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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Two Cys Or Not Two Cys? That Is The Question; Alternative Oxidase In The Thermogenic Plant Sacred Lotus, Nicole M. Grant, Yoshihiko Onda, Yusuke Kakizaki, Kkikukatsu Ito, Jennifer R. Watling, Sharon A. Robinson Jun 2009

Two Cys Or Not Two Cys? That Is The Question; Alternative Oxidase In The Thermogenic Plant Sacred Lotus, Nicole M. Grant, Yoshihiko Onda, Yusuke Kakizaki, Kkikukatsu Ito, Jennifer R. Watling, Sharon A. Robinson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) regulates temperature in its floral chamber to 32°C to 35°C across ambient temperatures of 8°C to 40°C with heating achieved through high alternative pathway fluxes. In most alternative oxidase (AOX) isoforms, two cysteine residues, Cys1 and Cys2, are highly conserved and play a role in posttranslational regulation of AOX. Further control occurs via interaction of reduced Cys1 with α-keto acids, such as pyruvate. Here, we report on the in vitro regulation of AOX isolated from thermogenic receptacle tissues of sacred lotus. AOX protein was mostly present in the reduced ...


Source Regions For Co2 At Cape Point Assessed By Modelling, 222rn And Meteorological Data, S. Whittlestone, E. Kowalczyk, E.-G Brunke, C. Labuschagne Jun 2009

Source Regions For Co2 At Cape Point Assessed By Modelling, 222rn And Meteorological Data, S. Whittlestone, E. Kowalczyk, E.-G Brunke, C. Labuschagne

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

This study explores methods of characterising experimental and modelling data to see if trace gas measurements at the Cape Point GAW station could improve our understanding of sources from the continent. Selection criteria have been defined which make it possible to divide the samples into categories with predominant transport to Cape Point from one of four source regions: City (greater Cape Town); close rural (within about 150 km of Cape Point); distant rural (from 150 to about 500 km) and very distant rural covering the rest of southern Africa. For species with fairly uniform source such as radon or CO ...


Accumulation Of Dna Damage In Antarctic Mosses: Correlations With Ultraviolet-B Radiation, Temperature And Turf Water Content Vary Amongst Species, J. D. Turnbull, Sharon A. Robinson Feb 2009

Accumulation Of Dna Damage In Antarctic Mosses: Correlations With Ultraviolet-B Radiation, Temperature And Turf Water Content Vary Amongst Species, J. D. Turnbull, Sharon A. Robinson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The susceptibility of three East Antarctic moss species to UV-B radiation was examined by measuring accumulation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers under natural sunlight during the austral summer season of 2002/03. The 2002/03 season was characterised by unusually low springtime ozone depletion and as such our results likely underestimate the DNA damage possible in a more typical UV-B radiation season. Despite this all three species accumulated significant DNA photoproducts. We also found a positive association between photoproduct accumulation and incident UV-B radiation in the two cosmopolitan species, Bryum pseudotriquetrum and Ceratodon purpureus, with more DNA damage in samples collected ...


Genetic Structure Of East Antarctic Populations Of The Moss Ceratodon Purpureus, L. J. Clarke, D. J. Ayre, Sharon A. Robinson Feb 2009

Genetic Structure Of East Antarctic Populations Of The Moss Ceratodon Purpureus, L. J. Clarke, D. J. Ayre, Sharon A. Robinson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The capacity of the polar flora to adapt is of increasing concern given current and predicted environmental change in these regions. Previous genetic studies of Antarctic mosses have been of limited value due to a lack of variation in the markers or non-specificity of the methods used. We examined the power of five microsatellite loci developed for the cosmopolitan moss Ceratodon purpureus to detect genetically distinct clones and infer the distribution of clones within and among populations from the Windmill Islands, East Antarctica. Our microsatellite data suggest extraordinarily high levels of variation reported in RAPD studies were artificially elevated by ...


Place And Music: Performing "The Region" On The New South Wales Far North Coast, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2009

Place And Music: Performing "The Region" On The New South Wales Far North Coast, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

This paper draws on research conducted for over a decade on the musical cultures of the New South Wales Far North Coast, as a contribution to debates in geography and popular music studies on the links between music, place and articulations of cultural identities. Patterns of migration and economic restructuring over the last 20 years have transformed the Far North Coast region, with associated changes in the images conjured to describe the region – from those centred on dairying, fishing and sugar harvesting to those of a ‘lifestyle’ or ‘alternative’ region, with growth in employment in tourism, recreational services, ‘gourmet’ agricultural ...


