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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Library Leaders Needed: Yes, Please Apply, Rebecca Mcelrath Nov 2009

Library Leaders Needed: Yes, Please Apply, Rebecca Mcelrath

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Studies show that strong leaders are needed for the future's strong libraries and other organizations. Employees working at all levels of the organization, not just the titled leaders, will be making decisions that affect the library's mission and future. Employees working at all levels of an organization, therefore, will need to develop the leadership skills to make these decisions. Even without formal leadership training opportunities, a person can begin their personal leadership training. The purpose of this article is to provide historical background on leadership, identify skills and characteristics of leaders, and to provide practical tips for gaining ...


Information Technology And Online Resources In Dental College Libraries Of Haryana, Chetan Sharma Nov 2009

Information Technology And Online Resources In Dental College Libraries Of Haryana, Chetan Sharma

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Information technology (IT) plays an essential role in academic libraries. The presence of quality IT resources affects the status of the library. The present study describes the availability of IT infrastructure and online resources in dental college libraries of Haryana State, India, and highlights the causes, problems, and solutions in application IT.


Tracing The Archetypal Academic Librarian, Stephen E. Bales Nov 2009

Tracing The Archetypal Academic Librarian, Stephen E. Bales

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper analyzes the available evidence to develop a model of the archetypal academic librarian. It compares three periods to do so: (1) pre-Alexandrian Mesopotamian information institutions, focusing on the seventh century BCE Library of Assurbanipal (considered by many scholars to be the first universal or national library), (2) the Great Library of Alexandria (hereafter referred to as “the Library”), and (3) the twenty-first century American academic library. While the basic functions of the librarian have remained constant over thousands of years, one critical element, however, is missing as an integral element of modern academic librarianship, the creation of new ...


Devising A Classification Scheme For Islam: Opinions Of Lis And Islamic Studies Scholars, Haroon Idrees, Khalid Mahmood Nov 2009

Devising A Classification Scheme For Islam: Opinions Of Lis And Islamic Studies Scholars, Haroon Idrees, Khalid Mahmood

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Libraries use classification systems to arrange library materials in a logical order and provide users better access. Formal structured classification systems have been developed for this purpose. Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), Charles Ammi Cutter's Expansive Classification (EC), The Subject Classification (SC) of James Duff Brown, Library of Congress Classification (LCC), Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), Henry E. Bliss's Bibliographic Classification (BC), and S. R. Ranganathan's Colon Classification (CC) are internationally known standard library classification systems. All these systems lack proper placement and coverage of materials being published on topics relevant to Islam. Islam is an area of extensive ...


Essential Writing Tools For Building A Scholarly Foundation In Higher Education, Kelli R. Paquette Nov 2009

Essential Writing Tools For Building A Scholarly Foundation In Higher Education, Kelli R. Paquette

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The art of writing for publication is an intimidating concept for many beginning, tenure-track professors. This article is written to outline the essential writing tools for building a successful scholarly foundation in higher education. Writing ideas, such as identifying a topic and getting started, understanding the traits of high-quality writing, collaborating with colleagues, reviewing the literature and journals, and revising and resubmitting, are discussed. Just as knowledgeable contractors understand how tools work and can use the appropriate ones for various building tasks; scholarly writers must understand the required tools for high-quality intellectual writing and use those tools on a daily ...


Metadata For Plant Seeds: Taxonomy, Standards, Issues, And Impact, Erin Wilson Nov 2009

Metadata For Plant Seeds: Taxonomy, Standards, Issues, And Impact, Erin Wilson

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

A growing awareness of the importance of biodiversity has brought international attention to seed collecting, saving, and information sharing. Scientists are continually learning more about seeds at the most basic biological level, and this new knowledge is raising questions about the taxonomic systems scientists have used since the 1700s. Contemporary seed metadata is a complex and diverse area for study.This begins by looking at the taxonomic systems employed by botanists and discussing current trends and issues in that area of seed metadata. The most prominent seed metadata standards are examined. Third, the emerging field of bioinformatics is addressed, and ...


