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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder And Depression In Combat Veterans Within Group Based Exposure Therapy Treatment : A Correlation Between Grief And Guilt? : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center, Atlantic, Ga., Erin Hamilton Richter Oct 2009

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder And Depression In Combat Veterans Within Group Based Exposure Therapy Treatment : A Correlation Between Grief And Guilt? : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center, Atlantic, Ga., Erin Hamilton Richter

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study examines the potential multifaceted relationship between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), grief, guilt and depression. A sample pool of 32 veterans diagnosed with chronic PTSD volunteered as participants for this study by completing the Posttraumatic stress disorder checklist (PCL), the Beck Inventory for Depression (BDI), the Prolonged Grief Diagnostic tool, and the Traumatic Related Guilt Inventory (TRGI), pre- and post- group based exposure therapy treatment (GBET). Participants for this study were all male veterans, who ranged in ages from 47-64 years old. Twenty of the participants were African American/Black; 11 participants were Caucasian/White; and one participant identified ...


The Effects Of Joint Physical Custody On Fathers And The Father/Child Relationship, Evan Shopper Oct 2009

The Effects Of Joint Physical Custody On Fathers And The Father/Child Relationship, Evan Shopper

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was conducted to better understand how, following divorce, fathers and the father/child relationship are affected by joint physical custody (JPC). Specifically, how does the post-divorce family system, altered and defined by JPC, influence the father's adjustment to the divorce and his subsequent relationship to his children? While there has been considerable research focusing on noncustodial fathers and those with joint legal custody, few studies have qualitatively examined the impact of JPC on men and the father/child relationship. The study used a semi-structured, one-hour interview to capture the subjects' specific language through an interactive method. Eleven ...


Clinician Perceived Barriers To Effective Discharge Planning For Youth Coming Out Of Residential And Inpatient Treatment, Leah Alexandra Jackson Sep 2009

Clinician Perceived Barriers To Effective Discharge Planning For Youth Coming Out Of Residential And Inpatient Treatment, Leah Alexandra Jackson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study examines clinician perceived barriers to successful discharge planning from inpatient and residential treatment settings, as well as factors that may contribute to recidivism. Eight clinicians participated in semi-structured interviews in an attempt to elicit their views and best practices when discharging clients from treatment. Participants worked in a multitude of settings at different levels of care and were asked to evaluate both their individual approaches to discharge planning as well as practices within their agencies. Findings suggest multiple factors contributing to successful discharge plans, though clinicians reported having control over only a fraction of these factors. For ...


Religion As A Protective Factor In The Severity Of Crimes Committed By Juveniles With Sexually Offending Behavior, Alex Laughrey Sep 2009

Religion As A Protective Factor In The Severity Of Crimes Committed By Juveniles With Sexually Offending Behavior, Alex Laughrey

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Religion as a protective factor in the severity of crimes committee by juveniles with sexually offending behavior


Family Therapists' Responses To Monopolizing, Blaming, Critical And Unempathic Behavior In Parents, Andrew David Sussman Sep 2009

Family Therapists' Responses To Monopolizing, Blaming, Critical And Unempathic Behavior In Parents, Andrew David Sussman

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This research was designed to address the question: "How do family therapists respond to monopolizing, blaming, critical and unempathic behavior from parents in family therapy. I was interested to see if they viewed the presentation as resistance, narcissism, or was it attributed to something else? I was also interested in the therapist's background, theoretical framework, training, and how they viewed family interventions. I hypothesized that family therapists would respond to monopolizing, blaming, critical and unempathic behavior in parents in a way that was influenced more by clinical practice experience than theoretical orientation. The instrument was a survey with closed ...


The Effects Of Sexually Transmitted Illness (Sti) Stigmatization On Intimate Relationships : Non-Infected Partners' Perceptions, Reactions, Feelings And Attitudes Toward Female Partners' Disclosure Of Herpes Simplex Virus (Hsv) Positive Status, Sarah Heath Williams Sep 2009

The Effects Of Sexually Transmitted Illness (Sti) Stigmatization On Intimate Relationships : Non-Infected Partners' Perceptions, Reactions, Feelings And Attitudes Toward Female Partners' Disclosure Of Herpes Simplex Virus (Hsv) Positive Status, Sarah Heath Williams

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore in greater depth the effects of Sexually Transmitted Illness (STI) stigma on intimate relationships by examining the reactions of non-infected intimate partners to their female partner's disclosure of her Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) positive status. The research question was: what are non-infected partners perceptions, reactions, feelings and attitudes to their female partner's disclosure of HSV positive status? This exploratory mixed-methods study was informed by the extant literature on STI stigma and intimate relationships. The lens of stigma theory is used to frame the discussion of the findings. Forty-three participants responded ...


