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2009

University of Wollongong

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Articles 1 - 30 of 656

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pretty Fly For A White Guy: Audio Repatriation To Arnhem Land, S. J. Angel Dec 2009

Pretty Fly For A White Guy: Audio Repatriation To Arnhem Land, S. J. Angel

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Return to Arnhem Land broadcast on ABC Radio National's Radio Eye in 2007 is a significant and culturally important radio documentary. It charts the return of ancient song cycles, recorded in 1948 by ABC broadcaster and sound recordist Colin Simpson and technician Ray Giles, to the Oenpelli community in West Arnhem Land in 2006. It tells, through the eyes and voice of historian, broadcaster and narrator Martin Thomas, how these recordings came to be as he returns them to the community; and what the community makes of them as cultural records: artefacts of cultural heritage. The documentary is stirring ...


Treating Malnutrition In Hospitals: Dietitians In The Driving Seat?, K. L. Walton Dec 2009

Treating Malnutrition In Hospitals: Dietitians In The Driving Seat?, K. L. Walton

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Although the problem of malnutrition in hospitals is not new,1,2 it is still a serious concern in Australian hospitals today. The population is ageing and patients are admitted with multiple medical problems placing them at increased risk of malnutrition. Malnutrition prevalence rates in Australian hospitals have ranged from 6-53%.3-13 The wide variation is due to different study settings; the time between admission and assessment, and the assessment tool used. Malnutrition is a considerable problem that increases with age. Patients over 80 years have a higher odds risk of being malnourished compared with those between 61-80 years.9 ...


Correspondence: Routine Early Angioplasty After Fibrinolysis, Bradley R. Wilsmore, Andrea D. Wilsmore Oct 2009

Correspondence: Routine Early Angioplasty After Fibrinolysis, Bradley R. Wilsmore, Andrea D. Wilsmore

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

To the Editor: Cantor et al. (June 25 issue)1 conclude that among high-risk patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who receive fibrinolysis, prompt interhospital transfer for early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after fibrinolysis is associated with significantly fewer ischemic complications than is standard treatment. Fundamental to this study’s findings are the criteria for identifying the high-risk patients who are likely to benefit from routine early angioplasty after fibrinolysis. ...................................................


Desalinated Versus Recycled Water — Public Perceptions And Profiles Of The Accepters, Sara Dolnicar, A. I. Schäfer Oct 2009

Desalinated Versus Recycled Water — Public Perceptions And Profiles Of The Accepters, Sara Dolnicar, A. I. Schäfer

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Many countries’ water resources are limited in both quantity and quality. While engineering solutions can now safely produce recycled and desalinated water from non-potable sources at a relatively low cost, the general public is sceptical about adopting these alternative water sources. Social scientists need to better understand what is causing this lack of acceptance by the general population and how acceptance levels for recycled and desalinated water can be increased. This study is the first to conduct a comparative analysis of knowledge, perceptions, acceptability, and determine segments of residents who are more open-minded than the general population toward the use ...


The Carillon And Its Haptic Signature : Modeling The Changing Force-Feedback Constraints Of A Musical Instrument For Haptic Display, Mark Havryliv, F. Geiger, M. Gurtler, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer Sep 2009

The Carillon And Its Haptic Signature : Modeling The Changing Force-Feedback Constraints Of A Musical Instrument For Haptic Display, Mark Havryliv, F. Geiger, M. Gurtler, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The carillon is one of the few instruments that elicits sophisticated haptic interaction from amateur and professional players alike. Like the piano keyboard, the velocity of a player’s impact on each carillon key, or baton, affects the quality of the resultant tone; unlike the piano, each carillon baton returns a different force-feedback. Force-feedback varies widely from one baton to the next across the entire range of the instrument and with further idiosyncratic variation from one instrument to another. This makes the carillon an ideal candidate for haptic simulation. The application of synthesized forcefeedback based on an analysis of forces ...


The Role Of The 'Tojisha' In Current Debates About Sexual Minority Rights In Japan, Mark J. Mclelland Sep 2009

The Role Of The 'Tojisha' In Current Debates About Sexual Minority Rights In Japan, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

‘Speaking as a tojisha’ has become an important strategy in establishing ‘correct knowledge’ about sexual minority cultures in contemporary Japan. Originally developed in a legal context where it referred to the ‘parties’ in court proceedings, in the 1970s tojisha was taken up by citizens’ groups campaigning for the right of self determination for the ‘parties concerned’ facing discrimination and has become a central concept for all minority self-advocacy groups. In the 1990s the discourse of tojisha sei (tojisha-ness) was adopted by gay rights groups and by spokespersons for lesbian and transgender communities in a battle to change public perceptions of ...


