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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2009

Portland State University

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Articles 31 - 60 of 165

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Built Environment, Neighborhood Safety, And Physical Activity Among Low Income Children, Jessica Greene, Debbie Daniel Sep 2009

The Built Environment, Neighborhood Safety, And Physical Activity Among Low Income Children, Jessica Greene, Debbie Daniel

TREC Final Reports

There is a growing body of evidence that environmental factors are related to physical activity and active modes of transportation. There is a separate body of research that links neighborhood safety to physical activity. This study used a cross sectional telephone survey of 801 parents/guardians of low income children in Florida to bridge these literatures and examine the independent relationship of the built environment and neighborhood safety on childrens' physical activity.

In multivariate regression models we find that neighborhood safety is a more consistent predictor of low income childrens' physical activity. In neighborhoods where parents reported that there was ...


Expanding Service Learning Models In Transportation, Robert Parker Sep 2009

Expanding Service Learning Models In Transportation, Robert Parker

TREC Final Reports

This OTREC education project links experiential education with local transportation planning through a collaborative partnership between the University of Oregon, the Lane Transit District, and the cities of Eugene and Springfield. The Community Planning Workshop (CPW) is an experiential/service learning program affiliated with the Department of Planning, Public Policy and Management at the University of Oregon. Through this service learning program, graduate students learn professional planning skills while assisting communities in actual planning and policy projects.

The project results include: (1) the completion of the following six deliverables: EmX Evaluation Framework Document, EmX Stakeholder Perceptions Document, Bus Rapid Transit ...


Outreach Is (Un)Dead, Emily Ford Sep 2009

Outreach Is (Un)Dead, Emily Ford

Library Faculty Publications and Presentations

The article discusses ways to keep outreach activities alive while demolishing the body of outreach.


Invasive Species Management Plan For Oswego Lake, Daniel Warren Aug 2009

Invasive Species Management Plan For Oswego Lake, Daniel Warren

Master of Environmental Management Project Reports

This Invasive Species Management Plan defines an overarching strategy for the Lake Oswego Corporation (LOC) to mitigate threats from invasive species to Oswego Lake. Invasive species pose a direct risk to recreational and aesthetic uses of the lake, critical LOC infrastructure, and ecological communities within the lake. The Plan is particularly concerned with two bivalve mollusks in the genus Dreissena: the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) and the quagga

mussel (Dreissena bugensis). These mussels grow in dense colonies that damage watercraft and underwater structures as well as displace native species. A recent scientific report found that an intense infestation of mussels ...


Transferring Community-Based, Active Transportation Gis Assessment Tools Nationwide, Marc Schlossberg, Nico Larco Aug 2009

Transferring Community-Based, Active Transportation Gis Assessment Tools Nationwide, Marc Schlossberg, Nico Larco

TREC Final Reports

“Livability” has recently been declared one of four top priorities by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), and the USDOT, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) have entered into an historic partnership to address the issue. Ultimately, this term refers to the quality of life within one’s community and the ease, comfort, and joy with which one can access places he or she want to go. For most Americans, their neighborhoods have been designed to predominantly accommodate the automobile, and more active forms of transportation such as ...


Transporting The Economy, Miguel Figliozzi Aug 2009

Transporting The Economy, Miguel Figliozzi

TREC Project Briefs

The efficient, timely and reliable movement of freight is a critical responsibility of the transportation system and strategically important to the U.S. economy. Today, Americans purchase billions of dollars worth of goods over the Internet for home delivery, routinely sent using nextday- express packages. They also expect globally produced fresh fruits, flowers and vegetables to be available year-round. These shipments move over an extensive freight transportation system comprising millions of vehicles and thousands of miles of road, track and pipeline infrastructure, all supported by sophisticated information technology and operated, managed and maintained by a large, specialized labor force.

These ...


Distribution Logistics Course, Miguel Figliozzi Aug 2009

Distribution Logistics Course, Miguel Figliozzi

TREC Final Reports

Commercial vehicle movements associated with the delivery of goods and services are currently experiencing a number of challenging problems. Carriers and fleet operations face congestion, a growing number of tolls, increasing service level demands, and in some cases opposition due to the externalities caused by freight traffic in urban areas. This course provided a greater understanding of the complex issues surrounding urban freight and logistics and it was relevant to graduate students in civil engineering, urban planning, and business programs.


