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2009

2009

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ddasaccident661, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Dec 2009

Ddasaccident661, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

At 11:30 hrs on 15th Dec 2009, [the Victim] the Team Leader of the EOD -01 was working as a deminer and trying to identify the actual mined area. While he was excavating on a signal by a pick, he hit the mine and it caused to the accident. As [the Victim] was not well prepared and fully dressed with PPE, he has got severe injures to face, eyes and forehead.


Equity Council Student Sub-Committee 2009, Joseph A. Santiago, Frank Forleo Dec 2009

Equity Council Student Sub-Committee 2009, Joseph A. Santiago, Frank Forleo

Student Affairs Digital Community Development

The general purpose of this meeting was to continue the dialog we started on 11/18. A second major purpose is to explore the possibility of holding an Equity Council Student Leadership Conference at URI's W. Alton Jones Campus in early February.

The focus of the retreat was to gather data in order to have a sense of the current climate/culture present at URI. To conduct focus groups at Alton Jones. The forums/ focus groups addressed issues revolving around the following areas: Academics/Curricular issues/concerns, Housing and Residential Life, Student Leaders and Student Groups, Faculty Diversity Training ...


Ddasaccident765, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Dec 2009

Ddasaccident765, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The deminer was instructed by his Section Leader to move the UXO and place the item concerned in the demolition pit, which was located 21 metres away from the deminer’s working area / lane. On the way to the demolition pit the deminer accidentally dropped the UXO and according to the Section Leader, the deminer dropped the UXO directly on to stone that was in the ground and subsequently the UXO detonated. Timings for the accident were recorded as follows:


Trajectories Of Ptsd And Substance Use Disorders In A Longitudinal Study Of Personality Disorders, Meghan E. Mcdevitt-Murphy, Gilbert R. Parra, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John G. Gunderson, Andrew E. Skodol, John C. Markowitz Dec 2009

Trajectories Of Ptsd And Substance Use Disorders In A Longitudinal Study Of Personality Disorders, Meghan E. Mcdevitt-Murphy, Gilbert R. Parra, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John G. Gunderson, Andrew E. Skodol, John C. Markowitz

Division III Faculty Publications

This study investigated the co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) in a sample (N 668) recruited for personality disorders and followed longitudinally as part of the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study. The study both examined rates of co-occurring disorders at baseline and temporal relationships between PTSD and substance use disorders over 4 years. Subjects with a lifetime history of PTSD at baseline had significantly higher rates of SUDs (both alcohol and drug) than subjects without PTSD. Latent class growth analysis, a relatively novel approach used to analyze trajectories and identify homogeneous subgroups of participant on ...


Trajectories Of Ptsd And Substance Use Disorders In A Longitudinal Study Of Personality Disorders, Meghan E. Mcdevitt-Murphy, Gilbert R. Parra, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John G. Gunderson, Andrew E. Skodol, John C. Markowitz Nov 2009

Trajectories Of Ptsd And Substance Use Disorders In A Longitudinal Study Of Personality Disorders, Meghan E. Mcdevitt-Murphy, Gilbert R. Parra, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John G. Gunderson, Andrew E. Skodol, John C. Markowitz

Charles A. Sanislow, Ph.D.

This study investigated the co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) in a sample (N 668) recruited for personality disorders and followed longitudinally as part of the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study. The study both examined rates of co-occurring disorders at baseline and temporal relationships between PTSD and substance use disorders over 4 years. Subjects with a lifetime history of PTSD at baseline had significantly higher rates of SUDs (both alcohol and drug) than subjects without PTSD. Latent class growth analysis, a relatively novel approach used to analyze trajectories and identify homogeneous subgroups of participant on ...


Ddasaccident668, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Nov 2009

Ddasaccident668, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 17 Nov 2009 at 09:15 hrs when [Name removed] the land owner was trying to cultivating his land, he has discovered an AT (M-19) mine. Luckily the mine has not exploded. Later on the mine handed over to ISAF for destruction.


