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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2009

Purdue University

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

How Scholars Work: Panning For Gold In Libraries, Judith M. Nixon, Marianne Ryan Dec 2009

How Scholars Work: Panning For Gold In Libraries, Judith M. Nixon, Marianne Ryan

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

How do liberal arts scholars work? For example, where do they get their ideas? When beginning a research project, do they start with a Google search or the library's home page? How and when do scholars utilize libraries and library resources—especially library-funded databases? How has research changed since the advent of the World Wide Web? These are questions that the social science and humanities librarians at Purdue University Libraries have been asking. To begin to find answers, we invited selected faculty members and students to a How Scholars Work series. This article summarizes their comments.


Lower Tropospheric Temperature Variability Over The Usa: A Gis Approach, Souleymane Fall, Dev Niyogi, Gilbert L. Rochon Nov 2009

Lower Tropospheric Temperature Variability Over The Usa: A Gis Approach, Souleymane Fall, Dev Niyogi, Gilbert L. Rochon

GIS Day

We use the high resolution North American Regional Analysis (NARR) dataset to build for the United States a Temperature Change Index (TCI) based on four contributing variables derived from the layer-averaged temperature and lapse rate of the 1000mb - 700mb layer (near-surface to 3000 meters) for the 1979-2008 period. The analysis uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) methods to identify distinct regional patterns based on aggregate temperature trends and variability scores. The resulting index allows us to identify and compare regions that experience high (low) temperature trends and variability that are referred to as hot spots (cold spots). The upper Midwest emerges ...


Validation Of A Commercial Geographical Information Systems Database Of Walking And Bicycling Destinations, Heather A. Whitcomb, Ellen K. Cromley, Kosuke Tamura, Steven J. Melly, Sayali Kale, Francine Laden, Peter James, Robin Puett, Eran Ben-Joseph, Philip J. Troped Nov 2009

Validation Of A Commercial Geographical Information Systems Database Of Walking And Bicycling Destinations, Heather A. Whitcomb, Ellen K. Cromley, Kosuke Tamura, Steven J. Melly, Sayali Kale, Francine Laden, Peter James, Robin Puett, Eran Ben-Joseph, Philip J. Troped

GIS Day

Background: Recent interdisciplinary studies in public health, transportation, and urban planning have shown that stores and other destinations such as banks, post offices, and physical activity facilities within close proximity to residences are positively related to recreational and transportation physical activity. The built environment has been measured several different ways, including conducting field audits and by surveying individuals’ perceptions of their neighborhood. Increasingly researchers are also using geographic information systems (GIS) software and commercially available data sources to create objective measures of the built environment. The advantages of commercial data are that they are relatively easy to access and are ...


Innovation, Creativity And Meaning: Leading In The Information Age, Tomalee Doan Nov 2009

Innovation, Creativity And Meaning: Leading In The Information Age, Tomalee Doan

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Today’s fast pace global environment requires information professionals to be leaders keeping pace with user needs. Two academic research libraries share their work seeking to ensure and leverage the creativity in their organizations focusing on the most meaningful innovative opportunities. The premise is that usefulness and appropriateness is achieved through strategic alignment – thereby opening the door of opportunity for innovative products and services. The ability to seize the opportunity each group seeks to meet is due to the recognition by the organization of that alignment. And so, organizational perception, awareness and value all impact the successful implementation of creativity ...


Intelligent Search From Multiple Resources Of Purdue Library, Dzung Hong, Luo Si, Paul Bracke, Michael Witt, Timothy C. Juchcinski Nov 2009

Intelligent Search From Multiple Resources Of Purdue Library, Dzung Hong, Luo Si, Paul Bracke, Michael Witt, Timothy C. Juchcinski

Libraries Research Publications

Besides web resources that are visible to traditional search engines such as Google or Bing, there are a large portion of the web that is invisible to them. For example, the Purdue Library has access to more than 400 databases. Most of them contain documents that are not reachable by traditional web crawlers due to security, technical limitations or copyright agreement. The only way to search and retrieve documents from those databases is through their service interfaces, which implement different methods of indexing and searching. Given a large number of databases available, it is difficult for users to select the ...