A Market Model Of Education?, Anthony Ashbolt Sep 2009

A Market Model Of Education?, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Milton Friedman introduced the concept of vouchers in education over fifty years ago. Thankfully the world ignored him. Nonetheless, the various victories of neoliberal doctrine from the early 1970s on in the USA, England and Australia placed vouchers on the agenda but not as a central platform. It is one of those policy ideas that is embraced with enthusiasm periodically only to retreat into the recesses of think tanks whose priorities are tax relief for the wealthy and real or imagined wars. When the governments of choice for these tanks are replaced by ones with a thin veneer of progressive ...


Power For The People, S. A. Mchugh Aug 2009

Power For The People, S. A. Mchugh

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

As part of the Speakers Corner lecture series, award-winning author Siobhan McHugh spoke at the National Archives on 16 August 2009 about her research into the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme. Through the personal stories of the workers and their families, and drawing on her book, The Snowy: The People Behind the Power, Siobhan shared her insights into the lives of the multinational workforce that built the ‘Snowy’ in post-war Australia.


Prison Foodservice In Australia - Systems, Menus And Inmate Attitudes, P. Williams, Karen L. Walton, M. Hannan-Jones Aug 2009

Prison Foodservice In Australia - Systems, Menus And Inmate Attitudes, P. Williams, Karen L. Walton, M. Hannan-Jones

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper presents results from three studies in 25 custodial facilities in three Australian states, including nutrient analyses of menus and focus groups exploring inmate attitudes. Both cook-fresh and cook-chill production systems are used. Non-selective cycle menus of 4-6 weeks are common but inmates can supplement meals by purchase of additional food items (‘buy-ups’). Menus included adequate variety and met most nutritional standards, with the possible exception of fruit. The sodium content of menus is above recommended levels. Protein, fibre, vitamins A, C, thiamin, riboflavin, calcium, iron and zinc were more than adequate, and the percentage energy from fat is ...


Regulatory Issues And Functional Health Claims For Bioactive Dairy Compounds, P. Roupas, P. G. Williams, C. Margetts Jul 2009

Regulatory Issues And Functional Health Claims For Bioactive Dairy Compounds, P. Roupas, P. G. Williams, C. Margetts

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Dairy foods and ingredients have a natural advantage over new/novel foods, from a regulatory viewpoint, because they are generally considered as “traditional” foods, that is, there is a long history of human consumption. However, the regulatory landscape on adding bioactive ingredients, whether from dairy streams or from non-dairy sources, into dairy foods is rapidly evolving, and the dairy industry will need to be aware of potential regulatory challenges, within the countries they wish to market their products.


Two Cys Or Not Two Cys? That Is The Question; Alternative Oxidase In The Thermogenic Plant Sacred Lotus, Nicole M. Grant, Yoshihiko Onda, Yusuke Kakizaki, Kkikukatsu Ito, Jennifer R. Watling, Sharon A. Robinson Jun 2009

Two Cys Or Not Two Cys? That Is The Question; Alternative Oxidase In The Thermogenic Plant Sacred Lotus, Nicole M. Grant, Yoshihiko Onda, Yusuke Kakizaki, Kkikukatsu Ito, Jennifer R. Watling, Sharon A. Robinson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) regulates temperature in its floral chamber to 32°C to 35°C across ambient temperatures of 8°C to 40°C with heating achieved through high alternative pathway fluxes. In most alternative oxidase (AOX) isoforms, two cysteine residues, Cys1 and Cys2, are highly conserved and play a role in posttranslational regulation of AOX. Further control occurs via interaction of reduced Cys1 with α-keto acids, such as pyruvate. Here, we report on the in vitro regulation of AOX isolated from thermogenic receptacle tissues of sacred lotus. AOX protein was mostly present in the reduced ...


Source Regions For Co2 At Cape Point Assessed By Modelling, 222rn And Meteorological Data, S. Whittlestone, E. Kowalczyk, E.-G Brunke, C. Labuschagne Jun 2009

Source Regions For Co2 At Cape Point Assessed By Modelling, 222rn And Meteorological Data, S. Whittlestone, E. Kowalczyk, E.-G Brunke, C. Labuschagne

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

This study explores methods of characterising experimental and modelling data to see if trace gas measurements at the Cape Point GAW station could improve our understanding of sources from the continent. Selection criteria have been defined which make it possible to divide the samples into categories with predominant transport to Cape Point from one of four source regions: City (greater Cape Town); close rural (within about 150 km of Cape Point); distant rural (from 150 to about 500 km) and very distant rural covering the rest of southern Africa. For species with fairly uniform source such as radon or CO ...


