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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Who Suffers More From Crime?, Mohammad Amin Nov 2009

Who Suffers More From Crime?, Mohammad Amin

Mohammad Amin

Existing studies aimed at identifying individuals or economic agents that suffer more from crime than others are based on the incidence of crime or the proportion of agents within a group that experience one or more incident of crime during a given period of time. This paper shows that studies based solely on the incidence of crime may provide a misleading picture as to who suffers more from crime. In a sample of about 6,000 manufacturing firms in 14 Latin American countries, we find that large firms are more likely to experience an incident of crime than the small ...


Foreign Debt And Domestic Savings In Developing Countries, Luke Okafor, Joanna Tyrowicz Jan 2009

Foreign Debt And Domestic Savings In Developing Countries, Luke Okafor, Joanna Tyrowicz

Joanna Tyrowicz

This paper approaches the question of potential causality between foreign debt and domestic savings in the context of developing countries. Literature provides evidence in as far as foreign debt and development is concerned, but little attention was given so far to internal potential for capital formation. We provide a theoretical framework and test its relevance using 1975-2004 data for two groups of countries: sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America with the Caribbean. With the use of instrumental variables we find negative impact of foreign debt on domestic savings especially in the long run. The results are not susceptible to the choice ...


Transmisión De Precios Para Los Mercados Del Maíz Y Arroz En América Latina, Laure C. Dutoit, Karla Hernández, Cristóbal Urrutia Jan 2009

Transmisión De Precios Para Los Mercados Del Maíz Y Arroz En América Latina, Laure C. Dutoit, Karla Hernández, Cristóbal Urrutia

Laure C Dutoit

The goal of this paper is to analyze price transmission from the international market towards the domestic one, in the case of rice and maize. The countries studied are El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Costa Rica in Center America and Chile and Brazil in South America. The cointegration method is applied to determine if price transmission exists. Furthermore, error correction models are used to estimate the speed of adjustment to deviations from the long-run relationship between the domestic and international markets. Strong price transmission was found in Chile in the maize market and Brasil in the rice market ...


Nanotechnology Development In Latin America, Luciano Kay, Philip Shapira Jan 2009

Nanotechnology Development In Latin America, Luciano Kay, Philip Shapira

Philip Shapira

This article investigates the development of nanotechnology in Latin America with a particular focus on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay. Based on data for nanotechnology research publications and patents and suggesting a framework for analyzing the development of R&D networks, we identify three potential strategies of nanotechnology research collaboration. Then, we seek to identify the balance of emphasis upon each of the three strategies by mapping the current research profile of those four countries. In general, we find that they are implementing policies and programs to develop nanotechnologies but differ in their collaboration strategies, institutional involvement, and level of ...


Latin America’S Left Turns: Beyond Good And Bad, Maxwell A. Cameron Jan 2009

Latin America’S Left Turns: Beyond Good And Bad, Maxwell A. Cameron

Maxwell Cameron

In rapid succession leftwing parties have been elected to government in some of the most important countries in the Latin American region. I challenge the view that there are two distinct variants of the left—one populist, the other social democratic—and argue that variation on the left reflects the diverse conditions under which these forces emerge and evolve. I outline common features shared by the left in Latin America; suggest how the concept of populism and analysis of social movements can help explain this variation; and show how the left’s commitment to egalitarianism, balancing markets, and, in some ...


El Giro A La Izquierda Frustrado En Peru: El Caso De Ollanta Humala, Maxwell A. Cameron Jan 2009

El Giro A La Izquierda Frustrado En Peru: El Caso De Ollanta Humala, Maxwell A. Cameron

Maxwell Cameron

The unexpected rise of radical nationalist candidate Ollanta Humala in the Peruvian general election of 2006 took many observers by surprise. This article analyzes the origin and nature of the Humala candidacy, evaluates whether his campaign capitalized on weaknesses in the party system, and the degree to which it reflected a repudiation of neoliberal policies, the state of democracy, or the performance of recent elected governments.


Political Parties And Institutional Design: Explaining Constitutional Choice In Latin America, Gabriel L. Negretto Jan 2009

Political Parties And Institutional Design: Explaining Constitutional Choice In Latin America, Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

The formulas for electing presidents and the rules determining the legislative powers of presidents are important variables for explaining the performance of presidential democracies. This article develops a strategic choice model to explain variations in these institutional features. Based on this model, it is proposed here that constitution makers are likely to opt for more-than-plurality rules of presidential elections when the number of parties necessary to pass constitutional changes increases. It is also proposed that the makers of constitutions are likely to strengthen the legislative powers of the president when the number of parties necessary to pass constitutional changes increases ...