Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2009

Economics

Discipline
Institution
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 67

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ua36i/29 Gary Ransdell - Fed. Reserve Board - Bernanke Speech To Economic Club Of Washington, St. Louis Federal Reserve Board Dec 2009

Ua36i/29 Gary Ransdell - Fed. Reserve Board - Bernanke Speech To Economic Club Of Washington, St. Louis Federal Reserve Board

WKU Archives Records

Email sent to members of the St. Louis Federal Reserve Board of speech given by Ben Bernanke at the Economic Club of Washington.


Ua36i/29 Gary Ransdell - Fed. Reserve Board - Ben Bernanke Confirmation Hearing Q&A, St. Louis Federal Reserve Board Dec 2009

Ua36i/29 Gary Ransdell - Fed. Reserve Board - Ben Bernanke Confirmation Hearing Q&A, St. Louis Federal Reserve Board

Faculty/Staff Personal Papers

Question and answers from Ben Bernanke's confirmation hearing as distributed to members of the St. Louis Federal Reserve Board.


People Place And Opportunity: Mapping Communities Of Opportunity In Connecticut, Kirwan Institute Nov 2009

People Place And Opportunity: Mapping Communities Of Opportunity In Connecticut, Kirwan Institute

Papers and Publications

This initiative assesses access to neighborhoods of opportunity in state of Connecticut.

Connecticut Fair Housing Center (CHFC) partnered with Kirwan Institute to perform research that leads to better understanding of how to support and promote inclusive, diverse communities of choice. CHFC looked to our work in the area of opportunity mapping in order to identify how fair housing can become more of an intervention point for marginalized communities across the state. Access to good education, affordable housing, quality of health care, employment and open space was assessed to create maps showing spatial distribution of opportunity in the state. The maps ...


November 2009, Syracuse Department Of Economics Nov 2009

November 2009, Syracuse Department Of Economics

Economics - Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna Nov 2009

Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Includes advantages and disadvantages of custom hiring and information on estimating costs; includes worksheets.


State Of The U.S. Ocean And Coastal Economies 2009, Judith T. Kildow, Charles S. Colgan, Jason D. Scorse Oct 2009

State Of The U.S. Ocean And Coastal Economies 2009, Judith T. Kildow, Charles S. Colgan, Jason D. Scorse

Publications

This nation’s coasts and oceans contribute much to the United States economy. For the past ten years, the National Ocean Economics Program (NOEP) has compiled time-series data that track economic activities,demographics, natural resource production, non-market values, and federal expenditures in the U.S. coastal zone both on land and in the water. On the website www.oceaneconomics.org, the public—government officials,academics, industry, and advocacy groups—have had interactive access to this information and used it widely for many different purposes. This report features highlights from this collection to heighten appreciation for the value of the ocean ...


Does The Journal Impact Factor Help Make A Good Indicator Of Academic Performance?, Sudhanshu K. Mishra Oct 2009

Does The Journal Impact Factor Help Make A Good Indicator Of Academic Performance?, Sudhanshu K. Mishra

Sudhanshu K Mishra

Is journal impact factor a good measure of research merit? This question has assumed a great importance after the notification of the University Grants Commission (Minimum Qualifications for Appointment of Teachers and other Academic Staff in Universities and Colleges and Measures for the Maintenance of Standards in Higher Education) Regulations, 2009 on September 23rd 2009. Now publication of research papers/articles in reputed journals has become an important factor in assessment of the academic performance of teachers in colleges and universities in India. One of the measures of reputation and academic standard (rank or importance) of a journal is the ...


Slides: Intermountain Oil And Gas Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz Oct 2009

Slides: Intermountain Oil And Gas Bmp Project, Kathryn Mutz

Best Practices for Community and Environmental Protection (October 14)

Presenter: Kathryn Mutz, Natural Resources Law Center

19 slides


Origins And Resolution Of Financial Crises: Lessons From The Current And Northern European Crises, Finn Ostrup, Lars Oxelheim, Clas Wihlborg Oct 2009

Origins And Resolution Of Financial Crises: Lessons From The Current And Northern European Crises, Finn Ostrup, Lars Oxelheim, Clas Wihlborg

Business Faculty Articles and Research

Since July 2007, the world economy has experienced a severe financial crisis that originated in the U.S. housing market. Subsequently, the crisis has spread to financial sectors in European and Asian economies and led to a severe worldwide recession. The existing literature on financial crises rarely distinguishes between factors that create the original strain on the financial sector and factors that explain why these strains lead to system-wide contagion and a possible credit crunch. Most of the literature on financial crises refers to factors that cause an original disruption in the financial system. We argue that a financial crisis ...


