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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Desalinated Versus Recycled Water — Public Perceptions And Profiles Of The Accepters, Sara Dolnicar, A. I. Schäfer Oct 2009

Desalinated Versus Recycled Water — Public Perceptions And Profiles Of The Accepters, Sara Dolnicar, A. I. Schäfer

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Many countries’ water resources are limited in both quantity and quality. While engineering solutions can now safely produce recycled and desalinated water from non-potable sources at a relatively low cost, the general public is sceptical about adopting these alternative water sources. Social scientists need to better understand what is causing this lack of acceptance by the general population and how acceptance levels for recycled and desalinated water can be increased. This study is the first to conduct a comparative analysis of knowledge, perceptions, acceptability, and determine segments of residents who are more open-minded than the general population toward the use ...


Corporate Finance Practice In Kuwait: A Survey To Confront Theory With Practice, Mohammad Al Mutairi, Gary G. Tian, Andrew S. Tan Jan 2009

Corporate Finance Practice In Kuwait: A Survey To Confront Theory With Practice, Mohammad Al Mutairi, Gary G. Tian, Andrew S. Tan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study reports the results of a survey among 80 CFOs in Kuwaitilisted firms on current corporate finance practices namely, capitalbudgeting, costs of capital, capital structure, and dividend policy.This paper analyses specifically the survey responses according tothe firm s attributes and CFO s characteristics such as firm size,sector, equity, CFO s education, ownership, tenure, age, and targetdebt ratio. The results of this survey-based analysis indicate thatthere is some evidence of the application of basic corporate financetools that are inline with what is taught in classrooms. For example,we find that a surprising number of firms are widely using ...


Location And Interactive Services Not Only At Your Fingertips But Under Your Skin, Rodney Ip, Katina Michael, M G. Michael Jan 2009

Location And Interactive Services Not Only At Your Fingertips But Under Your Skin, Rodney Ip, Katina Michael, M G. Michael

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores the work of Professor Kevin Warwick, a researcher in the Department of Cybernetics at the University of Reading in the United Kingdom, who has played a major role in propelling the science of humancentric chip implantation. On the 24th of August 1998, just over a decade ago, Professor Warwick became the first man to officially implant a radio-frequency identification (RFID) transponder under his skin. This paper explores Warwick's achievements, motivations, and chipping experience, offering a unique insight into the ethical dilemmas and controversy surrounding implantable devices for identification purposes, interactive environments and the potential for location-based ...


Ontology Mapping Between Hl7 Versions 2 And 3 And Openehr For Observations Messages, Amanda Ryan, Peter W. Eklund Jan 2009

Ontology Mapping Between Hl7 Versions 2 And 3 And Openehr For Observations Messages, Amanda Ryan, Peter W. Eklund

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Interoperability between health informatics standards enables new best-ofbreed solutions to evolve from legacy health information systems, and enables a healthcare data model to evolve and be enriched. In this paper we show that a lightweight XSLT framework can be used to achieve interoperability between HL7 versions 2 and 3 and HL7 version 3 and OpenEHR. We present the necessary transformations between terminology and structure in these standards as an exercise in ontology mapping. We discuss our experience with respect to clinical observation messaging.


Ricardian Equivalence And The Efficacy Of Fiscal Policy In Australia, Shane Brittle Jan 2009

Ricardian Equivalence And The Efficacy Of Fiscal Policy In Australia, Shane Brittle

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Events surrounding the global financial and economic crises of 2008 and 2009 have sparked a renewed interest in discretionary fiscal policy. This article considers whether private saving in Australia behaves in a manner that is consistent with Ricardian equivalence, thus mitigating the effects of fiscal policy, or conversely, if fiscal policy has some ability to influence the real economy. Results indicate that, while there is not a full Ricardian response to changes in the fiscal stance, there is some partial offsetting behaviour—implying that fiscal policy does elicit some (limited) impact on economic activity.