Foodservice Perspective In Institutions, P. G. Williams Jun 2009

Foodservice Perspective In Institutions, P. G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In Western countries around 10-15% of all foodservice meals are provided in institutional settings such as hospitals, nursing homes, prisons, schools, military settings and workplace canteens. This chapter describes the different types of meals and foodservice systems used in these institutional settings, including the menus used, nutritional standards, food waste, meals times, methods of counting meals and possible future trends.


Current Dietetic Practices Of Obesity Management In Saudi Arabia And Comparison With Australian Practices And Best Practice Criteria, A. Almajwal, P. Williams, Marijka Batterham Jun 2009

Current Dietetic Practices Of Obesity Management In Saudi Arabia And Comparison With Australian Practices And Best Practice Criteria, A. Almajwal, P. Williams, Marijka Batterham

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To describe the dietetic practices of the treatment of obesity in Saudi Arabia and compare this with best practice criteria and the practice in Australia. Methods: Anonymous questionnaires were completed by dietitians in Saudi Arabia. The topics included barriers to obesity management, demand and level of service and strategies and approaches used for weight management. Best practice scores were based on those used to assess Australian dietitians. Results: 253 dietitians participated in the survey. Of these, 175 (69 %) were involved in the management of obesity. The best practice score for Australian dietitians was slightly but significantly greater than the ...


An Evolutionary Approach To Strategic Planning For Elearning, Sandra Wills, Kate Bowles Mar 2009

An Evolutionary Approach To Strategic Planning For Elearning, Sandra Wills, Kate Bowles

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

Although all Australian universities have University-level strategic plans as well as Learning and Teaching plans plus underpinning Information Technology plans, it is estimated that only 11% of universities have a separate plan for eLearning. Instead eLearning is often integrated into either an Information Technology Plan or a Learning and Teaching Plan. As a result, the specific needs of eLearning can be overlooked, underestimated or tokenized.

The University of Wollongong has undertaken a process of interviews and consultation with committees, deans, managers, academics, students and support staff to develop a coherent strategic and educational vision for the use of eLearning, that ...


Trends In The Affordability Of The Illawarra Healthy Food Basket 2000-2007, P. G. Williams, A. Hull, M. Kontos Feb 2009

Trends In The Affordability Of The Illawarra Healthy Food Basket 2000-2007, P. G. Williams, A. Hull, M. Kontos

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Aims
The Illawarra Healthy Food Basket (IHFB) was developed as one measure to monitor the affordability of healthy eating in Australia. It consists of 57 items selected to meet the nutritional requirements of a reference family of five. The basket was first costed in the Illawarra region of Australia in 2000 and again in 2001 and 2003. This study aimed to repeat the costing of the basket in 2005 and 2007 and to assess the trends in affordability since 2000.
Methods
Costing was carried out in the same five suburbs as previous surveys, utilising a large supermarket, greengrocer and butcher ...


Accumulation Of Dna Damage In Antarctic Mosses: Correlations With Ultraviolet-B Radiation, Temperature And Turf Water Content Vary Amongst Species, J. D. Turnbull, Sharon A. Robinson Feb 2009

Accumulation Of Dna Damage In Antarctic Mosses: Correlations With Ultraviolet-B Radiation, Temperature And Turf Water Content Vary Amongst Species, J. D. Turnbull, Sharon A. Robinson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The susceptibility of three East Antarctic moss species to UV-B radiation was examined by measuring accumulation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers under natural sunlight during the austral summer season of 2002/03. The 2002/03 season was characterised by unusually low springtime ozone depletion and as such our results likely underestimate the DNA damage possible in a more typical UV-B radiation season. Despite this all three species accumulated significant DNA photoproducts. We also found a positive association between photoproduct accumulation and incident UV-B radiation in the two cosmopolitan species, Bryum pseudotriquetrum and Ceratodon purpureus, with more DNA damage in samples collected ...


Genetic Structure Of East Antarctic Populations Of The Moss Ceratodon Purpureus, L. J. Clarke, D. J. Ayre, Sharon A. Robinson Feb 2009

Genetic Structure Of East Antarctic Populations Of The Moss Ceratodon Purpureus, L. J. Clarke, D. J. Ayre, Sharon A. Robinson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The capacity of the polar flora to adapt is of increasing concern given current and predicted environmental change in these regions. Previous genetic studies of Antarctic mosses have been of limited value due to a lack of variation in the markers or non-specificity of the methods used. We examined the power of five microsatellite loci developed for the cosmopolitan moss Ceratodon purpureus to detect genetically distinct clones and infer the distribution of clones within and among populations from the Windmill Islands, East Antarctica. Our microsatellite data suggest extraordinarily high levels of variation reported in RAPD studies were artificially elevated by ...


