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Articles 1 - 30 of 48

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Thoughts Of Suicidality And Self-Harm In Middle Childhood: Relationship With Child Maltreatment And Maternal Substance Abuse And Depression, Tara K. Cossel, Natasha Elkovitch, David J. Hansen Nov 2009

Thoughts Of Suicidality And Self-Harm In Middle Childhood: Relationship With Child Maltreatment And Maternal Substance Abuse And Depression, Tara K. Cossel, Natasha Elkovitch, David J. Hansen

Tara K. Cossel (Tara Morton)

Child maltreatment victims are at increased risk for a multitude of symptoms, including: internalizing problems (e.g., depression, anxiety), behavior problems (e.g., aggression) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (Paolucci, Genuis, & Violato, 2001). Not all maltreated children present with the same outcomes, and research consistently demonstrates child abuse does not have an inevitable pattern or a unified presentation of symptoms. Some youth may be asymptomatic following abuse; others display a myriad of symptoms at varying levels of severity (Kendall-Tackett, Williams, & Finkelhor, 1993). A small percentage of this group becomes suicidal.

Recent studies have presented accumulating evidence that suicidality and self-harm warrant concern in the maltreated population. Child maltreatment has bivariate associations with suicidal ideation (Brezo, Paris, Tremblay, Vitaro, Zoccolillo, Hebert, et al., 2006), and childhood sexual abuse is a consistent correlate of suicide attempts (Brezo, Paris, Tremblay, Vitaro, Hébert, and Turecki, 2007). However, the majority of the literature addresses adults and adolescents; little is known about early onset of self-harm and suicidality.

In addition to maltreatment, maternal factors, such as substance abuse and depression, form a potentially important construct with regards to childhood suicidality and self-harm. Goodman (1994) found 20 percent of depressed mothers had a child with major depression or dysthymia. Research has further shown children of depressed ...


Suicide Loss: What Teens Need To Know, Terri A. Erbacher Phd, Tony Salvatore Nov 2009

Suicide Loss: What Teens Need To Know, Terri A. Erbacher Phd, Tony Salvatore

Terri A Erbacher PhD

No abstract provided.


Smoking And Psychological Health In Relation To Country Of Origin, Michael Lyvers, Tessa Hall, Mark Bahr Oct 2009

Smoking And Psychological Health In Relation To Country Of Origin, Michael Lyvers, Tessa Hall, Mark Bahr

Mike Lyvers

In English-speaking, Western-Anglo countries, where smoking has become stigmatized in recent decades as a result of widespread anti-smoking campaigns, smokers commonly report poorer psychological health on average than non-smokers do. This may be indirectly related to the strong pressures to quit in such countries, as poorer psychological health is associated with a reduced likelihood of quitting, thus leading to a selection bias for smokers with relatively poorer psychological health. In the present study, 147 smoker and non-smoker participants either came from Western-Anglo countries where smoking has become stigmatized (Australia, Canada, U.S.) or countries in regions where smoking remains relatively ...


On Some Covariance Inequalities For Monotonic And Non-Monotonic Functions, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García, Wing Keung Wong Sep 2009

On Some Covariance Inequalities For Monotonic And Non-Monotonic Functions, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García, Wing Keung Wong

Martin Egozcue

No abstract provided.


Journey To Zero Violence: Experience Of Youth-Based Civil Society Organization In Eradicating Violent Practices In The School Initiation Programme, Meredian Alam Jul 2009

Journey To Zero Violence: Experience Of Youth-Based Civil Society Organization In Eradicating Violent Practices In The School Initiation Programme, Meredian Alam

Meredian Alam

No abstract provided.


Gender Inequalities In Buha (Kigoma) And The Role Of Gender Mainstreaming To Alliviate Them, Conrad John Masabo Mr. Jun 2009

Gender Inequalities In Buha (Kigoma) And The Role Of Gender Mainstreaming To Alliviate Them, Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Gender issues and debates on gender are ever growing to dominate the local and international politics, law, economy and social policies. The debate are hot and even now penetrating to the formerly spheres that were for quite long left un-penetrated such as those structures of religion. Gender can be defined as the social determined roles and relations between males and females. In this regard, these social constructed roles and relations have resulted into tremendous gender inequalities that need to be addressed anew with a different methodology or strategy. They call for critical and purposely attention from anyone who hopes to ...


