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Articles 31 - 60 of 115

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Social Workers Helping To Put Out The Fire : How Do Combination Fire Department Employees Work Through Occupational Stress?, Lisa Anne Rudge Aug 2009

Social Workers Helping To Put Out The Fire : How Do Combination Fire Department Employees Work Through Occupational Stress?, Lisa Anne Rudge

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This project was conducted to explore co-relational patterns between occupational stressors, coping skills, and self care practices among combination fire department employees. This population is defined as being one in which has minimal full-time coverage and relies on on-call groups during the evening and early hours of the day to respond to fire suppression and/or medically related 911 emergency calls. This qualitative study included ten participants from the New England area who all identified as being over the age of eighteen, identified as male, and could speak and read English fluently. Participants were asked to respond to demographic questions ...


A Critical Examination Of The Theoretical And Empirical Overlap Between Overt Narcissism And Male Narcissism And Between Covert Narcissism And Female Narcissism, Lydia Onofrei Aug 2009

A Critical Examination Of The Theoretical And Empirical Overlap Between Overt Narcissism And Male Narcissism And Between Covert Narcissism And Female Narcissism, Lydia Onofrei

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Within the past twenty years, there has been a proliferation of empirical research seeking to distinguish between overt and covert types of narcissism and to elucidate the differences between narcissistic pathology among men and women, yet these two areas of research have largely been carried out independently of one another in spite of clinical observations suggesting a relationship between them. This project was undertaken to systematically examine whether an overlap exists between the clinical category of overt narcissism and male/masculine narcissism, or between the category of covert narcissism and female/feminine narcissism. Secondly, it sought to elaborate on areas ...


How Does Family Support Affect Adjudicated Adolescent Girls' Experiences In A Residential Treatment Facility, Lindsay Pepin Aug 2009

How Does Family Support Affect Adjudicated Adolescent Girls' Experiences In A Residential Treatment Facility, Lindsay Pepin

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This article presents findings from a qualitative study exploring how family support affects adjudicated adolescent girls' experiences in a residential treatment facility. The perspectives of nine professionals working with this population were gathered using an online survey that collected demographic data and open-ended questions. Data analysis was conducted using a grounded theory method and ten themes were identified: support by biological relative, support by non-biological relative, appropriateness/effectiveness of treatment, dependent on behaviors, face-to-face contact, non-face-to-face contact, socioeconomic reasons, personal reasons, negative effect on behavior, and positive effect on behavior. Implications for practice are discussed, in addition to recommendations for ...


Living In A Context Of New Knowledge : An Exploration Of The Experience Of Young Adults Transitioning From Cancer Patient To Survivor, Zpora Ruth Perry Aug 2009

Living In A Context Of New Knowledge : An Exploration Of The Experience Of Young Adults Transitioning From Cancer Patient To Survivor, Zpora Ruth Perry

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This is a qualitative study exploring the experience of young adults diagnosed with cancer as they transition from active treatment to full-time survivorship. The question on which this study is based is: What was this transition like logistically, emotionally, and relationally for those who have gone through it, in particular for young adults? This study was undertaken to identify if this was a significant transition and what support is needed through the process; implications for social work practice are included. One-on-one interviews were conducted with twelve participants who were between the ages of 18 and 35, within two years of ...


Circle : A Relationship-Based Dialogic Approach To Growing Out Of Racism : A Project Based Upon An Investigtion With The Partnership For Latino Success, Leominister, Massachusetts, Kristin Elaine Pinto-Wilson Aug 2009

Circle : A Relationship-Based Dialogic Approach To Growing Out Of Racism : A Project Based Upon An Investigtion With The Partnership For Latino Success, Leominister, Massachusetts, Kristin Elaine Pinto-Wilson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was undertaken to discover whether Circle could be used to foster individual and collective transformation regarding issues of racism. The director for the Partnership for Latino Success designed and implemented a dialogue series called "Changing the World by Changing Ourselves" for individuals to engage in a Circle journey about racism in daily life, relationships, and the community. The dialogues focused on microaggressions, relearning relationships and engaging in meaningful collaborations, and removing shame and blame from social change efforts. This researcher engaged in the dialogue series as a participant/observer and interviewed eight individuals who participated in at least ...


