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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2009

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University of Kentucky

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Articles 1 - 30 of 53

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Impact Of Empire Expansion On Household Diet: The Inka In Northern Chile's Atacama Desert, Sheila Dorsey Vinton, Linda Perry, Karl J. Reinhard, Calogero M. Santoro, Isabel Teixeira-Santos Nov 2009

Impact Of Empire Expansion On Household Diet: The Inka In Northern Chile's Atacama Desert, Sheila Dorsey Vinton, Linda Perry, Karl J. Reinhard, Calogero M. Santoro, Isabel Teixeira-Santos

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The impact of expanding civilization on the health of American indigenous societies has long been studied. Most studies have focused on infections and malnutrition that occurred when less complex societies were incorporated into more complex civilizations. The details of dietary change, however, have rarely been explored. Using the analysis of starch residues recovered from coprolites, here we evaluate the dietary adaptations of indigenous farmers in northern Chile's Atacama Desert during the time that the Inka Empire incorporated these communities into their economic system. This system has been described as "complementarity" because it involves interaction and trade in goods produced ...


Analog To Digital: Photography Copyright Then And Now, Kopana Terry Nov 2009

Analog To Digital: Photography Copyright Then And Now, Kopana Terry

Library Presentations

No abstract provided.


Ethnic Disparities In Cervical Cancer Survival Among Texas Women, Ann L. Coker, Christopher P. Desimone, Katherine S. Eggleston, Arica L. White, Melanie Williams Oct 2009

Ethnic Disparities In Cervical Cancer Survival Among Texas Women, Ann L. Coker, Christopher P. Desimone, Katherine S. Eggleston, Arica L. White, Melanie Williams

CRVAW Faculty Journal Articles

Objective: The aim of this work was to determine whether minority women are more likely to die of cervical cancer. A population-based cohort study was performed using Texas Cancer Registry (TCR) data from 1998 to 2002.

Methods: A total of 5,166 women with cervical cancer were identified during 1998–2002 through the TCR. Measures of socioeconomic status (SES) and urbanization were created using census block group-level data. Multilevel logistic regression was used to calculate the odds of dying from cervical cancer by race, and Cox proportional hazards modeling was used for cervical cancer-specific survival analysis.

Results: After adjusting for ...


Estimates Of The Costs And Benefits Of Expanding The Early Childhood Education Program In Kentucky, Christopher Jepsen, Kenneth R. Troske, Casey Brasher Oct 2009

Estimates Of The Costs And Benefits Of Expanding The Early Childhood Education Program In Kentucky, Christopher Jepsen, Kenneth R. Troske, Casey Brasher

CBER Research Report

Excerpt from the executive summary:

Kentucky officials are being encouraged to expand the availability of Kentucky’s state-funded preschool program. The current program restricts eligibility to three- and four-year-old students with disabilities and four-year-old students with family incomes up to 150 percent of the federal poverty level.


Mission (Almost) Impossible: Effective Management Of Busy Circulation Departments, Terri Brown, Jennifer A. Bartlett Oct 2009

Mission (Almost) Impossible: Effective Management Of Busy Circulation Departments, Terri Brown, Jennifer A. Bartlett

Library Presentations

No abstract provided.


Violence And Women's Mental Health: The Pain Unequalled, Part Two, Carol E. Jordan Oct 2009

Violence And Women's Mental Health: The Pain Unequalled, Part Two, Carol E. Jordan

Office for Policy Studies on Violence Against Women Publications

No abstract provided.


Eliza Atkins Gleason, Ruth Hill Jones, And Della Jones, Reinette F. Jones, Linda Kompanik, Wayne Onkst Oct 2009

Eliza Atkins Gleason, Ruth Hill Jones, And Della Jones, Reinette F. Jones, Linda Kompanik, Wayne Onkst

Library Faculty and Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Herding Ejournals & Ebooks, Stephanie N. Aken Sep 2009

Herding Ejournals & Ebooks, Stephanie N. Aken

Library Presentations

No abstract provided.


