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2009

Western Michigan University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 157

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Special Issue On People With Disabilities And Social Welfare: Introduction, Barbara Barton Dec 2009

Special Issue On People With Disabilities And Social Welfare: Introduction, Barbara Barton

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.


Dreams Deferred: Disability Definitions, Data, Models, And Perspectives, Barbara Barton Dec 2009

Dreams Deferred: Disability Definitions, Data, Models, And Perspectives, Barbara Barton

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

When Ed Roberts, who had polio, forged new ground for people with disabilities by developing the first Center for Independent Living in 1972, the stage was set for people with disabilities and advocates to join together in a new civil rights movement. 'Invisible' no more, the disability community started what was expected to be a stratospheric leap into community inclusion. There was substantial hope held in the anticipated impact of the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990 (P.L. 101-336, 104 statute 327). For millions of Americans, it appeared that the ADA would provide avenues for ...


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 36, No. 4 (December 2009) Dec 2009

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 36, No. 4 (December 2009)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

SPECIAL ISSUE ON PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES AND SOCIAL WELFARE

  • INTRODUCTION TO THE SPECIAL ISSUE - Barbara Barton, Guest Editor
  • DREAMS DEFERRED: DISABILITY DEFINITIONS, DATA, MODELS, AND PERSPECTIVES - Barbara Barton, Guest Editor
  • DIMENSIONS OF LOSS FROM MENTAL ILLNESS - Amy E. Z. Baker, Nicholas Procter, and Tony Gibbons
  • INFLUENCES ON JOB RETENTION AMONG HOMELESS PERSONS WITH SUBSTANCE ABUSE OR PSYCHIATRIC DISABILITIES - Russell K. Schutt and Norman C. Hursh
  • E-THERAPY AS A MEANS FOR ADDRESSING BARRIERS TO SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER TREATMENT FOR PERSONS WHO ARE DEAF - Dennis Moore, Debra Guthmann, Nikki Rogers, Susan Fraker, and Jared Embree
  • CONNECTING YOUTH AND COMMUNITIES: CUSTOMIZED CAREER PLANNING ...


Reaching Beyond The "Moron": Eugenic Control Of Secondary Disability Groups, Gerald V. O'Brien, Meghan E. Bundy Dec 2009

Reaching Beyond The "Moron": Eugenic Control Of Secondary Disability Groups, Gerald V. O'Brien, Meghan E. Bundy

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

While much has been published about the American eugenics movement, few authors have considered the relative status of various disability populations as targets of eugenic control. While many writers focus on persons diagnosed as feeble-minded as the central focus of control, little has been written regarding the status of additional disability groups. This is important since, as described here, a central component of coming to understand past social injustices against marginalized groups and the contemporary relevance of such injustices is gaining an awareness of why specific populations were accepted by control authorities as appropriate or viable targets for control measures.


Human Rights And Social Justice In A Global Perspective: An Introduction To International Social Work. Susan C. Mapp. Reviewed By Jani Nairruti., Nairruti Jani Dec 2009

Human Rights And Social Justice In A Global Perspective: An Introduction To International Social Work. Susan C. Mapp. Reviewed By Jani Nairruti., Nairruti Jani

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Susan C. Mapp (Ed.), Human Rights and Social Justice in a Global Perspective: An Introduction to International Social Work. New York, USA: Oxford University Press, 2007. $32.95 paperback.


Theory And Practice With Adolescents: An Applied Approach. Fred R. Mckenzie. Reviewed By Nila Ricks., Nila Ricks Dec 2009

Theory And Practice With Adolescents: An Applied Approach. Fred R. Mckenzie. Reviewed By Nila Ricks., Nila Ricks

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Fred R. McKenzie, Theory and Practice with Adolescents: An Applied Approach. Chicago, IL: Lyceum, 2008. $42.95 papercover.


