Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2009

San Jose State University

Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Vision And The Blueprint: High Speed Rail In The United States And Launching High-Speed Rail In The U.S.: High-Speed Rail Sessions From Apta´S Annual Meeting, October 6, 2009 , Mti Report S-09-03, Mineta Transportation Institute Dec 2009

The Vision And The Blueprint: High Speed Rail In The United States And Launching High-Speed Rail In The U.S.: High-Speed Rail Sessions From Apta´S Annual Meeting, October 6, 2009 , Mti Report S-09-03, Mineta Transportation Institute

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

The American Public Transportation Association (APTA) held its annual meeting in Orlando, Florida on October 4–7, 2009, including special sessions on high-speed rail. This e-book is the edited proceedings of two sessions, "The Vision and the Blueprint: High Speed Rail in the United States," and "Launching High-Speed Rail in the U.S.," which were held on October 6. Introducing the first session, "The Vision and the Blueprint: High Speed Rail in the United States," was Dale Muellerleile, senior vice president and national director for transit engineering for HDR Engineering. Moderator for this session was Rod Diridon, Sr., chair, APTA ...


Rail Passenger Selective Screening Summit, Mti S-09-01, Mti Oct 2009

Rail Passenger Selective Screening Summit, Mti S-09-01, Mti

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This publication is an edited transcript of the Rail Passenger Selective Screening Summit, which was co-sponsored by MTI and the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) in Chicago, Illinois on June 18, 2009, during APTA´s annual Rail Conference. The workshop was moderated by Brian Michael Jenkins, director, Mineta Transportation Institute's National Transportation Security Center of Excellence (NTSCOE). Speakers included Bruce R. Butterworth, co-author, Selective Screening of Rail Passengers; Greg Hull, president, American Public Transportation Association (APTA); Paul MacMillan, chief of police, Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, Transit Police Department; Ron Masciana, deputy chief, Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA), New York; Jesus ...


Spanning Policy Silos In Urban Development And Environmental Management: When Global Cities Are Coastal Cities Too, Herman L. Boschken Sep 2009

Spanning Policy Silos In Urban Development And Environmental Management: When Global Cities Are Coastal Cities Too, Herman L. Boschken

Herman L. Boschken

No abstract provided.


Spanning Policy Silos In Urban Development And Environmental Management: When Global Cities Are Coastal Cities Too, Herman L. Boschken Sep 2009

Spanning Policy Silos In Urban Development And Environmental Management: When Global Cities Are Coastal Cities Too, Herman L. Boschken

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Using Bicycles For The First And Last Mile Of A Commute, Mineta Transportation Institute Sep 2009

Using Bicycles For The First And Last Mile Of A Commute, Mineta Transportation Institute

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Bicycle ridership as a partial or total workday method of commute is increasing in popularity. With that increase in cyclists comes challenges for transportation agencies: how can the needs of cyclists fit seamlessly with the needs of non-cyclists, especially those utilizing light rail and commuter rail such as Caltrain On June 3, 2009, MTI, the Commonwealth Club of California and the United States Department of Transportation sponsored "Using Bicycles for the First and Last Mile of a Commute" in San Jose Co-sponsors of the event included Caltrain, Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC), Silicon Valley Bicycle Coalition, Silicon Valley Leadership ...


Cultural Sincerity In Urban Development, Gordon Douglas Aug 2009

Cultural Sincerity In Urban Development, Gordon Douglas

Faculty Publications, Urban and Regional Planning

This paper examines the role of culture in the urban development process. An abridged selection from an ongoing study of developers, activists and the politics of growth in Davis, California, it presents the case of the Target Corporation's campaign to build the first "big box" retail store in that city. I argue that Target's ability to win over the strongly slow-growth and anti-corporate community in a public referendum -- following apparently successful attempts to meet popular expectations of environmental leadership and the preservation of unique local character -- provides a clear example of how what I call cultural sincerity can ...


What Is Glamour? The Production & Consumption Of A Working Aesthetic, Gordon Douglas Aug 2009

What Is Glamour? The Production & Consumption Of A Working Aesthetic, Gordon Douglas

Faculty Publications, Urban and Regional Planning

I examine here how glamour is manifested in different places and among different peoples across Los Angeles, each with different histories, cultures and aesthetics. After initially defining the concept with reference to traditional understandings using the social and spatial history of Hollywood, I develop three ideal-typical categories of glamour (glitz as glamour, status as glamour, and grit as glamour) as heuristics for looking at the many diverse ‘glamours’ to be found in Los Angeles today: from the film industry to finance, the allure of haute cuisine to the chrome of Latino car culture, the manufactured spectacle of absurdist architecture to ...