Economic Stress And Domestic Violence, Claire M. Renzetti Sep 2009

Economic Stress And Domestic Violence, Claire M. Renzetti

CRVAW Faculty Research Reports and Papers

The severe economic recession that began in December 2007 has renewed interest in the relationship between economic stress and domestic violence (DV). Although analyses of current financial statistics in relation to reported DV incidents have yet to be completed, a sizable body of research that examines various economic indicators provides a framework for understanding how economic stress may contribute to DV. At the same time, available research indicates that DV may also produce financial hardship for DV victims. This paper reviews the research on the reciprocal economic stressóDV relationship, focusing in particular on employment issues; social support networks; physical and ...


Sexuality And Persons With Down Syndrome. A Study From Brazil, Bruna Marques Bononi, Maria José Carvalho Sant'anna, André Chao Vasconcellos De Oliveira, Tadeu Silveira Renattini, Carla Franchi Pinto, Maria Lúcia Passarelli, Verônica Coates, Hatim A. Omar Sep 2009

Sexuality And Persons With Down Syndrome. A Study From Brazil, Bruna Marques Bononi, Maria José Carvalho Sant'anna, André Chao Vasconcellos De Oliveira, Tadeu Silveira Renattini, Carla Franchi Pinto, Maria Lúcia Passarelli, Verônica Coates, Hatim A. Omar

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

In recent years, important gains and changes have been observed in the life of teenagers with Down syndrome (DS) with increased inclusion into society. This review will discuss adolescence and sexuality in teenagers with DS from a descriptive study of 50 patients with DS between the ages of 10 and 20 years. The mean age was 13.5 years, 50% females; 86% went to school with 62.2% in school for over six years. Of the patients that attended school, 60% went to special education school and only 10% read and wrote correctly. In an evaluation of autonomy, 66% took ...


Hoops And Horses: Innovative Approaches To Oral History In A Digital Environment, Douglas A. Boyd Sep 2009

Hoops And Horses: Innovative Approaches To Oral History In A Digital Environment, Douglas A. Boyd

Library Faculty and Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Distribution Of News Information Through Social Bookmarking: An Examination Of Shared Stories In The Delicious Website, Deborah S. Chung, Kwan Yi Sep 2009

Distribution Of News Information Through Social Bookmarking: An Examination Of Shared Stories In The Delicious Website, Deborah S. Chung, Kwan Yi

Journalism and Media Faculty Publications

Introduction. This study examined the selection and sharing of news stories from Delicious, a popular social bookmarking site, in order to identify the most frequently consulted news information sources and news topics.

Method. Targeting US-specific sources through initial computer screening of URLs, we employed content analysis to further analyse story topics and sources that were unclassified through the initial computer screening method.

Analysis. After examining frequencies and percentages of the variables, a qualitative analysis was employed to assess relationships between story sources and story topics.

Results. Findings document the diverse nature of stories from both traditional and new media channels ...


Violence And Women's Mental Health: The Pain Unequalled, Part One, Carol E. Jordan Jul 2009

Violence And Women's Mental Health: The Pain Unequalled, Part One, Carol E. Jordan

Office for Policy Studies on Violence Against Women Publications

No abstract provided.


Objective And Subjective Residential Context And Urban Children’S Weight Status And Physical And Sedentary Activities, Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Sara Mclanahan Jul 2009

Objective And Subjective Residential Context And Urban Children’S Weight Status And Physical And Sedentary Activities, Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Sara Mclanahan

University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research Discussion Paper Series

This paper fills this gap by addressing two research questions: first, we ask, are the activity patterns (outdoor play and television watching) of five-year-old children living in large cities associated with children’s weight status? Second, we ask, is residential context, and neighborhood safety in particular, associated with children’s activity patterns? Consistent with past research, we find that outdoor play is negatively associated with weight status, while television watching is positively associated with weight status. We also find, unexpectedly, that the poorest children are playing outdoors the most and watching the most television. Finally, we find that three measures ...


Southeastern Law Librarian Summer/Fall 2009, Seaall Jul 2009

Southeastern Law Librarian Summer/Fall 2009, Seaall

Newsletters

No abstract provided.


File Formats 101, Kathryn Lybarger Jul 2009

File Formats 101, Kathryn Lybarger

Library Presentations

No abstract provided.