Ddasaccident596, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Nov 2009

Ddasaccident596, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The clearance operation on mentioned task was started by [Demining group] DT-12 on 1st of November 09. On 10th of November 09 at 07:40, while the second break period started, the team leader of the team asked a deminer for his scraper and then walked down to a clearance lane without informing any other team members of his intention. On 07:42 Team leader initiated a POMZ mine causing him to receive the injuries that led to his death. He ignored his job description and the [Demining group] SOPs. He may have been thinking that this POMZ is of ...


Ddasaccident620, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Nov 2009

Ddasaccident620, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 5th Nov 2009 at 08:45 am deminer [Victim No.1] was working in his clearance lane: he was removing excavated soil from the target spot that suddenly his excavation tool touched a mine and caused it to go off. As a result of the accident, the deminer got severe injuries to his face, eyes and left hand (lost his one eye).


The Stability Of Personality Traits In Individuals With Borderline Personality Disorder, Christopher J. Hopwood, Daniel A. Newman, M. Brent Donnellan, John C. Markowitz, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Emily B. Ansell, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Leslie C. Morey Nov 2009

The Stability Of Personality Traits In Individuals With Borderline Personality Disorder, Christopher J. Hopwood, Daniel A. Newman, M. Brent Donnellan, John C. Markowitz, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Emily B. Ansell, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Leslie C. Morey

Division III Faculty Publications

Although stability and pervasive inflexibility are general criteria for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) personality disorders (PDs), borderline PD (BPD) is characterized by instability in several domains, including interpersonal behavior, affect, and identity. The authors hypothesized that such inconsistencies notable in BPD may relate to instability at the level of the basic personality traits that are associated with this disorder. Five types of personality trait stability across 4 assessments over 6 years were compared for BPD patients (N = 130 at first interval) and patients with other PDs (N = 302). Structural stability did ...


Ddasaccident601, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Nov 2009

Ddasaccident601, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 1st Nov 2009, at 02:45 pm during the rest time, [the Victim] a deminer of mentioned team found an unknown item and tried to touch it. According to the investigation report, the item was a rifle Grenade of 40mm which was exploded as a result of irresponsible action of the victim deminer. As it was the break time of the team and the deminer was without visor and PPE, therefore, he lost his right hand, left eye and sustained jaw and leg fracture.


The Stability Of Personality Traits In Individuals With Borderline Personality Disorder, Christopher J. Hopwood, Daniel A. Newman, M. Brent Donnellan, John C. Markowitz, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Emily B. Ansell, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Leslie C. Morey Oct 2009

The Stability Of Personality Traits In Individuals With Borderline Personality Disorder, Christopher J. Hopwood, Daniel A. Newman, M. Brent Donnellan, John C. Markowitz, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Emily B. Ansell, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Leslie C. Morey

Charles A. Sanislow, Ph.D.

Although stability and pervasive inflexibility are general criteria for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) personality disorders (PDs), borderline PD (BPD) is characterized by instability in several domains, including interpersonal behavior, affect, and identity. The authors hypothesized that such inconsistencies notable in BPD may relate to instability at the level of the basic personality traits that are associated with this disorder. Five types of personality trait stability across 4 assessments over 6 years were compared for BPD patients (N = 130 at first interval) and patients with other PDs (N = 302). Structural stability did ...


Ddasaccident708, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 2009

Ddasaccident708, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The 39-year-old [the Victim], a MACC member from Mozambique, died after an anti-tank mine exploded at approximately 8am yesterday in a minefield near Yeri, some 10 kilometres south-east of Nicosia.


Unemployment: September 2009, Eric D. Haberkorn, Ben J. Nielsen, Elizabeth M. Miller Oct 2009

Unemployment: September 2009, Eric D. Haberkorn, Ben J. Nielsen, Elizabeth M. Miller

G. R. Boynton's New Media and Politics

No abstract provided.