Autobiography And Decolonization: Modernity, Masculinity And The Nation State. Philip Holden. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley Dec 2009

Autobiography And Decolonization: Modernity, Masculinity And The Nation State. Philip Holden. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Philip Holden, Autobiography and Decolonization: Modernity, Masculinity and the Nation-State. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2008. $55.00 hardcover.


Men On A Mission: Valuing Youth Work In Our Communities. William Mardiglio. Reviewed By Will Rainford., Will Rainford Dec 2009

Men On A Mission: Valuing Youth Work In Our Communities. William Mardiglio. Reviewed By Will Rainford., Will Rainford

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of William Mardiglio, Men on a Mission: Valuing Youth Work in our Communities. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008. $60.00 hardcover.


Cracks In The Pavement: Social Change And Resilience In Poor Neighborhoods. Martin Sdnchez-Jankowski. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley Dec 2009

Cracks In The Pavement: Social Change And Resilience In Poor Neighborhoods. Martin Sdnchez-Jankowski. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Martin Sanchez-Jankowski, Cracks in the Pavement: Social Change and Resilience in Poor Neighborhoods. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008. $24.95 papercover.


Globalization And International Social Work: Postmodern Change And Challenge. Malcolm Payne And Gurid Aga Askeland. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley Dec 2009

Globalization And International Social Work: Postmodern Change And Challenge. Malcolm Payne And Gurid Aga Askeland. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Malcolm Payne and Gurid Aga Askeland, Globalization and International Social Work: Postmodern Change and Challenge. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2008. $99.95 hardcover.


Chinese Americans And The Politics Of Race And Culture. Sucheng Chan And Madeline Y Hsu (Eds). Reviewed By Julian Chun-Chung Chow., Julian Chun-Chung Chow Dec 2009

Chinese Americans And The Politics Of Race And Culture. Sucheng Chan And Madeline Y Hsu (Eds). Reviewed By Julian Chun-Chung Chow., Julian Chun-Chung Chow

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Sucheng Chan and Madeline Y. Hsu (Eds.), Chinese Americans and the Politics of Race and Culture. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2008. $27.95 papercover.


Rightward Bound: Making America Conservative In The 1970s. Bruce J. Schulman And Julian E. Zeliger. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley Dec 2009

Rightward Bound: Making America Conservative In The 1970s. Bruce J. Schulman And Julian E. Zeliger. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Bruce J. Schulman and Julian E. Zelizer, Rightward Bound: Making America Conservative in the 1970s. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008. $49.95 hardcover, $19.95 papercover.


City Of Disorder: How The Quality Of Life Campaign Transformed New York Politics. Alex Vitale. Reviewed By Stephen Pimpare., Stephen Pimpare Dec 2009

City Of Disorder: How The Quality Of Life Campaign Transformed New York Politics. Alex Vitale. Reviewed By Stephen Pimpare., Stephen Pimpare

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Alex Vitale, City of Disorder: How the Quality of Life Campaign Transformed New York Politics. New York: New York University Press, 2008. $40.00 hardcover, $20.00 papercover.


Connecting Youth And Communities: Customized Career Planning For Youth With Psychiatric Disabilities, Kim Brown Dec 2009

Connecting Youth And Communities: Customized Career Planning For Youth With Psychiatric Disabilities, Kim Brown

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Young people with psychiatric disabilities are significantly overrepresented in the juvenile justice system, tend to be employed sporadically if at all, and frequently have negative connections within and to their communities. Recent research conducted in Montana with youth who have developmental and/or physical disabilities demonstrates the effectiveness of using a customized career planning model to increase linkages to resources and access to community- based employment. Side benefits include improved self-esteem and positive community connections. The customization model holds promise as a way to reduce the risk factors young people with psychiatric disabilitiesf ace and increase the resiliency factors that ...