Race Disparities In Birth Outcomes In The U.S. South And The Rest Of The Nation, Lenna Nepomnyaschy Jul 2009

Race Disparities In Birth Outcomes In The U.S. South And The Rest Of The Nation, Lenna Nepomnyaschy

University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research Discussion Paper Series

There are well-documented and as yet unexplained disparities in birth outcomes by race in the United States, even after controlling for socioeconomic status. This paper examines the sources of disparities in low birth weight between blacks and whites in the U.S., by focusing on differences in disparities between two very distinct geographic areas, the Deep South and the rest of the country. Two findings from prior research drive the analyses: First, health overall is worse in the Deep South states; Second, race disparities are smaller in the Deep South than in the rest of the nation. A number of ...


[Review Of] The Eloquent Shakespeare: A Pronouncing Dictionary For The Complete Dramatic Works With Notes To Untie The Modern Tongue, Robert A. Aken Jul 2009

[Review Of] The Eloquent Shakespeare: A Pronouncing Dictionary For The Complete Dramatic Works With Notes To Untie The Modern Tongue, Robert A. Aken

Library Faculty and Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Housing Affordability In Lexington, Kentucky, Christopher Jepsen, Kenneth R. Troske, Nola Ogunro Jun 2009

Housing Affordability In Lexington, Kentucky, Christopher Jepsen, Kenneth R. Troske, Nola Ogunro

CBER Research Report

Excerpt from the executive summary:

The rapid rise in housing prices that occurred between 1990 and 2006 led many communities, including Lexington, Kentucky, to become concerned about whether individuals who hold “typical” jobs—such as teachers and police officers—could continue to live in the communities where they worked. Unfortunately, given the lack of recent detailed studies examining the affordability of housing in Fayette County (which contains Lexington), it is hard to know whether concerns about affordable housing are justified. In response to this lack of information, the Home Builders Association of Lexington and the Lexington-Bluegrass Association of Realtors (LBAR ...


Opportunities For Comparative Research In Public Health Pbrns : A Baseline Analysis Of Local Practice Settings, Glen P. Mays, Sharla A. Smith, Elaine B. Wootten, Sylvia J. Porchia Jun 2009

Opportunities For Comparative Research In Public Health Pbrns : A Baseline Analysis Of Local Practice Settings, Glen P. Mays, Sharla A. Smith, Elaine B. Wootten, Sylvia J. Porchia

Health Management and Policy Presentations

This analysis describes the organizational and operational characteristics of local public health agencies participating in an initial cohort of five (5) public health PBRNs in the U.S. We examine variation in practice settings within and between PBRNs; compare practice settings to state and national norms; and identify opportunities for comparative research that can be conducted through PBRNs.


Externalities In The Classroom: How Children Exposed To Domestic Violence Affect Everyone’S Kids, Scott E. Carrell, Mark L. Hoekstra Jun 2009

Externalities In The Classroom: How Children Exposed To Domestic Violence Affect Everyone’S Kids, Scott E. Carrell, Mark L. Hoekstra

University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research Discussion Paper Series

There is widespread perception that externalities from troubled children are significant, though measuring them is difficult due to data and methodological limitations. We estimate the negative spillovers caused by children from troubled families by exploiting a unique data set in which children’s school records are matched to domestic violence cases. We find that children from troubled families significantly decrease their peers’ reading and math test scores and increase misbehavior in the classroom. The achievement spillovers are robust to within-family differences and when controlling for school-by-year effects, providing strong evidence that neither selection nor common shocks are driving the results.


Information Remix: Meeting Service Challenges In A Self Service Environment, Antoinette Paris Greider May 2009

Information Remix: Meeting Service Challenges In A Self Service Environment, Antoinette Paris Greider

Library Presentations

No abstract provided.


Characteristics Of Japanese Block Printed Books In The Edo Period: 1603 – 1867, Kazuko Hioki May 2009

Characteristics Of Japanese Block Printed Books In The Edo Period: 1603 – 1867, Kazuko Hioki

Library Presentations

No abstract provided.