Ddasaccident646, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 2009

Ddasaccident646, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 11 Oct 2009 at 12:15 am while [the Victim] deminer was excavating a detected signal in his clearance lane, his bayonet hit top of an anti-personnel mine and caused it to go off. According to the investigation report, it seems that the deminer started the excavation drill directly from the centre of the detected signal by his bayonet and caused the mine to be exploded. The deminer had the PPE and visor but as the visor was not properly used so he got some superficial injuries on his face, eyes.


Ddasaccident641, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 2009

Ddasaccident641, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 10 Oct 2009 at 11:20 hrs when [the Victim] deminer was working in his clearance lane with a pickaxe that suddenly an explosion happened. As per investigation report the deminer was using pickaxe instead of bayonet because the ground surface was hard. He started to prepare a trench by pickaxe from second reading marker for further investigation of the signal, but there was a stone in close vicinity of pinpointed spot and the deminer wanted to remove it, so his pickaxe might touched the PMN mine or the stone put extra pressure on the mine and the explosion ...


Replacement For The 10 Page Paper? A Pilot Project Using Blogs And Wikis For A Collaborative Ebm Assignment In A 3rd Year Internal Medical Clerkship, Gary E. Kaplan, Mslis, Daniel G. Kipnis, Msi, Margy Grasberger, Ms, Karen Krasznavolgyi, Mls, Anothny J. Frisby, Phd, J. Jon Veloski, Ms, Jessica Salt, Md Oct 2009

Replacement For The 10 Page Paper? A Pilot Project Using Blogs And Wikis For A Collaborative Ebm Assignment In A 3rd Year Internal Medical Clerkship, Gary E. Kaplan, Mslis, Daniel G. Kipnis, Msi, Margy Grasberger, Ms, Karen Krasznavolgyi, Mls, Anothny J. Frisby, Phd, J. Jon Veloski, Ms, Jessica Salt, Md

Center for Teaching and Learning and Scott Memorial Library Staff Papers and Presentations

Objective Pilot a group assignment using blogs and wikis to develop evidence-based medicine skills in third year medical students on an internal medicine clerkship. Instead of the clerkship’s previous individual ten-page paper assignment, the students were divided into four groups of sixteen. During the clerkship, students are on geographically dispersed rotations. The earlier ten-page paper had required the students to complete a patient history and physical write-up. With the pilot project, each group was assigned a librarian and a physician faculty mentor. Each student recorded on the blog a clinical scenario and question they encountered. They were encouraged to ...


Ddasaccident613, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 2009

Ddasaccident613, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 04 Oct 2009 at 08:35 hrs when [the Victim] deminer was working on a signal in his clearance lane using a pickaxe, he hit the mine on its top and caused it to go off. According to the investigation report the ground surface was hard and the deminer was using the pick without informing his section leader with a wrong procedure for excavation of the detected signal, and caused the mine to be exploded. As a result of the accident, the involve deminer got superficial injures on his face and body.


The Construct Validity Of Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Emily B. Ansell, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow Oct 2009

The Construct Validity Of Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Emily B. Ansell, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow

Division III Faculty Publications

Although Passive Aggressive personality disorder (PAPD) plays an important role in many theories of personality pathology, it was consigned to the appendix of the fourth edition of the DSM. The scientific basis of this decision has been questioned, but several controversies persist regarding PAPD, including its structure, content validity, overlap with other PDs, and relations to validating variables such as personality traits, childhood experiences, and clinically relevant correlates. This study examined these facets of PAPD's construct validity in a large clinical sample. Results suggest that the construct is unidimensional, internally consistent, and reasonably stable. Furthermore, PAPD appears systematically related ...