Immigrant Tales, Rowan Cahill Jan 2009

Immigrant Tales, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of two autobiographical accounts of migrant encounters with, and experiences in, Australia: Ken Buckley, 'Buckley's! Ken Buckley: historian, author and civil libertarian' (2008) and Mamdouh Habib, 'My Story: the tale of a terrorist who wasn't' (2009).


Transforming The Rhetoric: Making Images As Practice Led Research, Friederike Krishnabhakdi-Vasilakis Jan 2009

Transforming The Rhetoric: Making Images As Practice Led Research, Friederike Krishnabhakdi-Vasilakis

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The role of photography as documentary practice plays an elementary role in visual culture and - through its story telling qualities - it is evocative of emotions. Photographic imagery helps the individual as well as the body politic to learn and to internalise global events. Over the past eight years, following the events of 9/11 in 2001, western society has undergone significant political, legal and social changes. Images of terror circulated the world almost instantaneously and circulating still. Artists and scholars have addressed the notion of fear as a result of the existing imagery as part of a rhetoric of terror ...


Media Art: Mediality And Art Generallly, Brogan S. Bunt Jan 2009

Media Art: Mediality And Art Generallly, Brogan S. Bunt

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The wide ranging, trans-disciplinary interest in technological media suggests the possibility of a new discipline concerned with the history, implications and practice of mediation. Within this context, the field of media art gains a new sense of coherence and identity. Given the lingering tension between media art and mainstream contemporary art, this may lead the latter to assert its disciplinary autonomy. This paper argues against such a move. Media art is better positioned as an integral strand within contemporary art and, more particularly, as a key space of creative enquiry and practice within a generally conceived contemporary art education.Keywords ...


Folksonomy With Practical Taxonomy, A Design For Social Metadata Of The Virtual Museum Of The Pacific, Peter W. Eklund, Peter Goodall, Timothy Wray, Vinod Daniels, Melanie Van Olffen Jan 2009

Folksonomy With Practical Taxonomy, A Design For Social Metadata Of The Virtual Museum Of The Pacific, Peter W. Eklund, Peter Goodall, Timothy Wray, Vinod Daniels, Melanie Van Olffen

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The Virtual Museum of the Pacific is a Digital Ecosystem that engages members of several communities, each with their own ontological relationships with the Pacific Collection of the Australian Museum. The Virtual Museum of the Pacific is intended to support on-line community interaction using social-media technologies to extend the annotation of objects to suit the stakeholder’s own needs. The success of the system depends on leveraging the diffusion of language and encouraging a conversation between on-line communities. In this paper we explore the relationships between stakeholders, folksonomy and taxonomy, to reveal the design forces on our digital ecosystem. Our ...


Marrying Out Part 1 - Not In Front Of The Altar, Siobhan Mchugh Jan 2009

Marrying Out Part 1 - Not In Front Of The Altar, Siobhan Mchugh

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

MARRYING OUT: 11 and 18 October 2009 Hindsight, ABC Radio National Part 1, 11 October 2009

A woman is denied a deathbed visit to her father. A couple’s honeymoon vehicle runs off the road, sabotaged. Children practise their faith in secret. A quarter of the population is barred from applying for jobs.

The cause: religion. The place: Australia. The time: until the 1960s.

Just two generations ago, before the term multiculturalism became the norm, Australian society was polarised between two main groups: Protestants and Catholics. Religion was code for identity, with tensions fuelled by historical grievances that dated back ...


Pre-Socratic Media Theory, Brogan S. Bunt Jan 2009

Pre-Socratic Media Theory, Brogan S. Bunt

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Drawing inspiration from Siegfried Zielinski's ground-breaking study of media archaeology, Deep Time of the Media, this paper explores the potential for pre-Socratic philosophy to provide a model for alternative conceptions of mediation within contemporary media art. It argues that pre-Socratic philosophy develops notions of mediation that extend beyond the contemporary focus on technical media. In their exploration of fundamental dynamic principles within nature and in their sensitivity to the uncertain relation between truth, appearance and finite human understanding, they suggest diverse conceptions of mediation that have continuing critical and creative relevance.