Green Transportation Taxes And Fees: A Survey Of Californian, Asha W. Agrawal, Jennifer Dill, Hilary Nixon Jun 2009

Green Transportation Taxes And Fees: A Survey Of Californian, Asha W. Agrawal, Jennifer Dill, Hilary Nixon

Hilary Nixon

This report explores public opinion on a new and promising concept—green transportation taxes and fees. These are taxes and fees set at variable rates, with higher rates for more polluting vehicles and lower rates for those that pollute less. This approach to transportation taxes and fees adapts the traditional transportation finance system to achieve two critical public benefits at once: encouraging drivers to choose more environmentally-friendly transportation options and raising revenue for needed transportation programs. To test public support for green transportation taxes and fees, the authors conducted a random telephone survey of 1,500 Californians that asked respondents ...


Effect Of Suburban Transit Oriented Developments On Residential Property Values, Mti Report 08-07, Shishir Mathur, Christopher Ferrell Jun 2009

Effect Of Suburban Transit Oriented Developments On Residential Property Values, Mti Report 08-07, Shishir Mathur, Christopher Ferrell

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

The development of successful TODs often encounters several barriers. These barriers include: a lack of inter-jurisdictional cooperation, auto-oriented design that favors park and ride lot over ridership generating uses, and community opposition. The community opposition may be more vocal in suburban areas where residents of predominately single-family neighborhoods may feel that the proposed high-density, mixed-use TOD will bring noise, air pollution, increased congestion and crime into their area. Community opposition has been instrumental in stopping many TOD projects in the San Francisco Bay Area. While community opposition to TODs has been pronounced, very little empirical research exists that indicates whether ...


Paving The Way: Recruiting Students Into The Transportation Professions, Mti Report 08-03, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Jennifer Dill Jun 2009

Paving The Way: Recruiting Students Into The Transportation Professions, Mti Report 08-03, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Jennifer Dill

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

The transportation industry faces a growing shortage of professional engineers and planners. One key strategy in solving this problem will be to encourage more civil engineering and urban planning students to specialize in transportation while completing their degrees, so that employers have a larger pool of likely recruits. However, very little is known about how these students choose a specialization. To help fill that gap, this report examines the factors that lead civil engineering undergraduates and urban planning masters students to specialize in transportation, as opposed to other sub-disciplines within the two fields. The primary data collection methods were web-based ...


Public Versus Private Mobility For The Poor: Transit Improvements Versus Increased Car Ownership In The Sacramento Region, Mti Research Report 08-02, Robert A. Johnston, Shengyi Gao Jun 2009

Public Versus Private Mobility For The Poor: Transit Improvements Versus Increased Car Ownership In The Sacramento Region, Mti Research Report 08-02, Robert A. Johnston, Shengyi Gao

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Whether to aid welfare recipients in overcoming transportation barriers with increased car ownership or better transit became an issue after the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was signed into law. Empirical studies pointed out that welfare recipients owning a car had a high probability of moving from welfare to work. In this study, the authors examined the impacts of car ownership promotion versus transit improvements on job accessibility, work trips, and traveler´s economic welfare by running a travel demand model adopted by the Sacramento Area Council of Governments (SACOG). In the car scenario, the zero-car ...


The Influence Of Service Planning Decisions On Rail Transit Success Or Failure, Mti Report 08-04, Jeffrey R. Brown, Gregory L. Thompson Jun 2009

The Influence Of Service Planning Decisions On Rail Transit Success Or Failure, Mti Report 08-04, Jeffrey R. Brown, Gregory L. Thompson

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Some United States metropolitan areas with rail transit systems enjoy ridership and productivity success while others do not. This study examines the experiences of 11 U.S. metropolitan areas with between one million and five million persons to better understand why some areas are successful and others are not. A particular focus is the role of service planning decisions in facilitating transit success. We find that successful transit systems are those that: 1) articulate a clear, multidestination vision for regional transit; 2) rely on rail transit as the system´s backbone; 3) recognize the importance of the non-CBD travel market ...


The Role Of Transportation In Campus Emergency Planning, Mti Report 08-06, Frances Edwards, Daniel C. Goodrich Jun 2009

The Role Of Transportation In Campus Emergency Planning, Mti Report 08-06, Frances Edwards, Daniel C. Goodrich

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

In 2005, Hurricane Katrina created the greatest natural disaster in American history. The states of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama sustained significant damage, including 31 colleges and universities. Other institutions of higher education, most notably Louisiana State University (LSU), became resources to the disaster area. This is just one of the many examples of disaster impacts on institutions of higher education. The Federal Department of Homeland Security, under Homeland Security Presidential Directive–5, requires all public agencies that want to receive federal preparedness assistance to comply with the National Incident Management System (NIMS), which includes the creation of an Emergency Operations ...