Military Doctrine: A Reference Handbook, Bert Chapman Nov 2009

Military Doctrine: A Reference Handbook, Bert Chapman

Libraries Research Publications

This is a 2009 Purdue Libraries brownbag presentation on my book Military Doctrine: A Reference Handbook. It describes how the U.S. and other countries formulate and implement strategies for conducting military operations and publishing literature describing how they conduct military operations. Additional contents include highlighting military strategy objectives of various countries and key military doctrine documents produced by these countries.


Egfr May Couple Moderate Alcohol Consumption To Increased Breast Cancer Risk, Christopher P. Mill, Julia Chester, David J. Riese Ii Oct 2009

Egfr May Couple Moderate Alcohol Consumption To Increased Breast Cancer Risk, Christopher P. Mill, Julia Chester, David J. Riese Ii

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

Alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for breast cancer. Nonetheless, the mechanism by which alcohol contributes to breast tumor initiation or progression has yet to be definitively established. Studies using cultured human tumor cell lines have identified signaling molecules that may contribute to the effects of alcohol, including reactive oxygen species and other ethanol metabolites, matrix metalloproteases, the ErbB2/Her2/Neu receptor tyrosine kinase, cytoplasmic protein kinases, adenylate cyclase, E-cadherins, estrogen receptor, and a variety of transcription factors. Emerging data suggest that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase may contribute to breast cancer genesis and progression. Here ...


Letters To The Editor, Bert Chapman, Jon Shuler Sep 2009

Letters To The Editor, Bert Chapman, Jon Shuler

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Letter responding to an article predicting the phaseout of government information librarians in a survey of Association of Research Library (ARL) Directors. We criticize this conclusion maintaining that the multifaceted and interdisciplinary nature of government information makes it more critical that libraries users needing government information resources need to have highly trained and specializing librarians with extensive knowledge of these resources assisting them.


A Reprise, Or Round Three: Using A Database Management Program As A Decision-Support System For The Cancellation Of Serials, Judith M. Nixon Jul 2009

A Reprise, Or Round Three: Using A Database Management Program As A Decision-Support System For The Cancellation Of Serials, Judith M. Nixon

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Annual journal inflation rates of eight percent or higher have compelled libraries to cancel journals. Since 1992 Purdue Libraries have had three major cancellation projects. This article reviews how the Humanities, Social Science and Education Library approached this task in 2009 and developed a database management program to identify titles based on two criteria: low use and the availability of the title in full text in one of three aggregator databases. The education and humanities departments reached the cancellation goal, but several social science departments had to transfer funds from the book budget to accommodate their journal subscription costs. This ...


The Right Book On The Right Shelf: Missing And Misshelved Books-- How Barcode Scanning Inventories Can Solve The Patrons' Dilemma, Judith M. Nixon Jul 2009

The Right Book On The Right Shelf: Missing And Misshelved Books-- How Barcode Scanning Inventories Can Solve The Patrons' Dilemma, Judith M. Nixon

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

After over thirty years of failing to conduct a comprehensive inventory of the book collection at a large liberal arts library, our patrons complained that they could not find one in five books. Study of the problem indicated that in fact 20% of our books were either missing or miss-shelved. This article discusses the investigation of the problem and the impact after five years of conducting an annual inventory by using hand-held devices to gather barcodes and interface these with our catalog records to find the missing and miss-shelved books. The missing book rate dropped from 5.6% to less ...


Librarians In The Hall: Instructional Outreach In Campus Residences, Catherine Fraser Riehle, Michael Witt Apr 2009

Librarians In The Hall: Instructional Outreach In Campus Residences, Catherine Fraser Riehle, Michael Witt

Libraries Research Publications

There is an old proverb, “If the mountain will not come to Mohammed, then Mohammed must go to the mountain.” It can be a challenge to reach out to incoming undergraduate students who are often overwhelmed by the high expectations of scholarship at the college level and the complexities of the modern information environment. Unconventional and creative approaches are needed to reach millennial learners where they are, both physically, in terms of where they reside on campus, and pedagogically, by employing innovative and engaging teaching methods that they can appreciate and understand. In the fall of 2007, two librarians with ...


