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2009

Australia

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Articles 1 - 30 of 53

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Homo Floresiensis Controversy, Robert Cribb Dec 2009

The Homo Floresiensis Controversy, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

The 2004 announcement of the discovery of a new species of hominin in the form of sub-fossil remains from Liang Bua cave in Flores aroused immediate excitement and controversy. The discovery attracted sceptical attention from dissenting palaeontologists. The sometimes acrimonious debate addressed the relative importance of apparently archaic and apparently modern features of the remains.


Critical Foundations: Providing Australia’S 21st Century Infrastructure, Michael Regan Aug 2009

Critical Foundations: Providing Australia’S 21st Century Infrastructure, Michael Regan

Michael Regan

Extract:

Infrastructure is undoubtedly the least understood of the major asset classes in Australia. A tradition of public ownership and operation, its status as a public good and a lack of information about its investment characteristics in both public and private hands has contributed to limited recognition of its role in national and regional economies. However, this situation is changing. A coincidence of political, economic and financial events in the lead up to the worldwide economic recession of the late 1980s and Australia's microeconomic reforms of the 1990s b[r]ought into sharper focus the central role that infrastructure ...


Girls, Girls, Girls. A Study Of The Popularity Of Journalism As A Career Among Female Teenagers And Its Corresponding Lack Of Appeal To Young Males, Mike Grenby, Molly Kasinger, Roger Patching, Mark Pearson Jul 2009

Girls, Girls, Girls. A Study Of The Popularity Of Journalism As A Career Among Female Teenagers And Its Corresponding Lack Of Appeal To Young Males, Mike Grenby, Molly Kasinger, Roger Patching, Mark Pearson

Mike Grenby

Australian journalism programs have long reported a disproportionate number of female students and the industry is becoming increasingly feminised. The latest (2006) Census figures showed that, for the first time in Australian history, women outnumbered men in journalism and related occupations. While many researchers have commented upon the increased popularity of journalism as a career choice among young women and its decline in popularity among young men, none have undertaken a comprehensive project researching the reasons for this phenomenon. This study has addressed this gap in the research. The research team conducted an extensive literature review, surveyed 444 senior secondary ...


Girls, Girls, Girls. A Study Of The Popularity Of Journalism As A Career Among Female Teenagers And Its Corresponding Lack Of Appeal To Young Males, Mike Grenby, Molly Kasinger, Roger Patching, Mark Pearson Jul 2009

Girls, Girls, Girls. A Study Of The Popularity Of Journalism As A Career Among Female Teenagers And Its Corresponding Lack Of Appeal To Young Males, Mike Grenby, Molly Kasinger, Roger Patching, Mark Pearson

Roger Patching

Australian journalism programs have long reported a disproportionate number of female students and the industry is becoming increasingly feminised. The latest (2006) Census figures showed that, for the first time in Australian history, women outnumbered men in journalism and related occupations. While many researchers have commented upon the increased popularity of journalism as a career choice among young women and its decline in popularity among young men, none have undertaken a comprehensive project researching the reasons for this phenomenon. This study has addressed this gap in the research. The research team conducted an extensive literature review, surveyed 444 senior secondary ...


Imbree V Mcneilly: A View From Singapore, Yihan Goh Jul 2009

Imbree V Mcneilly: A View From Singapore, Yihan Goh

Research Collection School Of Law

In Imbree v. McNeilly, the High Court of Australia ruled that a learner driver is no longer to be held to the standard of a reasonable but unqualified (and inexperienced) driver in negligence claims. It is the modest aim of this case note to show that Imbree, while a decision on a narrow point, in fact hints at a larger difficulty in the ascertainment of the standard of care in individual cases. It is in this context that it will be suggested that, when the time comes for Singapore courts to consider the applicability of Imbree, this difficulty should be ...