The Current State Of Commercial Location-Based Service Offerings In Australia, Roba Abbas, Katina Michael, M. G. Michael, Anas Aloudat Jan 2009

The Current State Of Commercial Location-Based Service Offerings In Australia, Roba Abbas, Katina Michael, M. G. Michael, Anas Aloudat

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Location-based services (LBS) provide geographic data for a variety of purposes, and through numerous devices such as mobile phones, GPS navigation systems, palm pilots and increasingly desktop computers. Presently, there is scant information relating to the current state of the LBS market, specifically location-based service applications in Australia. This study makes use of usability context analyses to examine Australiapsilas three leading telecommunications operators- Telstra, Optus and Vodafone- with a view to providing an overview of the types of services and solutions presently offered and targeted at the consumer, business and emergency segments. There are two units of analysis (i) the ...


Regional Branding: Perspectives Of Tourists In Australia, Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong, Deon Nel Jan 2009

Regional Branding: Perspectives Of Tourists In Australia, Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong, Deon Nel

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper aims to explore the overlap and gap between the communication efforts of destination marketing organisations (DMO)’s and consumer perspectives of tourism destination within Australia. This paper applies qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Three stages of analysis are discussed. The web site content of state tourism authorities are analysed using Leximancer. The results show that states are using differing perceptual dimensions to portray characteristics of state tourism destinations. It is also found that consumers can recall the slogans and positioning of some states to a much greater extent than others. Finally it was shown that there was little correspondence ...


Self-Congruity Theory In Volunteering, Melanie J. Randle, Sara Dolnicar Jan 2009

Self-Congruity Theory In Volunteering, Melanie J. Randle, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

According to self-congruity theory, people prefer brands that they associate with a set of personality traits which are similar to their own. This notion is widely accepted by consumer researchers and has been empirically tested in a number of commercial product and service contexts. It has not, however, been tested in the context of the third sector, particularly in relation to volunteering organisations. This study finds preliminary support for two hypotheses: (1) volunteers who prefer a specific volunteering organisation over others differ significantly in their self-concept; and (2) the self-concept of volunteers who prefer a specific volunteering organisation most closely ...


Responsible Financing?: The Equator Principles And Bank Disclosures, Jane Andrew Jan 2009

Responsible Financing?: The Equator Principles And Bank Disclosures, Jane Andrew

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of this paper is to consider the impact of the Equator Principles on banking disclosures. The research explores whether signatory banks are disclosing information related to their obligations under the Equator Principles and discusses the types of disclosures being made publicly available. The research illustrates that banks are disclosing very little information to help users assess the impact the Equator Principles have had on these banks practices. It is also suggested that banks are reframing their identity through these principles, but it is still difficult to assess whether this is also transforming practice. There is little academic research ...


Fostering Women's Entrepreneurial Leadership In Family Firms: Ten Lessons, Mary Barrett, Ken Moores Jan 2009

Fostering Women's Entrepreneurial Leadership In Family Firms: Ten Lessons, Mary Barrett, Ken Moores

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Women's potential to lead a firm - whether one started by a family member or a new venture of their own - is still not often enough acknowledged. With family firms acknowledged as the seeding grounds for the next generation of entrepreneurs, and with increasing attention in research and public policy to women's entrepreneurship, it is important to understand the factors in family firms which help and hinder their women members' leadership and entrepreneurship potential. This article, based on the authors' book Women in Family Business Leadership Roles: Daughters on the Stage (Edward Elgar, 2009), presents ten lessons for family ...


Exploratory And Inferential Analysis Of Gene Cluster Neighborhood Graphs, Theresa Scharl, Ingo Voglhuber, Friedrich Leisch Jan 2009

Exploratory And Inferential Analysis Of Gene Cluster Neighborhood Graphs, Theresa Scharl, Ingo Voglhuber, Friedrich Leisch

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Background Many different cluster methods are frequently used in gene expression data analysis to find groups of co-expressed genes. However, cluster algorithms with the ability to visualize the resulting clusters are usually preferred. The visualization of gene clusters gives practitioners an understanding of the cluster structure of their data and makes it easier to interpret the cluster results. Results In this paper recent extensions of R package gcExplorer are presented. gcExplorer is an interactive visualization toolbox for the investigation of both the overall cluster structure and single clusters. The different visualization options including arbitrary node and panel functions are described ...