Desiccation Protects Antarctic Mosses From Ultraviolet-B Induced Dna Damage, Johanna Turnbull, Sharon A. Robinson, Simon J. Leslie Jan 2009

Desiccation Protects Antarctic Mosses From Ultraviolet-B Induced Dna Damage, Johanna Turnbull, Sharon A. Robinson, Simon J. Leslie

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Antarctic mosses live in a frozen desert, and are characterised by the ability to survive desiccation. They can tolerate multiple desiccation-rehydration events over the summer growing season. As a result of recent ozone depletion, such mosses may also be exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation while desiccated. The ultraviolet-B susceptibility of Antarctic moss species was examined in a laboratory experiment that tested whether desiccated or hydrated mosses accumulated more DNA damage under enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation. Accumulation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and pyrimidine (64) pyrimidone dimers was measured in moss samples collected from the field and then exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation in either ...


Structural Revision Of Stemoburkilline From An E-Alkene To A Z-Alkene, Kwankamol Sastraruji, Stephen G. Pyne, Alison T. Ung, Pitchaya Mungkornawawakul, Wilford Lie, Araya Jatisatienr Jan 2009

Structural Revision Of Stemoburkilline From An E-Alkene To A Z-Alkene, Kwankamol Sastraruji, Stephen G. Pyne, Alison T. Ung, Pitchaya Mungkornawawakul, Wilford Lie, Araya Jatisatienr

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Semisynthesis studies starting from (11Z)-I',2'-didehydrostemofoline indicated that the known Stemona alkaloid stemoburkilline is the Z-isomer and not the E-isomer as initially reported. The semisynthesis involved conversion of (11Z)-1',2' -didehydrostemofoline to II(S), 12(S)-dihydrostemofoline followed by a stereoselective base-catalyzed ring-opening reaction to give (Z)-stemoburkilline. The same product was obtained using a similar synthetic protocol stariing from isostemofoline via a based-catalyzed ring-opening reaction of II (S), 12(R)-dihydrostemofoline. A re-examination of the crude root extracts of Stemona burkillii Prain and further NOE studies established stemoburkilline as the Z-isomer.


Alkaloids From The Roots Of Stemona Aphylla, Pitchaya Mungkornasawakul, Sukanda Chaiyong, Thanapat Sastraruji, Araya Jatisatienr, Chaiwat Jatisatienr, Stephen G. Pyne, Alison T. Ung, Jurgen Korth, Wilford Lie Jan 2009

Alkaloids From The Roots Of Stemona Aphylla, Pitchaya Mungkornasawakul, Sukanda Chaiyong, Thanapat Sastraruji, Araya Jatisatienr, Chaiwat Jatisatienr, Stephen G. Pyne, Alison T. Ung, Jurgen Korth, Wilford Lie

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Three known compounds, stemofoline, (2'S)-hydroxystemofoline, and (11Z)-1 ',2'-didehydrostemofoline, along with two new alkaloids, stemaphylline and stemaphylline-N-oxide, have been isolated from a root extract of Stemona aphylla. The structures of these alkaloids were determined on the basis of their spectroscopic data. The analysis of the crude dichloromethane extract by GC-MS in the ElMS mode showed the presence of alkaloids 1-4, the alkaloid 11, and stilbostemin R. The crude dichloromethane extract and 4 were tested for their comparative biological activities. The results of their acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activities showed that the crude extract had higher activity than that ...


North Polar Frontal Clouds And Dust Storms On Mars During Spring And Summer, Huiqun Wang, Jenny A. Fisher Jan 2009

North Polar Frontal Clouds And Dust Storms On Mars During Spring And Summer, Huiqun Wang, Jenny A. Fisher

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The complete archive of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) Mars Daily Global Maps (MDGM) are used to study north polar clouds and dust storms that exhibit frontal structures during the spring and summer (Ls 0–180°). Results show that frontal events generally follow the edge of the polar cap during spring and mid/late summer with a gap in the distribution in early summer. The exact duration and timing of the gap vary from year to year. Twww.lw20.comen to twenty percent of spring and summer time frontal events exhibit complex morphologies. Distinct temperature signatures are ...