Growing Cricket In Tasmania: A Cross-Cultural Comparison, Elizabeth Ann Stanford Jun 2009

Growing Cricket In Tasmania: A Cross-Cultural Comparison, Elizabeth Ann Stanford

Honors Theses

Sports are an integral part of life in societies throughout the world. Cricket is one of Australia’s two major sports and is a significant aspect of its culture, in a fashion similar to baseball being America’s “national pastime.” Despite its isolation, Tasmania, the small island state of Australia, shares the same mania for cricket as mainland Australia. While in Tasmania for ten weeks interning with the Tasmanian Cricket Association (TCA), I studied the role of cricket in the day-to-day lives of Tasmanians, from the pervasive television, newspaper, and the radio coverage, to pick-up cricket games as a popular ...


Terra Nullius: The Aborigines In Australia, Ashley M. Foley Apr 2009

Terra Nullius: The Aborigines In Australia, Ashley M. Foley

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

This thesis explores the relationship that has developed over the past 200 years between the Aboriginal people and the people of Australia. It looks at the reasons as to why and how Australia remained a “Terra Nullius”, or land belonging to no one, for so long, when in fact it is proven that the Aborigines had been on the land prior to colonization. This paper investigates the Aboriginal people’s struggle for ownership and ties to the land that was taken from them by the British in 1788. It also looks at the lifestyle of the Aboriginal people prior to ...


Well-Being And Its Discontents: A Critique Of Hamilton And Dennis’ Affluenza, Richard Hil, Grant Cairncross Mar 2009

Well-Being And Its Discontents: A Critique Of Hamilton And Dennis’ Affluenza, Richard Hil, Grant Cairncross

Grant Cairncross

This article develops a critique of Hamilton and Dennis's book Affluenza. In recognising many of the strengths of the book in terms of its focus on Australia's consumerist culture, the article nonetheless outlines a range of significant shortcomings in its argument, not least the tendency to overstate the prevalence of consumerist values, the narrow interpretation of what constitutes 'consumerism', the flawed assumptions over marketing, savings and 'downsizing', and the range of culturally loaded assumptions that underpin the text. In asserting that affluence rather than poverty is the main issue in Australia, Hamilton and Dennis tend to sweep aside ...


Connecting Diversity: Paradoxes Of Multicultural Australia, Ien Ang, Jeffrey E. Brand, Greg Noble, Jason Sternberg Feb 2009

Connecting Diversity: Paradoxes Of Multicultural Australia, Ien Ang, Jeffrey E. Brand, Greg Noble, Jason Sternberg

Jeffrey Brand

Commissioned by SBS, and published in March 2006, Connecting Diversity: Paradoxes of Multicultural Australia is a follow-up study to SBS’s 2002 report, Living Diversity: Australia’s Multicultural Future. The attitudes of many younger Australians from culturally diverse backgrounds reveal paradoxes about Australian multiculturalism today. This report sheds light on their views, experiences and expectations and the role of media in their lives. Younger, culturally and linguistically diverse Australians are often the subject of mediafanned controversy about disaffection, ‘ethnic gangs’ and cultural isolation. While these controversies tend to be localised – Cronulla, Inala or Bankstown – Connecting Diversity tells a national and ...


Living Diversity: Australia’S Multicultural Future, Ien Ang, Jeffrey E. Brand, Greg Noble, Derek Wilding Feb 2009

Living Diversity: Australia’S Multicultural Future, Ien Ang, Jeffrey E. Brand, Greg Noble, Derek Wilding

Jeffrey Brand

In 2002, SBS commissioned research into trends in multicultural Australia. This study gives us a glimpse of the ‘diversity within diversity’of Australians’engagement with multiculturalism, their senses of identity and belonging, the ways in which they engage with others of different backgrounds, and their uses of media in a multicultural society. The overall picture is one of a fluid, plural and complex society, with a majority of the population positively accepting of the cultural diversity that is an increasingly routine part of Australian life, although a third is still uncertain or ambivalent about cultural diversity. In practice, most Australians ...