From Traditional Knowledge Management In Hierarchical Organizations To A Network Centric Paradigm For A Changing World, Kate Crawford, Helen M. Hasan, Leoni Warne, Henry Linger Jan 2009

From Traditional Knowledge Management In Hierarchical Organizations To A Network Centric Paradigm For A Changing World, Kate Crawford, Helen M. Hasan, Leoni Warne, Henry Linger

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

At the beginning of the 21st century, all organizations need to address the continually changing social and economic landscape in which they operate. In this landscape organizations need to be responsive, flexible and agile and acquire the capability to leverage information and use collective knowledge to make appropriate decisions quickly and effectively. The practice of knowledge management allows knowledge workers to participate in dynamic processes that generate and use collective knowledge. However the complexity that arises from a continually changing global environment highlights the need for knowledge management to move in new directions both in practice and theory. This paper ...


Meeting The Information Needs Of Carers Of Children With Disabilities: A Case For The Use Of Virtual Communities, Elias Kyriazis, Rodney J. Clarke, Gary I. Noble, Jennifer Ann Algie Jan 2009

Meeting The Information Needs Of Carers Of Children With Disabilities: A Case For The Use Of Virtual Communities, Elias Kyriazis, Rodney J. Clarke, Gary I. Noble, Jennifer Ann Algie

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

From the initial diagnosis parents of children with a disability need timely and accurate information to effectively manage their child’s condition. Focussing on the findings of a collaborative research project examining the needs of parents of children with a disability (0- 12 years) the study identifies several information related factors adding to parental stress levels. These include a lack of awareness of support services, application processes, and disability specific information. To overcome the limitations of existing information delivery approaches we propose creating a wiki-based virtual community to serve as a user friendly “one-stop shop” for carers . Such a community ...


When The Going Gets Tough: Board Capital And Survival Of New Economy Ipo Firms, Nongnit Chancharat, Chandrasekhar Krishnamurti, Gary G. Tian Jan 2009

When The Going Gets Tough: Board Capital And Survival Of New Economy Ipo Firms, Nongnit Chancharat, Chandrasekhar Krishnamurti, Gary G. Tian

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The high profile corporate collapse of Enron and WorldCom has been attributed to corporate governance failures. This implicit linkage between governance failures and corporate failures raises the important question of whether good governance will mitigate the probability of failure of a firm faced with extreme financial duress. Additionally, recent studies question the assumption that a single board structure will be optimal for all firms. We empirically address this issue in the context of survival of new economy Australian IPOs. We characterize governance by board structure and leadership. Our results show that one of the key principles of the Cadbury Code ...


A Comparison Of Factual/Low Context Versus Emotional/High Context Message Appeals: Persuading Chinese Smokers To Ring The Chinese Quitline, Michael Camit, Gary I. Noble, Jennifer Ann Algie Jan 2009

A Comparison Of Factual/Low Context Versus Emotional/High Context Message Appeals: Persuading Chinese Smokers To Ring The Chinese Quitline, Michael Camit, Gary I. Noble, Jennifer Ann Algie

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study does not support the notion developed from cross cultural advertising literature that members of a particular cultural group will prefer a particular message advertising appeal if it reflects values that are congruent to its culture. An experimental design is applied to examine whether emotional/ high context appeals (n=120) are more persuasive than factual/ low context appeals (n=124) among target groups from collectivist cultural backgrounds. Analysis of Chinese smokers’ pre-and-post intentions to contact the Chinese Quitline after viewing print advertisements determined that there was no difference between the two ad groups’ shift scores. The common use of ...