Organizational Communication For Organizational Climate And Quality Service In Academic Libraries, J. A. Bolarinwa, D. Y. Olorunfemi Nov 2009

Organizational Communication For Organizational Climate And Quality Service In Academic Libraries, J. A. Bolarinwa, D. Y. Olorunfemi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Librarians spend most of their time engaging in some form of communication. This paper article highlights practical approaches, suggestions, and explanations of effective communication in academic libraries. It suggests ways of improving the academic library services through appropriate communication techniques.


Management Of Change In Cataloguing: A Survey Of Practices In Covenant University And University Of Lagos, Nigeria, Felicia Yusuf Nov 2009

Management Of Change In Cataloguing: A Survey Of Practices In Covenant University And University Of Lagos, Nigeria, Felicia Yusuf

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study examined the management of change in cataloguing practices in Covenant University and University of Lagos , Nigeria. Thirty-five respondents who were current cataloguers and those who had worked as cataloguers were purposively sampled for the study. A descriptive survey method using a self-constructed questionnaire was used. Results showed that there have been major changes in cataloguing practices among cataloguers in these institutions over the years (online cataloguing, cataloguing of internet & electronic files, copy-cataloguing, different metadata structures, introduction of OPAC etc). Other major findings revealed by the study include: the involvement of non-professionals in cataloguing practices, there is little or ...


Knowledge, Perception, And Attitudes Of Library Personnel Towards Preservation Of Information Resources In Nigerian Federal University Libraries, Samson Oyeniyi Akande Nov 2009

Knowledge, Perception, And Attitudes Of Library Personnel Towards Preservation Of Information Resources In Nigerian Federal University Libraries, Samson Oyeniyi Akande

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper investigated the relationship among preservation knowledge, perception and attitude of library personnel towards preservation of information resources in Nigerian federal university libraries. Simple random sampling technique was used to select twenty university libraries from the twenty four federal university libraries in Nigeria. All the 660 library personnel in the selected libraries constituted the study sample. Data was collected by a questionnaire administered on the 660 personnel out of which 510 copies were returned. The response rate was 77.3%. The study found that knowledge and perception of library personnel about preservation of information resources correlate significantly with their ...


Information For Rural Communities: A Solution For Sustainable Development In The Niger Delta, Abraham Tabor Etebu Nov 2009

Information For Rural Communities: A Solution For Sustainable Development In The Niger Delta, Abraham Tabor Etebu

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Information provision for sustainable development in Africa 's rural communities is of great importance to government and their ministries. Rural communities are used to oral communication, which includes storytelling, meetings, messages through town criers, and others. Western methods of information provision, including libraries, museums, and so on, are alien to rural communities who are mainly illiterate. The Bayelsa State Gover


Use Of Electronic Resources By Postgraduate Students Of The Department Of Library And Information Science Of Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria, Obuh Alex Ozoemelem Nov 2009

Use Of Electronic Resources By Postgraduate Students Of The Department Of Library And Information Science Of Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria, Obuh Alex Ozoemelem

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The population for the study was 78 postgraduate Masters and PhD students of the Department of Library and Information Science, Delta State University, Abraka. Due to the small population the entire population was used as the sample. The analysis of the data collected revealed that there is a low level of skill in the use of ICT among the selected respondents; the Internet via Cybercafé is the most used medium in sourcing electronic materials; respondents exhibit a very low experience in sourcing electronic materials; there is a high level of electronic resource usage regardless of gender difference by respondents. In ...


Citation Analysis Of Doctoral Works Submitted To The Department Of Animal Science, University Of Ibadan, Nigeria, Wole Michael Olatokun Nov 2009

Citation Analysis Of Doctoral Works Submitted To The Department Of Animal Science, University Of Ibadan, Nigeria, Wole Michael Olatokun

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The objective of this study was to carry out a citation analysis of doctoral theses submitted to the department of Animal science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, with a view to finding possible relationships between citing, cited articles and authors (doctoral students). The research design used was the descriptive survey with the research elements for the study being the theses submitted for the award of doctoral degrees during the period 2000-2007. Frequency and percentage distributions (presented in charts, tables, and graphs) and measures of central tendency were used to analyse data. Findings showed that journals, books and conference papers ranked the ...


