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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Negotiating The Right Of Return, Neophytos Loizides, Marcos Antoniades Sep 2009

Negotiating The Right Of Return, Neophytos Loizides, Marcos Antoniades

Neophytos Loizides

Negotiating the right of return is a central issue in post-conflict societies aiming to resolve tensions between human rights issues and security concerns. Peace proposals often fail to carefully balance these tensions or to identify incentives and linkages that enable refugee return. To address this gap, the article puts forward an alternative arrangement in negotiating refugee rights currently being considered in the bilateral negotiations in Cyprus. Previous peace plans for the reunification of the island emphasized security and stipulated a maximum number of Greek Cypriot refugees eligible to return under future Turkish Cypriot administration. The authors’ alternative suggests a minimum ...


Settlers And Mobilization In Cyprus: Antinomies Of Ethnic Conflict And Immigration Politics, Neophytos Loizides Sep 2009

Settlers And Mobilization In Cyprus: Antinomies Of Ethnic Conflict And Immigration Politics, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

The article aims to resolve tensions between legal, humanitarian and pragmatic considerations in the evaluation of settler questions in contested territories, looking primarily at populations relocated from Turkey to Cyprus after 1974. The presence of Turkish settlers complicates mediations for a federal settlement in the island and constitutes a violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949. However, in sociological terms, the Turkish settlers meet the profile of an immigrant population more interested in welfare and daily survival issues than in politics. In contrast to other contemporary or historical cases of settler colonialism, what is particularly puzzling in Cyprus is ...


Pro: An Appraisal Of The Functionality Of Annan Plan V, Neophytos Loizides Jan 2009

Pro: An Appraisal Of The Functionality Of Annan Plan V, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

With the majority of peace agreements facing implementation problems at a global scale it is hardly surprising that questions about the political viability and workability of Annan Plan V featured prominently in the 2004 referendum campaigns of the two Cypriot communities. Preceding the referendum, one of the two major Greek Cypriot political parties, AKEL, justified its refusal to endorse the plan, citing issues of implementation, while in polls following the referendum, the majority of Greek Cypriots (61.9 per cent) stated they would support the plan if concerns on security and implementation were guaranteed (Christophoros Christophorou & Graig Webster 2004:4). Similar arguments on security and implementation were put forward in the Turkish Cypriot community, albeit with less success for the anti-deal camp. This chapter evaluates three main arguments made by opponents of the plan: a) the analogy drawn between the Annan Plan and the Zürich-London Agreements of 1959; b) the criticism of ...


Elite Framing And Conflict Transformation In Turkey, Neophytos Loizides Jan 2009

Elite Framing And Conflict Transformation In Turkey, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

This article examines the effects of elite framing in conflict transformation. It utilizes debates from the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM) as the main source of empirical evidence and demonstrates differences in the way Turkish parliamentarians framed national and foreign policy issues in the 1990s. For the most part, elite framing of Kurdish issues was predominantly monolithic and adversarial towards ‘ethnic others’ demonstrating few challenges to dominant nationalist narratives and discourses, while framing of Greek-Turkish disputes was diverse, with moderates cautiously challenging hardliners on the necessity of cooperating with Greece. The article unravels these elite framing strategies and illustrates how ...


Referendums In Peace Processes, Neophytos Loizides Jan 2009

Referendums In Peace Processes, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

Peace processes could be more effective and durable when boosted by widespread expressions of public support. While the relevance of this claim has been examined with respect to democratic elections following the transition to peace, there has been little systematic attempt to study alternative forms of popular support, specifically peace referendums. Moreover, despite increasing global trends towards direct democracy, international organizations and governments often design peace referendums without adequately considering comparative cases and existing knowledge. Referendums are decisive steps in peace processes and often have long-term effects in consolidating or hindering peace. Drawing from a new dataset, the article demonstrates ...