Characterisation Of Anthracyclines From A Cosmomycin D-Producing Species Of Streptomyces By Collisionally-Activated Dissociation And Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry, Celine Kelso, Juan Diego Rojas, Renata L.A Furlan, Gabriel Padilla, Jennifer L. Beck Jan 2009

Characterisation Of Anthracyclines From A Cosmomycin D-Producing Species Of Streptomyces By Collisionally-Activated Dissociation And Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry, Celine Kelso, Juan Diego Rojas, Renata L.A Furlan, Gabriel Padilla, Jennifer L. Beck

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Cultures of cosmomycin D-producing Streptomyces olindensis ICB20 that were propagated for many generations underwent mutations that resulted in production of a range of related anthracyclines by the bacteria. The anthracyclines that retained the two trisaccharide chains of the parent compound were separated by HPLC. Exact mass determination of these compounds revealed that they differed from cosmomycin D (CosD) in that they contained one to three fewer oxygen atoms (loss of hydroxyl groups). Some of the anthracyclines that were separated by HPLC had the same mass. The location from which the hydroxyl groups had been lost relative to CosD (on the ...


De Novo Synthesis And Degradation Of Lx And V Cycle Pigments During Shade And Sun Acclimation In Avocado Leaves, Britta Forster, C. Barry Osmond, Barry J. Pogson Jan 2009

De Novo Synthesis And Degradation Of Lx And V Cycle Pigments During Shade And Sun Acclimation In Avocado Leaves, Britta Forster, C. Barry Osmond, Barry J. Pogson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The photoprotective role of the universal violaxanthin cycle that interconverts violaxanthin (V), antheraxanthin (A), and zeaxanthin (Z) is well established, but functions of the analogous conversions of lutein-5,6-epoxide (Lx) and lutein (L) in the selectively occurring Lx cycle are still unclear. We investigated carotenoid pools in Lx-rich leaves of avocado (Persea americana) during sun or shade acclimation at different developmental stages. During sun exposure of mature shade leaves, an unusual decrease in L preceded the deepoxidation of Lx to L and of V to A+Z. In addition to deepoxidation, de novo synthesis increased the L and A+Z ...


Building On Our Strengths: A Framework To Reduce Racial Discrimination And Promote Diversity In Victoria, Y Paradies, L Chandrakumar, Natascha Klocker, M Frere, K Webster, G Berman, Peter Mclean Jan 2009

Building On Our Strengths: A Framework To Reduce Racial Discrimination And Promote Diversity In Victoria, Y Paradies, L Chandrakumar, Natascha Klocker, M Frere, K Webster, G Berman, Peter Mclean

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Building on our strengths: a framework to reduce race-based discrimination and support diversity in Victoria has been developed through a partnership between the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth), the Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission, the McCaughey Centre: VicHealth Centre for the Promotion of Mental Health and Community Wellbeing and the Onemda VicHealth Koori Health Unit. The McCaughey Centre and Onemda are both in the School of Population Health at the University of Melbourne.

Drawing on the best available evidence in Australia and internationally, this report outlines themes, strategies and priority settings for the development and implementation of activity ...


Factors Governing Performance Of Continuous Fungal Reactor During Non-Sterile Operation - The Case Of A Membrane Bioreactor Treating Textile Wastewater, Faisal I. Hai, Kazuo Yamamoto, Fumiyuki Nakajima, Kensuke Fukushi Jan 2009

Factors Governing Performance Of Continuous Fungal Reactor During Non-Sterile Operation - The Case Of A Membrane Bioreactor Treating Textile Wastewater, Faisal I. Hai, Kazuo Yamamoto, Fumiyuki Nakajima, Kensuke Fukushi

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

White-rot fungi, unlike bacteria in conventional activated sludge system, can degrade wide varieties of textile dyes. Their large scale implementation, however, has been impeded due to lack of appropriate reactor system that can sustain stable performance under non-sterile environment. In this study, contrary to virtually complete decoloration of an azo dye (Acid Orange II, 100 mg L−1) in pure culture batch test, a fungal membrane bioreactor (MBR) achieved 93% removal during long-term non-sterile operation at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1 d. Through a set of novel observations made in MBR and parallel batch tests, the interrelated factors ...


