.) Assessing Responsibility: The Legal/Regulatory System, G.) Assessing Responsibility: The Engineers and Scientists, and H.) Technical Expertise and Managerial Responsibility.


Pervasive Location Tracking: A Privacy Protection Perspective, Harlan Onsrud Mar 2009

Pervasive Location Tracking: A Privacy Protection Perspective, Harlan Onsrud

Harlan J Onsrud

A laudable goal of ubiquitous computing is to enhance our day-to-day living by invisibly embedding sensors and computing platforms in our stationary and mobile surroundings. Sensors being developed and deployed within distributed computing networks include those able to see (ranging from automated detection of light to identification of specific individuals and objects), hear (detection of specific sounds to transcribing language), smell (detection of specific gases), feel (detection of specific motions, temperature, humidity, etc) and communicate. Sensors in and on our bodies will communicate through our phones, cars, offices, homes, transportation infrastructure, and with objects along our travel paths. Numerous visions ...