Why Horses? Why Not Horses? : Equine-Facilitated Therapy As It Applies To Mental Health, Katie Ann Worms Sep 2009

Why Horses? Why Not Horses? : Equine-Facilitated Therapy As It Applies To Mental Health, Katie Ann Worms

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study explored the general benefits of equine-facilitated therapy and for whom this treatment is appropriate. Utilizing interviews of ten equine therapists and therapeutic riding instructors, who have an advanced degree in the areas of social work, psychology, education or therapeutic recreation, as well as at least one year of professional equine experience, this study explored the participants' perception of the use of equine-facilitated therapies as it applies to mental health treatment. Secondly, through this perspective, the study looked to identify a "preferred client profile" that participants felt would be best suited to engage in equine-facilitated therapy (EFT). The findings ...


What Are The Mental Health Seeking Behaviors Of Female Sex Workers?, Serena Wong Sep 2009

What Are The Mental Health Seeking Behaviors Of Female Sex Workers?, Serena Wong

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study asked the following question: What are the mental health help seeking behaviors of female sex workers? The study examined: (1) the mental health help seeking behaviors of female sex workers; (2) sex workers perception of the efficacy of talking to professionals (counselors, psychologists, social workers) and non-professionals about emotional issues and; (3) experiences and feelings related to the disclosure of their sex work status to their therapist. Fifty-eight women who were currently sex workers or had worked within the last year responded to a mixed methods survey questionnaire. The survey covered a range of issues in regards to ...


School Counselor Perspectives On Bullying Behavior In Urban Middle School Settings, Elizabeth Jean Zacher Sep 2009

School Counselor Perspectives On Bullying Behavior In Urban Middle School Settings, Elizabeth Jean Zacher

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study examined middle school counselors' perspectives of bullying behavior as it occurred in their respective school environments. This exploratory study was conducted with 12 respondents who are current middle school counselors with at least three years of experience working in their school settings. Respondents were recruited from a variety of middle school settings including public, private, and charter school environments in the New York City area using a snowball sampling method. Participation in the study included answering a demographic questionnaire and engaging in a face-to-face taped interview that included questions about definitions of bullying, school setting, bullying incidents ...


Repeat Pregnancies During Adolescence : Factors That Influence Teens' Decisions To Have More Than One Child, Kimberly J. Therrien Sep 2009

Repeat Pregnancies During Adolescence : Factors That Influence Teens' Decisions To Have More Than One Child, Kimberly J. Therrien

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This exploratory qualitative study was undertaken to try to learn and better understand why an adolescent would chose to have more than one child while still an adolescent herself. As the trends in current literature tend to focus on four primary areas of interest; I structured my questions in order to gain information in the same categories. Those categories include: 1) reasons adolescents become pregnant the first time including repeat pregnancies and contraceptive use, 2) intervention strategies and programs aimed to prevent repeat pregnancies, 3) the larger societal impact of adolescent pregnancy, and 4) adolescent brain development and decision making ...


Gettin' Good With Ourselves : White Caucus Groups As Emergent Anti-Racism Pedagogy, Nathalie Rachelle Torrens Sep 2009

Gettin' Good With Ourselves : White Caucus Groups As Emergent Anti-Racism Pedagogy, Nathalie Rachelle Torrens

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This exploratory study examined the impact of participating in White caucus groups with the UNtraining, a program based in Berkeley, California, on the racial identity formation of its participants. Twelve participants were interviewed and narrative data gathered. Participants were asked what shifts in their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to their Whiteness, they recognized as a result of participating. Additionally, participants were asked to identify and critically reflect upon which pedagogical elements of the program influenced these shifts. Findings revealed that the relative emotional safety of an all White group, coupled with a supportive community of like-minded individuals, and a ...


Social Workers' Perceptions On Community Violence And Resilience : The Impact Of Assessment And Treatment When Working With Children And Adolescents, Matthew J. Warford Sep 2009

Social Workers' Perceptions On Community Violence And Resilience : The Impact Of Assessment And Treatment When Working With Children And Adolescents, Matthew J. Warford

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This mixed methods, primarily qualitative study examined social workers' perceptions about community violence and resilience. Additionally, this research examined how perceptions influence the assessment and treatment that social workers provide their clients. The study included 25 participants who responded to an online survey, which included questions addressing participants' demographics, as well as their conceptualization of resilience, community violence, and how they practice. Most of the participants were female (24 of 25) and 1 was male. The majority of participants were from the Boston area or the San Francisco/Oakland area. The participants worked in a range of settings, including schools ...