Predicting Avian Distributions To Evaluate Spatiotemporal Overlap With Locust Control Operations In Eastern Australia, Judit K. Szabo, Pamela J. Davy, Michael Hooper, Lee Astheimer Jan 2009

Predicting Avian Distributions To Evaluate Spatiotemporal Overlap With Locust Control Operations In Eastern Australia, Judit K. Szabo, Pamela J. Davy, Michael Hooper, Lee Astheimer

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Locusts and grasshoppers cause considerable economic damage to agriculture worldwide. The Australian Plague Locust Commission uses multiple pesticides to control locusts in eastern Australia. Avian exposure to agricultural pesticides is of conservation concern, especially in the case of rare and threatened species. The aim of this study was to evaluate the probability of pesticide exposure of native avian species during operational locust control based on knowledge of species occurrence in areas and times of application. Using presence-absence data provided by the Birds Australia Atlas for 1998 to 2002, we developed a series of generalized linear models to predict avian occurrences ...


Long-Term Tropospheric Formaldehyde Concentrations Deduced From Ground-Based Fourier Transform Solar Infrared Measurements, N B. Jones, K Riedel, W Allan, S Wood, P I. Palmer, K Chance, J Notholt Jan 2009

Long-Term Tropospheric Formaldehyde Concentrations Deduced From Ground-Based Fourier Transform Solar Infrared Measurements, N B. Jones, K Riedel, W Allan, S Wood, P I. Palmer, K Chance, J Notholt

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

We report a 13-year (1992–2005) dataset of total column measurements of formaldehyde (HCHO) over Lauder, New Zealand, inferred from solar infrared spectra measured using a high-resolution Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS). Ambient HCHO concentrations at this rural location are often close to levels typical of remote marine environments (<250 ppt), which are close to the detection limit using standard techniques. Consequently we develop a new method that successfully produces HCHO columns with sufficient sensitivity throughout the whole season. HCHO columns over Lauder have a strong seasonal cycle (±50%), with a mean column of 4.9×1015 molecules cm−2, peaking during summer months. A simple box model of CH4 oxidation reproduces the observed broad-scale seasonal cycle, but significantly underestimates the seasonal peak HCHO ground concentrations during summer. This suggests the existence of an additional significant source of HCHO, possibly isoprene that cannot be explained by oxidation of CH4 alone. The ground-based FTS column data compare well with collocated HCHO column measurements from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) satellite instrument during the operational period of GOME (1996–2001, r2=0.65, mean bias=10%, n=48).


(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (Egcg) Maintains K-Casein In Its Pre-Fibrillar State Without Redirecting Its Aggregation Pathway, Sean A. Hudson, Heath Ecroyd, Francis C. Dehle, Ian F. Musgrave, John Carver Jan 2009

(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (Egcg) Maintains K-Casein In Its Pre-Fibrillar State Without Redirecting Its Aggregation Pathway, Sean A. Hudson, Heath Ecroyd, Francis C. Dehle, Ian F. Musgrave, John Carver

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has recently attracted much research interest in the field of protein-misfolding diseases because of its potent anti-amyloid activity against amyloid-beta, alpha-synuclein and huntingtin, the amyloid-fibril-forming proteins involved in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases, respectively. EGCG redirects the aggregation of these polypeptides to a disordered off-folding pathway that results in the formation of non-toxic amorphous aggregates. whether this anti-fibril activity is specific to these disease-related target proteins or ismore generic remains to be established. In addition, the mechanism by which EGCG exerts its effects, as with all anti-amyloidogenic polyphenols, remains unclear. To address these ...


The Thioflavin T Fluorescence Assay For Amyloid Fibril Detection Can Be Biased By The Presence Of Exogenous Compounds, Sean A. Hudson, Heath Ecroyd, Tak W. Kee, John A. Carver Jan 2009

The Thioflavin T Fluorescence Assay For Amyloid Fibril Detection Can Be Biased By The Presence Of Exogenous Compounds, Sean A. Hudson, Heath Ecroyd, Tak W. Kee, John A. Carver

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Thioflavin T (ThT) dye fluorescence is used regularly to quantify the formation and inhibition of amyloid fibrils in the presence of anti-amyloidogenic compounds such as polyphenols. However, in this study, it was shown, using three polyphenolics (curcumin, quercetin and resveratrol), that ThT fluorescence should be used with caution in the presence of such exogenous compounds. The strong absorptive and fluorescent properties of quercetin and curcumin were found to significantly bias the ThT fluorescence readings in both in situ real-time ThT assays and single time-point dilution ThT-type assays. The presence of curcumin at concentrations as low as 0.01 and 1 ...