An Exploration Of Diferences In Childhood Maltreatment Between Violent And Non-Violent Male Juvenile Delinquents, And, Childhood Maltreatment And Its Effects On Male Delinquent Crime : Physical Neglect Trumps All, Caroline Irene Robertson Aug 2009

An Exploration Of Diferences In Childhood Maltreatment Between Violent And Non-Violent Male Juvenile Delinquents, And, Childhood Maltreatment And Its Effects On Male Delinquent Crime : Physical Neglect Trumps All, Caroline Irene Robertson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Violent crime is a significant economic (Corso, Mercy, Simon, Finkelstein, and Miller, 2007) and public health problem (Krug, Mercy, Dahlberg, and Zwi, 2002) in the United States. Although adults commit the bulk of this nation's violent crime, juveniles contribute significantly to violent crime in the United States; juveniles committed twelve percent of all violent crimes in 2004 (Snyder, 2006). Although there are many individual and family characteristics that predispose juveniles to commit violent acts (Farrington, 1989; Howard and Jenson, 1999; Saner and Ellickson, 1996; Sherline, Skipper, and Broadhead, 1994; Stone and Dover, 2007), a potentially significant influence on later ...


The Experience Of Latinas Attending Predominately White Colleges, Yolanda Ramos Aug 2009

The Experience Of Latinas Attending Predominately White Colleges, Yolanda Ramos

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study sought to gain an overall understanding of the experiences of Latinas that attend predominately white institutions (PWI). The research question explored was: What are the experiences that contribute to persistence, defined as continuing toward degree completion, for Latinas that attend PWI? Seven Latina students participated in each focus group conducted at two small, predominately White, liberal arts colleges in the Northeast. Participants were asked questions about their general college experiences, persistence experiences, family experiences, coping strategies, and recommendations. The study findings for Latinas attending PWI included beneficial and challenging experiences. Sharing their culture with others, being role models ...


The Necessity Of "Conflict Transformation" In Approaches To Psychosocial Interventions, Kay Naito Aug 2009

The Necessity Of "Conflict Transformation" In Approaches To Psychosocial Interventions, Kay Naito

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This theoretical study examines the psychosocial discourse in humanitarian aid. International humanitarian assistance through psychosocial interventions is now common in complex emergencies – the context that emerges from war and violent conflict that is unique to the contemporary era of globalization. Humanitarian assistance aims to meet the needs of war-affected communities, alleviate suffering, remove barriers to health and development, quell cycles of violence, work towards long-term benefits, and maintain the core principle of 'do no harm' at the center of its moral intentions. Lively ethical, medical and cultural debates have contributed to the development of a wide range of different approaches ...


The Role Of Narrative Therapy Techniques In Fostering Parent Self-Efficacy, Shoshana M. Narva Aug 2009

The Role Of Narrative Therapy Techniques In Fostering Parent Self-Efficacy, Shoshana M. Narva

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore whether narrative therapy techniques helped to foster self-efficacy in the context of parent education. In particular this researcher was interested in whether utilizing a narrative approach while facilitating a parent education class would result in parents feeling more confident in their abilities as parents then in a parent education class utilizing a different pedagogy. Two focus groups were held with two parent education groups, two interviews were conducted each with one facilitator from each parenting group and a pre- and post- parent self-efficacy measure was given at the beginning and at the ...


The Experience Of Social Workers Who Use Thought Field Therapy Or Emotional Freedom Technique, Tara Nicotra Aug 2009

The Experience Of Social Workers Who Use Thought Field Therapy Or Emotional Freedom Technique, Tara Nicotra

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This thesis explores social workers' experiences with their use of Thought Field Therapy (TFT) and Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) with their clients. These techniques, which are also known as tapping, involve tapping one's own fingers in a specific sequence on specific points on the body while tuning into undesired feelings in an effort to eliminate feelings of distress. For this study, I conducted semi-structured interviews with twelve clinical social workers. The study participants had been practicing either EFT or TFT for an average of eight years, with three years being the least amount of time that a participant had ...