Ergonomics: Safety Or Wellness Issue, William C. Mcpeck Apr 2009

Ergonomics: Safety Or Wellness Issue, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is an article I wrote for the worksite wellness newsletter of a local health related non-profit.


Book Review 22 Liberation From The Lie: Cutting The Roots Of Fear Once And For All, William C. Mcpeck Apr 2009

Book Review 22 Liberation From The Lie: Cutting The Roots Of Fear Once And For All, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is my personal review of Liberation From the Lie: Cutting the Roots of Fear Once and for All by Eric Gross, BookSurge Publishing, 2009.


Gambling Interacts With Trauma To Predict Alexithymia Scores Among College Students, Tara K. Cossel, Maria J. Herrera, Dennis E. Mcchargue Apr 2009

Gambling Interacts With Trauma To Predict Alexithymia Scores Among College Students, Tara K. Cossel, Maria J. Herrera, Dennis E. Mcchargue

Tara K. Cossel (Tara Morton)

No abstract provided.


Fostering Organizational Inclusion, Effenus Henderson Apr 2009

Fostering Organizational Inclusion, Effenus Henderson

Effenus Henderson

This report provides an overview of “inclusion” which is a strategic framework for organizational, individual and societal collaboration and engagement. This information is adapted from a number of resources but most notably the work of the open source network group, The Institute for Inclusion.


The Cost Of Violating Design Affordances And Conventions., Jeremiah D. Still, Veronica J. Dark Apr 2009

The Cost Of Violating Design Affordances And Conventions., Jeremiah D. Still, Veronica J. Dark

Jeremiah D. Still

No abstract provided.


Book Review 21 The Immunity To Change By Robert Kegan And Lisa Laskow Lahey, William C. Mcpeck Mar 2009

Book Review 21 The Immunity To Change By Robert Kegan And Lisa Laskow Lahey, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is my personal review of Immunity to Change: How to Overcome It and Unlock the Potential in Yourself and Your Organization (Leadership for the Common Good) by Robert Kegan and Lisa Laskow Lahey,


Book Review 20 - The Tazie Effect By Heather Whittaker, William C. Mcpeck Mar 2009

Book Review 20 - The Tazie Effect By Heather Whittaker, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is my personal review of the book, The Tazie Effect by Healther Whittaker, published in March 2009, by Penn-Tech Professionals.


Motivation To Self-Harm In Middle Childhood: Relationship To Emotional Symptomotology And Home Environment, Tara K. Cossel, Natasha Elkovitch, David J. Hansen Mar 2009

Motivation To Self-Harm In Middle Childhood: Relationship To Emotional Symptomotology And Home Environment, Tara K. Cossel, Natasha Elkovitch, David J. Hansen

Tara K. Cossel (Tara Morton)

No abstract provided.


Application Of Positive Psychology Research Findings At The Worksite, William C. Mcpeck Feb 2009

Application Of Positive Psychology Research Findings At The Worksite, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This presentation examined three issues: 1. The elements that make up positive psychology 2. The challenges associated with applying research findings 3. Examples of how several elements of positive psychology might be applied at the worksite


Worksite Wellness And The 10 Essential Public Health Services, William C. Mcpeck Feb 2009

Worksite Wellness And The 10 Essential Public Health Services, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This white paper examines how the 10 Essential Public Health Services being promoted by the CDC relate to worksite wellness.


Maine's Aging Workforce: Calamity Or Opportunity?, William C. Mcpeck Jan 2009

Maine's Aging Workforce: Calamity Or Opportunity?, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This presentation explored the issues associated with Maine's aging workforce and offered strategies to employers to help them address many of the issues.