Down From The Mountain: Skill Upgrading And Wages In Appalachia, Christopher Bollinger, James P. Ziliak, Kenneth R. Troske May 2009

Down From The Mountain: Skill Upgrading And Wages In Appalachia, Christopher Bollinger, James P. Ziliak, Kenneth R. Troske

University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research Discussion Paper Series

Despite evidence that skilled labor is increasingly concentrated in cities, whether regional wage inequality is predominantly due to differences in skill levels or returns is unknown. We compare Appalachia, with its wide mix of urban and rural areas, to other parts of the U.S., and find that gaps in both skill levels and returns account for the lack of high wage male workers. For women, skill shortages are important across the distribution. Because rural wage gaps are insignificant, our results suggest that widening wage inequality between Appalachia and the rest of the U.S. owes to a shortage of ...


Developing An Intranet Resource To Compile And Disseminate Animal Welfare Information For Library Liaisons, Frank Davis, Rick Brewer, Valerie Perry May 2009

Developing An Intranet Resource To Compile And Disseminate Animal Welfare Information For Library Liaisons, Frank Davis, Rick Brewer, Valerie Perry

Library Presentations

The project’s goal is to create and maintain a comprehensive database containing subject-specific information. The information is used to serve as a key resource for grant support and enhance the ethical treatment of animals.

A library Intranet allows librarian liaisons to conduct database searches and prepare customized reports for campus researchers. EndNote software is utilized, due to a campus site license.


Southeastern Law Librarian Spring 2009, Seaall Apr 2009

Southeastern Law Librarian Spring 2009, Seaall

Newsletters

No abstract provided.


The Digitization Of Historic Newspapers On Microfilm: The Kentucky Experience, Kopana Terry Apr 2009

The Digitization Of Historic Newspapers On Microfilm: The Kentucky Experience, Kopana Terry

Library Faculty and Staff Publications

As the Kentucky representative in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), the University of Kentucky Libraries Preservation and Digital Programs (UKPDP) team has worked extensively with historic newspaper digitization from microfilm over the last four years, using both an in-house production methodology and vendor resources. With more than 50 years experience with microfilming newspapers added to that, UKPDP is well versed with issues related to historic newspapers on microfilm. "Digitizing historic newspapers from microfilm" may sound as if all the work lies in the mechanics of digitization. Our experience tells us otherwise. If the digital surrogates are to be an ...


Advancing The Study Of Violence Against Women: Evolving Research Agendas Into Science, Carol E. Jordan Apr 2009

Advancing The Study Of Violence Against Women: Evolving Research Agendas Into Science, Carol E. Jordan

Office for Policy Studies on Violence Against Women Publications

Decades of research produced by multiple disciplines has documented withering rates of violence against women in the United States and around the globe. To further an understanding of gendered violence, a field of research has developed, but recent critiques have highlighted weaknesses that inhibit a full scientific exploration of these crimes and their impacts. This review extends beyond prior reviews to explore the field’s unique challenges, its community of scientists, and the state of its written knowledge. The review argues for moving beyond “research agendas” and proposes creation of a transdisciplinary science for the field of study of violence ...


Advancing The Study Of Violence Against Women: Response To Commentaries And Next Steps, Carol E. Jordan Apr 2009

Advancing The Study Of Violence Against Women: Response To Commentaries And Next Steps, Carol E. Jordan

Office for Policy Studies on Violence Against Women Publications

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Poor Quality Of Life On Adolescents In Rural Kentucky: A Brief Report, Hatim A. Omar, Søren Ventegodt, Joav Merrick Apr 2009

Impact Of Poor Quality Of Life On Adolescents In Rural Kentucky: A Brief Report, Hatim A. Omar, Søren Ventegodt, Joav Merrick

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

In many rural areas in Kentucky, adolescents lack the basic assets for a good quality of life, such as having caring adults, a safe place and useful activities after school. Methods: Analysis of data from middle and high school students referred to a comprehensive school based health promotion center (SBHPC). Results: From august 2006 to February 2008, a total of 382 students (200 female, 182 male, aged 12-18 years) were referred to the SBHPC for help. Only two (0.5%) students had two parents living with them and 12 (3.1%) had safe, organized after school activities. 19.9% of ...