Haptic Carillon – Analysis & Design Of The Carillon Mechanism, Mark Havryliv, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer, T. Hurd Jan 2009

Haptic Carillon – Analysis & Design Of The Carillon Mechanism, Mark Havryliv, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer, T. Hurd

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The carillon is one of the few instruments that elicit sophisticated haptic interaction from amateur and professional players alike. Like the piano keyboard, the velocity of a player’s impact on each carillon key, or baton, affects the quality of the resultant tone; unlike the piano, each carillon baton returns a different forcefeedback. Force-feedback varies widely from one baton to the next across the entire range of the instrument and with further idiosyncratic variation from one instrument to another. This makes the carillon an ideal candidate for haptic simulation. The application of synthesized forcefeedback based on an analysis of forces ...


Enabling Musical Applications On A Linux Phone, Greg Schiemer, E. Chen Jan 2009

Enabling Musical Applications On A Linux Phone, Greg Schiemer, E. Chen

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Over the past decade the mobile phone has evolved to become a hardware platform for musical interaction and is increasingly being taken seriously by composers and instrument designers alike. Its gradual evolution has seen improvements in hardware architecture that require al-ternative methods of programming. Dedicated I/O in-struction sets for dealing with the idiosyncracies of vari-ous embedded peripheral devices are gradually being overtaken by I/O control using generic software that behaves more like operating systems developed for mainframe computers over three decades ago. This paper looks at the Neo FreeRunner, an open source mobile phone programmed using Linux. Its ...


Spatial Grains: Imbuing Granular Particles With Spatial-Domain Information, E. Deleflie, Greg Schiemer Jan 2009

Spatial Grains: Imbuing Granular Particles With Spatial-Domain Information, E. Deleflie, Greg Schiemer

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Granular synthesis techniques have been appropriated for 3D sound spatialisation in a number of ways, such as the spatial encoding of individual grains. This paper proposes a new technique that aims to use the spatial information already encoded in ambisonic signals, the principle hypothesis being that this encoding is actually retained at the granular level. This opens up exciting new possibilities for spatial sound. The paper outlines some of these possibilities but focuses primarily on the synthesis of non-point sources of sound which forms the basis for a second hypothesis, involving functions that relocate spatially encoded grains in time.


"Ditto" - Images In Print, Mehmet Adil, Brogan Bunt, Gregor Cullen, Agnieszka Golda, Richard Hook, Gary Jones, Derek Kreckler, F. Krishnabhakdi-Vasilakis, J. Law, Jacky Redgate, Julius Van Den Berg, Diana Wood Conroy, Joanna Stirling Jan 2009

"Ditto" - Images In Print, Mehmet Adil, Brogan Bunt, Gregor Cullen, Agnieszka Golda, Richard Hook, Gary Jones, Derek Kreckler, F. Krishnabhakdi-Vasilakis, J. Law, Jacky Redgate, Julius Van Den Berg, Diana Wood Conroy, Joanna Stirling

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

" Ditto " is an initiative of the School of Art and design's Centre for the Printed Image (CPI) which was formed to coordinate research activities in photographic, digital and autographic print processes. The exhibition exhibited demonstrated some of the relationships of printed image to individual research interests as well as the multiplicity of techniques and print media now available.


Horny Sticks And Whispering Lines - Ian Gentle's Sculptures, G. Fairley Jan 2009

Horny Sticks And Whispering Lines - Ian Gentle's Sculptures, G. Fairley

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Ian Gentle’s sculptures have been described as drawings “growing off the wall.” Constructed from sticks collected from the bush, Gentle’s ability to distil form into a potent balance of wit, poetry, and abstraction is one that flutters at the edges of Eastern calligraphy and Australian bush mythology.


Not In Front Of The Altar - Mixed Marriages And Sectarian Tensions Between Catholics And Protestants In Pre-Multicultural Australia, S. A. Mchugh Jan 2009

Not In Front Of The Altar - Mixed Marriages And Sectarian Tensions Between Catholics And Protestants In Pre-Multicultural Australia, S. A. Mchugh

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Birth, death and marriage traditionally evoke our most powerful expressions of intimacy and sentiment. Yet for numerous Australian families up to the 1970s, those occasions triggered the opposite sentiments: estrangement, conflict and hostility, which sometimes endured beyond the grave. The cause: ‘mixed marriage’ between Catholics and Protestants in a pre-multicultural Australia, where religion was still code for a social and political identity that reflected English–Irish tensions derived from colonial days. This article is based on 48 oral histories recorded by Siobhan McHugh for a forthcoming doctoral thesis at the University of Wollongong. The marriages, which range from 1924 to ...