Feeling Your Way : Affect In Psychotherapy And Creative Writing From The Perspective Of The Client-Writer, Andrea Jean Torres Sep 2009

Feeling Your Way : Affect In Psychotherapy And Creative Writing From The Perspective Of The Client-Writer, Andrea Jean Torres

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study asked: What do the affective experiences of engaging in psychotherapy and engaging in creative writing have in common, as perceived by the client-writer? The subjective experience of six "client-writers," individuals who selfidentified as both creative writers and current or former psychotherapy clients, were explored to determine whether being in a typical psychotherapy session and in a typical creative writing session involved similar feelings and affective processes. Study findings showed that expressing feelings, accessing the unconscious, making discoveries, exploring and/or learning about oneself, and using creativity were common to both creative writing and psychotherapy; releasing energy, developing insight ...


Lost And Found : Resilience Approaches That Helped The Vietnamese Residents Of Biloxi, Mississippi In The Aftermath Of Hurricane Katrina, Bao Chau Van Sep 2009

Lost And Found : Resilience Approaches That Helped The Vietnamese Residents Of Biloxi, Mississippi In The Aftermath Of Hurricane Katrina, Bao Chau Van

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Vietnamese American residents of Biloxi, Mississippi were impacted heavily by Hurricane Katrina; many are still recovering from the losses caused by the storm. Stories in the news media and academia have discussed the strengths and resilience in the Vietnamese communities post Hurricane Katrina. However, no authors discuss in detail the resilience factors that helped the survivors. The purpose of this study is to use post-Hurricane Katrina as an exemplar to understand the experience of the Vietnamese community in Biloxi, Mississippi. The researcher intended to explore the protective factors that survivors use to help rebuild their lives. The study used existing ...


An Exploration Of White Mental Health Clinicians' Provision Of Spanish Language Services To Latino/A Clients, Sara Esther Walker Sep 2009

An Exploration Of White Mental Health Clinicians' Provision Of Spanish Language Services To Latino/A Clients, Sara Esther Walker

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study explored White mental health clinicians' provision of services in Spanish to Latino/a clients through exploratory interviews with thirteen clinicians. Participants were asked about their identities as White Spanish speakers and their motivations to provide services in Spanish. They were asked how clients, colleagues, and supervisors respond to them as White Spanish speakers. Challenging aspects of their work were explored, as were any instances in which they felt advantaged by their White identities. Finally, participants were asked about differences in the quality of care that they offer in English versus Spanish, and additional support or training that would ...


How Social Workers Resolve The Ethical Dilemmas That Arise When Working With Women Experiencing Domestic Violence, Jennifer F. Wiech Sep 2009

How Social Workers Resolve The Ethical Dilemmas That Arise When Working With Women Experiencing Domestic Violence, Jennifer F. Wiech

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Though social workers come in contact with victims of domestic violence in a number of ways, studies indicate that social workers report feeling underprepared by their graduate education to address issues of domestic violence (DV). In an effort to reveal what is preventing social workers from taking a more demonstrative position on this issue, two focus groups comprised of 5 to 8 Master's level social workers were conducted to explore what resources aid in resolving ethical dilemmas, as well as the following ethical issues: upholding a client's right to self-determination, a clinician's duty to warn/duty to ...


Exploring The Lives Of African Americans Living With Mental Illness : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At Also Cornerstone, New Haven, Connecticut, Lois Jihae Son Aug 2009

Exploring The Lives Of African Americans Living With Mental Illness : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At Also Cornerstone, New Haven, Connecticut, Lois Jihae Son

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative research study sought to explore the effect mental illness has had on the lives of African Americans, the language these individuals employ to describe their experiences, and how African Americans' experiences with racial discrimination have informed how they view their psychiatric diagnoses. The study sample included seven individuals who (a) were English-speaking (b) were males or females 18 years of age and over (c) self-identified as African American (d) carried a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizophrenia-spectrum disorders or any major affective disorder (e) and were in current stable mental health. Interviews with study participants were conducted in ...


Exploring Intimate Partner Violence Through The Lens Of Modern Attachment Theory, Lisa Marie Smeltzer Aug 2009

Exploring Intimate Partner Violence Through The Lens Of Modern Attachment Theory, Lisa Marie Smeltzer

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study used modern attachment theory as a framework for exploring intimate partner violence (IPV). It was the expectation of the researcher that using this framework would allow for a non-gendered approach; an approach that would be a step towards looking at IPV as the procedural enactment of an attachment style rather than as a victim/perpetrator dichotomy. Other studies have looked at intimate partner violence through attachment theory, though the unique factor in this study is its focus on affect tolerance. The purpose was to support or refute researcher's claims that affect regulation is predicated on one's ...