Influence Of A Multidimensional Model Of Antiracism Training On White Clinicians Positive Self-Regard, White Privilege Attitudes And Social Identity Development, Mareike Noel Muszynski Aug 2009

Influence Of A Multidimensional Model Of Antiracism Training On White Clinicians Positive Self-Regard, White Privilege Attitudes And Social Identity Development, Mareike Noel Muszynski

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

A mixed-methods evaluation of a racism training examined whether education about a social identity development model predicated on critical race theory influenced white clinicians' attitudes regarding white privilege, level of positive self-regard, and attempted to explore how participants processed their social identity development in a follow up questionnaire. Fourteen self-identifying white clinicians completed pre and post surveys the day of a two and half hour work-shop based training. Five of those participants went on to complete the final survey including qualitative questions regarding their identity development. White privilege attitudes were measured by the White Privilege Attitudes Scale (WPAS; Pinterits, Poteat ...


Free To Act Any Way He Wanted : Male Gender Identity And Professional Wrestling, Daniel Sarnat Millman Aug 2009

Free To Act Any Way He Wanted : Male Gender Identity And Professional Wrestling, Daniel Sarnat Millman

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This theoretical study explores professional wrestling as a performance of masculinity. After briefly outlining what American professional wrestling is, and why its study is highly relevant to the field of social work, this study considers how professional wrestling may meet needs of its male fans related to their experiences of gender identity development. This study draws on Sharon Mazer's work of conceptualizing professional wrestling as a performance of masculinity. It draws on a body of feminist, postmodern, psychoanalytic theory which critiques the notion of gender as a binary, essential, and biologically determined category, and asserts that each person's ...


Therapist As Client : Revisiting The Idea Of Clinicians In Therapy, Laura Elisabeth Mowrey Aug 2009

Therapist As Client : Revisiting The Idea Of Clinicians In Therapy, Laura Elisabeth Mowrey

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The subject of graduate students undergoing their own therapeutic process in order to become more competent clinicians is a subject of much debate in the literature. There is evidence to suggest both benefits and risks to clinicians undergoing the therapeutic process. This study was undertaken to further explore how clinicians perceive their own mental health, if they have been in therapy previously, found it to be helpful, or unhelpful, and if they think that personal therapy should be a requirement for graduate students who are studying to be clinicians. This was a mixed methods study, which was exploratory in nature ...


Supporting Father Involvement Project : From Research To Action : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At University Of California, Berkeley, Yale University Child Study Center And Smith College School For Social Work, Katherine Lindsay Mcdonnell Aug 2009

Supporting Father Involvement Project : From Research To Action : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At University Of California, Berkeley, Yale University Child Study Center And Smith College School For Social Work, Katherine Lindsay Mcdonnell

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was undertaken to determine the most effective dissemination strategies used by the Supporting Father Involvement's (SFI) Project Directors to encourage Partner Agencies to adopt father friendliness and the SFI curriculum into their family resource centers (FRC) in five pilot California counties. This qualitative study aims to inform SFI's investigators about what works in dissemination approaches for a social service intervention, and what hinders those efforts. Sponsored by the California Office for Child Abuse Prevention (OCAP), the Supporting Father Involvement Project (SFI) is the first randomized clinical trial demonstrating that strengthening the couple as parents and partners ...


Having Our Say : Stressors And Readjustment Issues Of Veterans Of The Wars In Iraq And Afghanistan From The Perspective Of Loved Ones, Karen Davis Mcginty Aug 2009

Having Our Say : Stressors And Readjustment Issues Of Veterans Of The Wars In Iraq And Afghanistan From The Perspective Of Loved Ones, Karen Davis Mcginty

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study explores the stressors and readjustment issues experienced by veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, from the perspective of loved ones. A review of the literature on veterans' experiences is vast; however there is little literature that discusses the stressors from the perspective of a loved one. This study examines the "common" post-combat stressors, psychosocial issues, and mental illnesses impacting combat veterans in the words and observations of those closest to them. Twelve loved ones of veterans of the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan participated in this study, providing narrative data based on their veterans ...