Influences On Job Retention Among Homeless Persons With Substance Abuse Or Psychiatric Disabilities, Russell K. Schutt, Norman C. Hursh Dec 2009

Influences On Job Retention Among Homeless Persons With Substance Abuse Or Psychiatric Disabilities, Russell K. Schutt, Norman C. Hursh

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Job retention is an important psychosocial rehabilitation goal, but one that is not often achieved. We investigate facilitators of and barriers to employment retention among homeless individuals with psychiatric and substance abuse diagnoses who were re-interviewed eight or more years after participating in a traditional vocational rehabilitation program. Most program graduates who maintained employment had secured social support from a variety of sources; personal motivation was also a critical element in job retention and compensated in some cases for an absence of social support. Both the availability of social support contacts and personal motivation influenced likelihood of maintaining sobriety. Physical ...


Dimensions Of Loss From Mental Illness, Amy E. Z. Baker, Nicholas Procter, Tony Gibbons Dec 2009

Dimensions Of Loss From Mental Illness, Amy E. Z. Baker, Nicholas Procter, Tony Gibbons

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This review explores the nature, scope and consequences of loss resulting from mental illness. Losses are described within four key themes: self and identity, work and employment opportunities, relationships, and future-oriented losses. In reflecting upon review findings, several assumptions about loss are illuminated. Findings are situated within the cornerstones of recent mental health reform, specifically a recovery-oriented approach and social inclusion. Particular attention is directed towards notions of risk and responsibility and tensions in realizing the impact of loss within an individualized recovery framework. Implications and recommendations for policy and practice are highlighted.


E-Therapy As A Means For Addressing Barriers To Substance Use Disorder Treatment For Persons Who Are Deaf, Dennis Moore, Debra Guthmann, Nikki Rogers, Susan Frake, Jared Embree Dec 2009

E-Therapy As A Means For Addressing Barriers To Substance Use Disorder Treatment For Persons Who Are Deaf, Dennis Moore, Debra Guthmann, Nikki Rogers, Susan Frake, Jared Embree

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Persons who are deaf face a number of challenges with regard to vulnerability for substance use disorders. Moreover, accessible treatment for this condition can be difficult to establish and maintain. The Deaf community may be one of the most disenfranchised groups in America in regard to appropriate access to substance use disorder (SUD) prevention and treatment services. This article reviews findings related to substance use disorder and treatment for this condition among persons who are deaf. It also reviews a promising approach for addressing treatment needs via e-therapy, and it highlights the challenges and concerns regarding e-therapy for this population ...


Does The Gi Bill Support Educational Attainment For Veterans With Disabilities? Implications For Current Veterans In Resuming Civilian Life, Alexa Smith-Osborne Dec 2009

Does The Gi Bill Support Educational Attainment For Veterans With Disabilities? Implications For Current Veterans In Resuming Civilian Life, Alexa Smith-Osborne

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A secondary data analysis of the 2001 National Survey of Veterans (NSV) for 2075 Gulf War-era veterans was conducted to investigate whether the GI Bill (the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, most recent provisions of which have been entitled the Montgomery GI Bill and the Post 9/11 GI Bill), considered as a social welfare policy, demonstrated protective effects for veterans with disabilities in terms of successful re-entry and sustained enrollment in higher education. Regression analyses to test the mediation effects of use of the GI Bill, use of non-Veterans' Administration (VA)financial aid, and use of VA health ...


Parental Cognitive Disabilities And Child Protection Services: The Need For Human Capacity Building, Sandra T. Azar, Kristin N. Read Dec 2009

Parental Cognitive Disabilities And Child Protection Services: The Need For Human Capacity Building, Sandra T. Azar, Kristin N. Read

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Theories regarding the social cognitive origins of parenting risk have recently emerged. This work not only has implications for the nature of interventions with parents, but also for the approaches taken by the social service systems that work with them. This paper reviews the evidence that there is a significant number of parents with cognitive disabilities within child protection caseloads and outlines the types of human capacity building and organizational development that are needed to support the parents' needs. Such capacity building will not only increase the effectiveness of child protection interventions with parents with cognitive disabilities (PCD), but will ...