"This So Clearly Needs To Be Marked" : An Exploration Of Memorial Tattoos And Their Functions For The Bereaved, Elizabeth Schiffrin Aug 2009

"This So Clearly Needs To Be Marked" : An Exploration Of Memorial Tattoos And Their Functions For The Bereaved, Elizabeth Schiffrin

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study explores how memorial tattoos function as mourning rituals in the grief processes of the bereaved. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 individuals who had honored at least one deceased loved one with a tattoo. Demographic questions as well as open-ended interview questions were put forth to participants in order to determine the meanings and uses of memorial tattoos for the bereaved. The objective of this study was to establish if memorial tattoos function as effective grief rituals as defined by the literature, namely if they integrated structure, symbolism, and the inclusion of others into the ritual experience ...


Voices Of Graduates From Clinical Social Work Master's Programs : The Impact Of The Education Process On The Self And On Personal Relationships, Tara Slade Aug 2009

Voices Of Graduates From Clinical Social Work Master's Programs : The Impact Of The Education Process On The Self And On Personal Relationships, Tara Slade

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore, by way of first-hand accounts of recent graduates from clinical social work master's programs, the impact of clinical social work education and training on the self and on personal relationships of those who go through the education and training process. Ten participants answered a series of open-ended questions providing the opportunity to gather rich accounts of participants' personal experiences, and to extract themes that may not have been brought to light in previous research. Major findings were that most participants experienced self-reported personal growth as a result of their clinical social ...


Transgender Individuals' Experiences In Therapy And Perception Of The Treatment Experience, Jeannette Marie. Sheerin Aug 2009

Transgender Individuals' Experiences In Therapy And Perception Of The Treatment Experience, Jeannette Marie. Sheerin

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was undertaken in order to examine transgender individuals' experiences in therapy and the impact that clinicians' affirmative behaviors and their heteronormative and gender normative biases may have on the treatment experience. Despite an extensive history in the mental health field of pathologizing alternative gender identities and the well-researched detrimental impact that experiences of discrimination have on one's mental health, there has been no research on experiences of bias and discrimination in mental health treatment settings. Similarly, there has been a great deal of research on the role of affirmative therapy techniques relating to gay, lesbian, and bisexual ...


The Theoretical Foundations Of Wilderness Therapy, Sara Smithson Aug 2009

The Theoretical Foundations Of Wilderness Therapy, Sara Smithson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

While an ever-growing number of studies have demonstrated that wilderness therapy can be very effective in facilitating emotional and behavioral change in at risk adolescents (Russell, 2003; 2005), a lack of understanding persists both within and outside of the wilderness therapy community regarding why and how wilderness therapy works. This study addresses these important questions by exploring the theoretical foundations of wilderness therapy and their relationship to practice. Conceptualization of wilderness therapy practice, theory, and process is approached through consideration of existing definitions of the treatment model as well as the field's characteristics and demographics. An overview of ongoing ...


Gaps In The Provision Of Psychosocial Services To Cancer Patients In A Multidisciplinary Setting : A Social Work Perspective, Billie Ann Starks Aug 2009

Gaps In The Provision Of Psychosocial Services To Cancer Patients In A Multidisciplinary Setting : A Social Work Perspective, Billie Ann Starks

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study explored social workers' perceptions of the gaps between the need for and the provision of psychosocial services among cancer patients in a multidisciplinary treatment setting. The participants in the study were social workers from various medical settings in the San Francisco Bay Area. 12 participants, one male and 11 females practicing in the field of medical/oncology social work for an average of nine years, were interviewed. Findings indicated that the most salient gaps are between (a) the number of medical social workers in any given setting and the high volume of cancer patients in need of ...


Standards Of Care : Transgender/Genderqueer Clients' Experiences With Mental Health Workers, Hunter Greenwood Swanson Aug 2009

Standards Of Care : Transgender/Genderqueer Clients' Experiences With Mental Health Workers, Hunter Greenwood Swanson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative, exploratory study sought to explore the experiences of transgender and genderqueer clients with the mental health system. Its purpose is to introduce the voices of the clients themselves into a body of literature that is currently largely dominated by professionals outside the trans community. Twelve people who self-identify as trans or genderqueer were recruited through postings on mailing lists and in queer-friendly spaces in Massachusetts and agreed to participate in hour-long interviews detailing their experiences in therapy as well as their feelings about their gender identities. Questions addressed quality of care received, length of time spent in therapy ...