The Newsroom Versus The Lounge Room: Journalists’ And Audiences’ Views On News, Jeffrey Brand, Mark Pearson Feb 2009

The Newsroom Versus The Lounge Room: Journalists’ And Audiences’ Views On News, Jeffrey Brand, Mark Pearson

Jeffrey Brand

In May 2001 the Australian Broadcasting Authority released the authors' report titled Sources of News and Current Affairs (ABA, 2001). The monograph consisted of reports from the Stage I study of journalists' views (Pearson & Brand, 2001) and the Stage 2 study of audiences' views (Brand, Archhold & Rane, 2001). These were independent publications focusing on the individual results from each stage of the larger study. Little comparison was made between the journalists' and audiences' views in the two reports. This paper provides a comparison and contrast of the views of news and current affairs producers and their audiences. The comparative analysis covers a range of topics including characteristics and attitudes; news and current affairs media credibility; news quality (particularly issues of sensationalism, inrusiveness, bias, and inaccuracy); influences upon news and current affairs; adequacy of local coverage; and attitudes to contemporary social issues. The authors found that journalists and their audiences are different, demographically; they are different in their views on the credibility of the news product; they are different in their perceptions of the quality of ...


An Exploration Of Automobile Insurance Fraud, Robyn Lincoln, Helene Wells, Wayne Petherick Feb 2009

An Exploration Of Automobile Insurance Fraud, Robyn Lincoln, Helene Wells, Wayne Petherick

Robyn Lincoln

This exploratory study analyses claiming behaviour within the automobile insurance industry. A local insurance company provided 32 automobile insurance claims thus permitting qualitative and quantitative analysis. This study enunciates non-fraudulent claiming behaviour as the sample included only a low number of suspected fraud cases. Variables contained within each of the claim files were analysed, as were the statements of the insured individuals. Each claimant is required to provide two written statements to the local insurance company and these statements were analysed for consistency and detail. The overall findings revealed that claimants were generally employed, middle-aged males who were sober at ...


Deborah’S Law: The Effects Of Naming And Shaming On Sex Offenders In Australia, Carol Ronken, Robyn Lincoln Feb 2009

Deborah’S Law: The Effects Of Naming And Shaming On Sex Offenders In Australia, Carol Ronken, Robyn Lincoln

Robyn Lincoln

Community notification laws for sex offenders are now widespread in the USA and there is considerable interest in introducing them in Australia. Along with these public moves to name and shame, there has been a parallel increase in private forms of naming and shaming through ‘outing’ of sex offenders. This article examines both public and private notification to conclude from the few studies available that they fail to achieve their goals and lead to significant unintended consequences. The article analyses The Australian Paedophile and Sex Offender Index (Coddington, 1997), a prime exemplar of the private domain of notification, to explore ...


Pleistocene Human Footprints From The Willandra Lakes, Southeastern Australia, Steve Webb, Matthew L. Cupper, Richard Robins Feb 2009

Pleistocene Human Footprints From The Willandra Lakes, Southeastern Australia, Steve Webb, Matthew L. Cupper, Richard Robins

Steve Webb

Human and other hominid fossil footprints provide rare but important insights into anatomy and behaviour. Here we report recently discovered fossil trackways of human footprints from the Willandra Lakes region of western New South Wales, Australia. Optically dated to between 19-23 ka and consisting of at least 124 prints, the trackways form the largest collection of Pleistocene human footprints in the world. The prints were made by adults, adolescents, and children traversing the moist surface of an ephemeral soak. This site offers a unique glimpse of humans living in the arid inland of Australia at the height of the last ...


Kevin07, Web 2.0 And Young Voters At The 2007 Australian Federal Election, Dylan Kissane Jan 2009

Kevin07, Web 2.0 And Young Voters At The 2007 Australian Federal Election, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

While Australian political parties have maintained official websites for some years, the 2007 Australian Federal election saw the first significant integration of Web 2.0 technologies into a national election campaign. The two major parties – the conservative Liberal Party and the socialist Labor Party – both embraced blogs, flash animation, online video and popular social networking sites in an attempt to win votes, particularly in the 18 to 35 year-old demographic. The Labor Party was far more successful in using Web 2.0 and their online efforts were judged to have played a large role in winning the absolute majority of ...