The Convergent And Discriminant Validity Of Five-Factor Traits: Current And Prospective Social, Work, And Recreational Dysfunction, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Emily B. Ansell, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John C. Markowitz, John G. Gunderson, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol Oct 2009

The Convergent And Discriminant Validity Of Five-Factor Traits: Current And Prospective Social, Work, And Recreational Dysfunction, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Emily B. Ansell, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John C. Markowitz, John G. Gunderson, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol

Division III Faculty Publications

The convergent and discriminant validity of Five Factor Model (FFM) personality traits with concurrent and prospective social, work, and recreational dysfunction was assessed in a large, longitudinal clinical sample. Consistent with five factor theoretical expectations, neuroticism is broadly related to dysfunction across domains; extraversion is primarily related to social and recreational dysfunction; openness to recreational dysfunction; agreeableness to social dysfunction; and conscientiousness to work dysfunction. Findings support five factor theory and the clinical assessment of normative personality traits.


The Convergent And Discriminant Validity Of Five-Factor Traits: Current And Prospective Social, Work, And Recreational Dysfunction, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Emily B. Ansell, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John C. Markowitz, John G. Gunderson, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol Sep 2009

The Convergent And Discriminant Validity Of Five-Factor Traits: Current And Prospective Social, Work, And Recreational Dysfunction, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Emily B. Ansell, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John C. Markowitz, John G. Gunderson, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol

Charles A. Sanislow, Ph.D.

The convergent and discriminant validity of Five Factor Model (FFM) personality traits with concurrent and prospective social, work, and recreational dysfunction was assessed in a large, longitudinal clinical sample. Consistent with five factor theoretical expectations, neuroticism is broadly related to dysfunction across domains; extraversion is primarily related to social and recreational dysfunction; openness to recreational dysfunction; agreeableness to social dysfunction; and conscientiousness to work dysfunction. Findings support five factor theory and the clinical assessment of normative personality traits.


Ddasaccident701, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Sep 2009

Ddasaccident701, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

While the deminer was working in recovering one of the SMLs in Al Akaider 2 laid with 15 AP mines (M14) and after recovering 9 mines from the same SML and locating a signal in the predicted site for the 10th mine, the signal was strong and continuous which confused the deminer and there is no way to pin point an M14 mine at that area, the deminer start excavating the area from a depth for 40 cm using the heavy RAKE , the soil at that area hard that the deminer was using the RAKE in a hacking motion which ...


Ddasaccident670, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Sep 2009

Ddasaccident670, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

While the deminer was working in his lane by the end of the working day, he tried to move one AP (M35) mine partially covered in the ground against of the TL instructions using the light RAKE, the mine initiated 1.8 m away from the deminer and caused the wounds and the mentioned injures to the deminer that he wasn’t wearing the visor in the proper way


Ddasaccident657, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Sep 2009

Ddasaccident657, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 14 September 2009, a deminer of CBDT-06 was busy in his clearance lane, he detected an unknown device and informed his respective section leader who had 18 year demining experience to check it. The section leader took the device with his left hand from the clearance lane, he started to remove the soil from it, but in this time it was exploded and caused injuries to his left hand fingers. Unprofessional dealing with unknown device caused this accident.


Ddasaccident628, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Sep 2009

Ddasaccident628, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

Deminer was clearing the first 60 cm of one cluster heading toward the centre mine after he cleared the 1st 60 cm by one 1m width with no signals he moved his base stick a head to clear the next 60 cm, then he stepped on the area which considered to be cleared by the same deminer, accidently his foot went down due to the soil collapse under his foot (loose soil), the mine was in a depth of about 30 cm that when the deminer foot dived in the loosen soil he applied a pressure on the mine which ...


Personality Traits As Prospective Predictors Of Suicide Attempts, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Charles A. Sanislow, Andrew E. Skodol, Carlos M. Grilo, Maria O. Edelen, Robert L. Stout, Leslie C. Morey, Mary C. Zanarini, John C. Markowitz, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Maria T. Daversa, John G. Gunderson Sep 2009

Personality Traits As Prospective Predictors Of Suicide Attempts, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Charles A. Sanislow, Andrew E. Skodol, Carlos M. Grilo, Maria O. Edelen, Robert L. Stout, Leslie C. Morey, Mary C. Zanarini, John C. Markowitz, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Maria T. Daversa, John G. Gunderson

Division III Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: To examine higher order personality factors of negative affectivity (NA) and disinhibition (DIS), as well as lower order facets of impulsivity, as prospective predictors of suicide attempts in a predominantly personality disordered sample.