Lovers Without Borders : Self-Reflections On The Relationships Of Cross-National And Cross-Cultural Couples Of Korean Women Partnered With North American Non-Asian Men, Omer Astar Mendelson Aug 2009

Lovers Without Borders : Self-Reflections On The Relationships Of Cross-National And Cross-Cultural Couples Of Korean Women Partnered With North American Non-Asian Men, Omer Astar Mendelson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how couples, composed of a Korean woman and a non-Asian North American man, who are in long-term relationship, perceive the challenges and benefits of their relationship, and to gain an understanding of how they negotiate, interweave and construct their relationship. Six intermarried couples, where the female partner had been born and was raised primarily in Korea, and the male partner came from the United States were interviewed. Special emphasis was placed on how the woman's experiences of migration, including loss and adaptation to a new culture, have affected her and ...


Racial And Ethnocultural Considerations In The Treatment Of Combat Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder With Servicemembers And Veterans Of Color, Nada Michael Aug 2009

Racial And Ethnocultural Considerations In The Treatment Of Combat Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder With Servicemembers And Veterans Of Color, Nada Michael

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Research from past wars has shown that veterans of color have significantly higher rates of PTSD than their white counterparts and a higher prevalence over their lifetime. Studies have sought to explain these differences and have found that while there are perhaps no racial genetic predispositions to the development of PTSD, ethno-cultural factors which are often associated with race play a significant role in the etiology and treatment of PTSD and therefore are important to consider when working with this population. This purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which clinicians who work with servicemembers and veterans ...


Establishing The Core Self And Its Significance Developmentally : A Qualitative Exploration Of The Relationship Between Achieving Self Cohesion And Entrance Into Adulthood, Joseph James Lacy Aug 2009

Establishing The Core Self And Its Significance Developmentally : A Qualitative Exploration Of The Relationship Between Achieving Self Cohesion And Entrance Into Adulthood, Joseph James Lacy

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between achieving self cohesion and the transition into adulthood. Arnett (1998, 2000, 2004) has introduced a developmental stage which is neither adolescence nor adulthood, emerging adulthood, during which identity exploration is occurring. This exploration involves the questioning of one's worldviews, relationships and career path. As this discovery evolves one becomes more committed within these areas resulting with a cohesive self. Drawing from Erik Erikson's (1950, 1968) psychosocial stages of development and James Marcia's (2002) identity development model this thesis will explore identity development and the entrance into ...


An Exploratory Study Of Transracial Adoptions : African American Perspectives, Tarn Carolyn Martin Aug 2009

An Exploratory Study Of Transracial Adoptions : African American Perspectives, Tarn Carolyn Martin

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was undertaken to determine if what the National Association of Black Social Workers states; that African American children raised by Caucasian adults are at risk for being outcast by the African American community. The NABSW believes that transracial adoptees are not able to develop a healthy sense of self when raised by Caucasians. For this study I interviewed 8 participants who identify as African American who were between the ages of 18-47. The participants were asked a series of questions in regards to their development and how they have fared being raised by Caucasian parents. Most of the ...


"It's A Common Belief That People Who See A Therapist Or Psychologist Are Crazy" : A Study Of Mental Health Care In Wyoming, Julie Anne Joy Aug 2009

"It's A Common Belief That People Who See A Therapist Or Psychologist Are Crazy" : A Study Of Mental Health Care In Wyoming, Julie Anne Joy

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was undertaken to highlight the barriers to mental health treatment, and the innovations combating these barriers for men in the state of Wyoming. Chapter I provides foundational information regarding the state of Wyoming and the current mental health and substance abuse treatment services available. Chapter II is a comprehensive examination of the rural mental health literature. Chapter III focuses on mental health treatment gaps in Wyoming, and the feedback received at the state level from providers and consumers. Innovative approaches to bridging the gaps in treatment in Wyoming and the Western United States region are described. The Discussion ...