Developing Corridor-Level Truck Travel Time Estimates And Other Freight Performance Measures From Archived Its Data, Christopher Monsere, Michael Wolfe, Heba Alawakiel, Max Taylor Stephens Aug 2009

Developing Corridor-Level Truck Travel Time Estimates And Other Freight Performance Measures From Archived Its Data, Christopher Monsere, Michael Wolfe, Heba Alawakiel, Max Taylor Stephens

TREC Final Reports

The objectives of this research were to retrospectively study the feasibility for using truck transponder data to produce freight corridor performance measures (travel times) and real-time traveler information. To support this analysis, weigh-in-motion data from each of the twenty-two stations in Oregon were assembled, processed, and uploaded in the WIM data archive is housed under the Portland Transportation Archive Listing (PORTAL) umbrella at Portland State University’s Intelligent Transportation Systems Lab. Nearly 42,000,000 truck records were successful uploaded to the archive dating back to July 2005. Two separate algorithms necessary for this research were scripted, tested, and validated ...


Interview With Steve Cohen, Planning & Sustainable Development, 2009 (Audio), Steve Cohen Jul 2009

Interview With Steve Cohen, Planning & Sustainable Development, 2009 (Audio), Steve Cohen

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Steve Cohen by Chris Stephens at Ecotrust Building, Portland, Oregon on July 28th, 2009.

The interview index is available for download.


State Experiences With Affordable Housing Plus Services: Report To Seniors And Persons With Disabilities, On The Move, Paula C. Carder, Erika Zoller Jul 2009

State Experiences With Affordable Housing Plus Services: Report To Seniors And Persons With Disabilities, On The Move, Paula C. Carder, Erika Zoller

Institute on Aging Publications

Housing developers, providers, policy makers, and advocates, increasingly recognize that for some groups of individuals, access to affordable housing alone is "not enough." That is, some individuals require more than shelter. Examples include individuals who have chronic health conditions (e.g., HIV/AIDS), those with physical or cognitive limitations (e.g., persons with developmental disabilities, adults with physical disabilities), and those who have a combination of health conditions or who cannot thrive in traditional housing (e.g., persons who have been homeless, individuals with chronic mental illness). Increasingly, housing providers, social service agencies, advocates, states, and federal agencies have recognized ...


Sociology Of Islam & Muslim Societies, Newsletter No. 4, Tugrul Keskin Jul 2009

Sociology Of Islam & Muslim Societies, Newsletter No. 4, Tugrul Keskin

Sociology of Islam & Muslim Societies Newsletter

Table of Content:

  • Introduction, Charles Kurzman
  • An Interview with Dr. Y. Tzvi Langermann on Islamic Studies and Islam in Israel by Tugrul Keskin and Najm al-Din Yousefi
  • The Islamicity of Different Interpretations of ḤIJĀB by Rachel Woodlock
  • Representation of Islam and Muslims by the British Government Between 2001 and 2007 by Leon Moosavi
  • Scholarly Research in the Madrassa: A Brief Overview by Maulana Waris Mazhari (Translated by Yoginder Sikand)
  • Shah Mahmoud Hanifi’s lecture on the US Foreign Policy and Afghanistan: The Colonial Market for Afghan Languages by Lindsay N. Meath
  • A New Book: The Clash of Modernities: The Islamist ...


Assessing Online Collaboration Among Language Teachers: A Cross-Institutional Case Study, Nike Arnold, Lara Ducate, Lara Lomicka, Gillian Lord Jul 2009

Assessing Online Collaboration Among Language Teachers: A Cross-Institutional Case Study, Nike Arnold, Lara Ducate, Lara Lomicka, Gillian Lord

Applied Linguistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper focuses on computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) among foreign language (FL) graduate students from three universities, who worked together to create a wiki. In order to investigate the nature of CSCL among participants, this qualitative case study used the Curtis and Lawson framework (2001) to conduct a content analysis of learners’ collaborative behaviors. Transcript and survey analyses indicate that the success of collaborative interaction depends largely on the group members themselves. Differing levels of participation indicate that not everyone was equally involved with the wiki project, which ultimately affected the level of collaboration, the group dynamics, and the final ...


Periodic Atlas Of The Metroscape: Playing In The Metroscape, Vivek Shandas Jul 2009

Periodic Atlas Of The Metroscape: Playing In The Metroscape, Vivek Shandas

Metroscape

Examines how inhabitants of the Portland-Vancouver metropolitan area use their leisure time, compares leisure activities from county to county, and looks at the type and amount of public expenditures related to leisure activities.


Name That Town: Why We Call Places What We Call Them, Rachel White Jul 2009

Name That Town: Why We Call Places What We Call Them, Rachel White

Metroscape

Examines the origins of geographic place names in Oregon


An Analysis Of "Bike Wars", Jennifer Dill Jul 2009

An Analysis Of "Bike Wars", Jennifer Dill

Metroscape

Kyle Cassidy’s “Bike Wars” in the Summer 2009 issue of Metroscape® is the most controversial article ever to appear in the magazine over its seventeen years of publication. It has received both praise for calling attention to a looming problem and disapproval for factual inaccuracy. While not seeking to resolve the dispute, the editors sought the unbiased opinion of an expert on bicycle transportation about the value of the article as a contribution to the understanding of the issue it highlights. Among the faculty and researchers in the College of Urban and Public Affairs (where the magazine is based ...