Hiring The Reference Librarian: An Examination Of Duty Equivalents, Beatrice Priestly Nov 2009

Hiring The Reference Librarian: An Examination Of Duty Equivalents, Beatrice Priestly

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The purpose of this study is to provide an examination of reference librarian duty equivalents in other careers, to provide a calculation of the weighted worth in wages culminating in a recommended hiring salary. The study proposes other job titles whose duties relate to portions of the reference librarian’s day, providing a calculated view of the duties’ weighted worth after close examination of the US Government Bureau of Labor Statistics web site at www.bls.gov and their presentation of wage earnings data collected May 2006 and then posted to their web site April 2007.


Closing The Gap: Investigating The Search Skills Of International And Us Students: An Exploratory Study, Charity K. Martin, Charlene Maxey-Harris, Jolie Ogg Graybill, Elizabeth K. Rodacker-Borgens Oct 2009

Closing The Gap: Investigating The Search Skills Of International And Us Students: An Exploratory Study, Charity K. Martin, Charlene Maxey-Harris, Jolie Ogg Graybill, Elizabeth K. Rodacker-Borgens

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Academic librarians are increasingly concerned about students' information literacy. International students, especially those who learned English as a second language, often struggle to use the library more than their American counterparts. Although the population of international students is on the rise, research on international students' ability to search library resources is limited.Previous studies have indicated that there are significant differences between the library skills of international students and those of US students. This exploratory study examined the ability of undergraduate and graduate international students to identify books, journals, and journal articles and compared it to a small control group ...


Metadata: Implications For Academic Libraries, Israel Yañez Oct 2009

Metadata: Implications For Academic Libraries, Israel Yañez

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Academic libraries will do well to embrace metadata and the project possibilities it brings. Digital initiatives, particularly in the form of institutional repositories, help raise the profile of the academic library across campus and in the community. Metadata librarians, with an understanding of both metadata schemes and traditional cataloging, play a significant role in an academic library’s digital initiatives. Metadata librarians in academic libraries are a prime example of the 21st century librarian. This paper surveys the literature available on metadata and its implications for academic libraries. Definitions of metadata are offered. Metadata schemes are presented, including the scheme ...


E-Resource Collection Development: A Survey Of Current Practices In Academic Libraries, Robert Flatley, Krista Prock Oct 2009

E-Resource Collection Development: A Survey Of Current Practices In Academic Libraries, Robert Flatley, Krista Prock

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The extent of e-resources available for libraries to purchase is overwhelming. This survey examined how libraries are managing their e-collections. The authors looked at how collection development decisions are made; the role of librarians, administrators, faculty, students, and consortia; and what criteria are being used. The authors finish with suggestions for best practices.


The Patriot Act And Early Ala Action: Habermas, Strauss, Or Derrida?, David Woolwine Oct 2009

The Patriot Act And Early Ala Action: Habermas, Strauss, Or Derrida?, David Woolwine

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

In the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks the United States Congress passed special security and anti-terrorism legislation which included the USA Patriot Act. In response to the passage of the Act in 2001 two Councils of the American Library Association (ALA) passed resolutions reaffirming the basic principles of that organization. This article is an account of how two early ALA Council resolutions CD 19.1 (Midwinter 2002) and CD 20.1. (Midwinter 2003) were drafted and brought to Council. It is also a reflection upon the nature of political and social discourse and the fixing of meaning ...