“Green” Transportation Taxes And Fees: A Survey Of Californians, Mti Report 08-05, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Jennifer Dill, Hilary Nixon Jun 2009

“Green” Transportation Taxes And Fees: A Survey Of Californians, Mti Report 08-05, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Jennifer Dill, Hilary Nixon

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This report explores public opinion on a new and promising concept—green transportation taxes and fees. These are taxes and fees set at variable rates, with higher rates for more polluting vehicles and lower rates for those that pollute less. This approach to transportation taxes and fees adapts the traditional transportation finance system to achieve two critical public benefits at once: encouraging drivers to choose more environmentally-friendly transportation options and raising revenue for needed transportation programs. To test public support for green transportation taxes and fees, the authors conducted a random telephone survey of 1,500 Californians that asked respondents ...


Ninth Annual Garrett Morgan Sustainable Transportation Symposium, Mti Report S-08-04, Mineta Transportation Institute May 2009

Ninth Annual Garrett Morgan Sustainable Transportation Symposium, Mti Report S-08-04, Mineta Transportation Institute

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

On March 25, 2009, the Mineta Transportation Institute (MTI) continued its support of the U.S. Department of Transportations Garrett A. Morgan Technology and Transportation Futures Program by conducting the ninth National Garrett Morgan Symposium and Videoconference on Sustainable Transportation. The purpose of this national videoconference was to stimulate the minds of young people and encourage them to pursue the academic programs that will prepare them for professional careers in transportation engineering, planning, administration and technology.


What Should We Be Doing To Reduce Or End Campus Violence?, Jason A. Laker Apr 2009

What Should We Be Doing To Reduce Or End Campus Violence?, Jason A. Laker

Faculty Publications

Over the last several years, there have been a number of high-profile incidents of violence on college and university campuses. These have precipitated discussions and new initiatives on campuses and within our professional organizations intended to prevent and respond to violence.


Feasibility Of One–Dedicated–Lane Bus Rapid Transit ⁄Light–Rail Systems And Their Expansion To Two–Dedicated–Lane Systems: A Focus On Geometric Configuration And Performance Planning, Mti Report 08-01, H.-S. Jacob Tsao, Wenbin Wei, Agus Pratama Mar 2009

Feasibility Of One–Dedicated–Lane Bus Rapid Transit ⁄Light–Rail Systems And Their Expansion To Two–Dedicated–Lane Systems: A Focus On Geometric Configuration And Performance Planning, Mti Report 08-01, H.-S. Jacob Tsao, Wenbin Wei, Agus Pratama

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This report consists primarily of two parts, the first on feasibility and the next on space minimization. In the section on feasibility, we propose the concept of a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) or light–rail system that effectively requires only one dedicated but reversible lane throughout the system to support two-way traffic in the median of a busy commute corridor with regular provision of left–turn lanes. Based on key ideas proposed in that section, the section on space minimization first addresses how to implement a two–dedicated–lane BRT or light–rail system with minimum right–of–way width ...


A Town Hall Meeting On Our Bicycle Safety Crisis, Mineta Transportation Institute Feb 2009

A Town Hall Meeting On Our Bicycle Safety Crisis, Mineta Transportation Institute

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

There is no doubt that due to rising fuel costs, more people have turned to their bicycles as an economical and environmentally-friendly mode of transportation. The increased bicycle traffic on our roads and streets has brought an unfortunate rise in accidents between cyclists and motor vehicles. One of the most effective ways to address this problem is to increase awareness in motorists and cyclists. With that awareness comes action and possible solutions. One of the best ways to increase awareness is to create an open forum in the “town hall” format. This forum, “A Town Hall Meeting on Our Bicycle ...


Canada (En)Counters Terrorism: Us-Canada Relations And Counter-Terrorism Policy, Veronica Kitchen, Karthika Sasikumar Jan 2009

Canada (En)Counters Terrorism: Us-Canada Relations And Counter-Terrorism Policy, Veronica Kitchen, Karthika Sasikumar

Faculty Publications

This paper examines the role of identity in shaping counter-terrorism policy in Canada. We show that identity functions in three ways: constitutively by defining the range of choices a state is likely to consider; strategically by being a resource to buttress arguments based in economic or sovereignty interests; and heuristically by using identity as a marker for risk. This three-faceted explanation helps explain why, despite close economic, social, and political links between Canada and the United States which might lead us to expect Canada to follow American counter-terrorism policy, Canadian counter-terrorism policy often diverges from the American lead.


Effect Of Suburban Transit Oriented Developments On Residential Property Values, Shishir Mathur, Christopher Ferrell Jan 2009

Effect Of Suburban Transit Oriented Developments On Residential Property Values, Shishir Mathur, Christopher Ferrell

Faculty Publications, Urban and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Suburban Transit Oriented Developments On Residential Property Values, Shishir Mathur, Christopher Ferrell Jan 2009

Effect Of Suburban Transit Oriented Developments On Residential Property Values, Shishir Mathur, Christopher Ferrell

Shishir Mathur

No abstract provided.


A Call To Community: Some Thoughts For Student Affairs About Identity And Diversity, Jason A. Laker Jan 2009

A Call To Community: Some Thoughts For Student Affairs About Identity And Diversity, Jason A. Laker

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.