Synthesis And Ph-Responsive Properties Of Pseudo-Peptide Containing Hydrophobic Amino Acid Grafts, Rongjun Chen, Mark E. Eccleston, Zhilian Yue, Nighel K. H Slater Jan 2009

Synthesis And Ph-Responsive Properties Of Pseudo-Peptide Containing Hydrophobic Amino Acid Grafts, Rongjun Chen, Mark E. Eccleston, Zhilian Yue, Nighel K. H Slater

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Pseudo-peptidic polymers have been synthesised by grafting l-valine (PV), l-leucine (PL) and l-phenylalanine (PP) onto the pendant carboxylic acid moieties of a pH-responsive polyamide, poly(l-lysine isophthalamide). The pH-responsive aqueous solution properties of PV-75, PL-75 and PP-75 with a stoichiometric degree of substitution of 75 mol% have been compared with those of the parent poly(l-lysine isophthalamide) using UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy. At low concentrations (≤0.1 mg mL-1), the grafted polymers displayed pH-dependent conformation. The pH at the onset of hydrophobic association (pHh) and the pH range over which association occurred varied significantly between the different amino acid grafts ...


In Situ U-Pb, O And Hf Isotopic Compositions Of Zircon And Olivine From Eoarchaean Rocks, West Greenland: New Insights To Making Old Crust, Joe Hiess, Vickie C. Bennett, Allen P. Nutman, Ian S. Williams Jan 2009

In Situ U-Pb, O And Hf Isotopic Compositions Of Zircon And Olivine From Eoarchaean Rocks, West Greenland: New Insights To Making Old Crust, Joe Hiess, Vickie C. Bennett, Allen P. Nutman, Ian S. Williams

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The sources and petrogenetic processes that generated some of the Earth's oldest continental crust have been more tightly constrained via an integrated, in situ (U-Pb, O and Hf) isotopic approach. The minerals analysed were representative zircon from four Eoarchaean TTG tonalites and two felsic volcanic rocks, and olivine from one harzburgite/dunite of the Itsaq Gneiss Complex (IGC), southern West Greenland. The samples were carefully chosen from localities with least migmatisation, metasomatism and strain. Zircon was thoroughly characterized prior to analysis using cathodoluminescence, scanning electron, reflected and transmitted light imaging. The zircon from all but one sample showed only ...


Martellia And Associated Middle Ordovician Brachiopods From The Katkoyeh Formation, East-Central Iran, Ian G. Percival, Anthony J. Wright, Robert S. Nicoll, Mir Alireza Hamedi Jan 2009

Martellia And Associated Middle Ordovician Brachiopods From The Katkoyeh Formation, East-Central Iran, Ian G. Percival, Anthony J. Wright, Robert S. Nicoll, Mir Alireza Hamedi

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The palaeontology and stratigraphy of the Ordovician if Iran has been the subject of considerable research over the past 15 years, revealing biogeographically significant faunas whose affinities are shared both with peri-Gondwanian terranes and continental blocks. Documentation of the composition and ages of these faunas, many of which are still poorly known, is critical to constraining palaeogeographic reconstructions of the time.