Football Barriers – Aboriginal Under‐Representation And Disconnection From The ‘World Game’, John Maynard Jan 2009

Football Barriers – Aboriginal Under‐Representation And Disconnection From The ‘World Game’, John Maynard

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

Indigenous Australians have had some great successes in Australian football and rugby. However, this success has not been mirrored in the ‘world game’, soccer. This study examines the reasons for such under-representation in Australia. The barriers to access to soccer were a combination of racist government policy which restricted the movement of Aboriginal people, and thus their opportunities to engage with a game that was not located near the isolated reserves in which they were held. The most successful Aboriginal players were fortunate that their circumstances placed them in close proximity to locales that were soccer strongholds. Moreover, the multicultural ...


Reaching For Cultural Change, Shannon Polly, Michelle Mcquaid, Louisa Jewell, Bobby Dauman Jan 2009

Reaching For Cultural Change, Shannon Polly, Michelle Mcquaid, Louisa Jewell, Bobby Dauman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

No abstract provided.


Regional Branding: Perspectives Of Tourists In Australia, Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong, Deon Nel Jan 2009

Regional Branding: Perspectives Of Tourists In Australia, Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong, Deon Nel

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper aims to explore the overlap and gap between the communication efforts of destination marketing organisations (DMO)’s and consumer perspectives of tourism destination within Australia. This paper applies qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Three stages of analysis are discussed. The web site content of state tourism authorities are analysed using Leximancer. The results show that states are using differing perceptual dimensions to portray characteristics of state tourism destinations. It is also found that consumers can recall the slogans and positioning of some states to a much greater extent than others. Finally it was shown that there was little correspondence ...


Predicting Avian Distributions To Evaluate Spatiotemporal Overlap With Locust Control Operations In Eastern Australia, Judit K. Szabo, Pamela J. Davy, Michael Hooper, Lee Astheimer Jan 2009

Predicting Avian Distributions To Evaluate Spatiotemporal Overlap With Locust Control Operations In Eastern Australia, Judit K. Szabo, Pamela J. Davy, Michael Hooper, Lee Astheimer

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Locusts and grasshoppers cause considerable economic damage to agriculture worldwide. The Australian Plague Locust Commission uses multiple pesticides to control locusts in eastern Australia. Avian exposure to agricultural pesticides is of conservation concern, especially in the case of rare and threatened species. The aim of this study was to evaluate the probability of pesticide exposure of native avian species during operational locust control based on knowledge of species occurrence in areas and times of application. Using presence-absence data provided by the Birds Australia Atlas for 1998 to 2002, we developed a series of generalized linear models to predict avian occurrences ...


Coastal Saltmarsh Vulnerability To Climate Change In Se Australia, Neil Saintilan, Kerrylee Rogers Jan 2009

Coastal Saltmarsh Vulnerability To Climate Change In Se Australia, Neil Saintilan, Kerrylee Rogers

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Coastal saltmarsh has been listed as an Endangered Ecological Community in New South Wales. Recent research has highlighted the importance of coastal saltmarsh as a source of nutrition for fish, a nocturnal feeding habitat for microbats, and a roosting habitat for several species of migratory shorebirds. Since European colonisation, coastal saltmarsh has been reclaimed for agricultural, residential and industrial use, and the past five decades has seen a consistent replacement of saltmarsh by mangrove throughout SE Australia. Analysis of data from the network of Surface Elevation Tables in NSW and Victoria has demonstrated a link between the replacement of saltmarsh ...