Indicators Of The Metroscape: School Meals, Elizabeth Mylott Jul 2009

Indicators Of The Metroscape: School Meals, Elizabeth Mylott

Metroscape

A brief snapshot of the number of free and reduced price lunches served in public schools in the 5-county Portland region in 2008 and 2009.


The Landscape: Ferries, Elizabeth Mylott Jul 2009

The Landscape: Ferries, Elizabeth Mylott

Metroscape

A brief look at the use of ferries as transportation in the Portland, Oregon, region, touching on their history and contemporary status.


Job Description: A Workforce Expert Discusses Problems, Policies, And Prospects In The New Economy, Craig Wollner, Ray Worden Jul 2009

Job Description: A Workforce Expert Discusses Problems, Policies, And Prospects In The New Economy, Craig Wollner, Ray Worden

Metroscape

Transcript of an interview of workforce expert Ray Worden by Craig Wollner, discussing policy issues, employment trends, and public-private partnerships in Oregon.


Bike Wars: Hostile Forces -- Drivers And Riders -- Go Wheel To Wheel In The Streets, Kyle Cassidy Jul 2009

Bike Wars: Hostile Forces -- Drivers And Riders -- Go Wheel To Wheel In The Streets, Kyle Cassidy

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

Examines the dynamics of bicycle culture in Portland, Oregon, with special focus on the interactions between cyclists and drivers. The article probes the economic, demographic and history of cycling in Portland, as well as plans for the future.


Review Of The American Far West In The Twentieth Century. By Earl Pomeroy, Carl Abbott Jul 2009

Review Of The American Far West In The Twentieth Century. By Earl Pomeroy, Carl Abbott

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

After publishing his path breaking study The Pacific Slope: A History of California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Utah, and Nevada in 1965, Earl Pomeroy embarked on the even larger task of writing a history of the American West in the twentieth century. The present volume is the result, deeply researched by Pomeroy over four decades and completed after his death in 2005 by his student and friend Richard Etulain. The book is a fascinating mix of carefully presented details and wide-ranging topical coverage. Pomeroy expanded his "Pacific Slope" vision to include Alaska, Hawaii, the rest of the Rocky Mountain states, and ...


Herd On The Net: Please Allow Me To Introduce Myself..., Jill Emery Jul 2009

Herd On The Net: Please Allow Me To Introduce Myself..., Jill Emery

Library Faculty Publications and Presentations

This column is a brief overview of the author.


War And Hiv In Latin America, Shawn Smallman Jun 2009

War And Hiv In Latin America, Shawn Smallman

International & Global Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

Conflict has shaped the HIV pandemic from its inception, from the spread of HIV-1 in Central Africa, to the diffusion of HIV-2 from Portuguese Africa to the globe. At the same time, the relationship between HIV and conflict has been non-linear and poorly understood. Nancy Mock and her colleagues have been almost the only scholars to propose a model to understand this relationship. Their work suggests that several key variables (such as the time scale of the conflict, the characteristics of the parties involved, and the geographic scale of the fighting) explain wide variations in how warfare appears to have ...


The Importance Of Interpersonal Discussion And Self-Efficacy In Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Models, Joyee S. Chatterjee, Anurudra Bhanot, Lauren B. Frank, Sheila T. Murphy, Gerry Power Jun 2009

The Importance Of Interpersonal Discussion And Self-Efficacy In Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Models, Joyee S. Chatterjee, Anurudra Bhanot, Lauren B. Frank, Sheila T. Murphy, Gerry Power

Communication Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study contributes to the theoretical discussions about the influence of education-entertainment programming on consumers of the genre. Data from the end-line evaluation of an EE program produced by the BBC World Service Trust in India, Jasoos (Detective) Vijay, is used. The analysis focused on 834 sexually active young men, the key demographic target audience for the program. Using structural equation modeling techniques, an initial knowledge, attitudes, and practices model is examined. Adding self-efficacy and interpersonal discussion improve this model. Not only is interpersonal discussion important, but the target others with whom that discussion occurs are also important for predicting ...