Sibling Death And Death Fear In Relation To Depressive Symptomatology In Older Adults, Victor G. Cicirelli Jan 2009

Sibling Death And Death Fear In Relation To Depressive Symptomatology In Older Adults, Victor G. Cicirelli

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

Previously overlooked factors in elders’ depressive symptomatology were examined, including death fear, sibling death, and sibling closeness. Participants were 150 elders (61 men, 89 women) aged 65 to 97 with at least one sibling. Measures were: proportion of deceased siblings, sibling closeness, the Death Fear subscale of the DAP-Revised, and the CES-D depression scale (20-item adult form). Age and education were exogenous variables in a structural equation model. Death fear, sibling closeness, and proportion of dead siblings were directly related to depression, with path coefficients of .42, -.24, and .13, respectively. Proportion of dead siblings had indirect effects on depression ...


Survey Methods In Relationship Research, Christopher Agnew, Laura E. Vanderdrift Jan 2009

Survey Methods In Relationship Research, Christopher Agnew, Laura E. Vanderdrift

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Similarity In Cigarette Smoking Attracts: A Prospective Study Of Romantic Partner Selection By Own Smoking, Smoker Prototype, And Perceived Approval, Paul Etcheverry, Christopher Agnew Jan 2009

Similarity In Cigarette Smoking Attracts: A Prospective Study Of Romantic Partner Selection By Own Smoking, Smoker Prototype, And Perceived Approval, Paul Etcheverry, Christopher Agnew

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

The current research employs a multi-wave longitudinal design to examine how young adults' own smoking, smoker prototypes, and perceived partner approval of smoking are associated with selection of romantic partners over time. Results indicate that participants who smoke and have a more positive prototype of the typical smoker are more likely to initiate a romantic relationship with someone who smokes and who has greater perceived approval for smoking. The findings suggest the importance of examining romantic partner factors associated with young adult smoking and suggest some important aspects of selection effects in terms of the target of selection (romantic partners ...


Satisfaction, Alternatives, Investments And The Microfoundations Of Audience Cost Models, Aaron M. Hoffman, Christopher Agnew, Justin Lehmiller, Natasha T. Duncan Jan 2009

Satisfaction, Alternatives, Investments And The Microfoundations Of Audience Cost Models, Aaron M. Hoffman, Christopher Agnew, Justin Lehmiller, Natasha T. Duncan

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

In this paper, we suggest that the Investment Model of Commitment, developed in social psychology, offers a solution to an important microfoundational issue in audience cost theory. Audience cost models are useful for thinking about the foreign policy behaviors of democratic and non-democratic states. However, they often assume that citizens reliably penalize leaders who break their foreign policy promises even though the empirical record suggests this is not always the case. We argue that public commitment to foreign policy assets and relationships is a precondition for the application of audience costs. Using the U.N. and NATO as case studies ...


Non-Marital Romantic Relationship Commitment And Leave Behavior: The Mediating Role Of Dissolution Consideration, Laura E Vanderdrift, Christopher Agnew, Juan E. Wilson Jan 2009

Non-Marital Romantic Relationship Commitment And Leave Behavior: The Mediating Role Of Dissolution Consideration, Laura E Vanderdrift, Christopher Agnew, Juan E. Wilson

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

Two studies investigated the process by which individuals in non-marital romantic relationships characterized by low commitment move toward enacting leave behaviors. Predictions based on the behavioral, goal, and implementation intention literatures were tested using a measure of dissolution consideration developed for this research. Dissolution consideration assesses how salient relationship termination is for an individual while one’s relationship is intact. Study 1 developed and validated a measure of dissolution consideration and Study 2 was a longitudinal test of the utility of dissolution consideration in predicting the enactment of leave behaviors. Results indicated that dissolution consideration mediates the association between commitment ...


Commitment, Theories And Typologies, Christopher Agnew Jan 2009

Commitment, Theories And Typologies, Christopher Agnew

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Extensive Training Is Insufficient To Produce The Work-Ethic Effect In Pigeons, Marco Vasconcelos, Peter J. Urcuioli Jan 2009

Extensive Training Is Insufficient To Produce The Work-Ethic Effect In Pigeons, Marco Vasconcelos, Peter J. Urcuioli

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

Zentall and Singer (2007a) hypothesized that our failure to replicate the work-ethic effect in pigeons (Vasconcelos, Urcuioli, & Lionello-DeNolf, 2007) was due to insufficient overtraining following acquisition of the high- and low-effort discriminations. We tested this hypothesis using the original work-ethic procedure (Experiment 1) and one similar to that used with starlings (Experiment 2) by providing at least 60 overtraining sessions. Despite this extensive overtraining, neither experiment revealed a significant preference for stimuli obtained after high effort. Together with other findings, these data support our contention that pigeons do not reliably show a work-ethic effect.