A Follow-Up Study Exploring The Transformative Effects Of Wilderness Therapy On Adolescents With Histories Of Trauma : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At Catherine Freer Wilderness Therapy Programs, Albany, Oregon, George Carter Herrity Aug 2009

A Follow-Up Study Exploring The Transformative Effects Of Wilderness Therapy On Adolescents With Histories Of Trauma : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At Catherine Freer Wilderness Therapy Programs, Albany, Oregon, George Carter Herrity

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This quantitative, quasi-experimental study examined 57 adolescents, ages 13 to 18, who attended the Catherine Freer Wilderness Therapy Program 21-day trek. The program is based in Albany, Oregon. The purpose of this study was to conduct a follow-up to Ganapol's (2008) study in order to further assess the treatment modality, wilderness therapy, through the lens of trauma. More specifically, this study focused on wilderness therapy's potential to act as a transformative experience for adolescents with histories of trauma. For use in this research, the phenomenological term, transformative experience, corresponds to a decrease in trauma symptomatology, an increase in ...


Stuck In The Sibling Relationship : Growing Up With A Sibling With A Serious Mental Illness And How Intimate Relationships Later In Life May Be Affected, Laura Pereira Jacinto Aug 2009

Stuck In The Sibling Relationship : Growing Up With A Sibling With A Serious Mental Illness And How Intimate Relationships Later In Life May Be Affected, Laura Pereira Jacinto

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This theoretical study examines the experience of growing up with a sibling with a serious mental illness and how this phenomenon may then affect intimate relationships later in life. Theoretical perspectives of both trauma theory and object relations theory are applied to this phenomenon and how it affects the well siblings. Findings of the current study suggest that individuals internalize aspects of this early relationship and also internalize aspects of the relationship with their parents who are focusing so much care and attention on the mentally ill sibling. Patterns of maladaptive relationships may then continue to occur in the future ...


Engaging Fathers : Examining Social Service Agency Father-Friendliness And Its Relationships With Father Involvement, Cole Douglas Hooley Aug 2009

Engaging Fathers : Examining Social Service Agency Father-Friendliness And Its Relationships With Father Involvement, Cole Douglas Hooley

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Social scientists have become increasingly interested over the past 30 years in the role fathers play in child development. As a result, a large bank of research has been accumulated; however, one area in this literature which remains understudied is the relationships between agency father friendliness and father involvement. This paper is one attempt to understand the intricacies of the interchange point between fathers and agencies by using longitudinal data collected by the Supporting Father Involvement study, specifically examining the associations between father involvement and father friendliness, as well as the relationships among the various components of agency father friendliness ...


An Exploratory Study Of Clinicians' Understanding Of Children's Non-Traditional Toy Choice And Parents' Concerns, Lindsay Britt Jamieson Aug 2009

An Exploratory Study Of Clinicians' Understanding Of Children's Non-Traditional Toy Choice And Parents' Concerns, Lindsay Britt Jamieson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This exploratory qualitative study investigated clinicians' understanding of children's non-traditional toy choices and parents' concerns. The study explored parents' concerns regarding toy choices, clinicians' understanding of non-traditional toy choices and parents' concerns, and clinicians' responses to parents who are concerned about toy choice. Ten clinicians with two or more year of experience were recruited through snowball sampling in New England. Participation involved semi-structured interviews with questions related to their clinical experiences, understandings, assessments, and personal opinions related to toy choice for children. Results indicated that clinicians had cases where non-traditional toy selection developed as an issue during session. Further ...


Childhood Sexual Abuse And Lesbian Coming Out Process, Amy Kirsztajn Aug 2009

Childhood Sexual Abuse And Lesbian Coming Out Process, Amy Kirsztajn

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study sought to look at whether being sexually abused during childhood has an affect on the coming out process for lesbian women. Using Morris' (1997) model of coming out as a reference, themes of trust around coming out, timing of homosexual self-awareness and the double stigma of being abused and identifying as a lesbian were explored. This qualitative study involved 7 semi-structured interviews of women who were over the age of 25, had been sexually abused before the age of 15 and currently identify as lesbian. Due to the lack of time and sensitive subject matter the small sample ...