Hot Potato: Who Will End Up Paying For Open Access? [Slides], Sue Ann Gardner Sep 2009

Hot Potato: Who Will End Up Paying For Open Access? [Slides], Sue Ann Gardner

Faculty Publications, UNL Libraries

PowerPoint slides of a talk given at the 35th IAMSLIC Annual Conference & 13th Biennial EURASLIC Conference, September 27-October 1, 2009, Provinciaal Hof, Brugge, Belgium.

Abstract of accompanying paper: Open access to scholarly content is increasing, and will continue to do so. This phenomenon is driving the economics of publishing to change dramatically. The question is: what will the economics of open access look like when this correction settles into a sustainable model? I will cover some of the ideas that have recently been articulated by economists, information professionals and others regarding retooling the evolving publishing business model, and will present ...


September 11th, John Maynard Keynes, Kenneth J. Arrow, And Me: The Nexus, David Randall Jenkins Sep 2009

September 11th, John Maynard Keynes, Kenneth J. Arrow, And Me: The Nexus, David Randall Jenkins

David Randall Jenkins, Ph.D.

The September 11, 2001 attacks derive from British convictions involving the April 21, 1946 murder of John Maynard Keynes.


Labor Turnover In The Child-Care Industry: Voice And Exit, Lynn A. Hatch Sep 2009

Labor Turnover In The Child-Care Industry: Voice And Exit, Lynn A. Hatch

Open Access Dissertations

What relationship exists between working conditions and teacher turnover in child-care (early care and education) programs? Research has shown high staff turnover is a major factor affecting the quality of care. Using a new survey and data set I designed of union and randomly selected non-union programs in Massachusetts, I examine factors other than compensation that might be related to lower teacher turnover. Focusing on different institutional settings, including unionization and regional unemployment, I use economist Albert Hirschman’s theory of exit, voice and loyalty to see if “voice” alternatives to quitting are an effective method of reducing exits. “Voice ...


What Price Security?, Donald C. Masters Sep 2009

What Price Security?, Donald C. Masters

Journal of Strategic Security

This article presents a critique of the Copenhagen Consensus Center's(CCC) exhaustive study on transnational terrorism, published in 2008.The implications of this study are controversial, yet highly relevant in today's economic environment. The Obama administration must come toterms with fiscal realities that will challenge budget priorities and invigorate what will undoubtedly prove to be tough negotiations on Capitol Hill for homeland security dollars. It is proposed here that standard economic tools such as benefit cost analysis, cost effectiveness criteria, and simulation models can help identify areas where security can be either extended or improved using fewer resources ...


Building A Meritocracy: The American Precedent For Wealth Redistribution, Micah D. Bobo Aug 2009

Building A Meritocracy: The American Precedent For Wealth Redistribution, Micah D. Bobo

Undergraduate Economic Review

This work investigates the use of wealth redistribution mechanisms in establishing and promoting meritocratic practices in early United States history. From the fifteenth to eighteenth century, the reward system used in exploration, colonization incentives, and land redistribution techniques are examined. During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, the effects of industrialization and education on social mobility are reviewed. Finally, the social and economic factors resulting in southern secession, particularly slavery, are examined. While the concept may be unpopular in modern society, wealth redistribution mechanisms were essential to cultivating merit-based social mobility and overall societal stability throughout the period covered.


Federal And State Environmental Policy: Environmental Federalism, Strategic Interaction, And Constituent Interest, Benjamin Andrew Chupp Aug 2009

Federal And State Environmental Policy: Environmental Federalism, Strategic Interaction, And Constituent Interest, Benjamin Andrew Chupp

Economics Dissertations

Environmental policy in the U.S. is often enacted at both the federal level and the state level. This dissertation uses unique data derived from a combination of a detailed simulation model of the U.S. electricity sector and an integrated assessment model of air pollution dispersion and valuation to examine three problems in state and federal environmental policy. These data represent the “taxes” (or shadow cost of abatement) on sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides that are efficient for each state when considering only their own costs and benefits, and also the level of federal uniform tax on the same ...