The Stability Of Psychopathy Across Adolescence, Donald Lynam, Richard Charnigo, Terrie E. Moffitt, Adrian Raine, Rolf Loeber, Madga Stouthamer-Loeber Jan 2009

The Stability Of Psychopathy Across Adolescence, Donald Lynam, Richard Charnigo, Terrie E. Moffitt, Adrian Raine, Rolf Loeber, Madga Stouthamer-Loeber

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

The current diagnostic system suggests that personality disorder categories be applied to children and adolescents in rare circumstances because of expected changes in personality pathology across development. The present study examined the stability in personality pathology, specifically psychopathy, across childhood and adolescence. Using a short form of the CPS and mixed models incorporating fixed and random effects, we examined the reliability, individual stability, mean-level stability, and predictive utility of juvenile psychopathy as a function of age (i.e., from 7 to 17 years old) in over 1,500 boys from the three cohorts of the Pittsburgh Youth Study. If adolescent ...


Kicking To Bigger Uprights: Field Goal Kicking Performance Influences Perceived Size., Jessica Witt, Travis E. Dorsch Jan 2009

Kicking To Bigger Uprights: Field Goal Kicking Performance Influences Perceived Size., Jessica Witt, Travis E. Dorsch

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

Perception relates not only to the optical information from the environment but also to the perceiver’s performance on a given task. We present evidence that the perceived height and width of an American-football field goal post relates to the perceiver’s kicking performance. Participants who made more successful kicks perceived the field goal posts to be farther apart and perceived the crossbar to be closer to the ground compared with participants who made fewer kicks. Interestingly, the current results show perceptual effects related to performance only after kicking the football but not before kicking. We also found that the ...


A Subject Librarian’S Guide To Collaborating On E-Science Projects, Jeremy R. Garritano, Jake R. Carlson Jan 2009

A Subject Librarian’S Guide To Collaborating On E-Science Projects, Jeremy R. Garritano, Jake R. Carlson

Libraries Research Publications

For liaison or subject librarians, entering into the emerging area of providing researchers with data services or partnering with them on cyberinfrastructure projects can be a daunting task. This article will provide some advice as to what to expect and how providing data services can be folded into other liaison duties. New skills for librarians and traditional skills that can be adapted to data curation work will also be discussed. A case study on the authors' experiences collaborating with two chemistry faculty on an e-science project serves as the framework for the majority of this article.


Developing Core Leadership Competencies For The Library Profession, Shorlette Ammons-Stephens, Holly J. Cole, Keisha Jenkins-Gibbs, Catherine Fraser Riehle, William H. Weare Jr. Jan 2009

Developing Core Leadership Competencies For The Library Profession, Shorlette Ammons-Stephens, Holly J. Cole, Keisha Jenkins-Gibbs, Catherine Fraser Riehle, William H. Weare Jr.

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

No abstract provided.


Positioning Libraries To Support The Goals Of Higher Education Institutions: The Peabody Academic Library Leadership Institute, Sharon A. Weiner, Patricia Senn Breivik, Timothy Caboni, Dennis Clark Jan 2009

Positioning Libraries To Support The Goals Of Higher Education Institutions: The Peabody Academic Library Leadership Institute, Sharon A. Weiner, Patricia Senn Breivik, Timothy Caboni, Dennis Clark

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

This article describes the genesis of Vanderbilt University's Peabody Academic Library Leadership Institute as an outcome of a particular philosophy. That philosophy is based on the concept that to fulfill their potential contributions, academic libraries need to direct their planning, resources, and services to support the priorities of their parent institutions. This article addresses the need for campus-focused leadership training; higher education leadership training for academic librarians; and the higher education context for libraries. It describes why Vanderbilt's Peabody College of Education and Human Development initiated a professional development institute for librarians. It describes the institute's history ...


Cuba, U.S. Naval Blockade Of, Bert Chapman Jan 2009

Cuba, U.S. Naval Blockade Of, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview and analysis of the U.S. naval blockade of Cuba during this conflict.