Ion-Molecule Reactions Of O,S-Dimethyl Methylphosphonothioate: Evidence For Intramolecular Sulfur Oxidation During Vx Perhydrolysis, Jilliarne Williams, Martin Paine, Stephen J. Blanksby, Michael L. Rogers, Andrew M. Mcanoy Jan 2009

Ion-Molecule Reactions Of O,S-Dimethyl Methylphosphonothioate: Evidence For Intramolecular Sulfur Oxidation During Vx Perhydrolysis, Jilliarne Williams, Martin Paine, Stephen J. Blanksby, Michael L. Rogers, Andrew M. Mcanoy

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The alkaline perhydrolysis of the nerve agent O-ethyl S-[2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl] methylphosphonothioate (VX) was investigated by studying the ion-molecule reactions of HOO- with O,S-dimethyl methylphosphonothioate in a modified linear ion-trap mass spectrometer. In addition to simple proton transfer, two other abundant product ions are observed at m/z 125 and 109 corresponding to the S-methyl methylphosphonothioate and methyl methylphosphonate anions, respectively. The structure of these product ions is demonstrated by a combination of collision-induced dissociation and isotope-labeling experiments that also provide evidence for their formation by nucleophilic reaction pathways, namely, (i) S(N)2 at carbon to yield ...


Testicular Descent, Sperm Maturation And Capacitation. Lessons From Our Most Distant Relatives, The Monotremes, Russell C. Jones, Heath Ecroyd, Jean-Louis Dacheux, Brett Nixon Jan 2009

Testicular Descent, Sperm Maturation And Capacitation. Lessons From Our Most Distant Relatives, The Monotremes, Russell C. Jones, Heath Ecroyd, Jean-Louis Dacheux, Brett Nixon

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The present review examines whether monotremes may help to resolve three questions relating to sperm production in mammals: why the testes descend into a scrotum in most mammals, why spermatozoa are infertile when they leave the testes and require a period of maturation in the specific milieu provided by the epididymides, and why ejaculated spermatozoa cannot immediately fertilise an ovum until they undergo capacitation within the female reproductive tract. Comparisons of monotremes with other mammals indicate that there is a need for considerable work on monotremes. It is hypothesised that testicular descent should be related to epididymal differentiation. Spermatozoa and ...


Ranking Habitat Patches By Contribution To Network Connectivity: Tradeoffs Between Processing Time And Spatial Realisation, B Cook, Marjetta L. Puotinen, Rittick Borah Jan 2009

Ranking Habitat Patches By Contribution To Network Connectivity: Tradeoffs Between Processing Time And Spatial Realisation, B Cook, Marjetta L. Puotinen, Rittick Borah

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Investigations Of Electrochemical And Spectroelectrochemical Properties (Uv-Vis, Epr) Of Thiophene Trimer Derivatives Substituted With Phenylvinyl Groups., Pawel W. Wagner, Agnieszka Stolarczyk, Mariola Bartoszek, Mieczyslaw Lapkowski, David L. Officer, Keith C. Gordon, M Jadamiec, Wieslaw W. Sulkowski Jan 2009

Investigations Of Electrochemical And Spectroelectrochemical Properties (Uv-Vis, Epr) Of Thiophene Trimer Derivatives Substituted With Phenylvinyl Groups., Pawel W. Wagner, Agnieszka Stolarczyk, Mariola Bartoszek, Mieczyslaw Lapkowski, David L. Officer, Keith C. Gordon, M Jadamiec, Wieslaw W. Sulkowski

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The results of investigations concerning electrochem. properties of two thiophene trimers derivs. substituted with phenylvinyl groups {3'[(E)-2-phenylethenyl]-2,2':5',2"-thiophene (monomer A) and 4,4"-didecyloxy-3'[(E)-2-phenylethenyl]-2,2':5',2"-thiophene (monomer B)} and the products of their oxidn. were discussed. Electropolymns. of A and B monomers were carried out with use of cyclic voltammetry and electrochem. measurements were coupled in-situ with spectroscopic methods (UV-Vis, EPR). It was found that A monomer oxidized to oligomers sol. in dichloromethane while monomer B showed ability to form stable conductive polymer layers showing low-energy forbidden band (1 ...


Climate And Culture, Gordon R. Waitt, Andrew W. Gorman-Murray Jan 2009

Climate And Culture, Gordon R. Waitt, Andrew W. Gorman-Murray

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Impacts On A Threatened Bird Population Of Removals For Translocation, David Bain, Kristine French Jan 2009

Impacts On A Threatened Bird Population Of Removals For Translocation, David Bain, Kristine French

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The removal of individuals from a population may occur for several reasons and responses of populations will vary depending on the magnitude and nature of the removal and the life history of the species. An understanding of the effects of loss of individuals on these populations, and the mechanism of replacement, will be important to conservation. This maybe particularly important where wild individuals are used for the increasingly popular conservation strategy of translocation. During the recent translocation of the endangered eastern bristlebird (Dasyornis brachypterus), two monitoring sites were established in the wild source population, one where removals were to take ...


