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Thesis Chapter 5, Marie Mckenzie Mills Jan 2009

Thesis Chapter 5, Marie Mckenzie Mills

Marie McKenzie Mills PhD, CSci

The focus of this study was on a community of trainers (Trainers’ Forum) spanning a field of practice rather than any individual organisation. The aim was to explore “what goes on around here” and to clarify how and why things happened the way they did in the community through theoretical and empirical study. Focussing on the Training Forum (TF) enabled detailed examination of the activity system of trainers, and of the extent to which it made progress towards becoming a Community of Practice. Therefore, the setting for the study was within the public spaces of this putative or emergent Community ...


Thesis Chapter 1, Marie Mckenzie Mills Jan 2009

Thesis Chapter 1, Marie Mckenzie Mills

Marie McKenzie Mills PhD, CSci

This research is a study of trainers, drawn mainly from the commercial sector of the field of clinical research, journeying towards becoming a community of practice (CoP). The focus of the study is the concept of practice among this community, formed within the professional body of the Institute of Clinical Research (ICR). Its scope is limited to discussing emergent features of the community, known as the Trainers Forum (TF), in terms of the ‘ecology’ of the commercial sector.


Thesis Chapter 7, Marie Mckenzie Mills Jan 2009

Thesis Chapter 7, Marie Mckenzie Mills

Marie McKenzie Mills PhD, CSci

Viewing activity from the perspective of respective actors in the system of activity enables a comprehensive picture to be built of the systematic elements involved. In addition, according to Lave and Wenger (op.cit.), the identity of members in terms of who they are, and what they do, is bound up with the activity or practice that defines them as a community. Consequently, describing who the subjects are within the system of activity, and the tensions between them, provides an insight into the social structure of the activity system in terms of the features of their shared practice, such as ...


Thesis Chapter 10, Marie Mckenzie Mills Jan 2009

Thesis Chapter 10, Marie Mckenzie Mills

Marie McKenzie Mills PhD, CSci

In this chapter, the purpose, research questions and hypotheses of the thesis are revisited in the process of drawing conclusions. In addition, a critique of the methodology used in this research is offered to assess the contribution to knowledge. The overall aims of this research study were: to explain the conditions creating and sustaining a professional community of trainers and its concept of training practice against a backdrop of increasing regulation; and, to understand the effects of compliance culture on the sharing of practice and development of shared understandings in this community. The pertinent questions posed in line with these ...


Thesis Chapter 9, Marie Mckenzie Mills Jan 2009

Thesis Chapter 9, Marie Mckenzie Mills

Marie McKenzie Mills PhD, CSci

The community constituting the Forum, the division of labour within it, and the rules affecting its activity and individual chains of actions were described and analysed in the previous chapter. Analyses revealed that trainers replicated the circumstances that they endured in their workplace through the predominance of a time-bound, content driven agenda, driven by a compliance culture that can be traced to the workplace, where it operated as a rule. In turn, this rule was traced to another neighbouring activity system, the regulatory environment, where compliance culture is used as a tool to enforce adherence to GCP standards (L1TO2d). In ...


Thesis Chapter 8, Marie Mckenzie Mills Jan 2009

Thesis Chapter 8, Marie Mckenzie Mills

Marie McKenzie Mills PhD, CSci

The Trainers’ Forum is viewed as an activity system (AS) in its entirety through considering the continuous patterns of activity within sessions of Forum meetings. However, in order to proceed with analyses at the level of the declarative, procedural and social interactions/discourses that Engeström suggests are necessary for actual-empirical analyses, the community, its rules and division of labour are foregrounded. The object of activity can then be analysed subsequently in light of the conceptual models that have emerged in the Forum. Findings concerning the object of activity are therefore presented last in Chapter 9, in order to conclude discussion ...


La Clase De Español Como L2: Una Comunidad De Práctica Donde Se Puede Promover El Diálogo Colaborativo Sobre Temas Interculturales, Maria Eugenia De Luna Villalón Jan 2009

La Clase De Español Como L2: Una Comunidad De Práctica Donde Se Puede Promover El Diálogo Colaborativo Sobre Temas Interculturales, Maria Eugenia De Luna Villalón

Maria Eugenia De Luna Villalón

La clase de español como L2: Una comunidad de práctica donde se puede promover el diálogo colaborativo sobre temas interculturales El diálogo colaborativo es una actividad que promueve la producción oral a través del compromiso activo y la participación constructiva. A partir del modelo World Café (2008), que tiene como objetivo promover el diálogo colaborativo, se pretende crear una atmósfera acogedora donde los estudiantes se puedan sentir cómodos para poder escuchar, comprender, pensar y hablar en español creativamente. Para poder realizar este tipo de actividad de manera exitosa, se recomienda que la clase de español como L2 sea ya una ...