Prediction Of The Probability Of Large Fires In The Sydney Region Of South-Eastern Australia Using Components Of Fire Weather., R A. Bradstock, J S. Cohn, A M. Gill, M Bedward, C Lucas Jan 2009

Prediction Of The Probability Of Large Fires In The Sydney Region Of South-Eastern Australia Using Components Of Fire Weather., R A. Bradstock, J S. Cohn, A M. Gill, M Bedward, C Lucas

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The probability of large-fire (>= 1000 ha) ignition days, in the Sydney region, was examined using historical records. Relative influences of the ambient and drought components of the Forest Fire Danger Index (FFDI) on large fire ignition probability were explored using Bayesian logistic regression. The preferred models for two areas (Blue Mountains and Central Coast) were composed of the sum of FFDI (Drought Factor, DF = 1) (ambient component) and DF as predictors. Both drought and ambient weather positively affected the chance of large fire ignitions, with large fires more probable on the Central Coast than in the Blue Mountains. The preferred ...


Spatial Ecology Of Hatchling Water Pythons (Liasis Fuscus) In Tropical Australia, Richard Shine, Thomas R. Madsen, Ligia Pizzatto, Gregory P. Brown Jan 2009

Spatial Ecology Of Hatchling Water Pythons (Liasis Fuscus) In Tropical Australia, Richard Shine, Thomas R. Madsen, Ligia Pizzatto, Gregory P. Brown

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Young snakes are rarely seen in the field and little is known about their habits. mostly because they are too small for radio-telemetry (the primary method for Studying snake spatial ecology). However, the offspring or some larger species can be fitted with transmitters and we investigated the spatial ecology and habitat use of ten hatchling water pythons (Liasis fuscus: Pythonidae) in the floodplain of the Adelaide River, tropical Australia. Patterns of habitat use in the late wet season and during the dry season were similar to those of adults tracked in the same vicinity in an earlier study. Soon after ...


Using Lidar To Assess The Effect Of Fire And Floods On Upland Peat Bogs, Waterfall Gully, Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Javier Leon Patino, Solomon Buckman, Robert P. Bourman, Rowena Morris, Katherine C. Brownlie Jan 2009

Using Lidar To Assess The Effect Of Fire And Floods On Upland Peat Bogs, Waterfall Gully, Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Javier Leon Patino, Solomon Buckman, Robert P. Bourman, Rowena Morris, Katherine C. Brownlie

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

A flood exceeding the 100 year average recurrence interval in November 2005 led to the failure of an upland peat bog in Waterfall Gully. The area is prone to severe bushfire and flood events and the control dam at the base of First Falls was filled with sediment sourced from Wilson Bog. A resistant quartzite bar at Fourth Falls has formed a natural constriction point against which burnt logs and debris have collected following previous fire events forming a natural dam resulting in sediment/peat accumulation upstream. The failure of the bog was inevitable as the vegetative material in the ...


The Power Of History: Accounting Standard Setting And The Extractive Industries In Australia, C. L. Cortese Jan 2009

The Power Of History: Accounting Standard Setting And The Extractive Industries In Australia, C. L. Cortese

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The application of accounting standards assists in the production of financial information that is used as the basis for decision making by a wide variety of stakeholders. Viewed in this way, the process of setting accounting standards is critical because it will ultimately generate information that will shape people’s behaviour. Accounting standard setting processes have been analysed, applauded, and critiqued by many scholars in recent decades. Lobbying efforts of constituents have been scrutinised, the standard setting processes in different geographic regions have been analysed and compared, and the economic consequences of proposed accounting alternatives have been identified and debated.


Do Organisational Characteristics Explain The Differences Between Drivers Of Ict Adoption In Rural And Urban General Practices In Australia, Robert C. Macgregor, Peter N. Hyland, Charles Harvie Jan 2009

Do Organisational Characteristics Explain The Differences Between Drivers Of Ict Adoption In Rural And Urban General Practices In Australia, Robert C. Macgregor, Peter N. Hyland, Charles Harvie

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A number of studies have compared general medical practices in rural locations with those in urban locations. Some of these studies have concentrated on the reasons why a GP might choose to work in a rural or urban setting. Others have examined the type of work required to be undertaken by medical professionals. Increasing use of information and communications technology (ICT) in medical practices has led to some studies examining their use in rural as well as urban settings. However, little if any research has examined whether ICT adoption drivers differ between rural and urban GPs based on their organisational ...