The Phillips Curve And The Nairu: A Reinterpretation, Edgar J. Wilson Jan 2009

The Phillips Curve And The Nairu: A Reinterpretation, Edgar J. Wilson

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper criticises the use of partial equilibrium analysis in new Keynesian explanations of wage and price stickiness, specifying the Phillips curve as a structural equation (rather than the outcome of the monetary transmission process), and using comparative static ad hoc models to characterise the dynamic trade-off.

An intertemporal optimisation model with imperfect competition is solved to generate a dynamic Phillips curve. The predicted wage inertia and impact effects on employment accord with empirical evidence on the effects of monetary policy. The employment dynamics allow an alternative interpretation of the NAIRU relative to the ‘natural rate of unemployment’ (NRU).


Location-Based Services For Emergency Management: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective, Anas Aloudat, Katina Michael, Roba Abbas Jan 2009

Location-Based Services For Emergency Management: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective, Anas Aloudat, Katina Michael, Roba Abbas

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper investigates the deployment of locationbased services for nationwide emergency management by focusing on the perspectives of two stakeholders, government and end-users, in the cellular mobile phone value chain. The data collected for the study came from a single in-depth interview and open comments in a preliminary end-user survey. The themes presented have been categorised using a qualitative analysis. The findings indicate that although governments and end-users believe that location-based services have the potential to aid people in emergencies, there are several major disagreements over the proposed deployment. This paper is an attempt to help determine the underlying motivations ...


Hongkong And Shanghai Bank Financial Reporting Practice 1865-1876, Freda Hui, Kathleen M. Rudkin Jan 2009

Hongkong And Shanghai Bank Financial Reporting Practice 1865-1876, Freda Hui, Kathleen M. Rudkin

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Accounting practices of Hongkong and Shanghai Bank from 1865 to 1876 fostered its repertoire of precocial identities. Hongkong and Shanghai bank used these identities to act opportunistically in commercial dealings with the British colonial administration of Hong Kong, the public of the United Kingdom, and the Emperor of China and his Chinese administration. This paper argues HSBC varied its financial reporting practices to manage its identities in public spaces in different cultural constituencies in order to ensure its longer term survival. The approach taken is to use the example of HSBC’s Foochow loan to demonstrate its use of financial ...


Threshold Concepts And Their Relevance To Economics, Roderick M. O'Donnell Jan 2009

Threshold Concepts And Their Relevance To Economics, Roderick M. O'Donnell

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In exploring the learning experiences of tertiary students, some educationalists have advanced the ‘threshold concept hypothesis’ according to which certain concepts in various disciplines act as thresholds. Such concepts need to be mastered before further progress can be made in a discipline – they are thus like portals or entrances to be traversed before students can think like practitioners of that discipline. In economics, the concept of opportunity cost has been selected as a prime example of a threshold concept. This paper subjects the threshold concept hypothesis to critical scrutiny on logical and methodological grounds, and then investigates its applicability to ...


Physically Attractive Presenters And Persuasion: An Experimental Investigation Of Alternative Explanations For The "Patzer Effect", Sandra Praxmarer, John R. Rossiter Jan 2009

Physically Attractive Presenters And Persuasion: An Experimental Investigation Of Alternative Explanations For The "Patzer Effect", Sandra Praxmarer, John R. Rossiter

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This experiment was designed to test alternative explanations for the powerful positive effect of the presenter’s facial attractiveness on persuasion found by Patzer (1985). The explanations tested are: (a) a “conscious Patzer effect” whereby the attractiveness of the presenter prompts conscious cognitive-response inferences about the presenter’s expertise and trustworthiness; (b) a “subconscious Patzer effect” whereby attractiveness persuades via beliefs about the presenter’s expertise and trustworthiness but without conscious cognitive responses; (c) an “affect transfer effect” whereby attractiveness increases liking of the presenter which in turn transfers to a more favorable attitude toward the brand; and (d) a ...