Modelling Contralesional Movement Slowing After Unilateral Brain Damage., Casimir Jh Ludwig, Ian D. Gilchrist, Stephen H. Butler, Stephanie Rossit, Monika Harvey Jan 2009

Modelling Contralesional Movement Slowing After Unilateral Brain Damage., Casimir Jh Ludwig, Ian D. Gilchrist, Stephen H. Butler, Stephanie Rossit, Monika Harvey

Dr. Stephanie Rossit

No abstract provided.


Immediate And Delayed Reaching In Hemispatial Neglect, Stephanie Rossit, Keith Muir, Ian Reeves, George Duncan, Philip Birschel, Monika Harvey Jan 2009

Immediate And Delayed Reaching In Hemispatial Neglect, Stephanie Rossit, Keith Muir, Ian Reeves, George Duncan, Philip Birschel, Monika Harvey

Dr. Stephanie Rossit

No abstract provided.


The Neural Basis Of Visuomotor Deficits In Hemispatial Neglect., Stephanie Rossit Dr., Paresh Malhotra, Keith Muir, George Duncan, Ian Reeves, Philip Birschel, Monika Harvey Jan 2009

The Neural Basis Of Visuomotor Deficits In Hemispatial Neglect., Stephanie Rossit Dr., Paresh Malhotra, Keith Muir, George Duncan, Ian Reeves, Philip Birschel, Monika Harvey

Dr. Stephanie Rossit

No abstract provided.


Non-Lateralized Deficits In Anti-Saccade Performance In Patients With Hemispatial Neglect, Stephen H. Butler, Stephanie Rossit Dr., Ian Gilchrist, Casimir Ludwig, Bettina Olk, Keith Muir, Ian Reeves, Monika Harvey Jan 2009

Non-Lateralized Deficits In Anti-Saccade Performance In Patients With Hemispatial Neglect, Stephen H. Butler, Stephanie Rossit Dr., Ian Gilchrist, Casimir Ludwig, Bettina Olk, Keith Muir, Ian Reeves, Monika Harvey

Dr. Stephanie Rossit

No abstract provided.


No Neglect-Specific Deficits In Reaching Tasks, Stephanie Rossit Dr., Paresh Malhotra, Keith Muir, George Duncan, Ian Reeves, Katrina Livingstone, Hazel Jackson, Caroline Hogg, Pauline Castle, Gemma Learmonth, Monika Harvey Jan 2009

No Neglect-Specific Deficits In Reaching Tasks, Stephanie Rossit Dr., Paresh Malhotra, Keith Muir, George Duncan, Ian Reeves, Katrina Livingstone, Hazel Jackson, Caroline Hogg, Pauline Castle, Gemma Learmonth, Monika Harvey

Dr. Stephanie Rossit

No abstract provided.


"Let's Do The Time Warp Again": Assessing The Competence Of Counsel In Mental Health Conservatorship Proceedings, Grant H. Morris Jan 2009

"Let's Do The Time Warp Again": Assessing The Competence Of Counsel In Mental Health Conservatorship Proceedings, Grant H. Morris

Grant H Morris

Thirty years ago, I wrote an article on mental health conservatorships in California and the role of counsel for persons for whom a conservatorship has been proposed. Data was gathered on the performance of attorneys in court hearings conducted in San Diego County Superior Court. The data revealed that lawyers representing proposed conservatees were inactive and ineffective in representing their clients’ interests. The lawyers did not consider themselves advocates in an adversary process in which conservatorship was to be avoided. A year after the article was published, the California Supreme Court, citing that article as authority for the “paternalistic attitude ...


Law Without Disgust: A Fetid Freedom, Matthew Jordan Cochran Jan 2009

Law Without Disgust: A Fetid Freedom, Matthew Jordan Cochran

Matthew Jordan Cochran

Martha Nussbaum has attacked disgust as an emotion incompatible with political liberal values; a primitive shrinking from animality that is used to subjugate vulnerable groups. Dr. Leon Kass has described disgust as a profound wisdom that teaches us the boundaries beyond which our given human nature becomes compromised. Kass's view of human dignity recognizes the hierarchical nature of being human, while Nussbaum's rather scatological account reduces mankind to a mere species of animal—an animal which is somehow an oppressor for shunning the accouterments of its own mortality. This article compares these two competing views on the interplay ...


