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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Impact Of The National School Lunch Program On Child Health: A Nonparametric Bounds Analysis, Craig Gundersen, Brent Kreider, John Pepper Dec 2009

The Impact Of The National School Lunch Program On Child Health: A Nonparametric Bounds Analysis, Craig Gundersen, Brent Kreider, John Pepper

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

Children in households reporting the receipt of free or reduced price school meals through the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) are more likely to have negative health outcomes than eligible nonparticipants. Assessing the causal effects of the program is made difficult, however, by the presence of endogenous selection into the program and systematic misreporting of participation status. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), we extend and apply partial identification methods to account for these two identification problems in a single unifying framework. Similar to a regression discontinuity design, we introduce a new way to conceptualize ...


An Economic Analysis Of Decisions On Physical Activity And Energy Imbalance: Cross-Sectional Evidence From A Panel Of Middle-Aged Adults, Yanni Chen Jan 2009

An Economic Analysis Of Decisions On Physical Activity And Energy Imbalance: Cross-Sectional Evidence From A Panel Of Middle-Aged Adults, Yanni Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ample evidence indicates that regular physical activity has many human health benefits. Maintenance of good physical fitness enables one to meet the physical demands of work and leisure comfortably and be less prone to a number of illnesses. In addition to physical inactivity, a poor diet is another factor in energy imbalance (more calories consumed than expended). According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005, physical inactivity and poor diets are the two most important factors contributing to the increase in overweight and obesity in the United States. Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for certain chronic diseases such ...


Three Essays On Food Insecurity And Child Welfare, Oluyemisi O. Kuku Jan 2009

Three Essays On Food Insecurity And Child Welfare, Oluyemisi O. Kuku

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Three major issues affecting the welfare of children are investigated in three papers in this dissertation. These issues are the intra-household allocation of resources, food insecurity and obesity. The first two papers are focused on the issue of intra-household allocation of food resources and food insecurity in a developing country setting, namely Zimbabwe, while the relationship between food insecurity and obesity is investigated n the United States.

In the first paper, a 2004 household survey of children in Zimbabwe is utilized to investigate differences in self-reports of food insecurity. A bivariate ordered probit regression is utilized to investigate any differences ...


The Influence Of Child, Family, And Community Characteristics On Change In Children's Body Mass Index: Mediating Role Of Community-Based Physical Activity Trajectories, Florensia Flora Surjadi Jan 2009

The Influence Of Child, Family, And Community Characteristics On Change In Children's Body Mass Index: Mediating Role Of Community-Based Physical Activity Trajectories, Florensia Flora Surjadi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Researchers investigating the prevalence of childhood obesity have documented an upward trend. However, little research has focused on the processes that might explain changes in children's Body Mass Index (BMI), a commonly used measure to determine overweight and obese status. The purpose of this dissertation is to elucidate the pathways in which child, family, and community characteristics might influence children's BMI. Specifically, using an ecological framework, this study investigates how children's participation in community-based physical activity mediates the influences of child, family, and community characteristics on change in BMI. Data from kindergarten through the fifth-grade from a ...