METHOD: Data were analyzed from 701 participants of the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study with available follow-up data for up to 7 years. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses was used to examine NA and DIS, and facets of impulsivity (e.g. urgency, lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation and sensation seeking), as prospective predictors of suicide attempts.

RESULTS: NA, DIS and all facets of impulsivity except ...


Personality Traits As Prospective Predictors Of Suicide Attempts, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Charles A. Sanislow, Andrew E. Skodol, Carlos M. Grilo, Maria O. Edelen, Robert L. Stout, Leslie C. Morey, Mary C. Zanarini, John C. Markowitz, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Maria T. Daversa, John G. Gunderson Aug 2009

Personality Traits As Prospective Predictors Of Suicide Attempts, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Charles A. Sanislow, Andrew E. Skodol, Carlos M. Grilo, Maria O. Edelen, Robert L. Stout, Leslie C. Morey, Mary C. Zanarini, John C. Markowitz, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Maria T. Daversa, John G. Gunderson

Charles A. Sanislow, Ph.D.

OBJECTIVE: To examine higher order personality factors of negative affectivity (NA) and disinhibition (DIS), as well as lower order facets of impulsivity, as prospective predictors of suicide attempts in a predominantly personality disordered sample.

METHOD: Data were analyzed from 701 participants of the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study with available follow-up data for up to 7 years. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses was used to examine NA and DIS, and facets of impulsivity (e.g. urgency, lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation and sensation seeking), as prospective predictors of suicide attempts.

RESULTS: NA, DIS and all facets of impulsivity except ...


Ddasaccident702, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 2009

Ddasaccident702, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 28 July 2009 at 08:10 hrs when Ahmed de-miner was working on a signal in his clearance lane by using a pickaxe instead of bayonet, he hit the mine on its top and caused it to go off. According to the investigation report the ground surface was uneven, hard and impossible to work in sitting position, so he has started to investigate the signal in standing position. This was the main reason of initiating mine and accident.


Ddasaccident649, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 2009

Ddasaccident649, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On 13 August 2009 at 07:15 am while [the victim] deminer was excavating a excavating a dog indication in an access lane, his pick touched on the top of PMN 2 anti-personnel mine and caused it to go off. According to the investigation report the deminer has used the pickaxe to investigate the signal found in dog indication instead of the bayonet and it seems as he used the pick directly on the top of signal, so hit the mine and caused the accident. From the location of injuries it seems the deminer has not used his PPE and ...


Ddasaccident642, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 2009

Ddasaccident642, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

While the deminer was clearing the lane from stones using the light rake he removed the stones not behind him but he conducted a violation of drill and he threw the stones to the left side of the safe lane and one of the stone hit the unknown mine 12 meters forward to the Syrian side at IOE to the contaminated area resulting mine blast.


Differential Impairment As An Indicator Of Sex Bias In Dsm-Iv Criteria For Four Personality Disorders., Christina D. Boggs, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, M. Tracie Shea, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Mary C. Zanarini, John G. Gunderson Aug 2009

Differential Impairment As An Indicator Of Sex Bias In Dsm-Iv Criteria For Four Personality Disorders., Christina D. Boggs, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, M. Tracie Shea, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Mary C. Zanarini, John G. Gunderson

Division III Faculty Publications

This reprinted article originally appeared in Psychological Assessment, 2005, Vol. 17, (No. 4), 492–496. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2005-16347-014.) The aim of the present study was to investigate the possibility of sex bias in the diagnostic criteria for borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, and obsessive–compulsive personality disorders. A clinical sample of 668 individuals was evaluated for personality disorder criteria using a semistructured interview, and areas of functional impairment were assessed with both self-report and semistructured interview. The authors used a regression model of bias to identify bias as differences in slopes or intercepts between ...