Law, Economics, And Religion, Vikas Kumar Aug 2009

Law, Economics, And Religion, Vikas Kumar

Vikas Kumar

No abstract provided.


Grades 2-3 Urban Communities, Amanda Bub Aug 2009

Grades 2-3 Urban Communities, Amanda Bub

Social Studies

This is a social studies lesson for second and third graders on Urban Communities. Through this lesson students will be able to identify and understand the characteristics of an urban community and the benefits and disadvantages of that community. Students will learn to apply these ideas to understand the influence of environment on a person’s life. The lesson is tiered using a shape contract where the student on each level will choose three different shapes to complete the task based on their level and interest.


Department Of Economics Publication List 2009, Penny Stover Jul 2009

Department Of Economics Publication List 2009, Penny Stover

Economics Pamphlet Series

This compilation lists published works authored by Department of Economics faculty members and other staff working on projects funded through the Department of Economics. Publications resulting from their research and academic activities are indexed by author for easy access by the public. The articles were published between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2008.


Justice And Fairness In The Dictator Game, Karl Schurter, Bart J. Wilson Jul 2009

Justice And Fairness In The Dictator Game, Karl Schurter, Bart J. Wilson

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

This article uses a laboratory experiment to examine the question of whether justice and fairness are different motivational forces in the dictator game. "Justice" and "fairness" are often used interchangeably because their meanings and usages are so closely linked, despite their distinct connotations. Using four different treatments, our experimental design investigates the subtle differences between the two social concepts to explicate generosity in the dictator game. The results indicate that justice, not fairness, legitimizes property rights in the dictator game.


Judicial Martial Law - Appendix, David Randall Jenkins Jun 2009

Judicial Martial Law - Appendix, David Randall Jenkins

David Randall Jenkins

No abstract provided.


Competition Policy Issues In The Consumer Payments Industry, Nicholas Economides Jun 2009

Competition Policy Issues In The Consumer Payments Industry, Nicholas Economides

Nicholas Economides

We discuss the current structure of card networks that facilitate transactions between merchants and consumers. We find that presently fees for this intermediation are considerably higher than costs. This is facilitated by rules imposed by the card networks on the merchants that do not allow merchants to steer competition to cards that have lower fees. It has also been facilitated by the requirement that a merchant has to accept all cards of the same network (honor all cards rule) -- recently abolished in the US, as well as by the fact that the networks set the maximum interface fee between issuing ...


Comparison Of Construction Costs For Vegetated Treatment Systems In The Midwest, Bradley J. Bond, Robert T. Burns, Todd P. Trooien, Stephen H. Pohl, Christopher G. Henry, Lara B. Moody, Matthew J. Helmers, John Lawrence Jun 2009

Comparison Of Construction Costs For Vegetated Treatment Systems In The Midwest, Bradley J. Bond, Robert T. Burns, Todd P. Trooien, Stephen H. Pohl, Christopher G. Henry, Lara B. Moody, Matthew J. Helmers, John Lawrence

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Vegetated treatment systems (VTSs) provide an alternative to containment basin systems for beef feedlot runoff control. Beef producers in the Midwestern United States have shown an increasing interest in using VTSs as a perceived lower cost option to containment basin systems. This paper reports the actual construction costs associated with 21 VTSs (eight on permitted Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) and 13 on non permitted Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs)) located within Iowa, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Nebraska. The VTS construction costs are reported on a per head basis in 2009 adjusted dollars for each system. Cost comparisons are presented between ...


Does Unemployment Decrease Cancer Mortality?, Benjamin Torres Galick May 2009

Does Unemployment Decrease Cancer Mortality?, Benjamin Torres Galick

Economics Honors Projects

Recent research indicates that healthier lifestyles during recessions decrease the most common U.S. mortalities, but not cancer. However, they combine specific cancer mortalities with different progressions into one, possibly obscuring cancer’s link to unemployment. This paper estimates a fixed-effects regression model on unemployment and the nine most prevalent cancers between 1988 and 2002 using state-level panel data. Five cancers and total cancer are procyclical, and suggest that unemployment affects both incidence and gestation for some cancers. Consistent with the medical literature, this paper contradicts previous economic research and suggests that behavioral factors significantly impact cancer mortality.