Segmented Professions: Further Considerations Of Theory And Practice In Lis And Librarianship, Andrew Carlin Oct 2009

Segmented Professions: Further Considerations Of Theory And Practice In Lis And Librarianship, Andrew Carlin

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

How relevant are theories of information to practical library work? Using sociology and the philosophy of social sciences, this essay discusses how theoretical work defines an area of knowledge in relation to other fields, the identification of researchable phenomena, and how phenomena are established as its own subject matter. Theorizing is a generic activity, highlighting connections between theory and practice, profession and field. While proposing that theorizing is important, this paper explores the nature of theorizing in LIS, and suggests that its cognitivistic foundations impede theory development. Information is a linkage between theory and practice, and this paper argues that ...


Assessment Of Personnel Training Needs In The Ibrahim Babangida Library, Federal University Of Technology, Yola, Nigeria, Tukur Abba, Emmanuel M K Dawha Aug 2009

Assessment Of Personnel Training Needs In The Ibrahim Babangida Library, Federal University Of Technology, Yola, Nigeria, Tukur Abba, Emmanuel M K Dawha

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study assessed the personnel training needs in Ibrahim Babangida Library, Federal University of Technology, Yola (IBL, FUTY). The study was guided by four objectives. The objectives assessed the on-the-job training needs, informal and formal educational training needs of personnel in the library. Survey research was used for the study. The population of the study is 40 IBL, FUTY personnel, which also constitute the sample size. Questionnaire was used as data collection instrument. The data gathered were analyzed using frequency counts and percentage displayed in tables. Some of the results revealed that on-the-job training programme is needed by an average ...


Information For Industry In Nigeria, Yahya Ibrahim Harande Aug 2009

Information For Industry In Nigeria, Yahya Ibrahim Harande

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The importance of information to manufacturing industries is explored in this research. Survey research was carried out on 20 manufacturing industries in two states of Nigeria. Two hundred and fifty 250 questionnaires were distributed. The findings indicate that 95 percent of the employees rely heavily on their colleagues and information generated internally for their daily information needs. Formal library services such as current awareness, reference, and SDI services are offered in these industries, but employees rarely use these services.


Health Information Management Skills And Ict Staff Training Needs In A Nigerian Tertiary Medical Library, Helen Komolafe-Opadeji Aug 2009

Health Information Management Skills And Ict Staff Training Needs In A Nigerian Tertiary Medical Library, Helen Komolafe-Opadeji

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The adoption of information and communication technology has increased the quantity of information passing through the library, and health librarians must be well-versed in knowledge management and dissemination. The study found that the training of participating library staff was inadequate, although training in information technology driven would allow them to provide knowledge management service.


Reading Habits Of Secondary School Teachers: A Study Of Selected Secondary Schools In Ado-Odo Ota Local Government Area, Adebayo Oyeronke Aug 2009

Reading Habits Of Secondary School Teachers: A Study Of Selected Secondary Schools In Ado-Odo Ota Local Government Area, Adebayo Oyeronke

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study examines the reading habits of secondary school teachers in Ado–Odo Local Government Area. The study revealed that a majority of the teachers concentrate on reading textbooks and have no fixed time for reading. The study recommends that teachers develop a love of reading in order to be versatile. It also recommends that stakeholders collaborate to revitalize school libraries to attain sustainable education.


Individualized Learning In Universal Basic Education: Implications For The Librarian As Counselor, Emem Paul Udofia Aug 2009

Individualized Learning In Universal Basic Education: Implications For The Librarian As Counselor, Emem Paul Udofia

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The role of the school librarian has changed dramatically from that of a guardian of books to that of teacher, counselor, and provider of access to the Internet and other electronic sources. In a time when every individual needs to apt, adequate, and appropriate information, the role of the school librarian becomes multiple and critical. This paper discusses strategies with which the school librarian can act as counselor, particularizing the individual child's special needs and promoting the development of self esteem. These include using bibliotherapy, project work methods, personalized resource selection, and use of biography, as well as electronic ...