Motivating Corporate Social Responsibility In The Supply Chain, Shaun M. Powell, Mark Davies, Helen-Jane Shearer Jan 2009

Motivating Corporate Social Responsibility In The Supply Chain, Shaun M. Powell, Mark Davies, Helen-Jane Shearer

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

There is a relative paucity of studies in relation to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) focused upon the ‘upstream’ components of the supply chain (business-to-business) hence our research investigates upstream CSR activities and their underlying motives using case studies from 5 UK industries. Findings indicate that whilst companies recognise the need to cover a range of CSR issues in their supply chain, motives vary plus only those aspects seen to have strategic implications will be allocated resources in any significant manner.


Call Auction Transparency And Market Liquidity: The Shanghai Experience, Dionigi Gerace, Gary G. Tian, Willa Hua-Qing Zheng Jan 2009

Call Auction Transparency And Market Liquidity: The Shanghai Experience, Dionigi Gerace, Gary G. Tian, Willa Hua-Qing Zheng

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

On July 1 2006, the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SHSE) changed its pre-market openingauction system from an entirely black box into a more transparent system with indicativeauction prices, indicative equilibrium volume and indicative unexecuted volumedisseminated in real time throughout the pre-opening period. This paper use the naturalexperiment offered by SHSE to investigate the impact of opening call transparency onmarket liquidity. The dynamics of the opening process and its impact on trading activityfor the rest of the day is of interest to traders because traders can either cluster their tradesduring the non-trading period or withhold their orders until the market opens. We ...


How Does The Presenter's Physical Attractiveness Persuade? A Test Of Alternative Explanations, Sandra Praxmarer, John R. Rossiter Jan 2009

How Does The Presenter's Physical Attractiveness Persuade? A Test Of Alternative Explanations, Sandra Praxmarer, John R. Rossiter

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study was conducted to test alternative explanations for the powerful positive effect of the presenter’s facial attractiveness on persuasion found by Patzer (1985). The explanations tested are: (a) a “conscious Patzer effect” whereby the attractiveness of the presenter prompts conscious cognitive-response inferences about the presenter’s expertise and trustworthiness; (b) a “subconscious Patzer effect” whereby attractiveness persuades via beliefs about the presenter’s expertise and trustworthiness but without conscious cognitive responses; (c) an “affect transfer effect” whereby attractiveness increases liking of the presenter which in turn transfers to a more favorable attitude toward the brand; and (d) a ...


The Smoothing Of Reported Corporate Earnings Through Target Setting: Acceptable Practice Or Shareholder Deception?, John Hillier, Michael Mccrae Jan 2009

The Smoothing Of Reported Corporate Earnings Through Target Setting: Acceptable Practice Or Shareholder Deception?, John Hillier, Michael Mccrae

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The setting of earnings targets is frequently used by corporate managers to reduce the volatility of reported earnings over successive periods. The practice exemplifies the more informal or ad hoc category of income smoothing approaches. This paper investigates the volatility reduction potential of target setting relative to the underlying (but unobservable) income stream. The analysis uses a simulation approach based on a statistical model of accounting measurement that treats periodic earnings reports as successive samples drawn from the underlying earnings generation process. The results indicate substantial reductions in earnings volatility that are remarkably resilient to inaccuracies in targets and increase ...


Leadership Styles And Company Performance: The Experience Of Owner-Managers Of Smes, Palli Mulla K A Chandrakumara, Anura De Zoysa, Athula S. Manawaduge Jan 2009

Leadership Styles And Company Performance: The Experience Of Owner-Managers Of Smes, Palli Mulla K A Chandrakumara, Anura De Zoysa, Athula S. Manawaduge

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Leadership styles of owner-managers were explored in the context of a developingcountry in South Asia with a view to examining their impact on financial performanceof SMEs. It was justified that the study has both theoretical and contextualsignificance. Data were collected from 204 companies in Sri Lanka by adopting mixedmethodologies that consisted of both qualitative and qualitative approaches.Descriptive statistics and correlation coefficient were used in the analysis. The findingsrevealed that the existence of three main leadership styles in the sample, namely;entrepreneurial, managerial, and mix of both entrepreneurial and managerialleaderships. The analysis indicated that 60 percent of firms had increased ...