Race And Diagnosis : An Assesment Of Clinician Detection Of Eating Disorder Symtomatology In Asian, African-American, And White Women, Kristin Swenson Aug 2009

Race And Diagnosis : An Assesment Of Clinician Detection Of Eating Disorder Symtomatology In Asian, African-American, And White Women, Kristin Swenson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to further explore the effect of race on clinicians' recognition of eating disorder symptomatology in Asian, African-American, and White women. This study replicated the work of Gordon, Brattole, Wingate, and Joiner (2006) in an attempt to re-affirm or challenge previous research findings found by Gordon et al., 2006, which suggest that clinicians identify eating disorder symptoms in White women more frequently than in African American women. The present study expanded Gordon et al.'s (2006) work by assessing clinicians' identification of eating disorder symptoms in Asian women and by examining themes in the ...


Boundary Constructions In Treatment Relationships Between Service Providers And Homeless Youth, Allison May Terbieten Aug 2009

Boundary Constructions In Treatment Relationships Between Service Providers And Homeless Youth, Allison May Terbieten

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This research will explore the experiences of 33 service providers working with homeless youth. Specifically, the research will examine the boundaries constructed by the service providers in their treatment relationships with homeless youth. Homeless youth are a unique group of people. They face a combination of obstacles in front of them at a time of life that is challenging and often after years of abuse, neglect, or family chaos. Service providers who work with these youth are asked to play many roles in the youths' lives such as teacher, counselor, parental surrogate, coach, disciplinarian, etc. The aim of this research ...


Social Workers Helping To Put Out The Fire : How Do Combination Fire Department Employees Work Through Occupational Stress?, Lisa Anne Rudge Aug 2009

Social Workers Helping To Put Out The Fire : How Do Combination Fire Department Employees Work Through Occupational Stress?, Lisa Anne Rudge

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This project was conducted to explore co-relational patterns between occupational stressors, coping skills, and self care practices among combination fire department employees. This population is defined as being one in which has minimal full-time coverage and relies on on-call groups during the evening and early hours of the day to respond to fire suppression and/or medically related 911 emergency calls. This qualitative study included ten participants from the New England area who all identified as being over the age of eighteen, identified as male, and could speak and read English fluently. Participants were asked to respond to demographic questions ...


Acting On Grief In The Aftermath Of Violent Loss : The Efficacy Of Social Action As A Mechanism For Psychic Healing, Miriam Shoshana Sadinsky Aug 2009

Acting On Grief In The Aftermath Of Violent Loss : The Efficacy Of Social Action As A Mechanism For Psychic Healing, Miriam Shoshana Sadinsky

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This research examined the role of social activism as an adaptive coping mechanism for reestablishing internal congruence and restored equilibrium in the aftermath of traumatic loss. It also sought to determine whether engagement in public action offered therapeutic benefits to homicide survivors distinct from cognitive or traditional therapies and could therefore serve as an effective adjunct therapeutic modality for psychic repair. A single case study method was utilized as the study design: it served as an excellent framework for investigating if devastating loss becomes better integrated into the self and/or if a sense of wellbeing is regained when grief ...


How Does Family Support Affect Adjudicated Adolescent Girls' Experiences In A Residential Treatment Facility, Lindsay Pepin Aug 2009

How Does Family Support Affect Adjudicated Adolescent Girls' Experiences In A Residential Treatment Facility, Lindsay Pepin

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This article presents findings from a qualitative study exploring how family support affects adjudicated adolescent girls' experiences in a residential treatment facility. The perspectives of nine professionals working with this population were gathered using an online survey that collected demographic data and open-ended questions. Data analysis was conducted using a grounded theory method and ten themes were identified: support by biological relative, support by non-biological relative, appropriateness/effectiveness of treatment, dependent on behaviors, face-to-face contact, non-face-to-face contact, socioeconomic reasons, personal reasons, negative effect on behavior, and positive effect on behavior. Implications for practice are discussed, in addition to recommendations for ...


The Experiences Of Smith College School For Social Work Students Talking With Field Supervisors About Issues Of Race, Julia Kraft Perault Aug 2009

The Experiences Of Smith College School For Social Work Students Talking With Field Supervisors About Issues Of Race, Julia Kraft Perault

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This mixed method survey study explored Smith College School for Social Work (SCSSW) students' experiences in talking with field supervisors about issues of race. Increased racial and ethnic diversity in the United States calls for attention to issues of race in social work education and practice. The SCSSW shares with major social work organizations its commitment to anti-racism. Field supervision is an integral component of the SCSSW social work curriculum and represents an arena in which students can incorporate anti-racism learning into practice. A dearth of social work conceptual and empirical literature examines racial dialogues in field supervision from the ...