Left And Right And Global Politics. Alain Noel And Jean- Philippe Therien. Reviewed By Josephine Chaumba., Josphine Chaumba Dec 2009

Left And Right And Global Politics. Alain Noel And Jean- Philippe Therien. Reviewed By Josephine Chaumba., Josphine Chaumba

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Alain Noel and Jean-Philippe Th6rien, Left and Right in Global Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. $28.00 papercover.


Social Security, The Economy And Development. James Midgley And Kwong Leung Tang (Eds.). Reviewed By Martin B. Tracy., Martin B. Tracy Dec 2009

Social Security, The Economy And Development. James Midgley And Kwong Leung Tang (Eds.). Reviewed By Martin B. Tracy., Martin B. Tracy

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of James Midgley and Kwong-Leung Tang (Eds.), Social Security, the Economy and Development. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. $85.00 hardcover.


The Gender Impact Of Social Security Reform. Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards And Rebecca Wong. Reviewed By Silvia Borzutsky., Silvia Borzutsky Dec 2009

The Gender Impact Of Social Security Reform. Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards And Rebecca Wong. Reviewed By Silvia Borzutsky., Silvia Borzutsky

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards and Rebecca Wong, The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. $35.00 hardcover


A Molecular Analysis Of Training Multiple Versus Single Manipulations To Establish A Generalized Manipulative Imitation Repertoire, Breanne K. Hartley Dec 2009

A Molecular Analysis Of Training Multiple Versus Single Manipulations To Establish A Generalized Manipulative Imitation Repertoire, Breanne K. Hartley

Dissertations

This study evaluates the necessity of training multiple versus single manipulativeimitations per object in order to establish generalized manipulative-imitation. Training took place in Croyden Avenue School's Early Childhood Developmental Delay preschool classroom in Kalamazoo, MI. Two groups of 3 children each were trained to imitate in order to determine the most appropriate number of manipulations required (per object) to establish a generalized manipulative-imitation repertoire. Three children received single-manipulations training, and 3 children received multiple-manipulations training. It was anticipated that the multiple-manipulations training group would acquire a greater amount of generalized manipulative-imitation because the training required that the children discriminate ...


Improving Reading Fluency And Comprehension In Elementary Students Using Read Naturally, Rebecca Arvans Dec 2009

Improving Reading Fluency And Comprehension In Elementary Students Using Read Naturally, Rebecca Arvans

Dissertations

Difficulty learning how to read is a risk factor for school failure, low grades, behavior problems, juvenile delinquency, truancy, unemployment, jail time, and substance abuse. Reading difficulties are common in the educational setting, afflicting anywhere from 20-40 percent of students. Read Naturally is a computer-based reading program which targets the third "big idea" (i.e„ accuracy and fluency with reading). The current study assessed the efficacy of the Read Naturally program in second through fourth grade elementary students in a public elementary school. Additionally, this study assessed whether improving reading abilities resulted in changes in classroom behavior problems or self-esteem ...


The Politics And Consequences Of Stakeholder Participation In International Development Evaluation, Anne Cullen Dec 2009

The Politics And Consequences Of Stakeholder Participation In International Development Evaluation, Anne Cullen

Dissertations

Participatory approaches to evaluation have long been vogue in the international development evaluation community. However, despite their widespread use, there is a dearth of research on the impact of stakeholder participation in international development evaluations. Although proponents of participatory approaches to international development evaluation assert many advantages of their use, the evidence to support these claims is largely anecdotal. Similarly, critics of participatory approaches do not have empirical data on which to base their assertions. Further confusing the matter are multiple and conflicting definitions of stakeholder and participation. Some interpret stakeholders to mean funders while others view stakeholders as those ...


Empirical Essays On The Impact Of Health-Aid On Health Outcomes, Elsy Thomas Kizhakethalackal Dec 2009

Empirical Essays On The Impact Of Health-Aid On Health Outcomes, Elsy Thomas Kizhakethalackal

Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three essays that empirically explore the impact of multilateral health-aid on health outcomes like infant mortality rate (IMR) and incidences of an infectious disease, Tuberculosis, in developing economies. The first essay uses parametric and semiparametric mean regressions (additive and non-additive specifications) to capture the impact of education and health-aid on the IMR, after controlling for other covariates. Both specifications confirm education as an important factor in reducing IMR. However, the effect of health-aid on IMR is not significant. In our additive model, we do see a threshold level of health-aid after which the impacts of health-aid ...