Consortia And Cooperative Collection Development In The Libraries Of Technological Institutes Of North India, M P Satija Aug 2009

Consortia And Cooperative Collection Development In The Libraries Of Technological Institutes Of North India, M P Satija

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article assesses the state of cooperative collection development among a group of technological institute libraries in India. Resource sharing requires shared values and vision, as well as funding and commitment by stakeholders. Vital and well-run consortia are an important source of help for librarians.Consortial subscriptions are a common form of resource sharing. INDEST- AICTE and UGC-INFONET are open-ended consortia that have brought about a revolution in resource sharing.


Virtual Reference Service In The Muslim World: Opportunities And Challenges, Ahmad Bakeri Abu Bakar Aug 2009

Virtual Reference Service In The Muslim World: Opportunities And Challenges, Ahmad Bakeri Abu Bakar

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study examines the changes in the way reference services are offered to users of public libraries in selected countries of the Muslim world. Electronic reference service is being adopted in many countries. It is useful to know whether such practices are being adopted by public libraries in the Muslim world.A survey of public library websites in selected countries was conducted, using a maturity scale of 0 to 5. The study revealed that not a single public library had a score of 5, which was assigned to libraries that offer virtual reference service in real time and 24/7 ...


Information And Communication Technology (Ict) In Local Government Administration: The Case Of Oshimili North Local Government Area Of Delta State, Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo Aug 2009

Information And Communication Technology (Ict) In Local Government Administration: The Case Of Oshimili North Local Government Area Of Delta State, Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The use of ICT in government has set the stage for greater transparency and the possibility for greater citizen participation. ICTs such as Internet, GSM system, computer, and online tools for effective information and communication service delivery should be made available in the local government area. This study surveyed a sample of 200 respondent of Akwukwu-Igbo and Ibusa in Oshimili North local government area. The results of the study confirm previous findings about e-government and the role of ICT in development. Those surveyed pointed out problems of ICT in local government, including power supply, illiteracy/ICTs illiteracy, lack of ICT ...


Scholarly Communication: A Journey From Print To Web, Bhaskar Mukherjee Aug 2009

Scholarly Communication: A Journey From Print To Web, Bhaskar Mukherjee

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The history of scholarly communication is traced, with emphasis on the rise of electronic journals and models of open access publishing.


E-Learning 2.0: Learning Redefined, Rupesh Kumar A Jun 2009

E-Learning 2.0: Learning Redefined, Rupesh Kumar A

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The conventional e-learning approach emphasizes a learning system more than a learning environment. While traditional e-learning systems continue to be significant, there is a new set of services emerging, embracing the philosophy of Web 2.0. Known as e-learning 2.0, it aims to create a personalized learning environment. E-learning 2.0 combines the use of discrete but complementary tools and web services to support the creation of ad-hoc learning communities. This paper discusses the influence of Web 2.0 on e-learning and introduces e-learning 2.0 and its features


Web-Based Services In University Libraries: A Pakistani Perspective, Muhammad Sajid Mirza, Khalid Mahmood Jun 2009

Web-Based Services In University Libraries: A Pakistani Perspective, Muhammad Sajid Mirza, Khalid Mahmood

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study is a content analysis of websites of 56 General University Libraries (GULs) of Pakistan. Content included existence of library website, hyperlink on university home page, type (static or dynamic) of library website, and six categories of library and information services. The six categories included general information, web OPAC, reference service, collection, circulation, and document delivery service/Inter Library Loan. Results indicate that web-based services in GULs of Pakistan are in their infancy. LIS professionals must recognize the significance of web-based library services and take initiative provide web services to library users. Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC), LIS ...


Information-Seeking Behavior Of Law Faculty At Central Law College, Salem, S Thanuskodi Jun 2009

Information-Seeking Behavior Of Law Faculty At Central Law College, Salem, S Thanuskodi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study is identifies the information channels used by the Central Law College, Salem faculty members, including preferred information sources, methods of information access, and library use pattern. A questionnaire was distributed to 64 law faculty members and a return rate of 87.5 percent. Books were ranked as most important for teaching and research, followed by law reports and statutes. Respondents preferred to consult their personal collections before resorting to other sources. On the whole, respondents perceived the Central Law College library collections, services, and facilities as adequate for their information needs.