The Effects Of Oncology Social Workers Involvement On Cancer Patients' Decisions About End-Of-Life Care, Amy Y. Kwan Aug 2009

The Effects Of Oncology Social Workers Involvement On Cancer Patients' Decisions About End-Of-Life Care, Amy Y. Kwan

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this study is to explore oncology social workers' level of involvement with cancer patients in a hospital setting and the effects this involvement might have on cancer patients' end-of-life care decisions. Ten oncology social workers were recruited through a snowball sampling process. They completed demographic questionnaires and participated in semi-structured interviews. The narrative data was studied for prominent themes using thematic analysis. The findings underscored the importance of early social workers' involvement with cancer patients to provide guidance, support, and address emotional aspects of their cancer experiences. This study also notes that each cancer type follows a ...


The Air That I Breathe : How Buddhist Practice Supports Psychotherapists In The Midst Of Vicarious Trauma And Burnout, Simone Lichty Aug 2009

The Air That I Breathe : How Buddhist Practice Supports Psychotherapists In The Midst Of Vicarious Trauma And Burnout, Simone Lichty

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study sought to explore whether Buddhist practice is supportive to psychotherapists at risk for developing burnout and vicarious trauma. Eleven psychotherapists, practicing within the Shambhala Buddhist tradition, were interviewed. They were asked to reflect upon the risks and benefits of their clinical work and their work environments. Participants were Masters level clinicians from a range of professional backgrounds, with caseloads including at least three individuals with a trauma history. Participants identified inspiring aspects of their work, as well as aspects of their work they find discouraging or stressful. Participants were asked how they cope with work related stressors ...


Narrative Approaches To Recovery-Oriented Psychotherapy With Individuals With Schizophrenia, Michelle Hart Marlowe Aug 2009

Narrative Approaches To Recovery-Oriented Psychotherapy With Individuals With Schizophrenia, Michelle Hart Marlowe

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This theoretical study examines narrative approaches in recovery-oriented psychotherapy with individuals with schizophrenia. This study was undertaken in an effort to address a gap in the literature regarding theoretical frameworks to guide psychotherapists in providing services that facilitate the recovery process for individuals with schizophrenia. Psychotherapy has had an evolving and often contentious role in the treatment of schizophrenia. Psychotherapy was once a standard form of treatment for schizophrenia, but currently psychopharmacology is the dominate treatment method. Interest in psychotherapy in treatment for schizophrenia is once again increasing, however. Influenced by the mental health recovery movement, the mental health system ...


Clinical Social Work And The Medical Model : Use Of Art And Play Therapy Interventions, Corye Elizebeth Goodman Aug 2009

Clinical Social Work And The Medical Model : Use Of Art And Play Therapy Interventions, Corye Elizebeth Goodman

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study aims to determine the self-identified role of clinicians working within the medical model. Secondly, the study intends to determine if art and play therapy interventions were regularly implemented by clinical social workers practicing with hospitalized children within a pediatric medical facility. The study hopes to gauge both the clinicians' understanding of possible barriers to these interventions within the medical model, and also the clinicians' beliefs about the importance of play within pediatric hospital settings as a determining factor to patients' psychological needs during their illnesses. A mixed-methods online survey was sent to over 300 medical social workers within ...


School Based Mental Health Providers' Perceptions Of Their Training In Serving Lgbtqi Youth, Sarah Eley Aug 2009

School Based Mental Health Providers' Perceptions Of Their Training In Serving Lgbtqi Youth, Sarah Eley

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study examined school based mental health workers' pre and post-graduate training around working with LGBTQI (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning, Intersex) youth. This qualitative, exploratory study aimed to explore the gaps and barriers in existing training for those working with LGBTQI youth in schools and discuss the possible outcomes for creating change in historically heterosexist, homophobic, and transphobic learning environments where professionals are trained and where young people come learn. Twelve participants who have worked in high school settings were interviewed about their graduate training and their current work with meeting the needs of LGBTQI youth in schools. These ...