Oregon City School District Enrollment Forecast Update, 2009-10 To 2013-14, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu Jun 2009

Oregon City School District Enrollment Forecast Update, 2009-10 To 2013-14, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

This report presents the results of a demographic study conducted by the Portland State University Population Research Center (PRC). The study includes analysis of population, housing and enrollment trends affecting the District in recent years and forecasts of district-wide and individual school enrollments for the 2009-10 to 2013-14 school years. The Oregon City School District (OCSD) enrolled 7,635 students in Fall 2008, a decrease of 77 students (1.0 percent) from Fall 2007. This was the fourth consecutive year of declining K-12 enrollment, following seven years of enrollment gains. In spite of the overall loss, more students were enrolled ...


The Impacts Of Gentrification On The African American Business Community Of Portland, Oregon, Alexandra Hosford Jun 2009

The Impacts Of Gentrification On The African American Business Community Of Portland, Oregon, Alexandra Hosford

Anthós

I focus this inquiry on the impact that gentrification has had on black business and entrepreneurship in the Albina District of Portland, Oregon. The Albina district of provides a unique opportunity to measure the effects of gentrification on black business and business development because the area has historically been a residentially segregated black community and has seen dramatic changes due to gentrification in the past decade, including an influx of middle class, white residents. I conduct this examination by subdividing my inquiry into three main sections. First, I provide an outline of the background and evolution of the discourse around ...


Cultural Responses To Climate Change In The Holocene, Richard Prentice Jun 2009

Cultural Responses To Climate Change In The Holocene, Richard Prentice

Anthós

Variable Holocene climate conditions have caused cultures to thrive, adapt or fail. The invention of agriculture and the domestication of plants and animals allowed sedentary societies to develop and are the result of the climate becoming warmer after the last glaciation. The subsequent cooling of the Younger Dryas forced humans to concentrate into geographic areas that had an abundant water supply and ultimately favorable conditions for the use of agriculture and widespread domestication of plants and animals. Population densities would have reached a threshold and forced a return to foraging, however the end of the Younger Dryas at 10,000 ...


Paving The Way: Recruiting Students Into The Transportation Professions, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Jennifer Dill Jun 2009

Paving The Way: Recruiting Students Into The Transportation Professions, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Jennifer Dill

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

The transportation industry faces a growing shortage of professional engineers and planners. One key strategy in solving this problem will be to encourage more civil engineering and urban planning students to specialize in transportation while completing their degrees, so that employers have a larger pool of likely recruits. However, very little is known about how these students choose a specialization. To help fill that gap, this report examines the factors that lead civil engineering undergraduates and urban planning masters students to specialize in transportation, as opposed to other sub-disciplines within the two fields. The primary data collection methods were web-based ...


"Green" Transportation Taxes And Fees: A Survey Of Californians, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Jennifer Dill, Hilary Kathleen Nixon Jun 2009

"Green" Transportation Taxes And Fees: A Survey Of Californians, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Jennifer Dill, Hilary Kathleen Nixon

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

This report explores public opinion on a new and promising concept―green transportation taxes and fees. These are taxes and fees set at variable rates, with higher rates for more polluting vehicles and lower rates for those that pollute less. This approach to transportation taxes and fees adapts the traditional transportation finance system to achieve two critical public benefits at once: encouraging drivers to choose more environmentally-friendly transportation options and raising revenue for needed transportation programs. To test public support for green transportation taxes and fees, the authors conducted a random telephone survey of 1,500 Californians that asked respondents ...


Working For The "Working River": Willamette River Water Pollution, 1926 To 1962, James Vincent Hillegas Jun 2009

Working For The "Working River": Willamette River Water Pollution, 1926 To 1962, James Vincent Hillegas

Dissertations and Theses

Efforts to abate Willamette River pollution between 1926 and 1962 centered on a struggle between abatement advocates and the two primary polluters in the watershed, the City of Portland and the pulp and paper industry. Throughout the twentieth century, the Willamette was by far the most heavily populated and industrialized watershed in Oregon. Like many other of the world's rivers, the Willamette was an integral part of municipal and industrial waste removal systems. As such, the main stem of the river carried the combined wastes from sewage outfalls serving hundreds of thousands of people and millions of gallons daily ...


20 Minutes In West Portland Park: Opportunities For Access, Ali Demersseman, Dana Dickman, Nuin-Tara Key, Laura Spidell, Sara Wright Jun 2009

20 Minutes In West Portland Park: Opportunities For Access, Ali Demersseman, Dana Dickman, Nuin-Tara Key, Laura Spidell, Sara Wright

Master of Urban and Regional Planning Workshop Projects

Exploring the planning concept of the "20-minute neighborhood" and analyzing the feasibility of applying the concept to the West Portland Park neighborhood. We also seek to engage the community in a meaningful discussion about the future of West Portland Park in order to help the community begin to build the connections and tools necessary to play an active role in future planning efforts." This project was conducted under the supervision of Sy Adler and Ethan Seltzer.