Kenya Aby Program Highlighted At Unite For Sight Conference In New Haven, Leah Neubauer Jan 2009

Kenya Aby Program Highlighted At Unite For Sight Conference In New Haven, Leah Neubauer

Leah C. Neubauer

No abstract provided.


The Cultural Congruency Effect: Culture, Regulatory Focus, And The Effectiveness Of Gain- Vs. Loss-Framed Health Messages, Ayse K. Uskul, David Sherman, John Fitzgibbon Jan 2009

The Cultural Congruency Effect: Culture, Regulatory Focus, And The Effectiveness Of Gain- Vs. Loss-Framed Health Messages, Ayse K. Uskul, David Sherman, John Fitzgibbon

Ayse K Uskul

The present study contributes a cultural analysis to the literature on the persuasive effects of matching message frame to individuals’ motivational orientations. One experiment examines how members of cultural groups that are likely to differ in their regulatory focus respond to health messages focusing on either the benefits of flossing or the costs of not flossing. White British participants, who had a stronger promotion focus, were more persuaded by the gain-framed message, whereas East-Asian participants, who had a stronger prevention focus, were more persuaded by the loss-framed message. This cultural difference in persuasion was mediated by an interaction between individuals ...


Motivation And Behaviour Change Following The Ban On Smoking In Public Places In England: A Prospective Community Study, Sheina Orbell, Patrick Lidierth, Caroline Henderson, Nicolas Geraert, Claudia Uller, Ayse K. Uskul, Maria Kyriakaki Jan 2009

Motivation And Behaviour Change Following The Ban On Smoking In Public Places In England: A Prospective Community Study, Sheina Orbell, Patrick Lidierth, Caroline Henderson, Nicolas Geraert, Claudia Uller, Ayse K. Uskul, Maria Kyriakaki

Ayse K Uskul

Objective: To examine social– cognitive change associated with behavior change after the introduction of a smoke-free public places policy. Design: Adults (N 583) who use public houses licensed to sell alcohol (pubs) completed questionnaires assessing alcohol and tobacco consumption and social– cognitive beliefs 2 months prior to the introduction of the smoking ban in England on July 1, 2007. Longitudinal follow-up (N 272) was 3 months after the introduction of the ban. Main outcome measures: Social–cognitive beliefs, daily cigarette consumption, and weekly alcohol consumption. Results: Smokers consumed considerably more alcohol than did nonsmokers at both time points. However, a ...


Alford Pleas In The Age Of Innocence, Allison D. Redlich, Asil Ozdogru Jan 2009

Alford Pleas In The Age Of Innocence, Allison D. Redlich, Asil Ozdogru

Allison D Redlich

No abstract provided.


An Attack On Self-Defense, Reid G. Fontaine Jan 2009

An Attack On Self-Defense, Reid G. Fontaine

Reid G. Fontaine

Debate about the distinction between justification and excuse in criminal law theory has been lively during the last thirty years. Questions as to the nature and structure of various affirmative defenses continue to be raised, and the doctrine of self-defense has been at the center of much discussion. Three main articulations have been advanced: a purely objective theory, a purely subjective theory, and an objective/subjective hybrid. In the present Article, I support a hybrid model and propose a three-requirement framework that delineates the criteria that must be met to satisfy self-defense as a legitimate justification. Because this three-requirement framework ...


Social Information Processing And Aggressive Behavior: A Transactional Perspective, Reid G. Fontaine, Kenneth A. Dodge Jan 2009

Social Information Processing And Aggressive Behavior: A Transactional Perspective, Reid G. Fontaine, Kenneth A. Dodge

Reid G. Fontaine

Chapter has no abstract