An Evaluation Of A Sexual Assault Education Program, Angela P. Hatcher Dec 2009

An Evaluation Of A Sexual Assault Education Program, Angela P. Hatcher

Dissertations

Sexually aggressive behavior, especially on college campuses, is an issue of major concern. Previous research has found that 54% of college women report being sexually victimized (Koss, Gidycz, & Wisniewski, 1987). Given the scope of this problem, effective prevention strategies are necessary. Sexual assault prevention programs have included those targeting a mixed gender audience as well as gender specific programs. Research examining the effectiveness of these programs, at both post-intervention and follow-up, have provided mixed results.

The goal of the current study was to examine the effectiveness of a video-based sexual assault education program in decreasing rape myths, increasing victim empathy, and reducing attraction to sexual aggression among college men. In addition, the project explored variables that may predict the effectiveness of these programs, using both a within and across groups experimental design. The video-based intervention utilized for this study has demonstrated effectiveness (O'Donohue, Yeater, & Fanetti, 2003). The current study aimed to provide additional evidence to support previous work, and to expand the investigation of the impact of the intervention.

A total of 49 male undergraduate students participated in the study and all enrolled participants received the video-based intervention; however, a pre-delay control condition was used. The effectiveness of the sexual assault education program was assessed using measures of rape myth acceptance, empathy, and attraction to sexual aggression. Variables hypothesized to influence the effectiveness of the program were hypermasculinity, psychopathic traits, and alexithymia.

Results indicated that the video-based sexual assault education program was effective in decreasing participant's attraction to sexual aggression and increasing participant's rejection of rape myths and ...


Understanding The Impact Of The Kalamazoo Promise From The Perspectives Of Parents And Community Group Members, Charles Pearson Dec 2009

Understanding The Impact Of The Kalamazoo Promise From The Perspectives Of Parents And Community Group Members, Charles Pearson

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to uncover the emerging views of parents and community group stakeholders in regards to The Kalamazoo Promise, and what they believed were the important issues that must be understood by implementers of The Promise in order to provide more effective implementation.

The Kalamazoo Promise is a full-tuition scholarship provided to all eligible graduates of the school district. The qualification criteria are simple, and all graduates attending at least the four years of high school are eligible.

A case study was conducted in one representative school in this midsized, urban district. A multiple-phase approach was ...


Three Essays On Foreign Aid, Poverty And Growth., Aberra Senbeta Dec 2009

Three Essays On Foreign Aid, Poverty And Growth., Aberra Senbeta

Dissertations

This dissertation studies how foreign aid impacts poverty and economic growth and addresses three interrelated issues: whether aid reduces poverty, how aid affects economic growth, and whether the poverty mitigating role of aid depends on the levels of poverty.

The first essay, "Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty?" examines the direct effects of foreign aid on poverty in developing countries using dynamic panel estimation techniques. The results suggest that aid has a significant poverty reducing effect even after controlling for average income. The findings are robust to model specification and estimation techniques. The policy implication is that poverty reduction can be ...


Validating The Attitudes Toward Sex Offenders Scale, Charmeka. Whitehead Dec 2009

Validating The Attitudes Toward Sex Offenders Scale, Charmeka. Whitehead

Dissertations

This study investigated the reliability and validity of the Attitudes Toward Sex Offenders Scale (ATS) measurement by assessing attitudes of counselors in training towards juvenile sex offenders. The specific aims of this study were to determine (a) internal consistency of the ATS, (b) construct validity of the ATS based on exploratory factor analysis, and (c) the degree to which this instrument has convergent and discriminate validity. The intellectual merit of this study was to provide appropriate scale validation of the ATS so that it might be used to assess attitudes of mental health professionals who work with juvenile sex offenders ...