Distinguished Fellow Of The Economic Society Of Australia, 2008: Alan Woodland, Edgar J. Wilson Jan 2009

Distinguished Fellow Of The Economic Society Of Australia, 2008: Alan Woodland, Edgar J. Wilson

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This citation acknowledges Professor Alan Woodland as an eminent Australian economist and surveys his exceptional international record of scholarship and research with a selection of his insightful contributions to the understanding of the complex issues of international trade, taxation and welfare. These issues are at the forefront of our nation's economic priorities and it is appropriate that we formally recognise his outstanding contributions to the discipline study of economics with the award of Distinguished Fellow of the Economic Society of Australia.


The Potential Pitfalls Of Transferring Constructs Across Cultural Settings: Experience From Npd Research In Australia, Janette K. Rowland, Elias Kyriazis Jan 2009

The Potential Pitfalls Of Transferring Constructs Across Cultural Settings: Experience From Npd Research In Australia, Janette K. Rowland, Elias Kyriazis

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the research design and methodology choices in the field of Marketing Management in order to choose the best “fit” for the authors’ research on developing a climate of trust within the new product development process. Many researchers often use constructs developed and empirically tested in other cultural contexts. This often allows for interesting cross-cultural comparisons. While useful, this paper cautions on the blind application of constructs and survey instruments. Reporting on experience from exploratory research carried out in the context of the NPD process in Australian manufacturing firms, we show the potential ...


Molecular And Morphological Description Of A Hepatozoon Species In Reptiles And Their Ticks In The Northern Territory, Australia, Inger-Marie E. Vilcins, Beata Ujvari, Julie M. Old, Elizabeth Deane Jan 2009

Molecular And Morphological Description Of A Hepatozoon Species In Reptiles And Their Ticks In The Northern Territory, Australia, Inger-Marie E. Vilcins, Beata Ujvari, Julie M. Old, Elizabeth Deane

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Ticks, representing 3 species of Amblyomma, were collected from the water python (Liasis fuscus) and 3 additional reptile species in the Northern Territory, Australia, and tested for the presence of Hepatozoon sp., the most common blood parasites of snakes. In addition, blood smears were collected from 5 reptiles, including the water python, and examined for the presence of the parasite. Hepatozoon sp. DNA was detected in all tick and reptile species, with 57.7% of tick samples (n = 187) and 35.6% of blood smears (n = 35) showing evidence of infection. Phylogenetic analysis of the 18S rRNA gene demonstrated that ...


Multicultural Literature In Australia And The Austlit Database, Michael Jacklin Jan 2009

Multicultural Literature In Australia And The Austlit Database, Michael Jacklin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Did you know that among the earliest of Australia’s multicultural writers is the Spanish-born Rudesindo Salvado, whose memoir, Memorie Storiche dell'Australia, was published in Italy in 1851? Salvado’s book, though perhaps not well-known, is held in its English translation by at least fifty Australian libraries. Better known is The Eureka Stockade, published in Melbourne in 1855 by Italian-born Raffaelo Carboni, another of Australia’s multicultural writers. The AustLit database’s Australian Multicultural Writers subset (http://www.austlit.edu.au/ specialistDatasets/MW) lists more than 3 000 writers who have identified as having cultural backgrounds other than Anglo- ...


Financial Planning In Australia: Industry Or Profession?, Brian Murphy, Ted Watts Jan 2009

Financial Planning In Australia: Industry Or Profession?, Brian Murphy, Ted Watts

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Purpose - This paper tests whether financial planning in Australia remains an industry or can be considered a profession Design/Method/Approach - A set of attributes of professionalism were derived from the literature-public/societal responsibility, a systematic body of theory, professional authority and ethical responsibility - sample of 78 financial planners were asked to provide attitude statements relating to professionalism as well as demographic information of their business. Findings - Evidence from the attitude statements provide by the respondents to the attributes of professionalism failed to achieve a satisfactory level of professionalism for any attribute. Research limitations - The financial services operators surveyed represented ...