Evaluating The Use Of The Web For Tourism Marketing In Hong Kong, Gregory M. Kerr, Chun Fung Tsoi, Lois Burgess Jan 2009

Evaluating The Use Of The Web For Tourism Marketing In Hong Kong, Gregory M. Kerr, Chun Fung Tsoi, Lois Burgess

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Tourism is important to the economy of Hong Kong with over 25 million individuals visitingthe island annually. Increasingly, the Internet has an important role to play in tourism as itprovides a range of services from information to transactions. This research investigates theuse of the Internet to Hong Kong tourism by utilizing the extended model of InternetCommerce Adoption (eMICA) to evaluate the level of Website development in Hong Kongtourism. The findings show a broader range of Internet offerings by businesses compared togovernment sites. This study provides a foundation for a broader and longitudinal study oftourism websites in Hong Kong and the ...


Factors Impacting The Adoption And Use Of Ict In The Malaysian Sme Sector, Ali S. Saleh, Lois Burgess Jan 2009

Factors Impacting The Adoption And Use Of Ict In The Malaysian Sme Sector, Ali S. Saleh, Lois Burgess

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A review of extant literature reveals that little attention has been given to research into the level of ICT infrastructure among SMEs, as well as examining the factors that limit the use of ICT in these organizations. Earlier studies have mainly focused on the services sector. Hence, there is a need to conduct further empirical research across area range of industry sectors to better understand the challenges confronting SMEs that hinder the adoption and use of ICT. The aim of this paper is to conduct an empirical investigation to identify the barriers that limit the adoption of Information and Communication ...


Does The Size And Quality Of The Government Explain The Size And Efficiency Of The Financial Sector?, Arusha V. Cooray Jan 2009

Does The Size And Quality Of The Government Explain The Size And Efficiency Of The Financial Sector?, Arusha V. Cooray

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study examines the impact of two dimensions of thegovernment, namely, size and quality, on two dimensions of thefinancial sector, size and efficiency, in a cross section of 71economies. The study finds that while increased quality of thegovernment as measured by governance and legal origin positivelyinfluence both financial sector size and efficiency, that the size ofthe government proxied by government expenditure andgovernment ownership of banks, has a negative effect on financialsector efficiency, however, a positive impact on financial sector size,particularly in the low income economies.


Simulation Modelling And Strategic Change: Creating The Sustainable Enterprise, Patrick M. Dawson, Trevor A. Spedding Jan 2009

Simulation Modelling And Strategic Change: Creating The Sustainable Enterprise, Patrick M. Dawson, Trevor A. Spedding

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper highlights the benefits of using discrete event simulation models for developing change management frameworks which facilitate productivity and environmental improvements in order to create a sustainable enterprise. There is an increasing need for organisations to be more socially and environmentally responsible, however these objectives cannot be realised in isolation of the strategic, operations and business objectives of the enterprise. Discrete Event Simulation models facilitate a multidimensional approach to enterprise modelling which can integrate operations and strategic considerations with environmental and social issues. Moreover these models can provide a dynamic roadmap for implementing a change strategy for realising the ...


Automatic Generation Of Exams In R, Bettina Grun, Achim Zeileis Jan 2009

Automatic Generation Of Exams In R, Bettina Grun, Achim Zeileis

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Package exams provides a framework for automatic generation of standardized statistical exams which is especially useful for large-scale exams. To employ the tools, users just need to supply a pool of exercises and a master file controlling the layout of the final PDF document. The exercises are specified in separate Sweave files (containing R code for data generation and LaTeX code for problem and solution description) and the master file is a LaTeX document with some additional control commands. This paper gives an overview of the main design aims and principles as well as strategies for adaptation and extension. Hands-on ...