Relative Importance Of Fuel Management, Ignition Management And Weather For Area Burned: Evidence From Five Landscape-Fire-Succession Models, Geoffrey J. Cary, Mike D. Flannigan, Robert E. Keane, Ross A. Bradstock, Ian D. Davies, James M. Lenihan, Chao Li, Kimberley A. Logan, Russell A. Parsons Jan 2009

Relative Importance Of Fuel Management, Ignition Management And Weather For Area Burned: Evidence From Five Landscape-Fire-Succession Models, Geoffrey J. Cary, Mike D. Flannigan, Robert E. Keane, Ross A. Bradstock, Ian D. Davies, James M. Lenihan, Chao Li, Kimberley A. Logan, Russell A. Parsons

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The behaviour of five landscape fire models (CAFE, FIRESCAPE, LAMOS(HS), LANDSUM and SEM-LAND) was compared in a standardised modelling experiment. The importance of fuel management approach, fuel management effort, ignition management effort and weather in determining variation in area burned and number of edge pixels burned (a measure of potential impact on assets adjacent to fire-prone landscapes) was quantified for a standardised modelling landscape. Importance was measured as the proportion of variation in area or edge pixels burned explained by each factor and all interactions among them. Weather and ignition management were consistently more important for explaining variation in ...


Prediction Of The Probability Of Large Fires In The Sydney Region Of South-Eastern Australia Using Components Of Fire Weather., R A. Bradstock, J S. Cohn, A M. Gill, M Bedward, C Lucas Jan 2009

Prediction Of The Probability Of Large Fires In The Sydney Region Of South-Eastern Australia Using Components Of Fire Weather., R A. Bradstock, J S. Cohn, A M. Gill, M Bedward, C Lucas

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The probability of large-fire (>= 1000 ha) ignition days, in the Sydney region, was examined using historical records. Relative influences of the ambient and drought components of the Forest Fire Danger Index (FFDI) on large fire ignition probability were explored using Bayesian logistic regression. The preferred models for two areas (Blue Mountains and Central Coast) were composed of the sum of FFDI (Drought Factor, DF = 1) (ambient component) and DF as predictors. Both drought and ambient weather positively affected the chance of large fire ignitions, with large fires more probable on the Central Coast than in the Blue Mountains. The preferred ...


Short Telomeres In Hatchling Snakes: Erythrocyte Telomere Dynamics And Longevity In Tropical Pythons, Beata Ujvari, Thomas Madsen Jan 2009

Short Telomeres In Hatchling Snakes: Erythrocyte Telomere Dynamics And Longevity In Tropical Pythons, Beata Ujvari, Thomas Madsen

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Background: Telomere length (TL) has been found to be associated with life span in birds and humans. However, other studies have demonstrated that TL does not affect survival among old humans. Furthermore, replicative senescence has been shown to be induced by changes in the protected status of the telomeres rather than the loss of TL. In the present study we explore whether age- and sex-specific telomere dynamics affect life span in a long-lived snake, the water python (Liasis fuscus). Methodology/Principal Findings: Erythrocyte TL was measured using the Telo TAGGG TL Assay Kit (Roche). In contrast to other vertebrates, TL ...


Spatial Ecology Of Hatchling Water Pythons (Liasis Fuscus) In Tropical Australia, Richard Shine, Thomas R. Madsen, Ligia Pizzatto, Gregory P. Brown Jan 2009

Spatial Ecology Of Hatchling Water Pythons (Liasis Fuscus) In Tropical Australia, Richard Shine, Thomas R. Madsen, Ligia Pizzatto, Gregory P. Brown

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Young snakes are rarely seen in the field and little is known about their habits. mostly because they are too small for radio-telemetry (the primary method for Studying snake spatial ecology). However, the offspring or some larger species can be fitted with transmitters and we investigated the spatial ecology and habitat use of ten hatchling water pythons (Liasis fuscus: Pythonidae) in the floodplain of the Adelaide River, tropical Australia. Patterns of habitat use in the late wet season and during the dry season were similar to those of adults tracked in the same vicinity in an earlier study. Soon after ...