Fragility: The Next Wave In Critical Infrastructure Protection, Allan Mcdougall May 2009

Fragility: The Next Wave In Critical Infrastructure Protection, Allan Mcdougall

Journal of Strategic Security

In North America today, we are about to embark on a significant effort to repair, or even upgrade, many aspects of our infrastructure. Many of these efforts are linked to economic recovery packages. Others are based on sheer need. The challenge for decision makers and planners involves ensuring that scarce economic resources are put to their best use. Understanding the concept of fragility plays a pivotal part in reaching that understanding.Fragility, like many other systems—particularly Information Technology (IT ) systems—works on the concept of subjects and objects. Subjects are those entities that seek to exploit the services (or ...


Time To Die?, Josh Dunn May 2009

Time To Die?, Josh Dunn

Senior Honors Projects

The issue of when life begins has inspired heated debate in this country for nearly half of a century. The importance of this issue cannot be overstated; it has played a pivotal role in elections of public officials and in confirmation hearings of federal judges and justices and has dominated legal, political, economic, religious and ethical discussions. While the issue is far from resolved, it will be joined by another contentious issue in the near future. With our society rapidly getting older, and with the rapidly rising cost of health care, including the extremely high cost of end-of-life care, Americans ...


Trade Policy And The Geography Of Fashion, William Doscher May 2009

Trade Policy And The Geography Of Fashion, William Doscher

Senior Honors Projects

The textile and apparel (T&A) industries are global and constantly on the move. The mobility of these industries can be seen here in Rhode Island, with abandoned textile mills stretched across the state. In its search for the lowest-cost production, the T&A industries moved from northern to southern New England, and then relocated from New England to the Carolinas, and with record high unemployment currently hitting North and South Carolina, there is evidence that the industries are moving again. There is also reason to believe the relocation of the T&A industries will have an international dimension. As ...


The Failure Of Private Ordering And The Financial Crisis Of 2008, Brian J.M. Quinn Apr 2009

The Failure Of Private Ordering And The Financial Crisis Of 2008, Brian J.M. Quinn

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This Article analyzes the Financial Crisis of 2008 in the context of failures by market participants to engage in private ordering thus leading to opportunistic behavior at the expense of market stability. The Financial Crisis of 2008 offers a decidedly negative verdict on a decades-long project to deregulate financial markets and rely on private ordering mechanisms, including securitization and default swaps, to mitigate opportunistic behavior and improve market efficiency. Although the regulatory approach of the past two decades, which relied in great measure on private parties fending for themselves, helped to generate a number of innovations and positive developments in ...


Canada's Quiet Bargain: The Benefits Of Public Spending, Hugh Mackenzie, Richard Shillington Apr 2009

Canada's Quiet Bargain: The Benefits Of Public Spending, Hugh Mackenzie, Richard Shillington

GLADNET Collection

This study adds a dimension that has been missing to the public debate over taxes and public spending in Canada. It weighs the benefits of public services pro¬vided by federal, provincial, and municipal governments against the benefits of re¬cent tax cuts.

Using a sophisticated array of data sets and analytical tools from Statistics Canada, this study concludes that Canadians depend to a significant extent on public services such as education, health care, child care, public pensions, employment insurance, and family benefits for their living standard.

In fact, this study puts a number on it: Canadians enjoy an average ...


Maximizing Participation Through Campaign Finance Regulation: A Cap And Trade Mechanism For Political Money, William J. Rinner Apr 2009

Maximizing Participation Through Campaign Finance Regulation: A Cap And Trade Mechanism For Political Money, William J. Rinner

Student Scholarship Papers

This Article attempts to reroute a burgeoning area of campaign finance scholarship and reform. Though many previous proposals have enshrined liberty or equality as the sole animating value to pursue through doctrinal and political means, few have considered the impact of campaign finance regulation on citizen participation. Those that have proposed participation as a goal often remain tied to unworkable or self-defeating notions of equality. In building an alternative model of maximizing participation, this Article rejects the premise that direct political action such as volunteering embodies a superior form of participation to contributions, but recognizes the externalities that the latter ...


Responding To The Economic Crisis, Jeffrey S. Guernsey Apr 2009

Responding To The Economic Crisis, Jeffrey S. Guernsey

Business Administration Faculty Publications

Big-picture solutions to the economy have their place. But weathering the storm starts with personal financial management.