Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2009

Iowa State University

Ethanol

Economics

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects On Grain And Livestock Sectors, And Implications For Food Prices And Consumers, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Amani Elobeid, Tun-Hsiang E. Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad Hart, Eddie Chavez, Suwen Pan, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R. Florian-Dumortier Aug 2009

Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects On Grain And Livestock Sectors, And Implications For Food Prices And Consumers, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Amani Elobeid, Tun-Hsiang E. Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad Hart, Eddie Chavez, Suwen Pan, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R. Florian-Dumortier

Economics Publications

We examine four scenarios for the evolution of the biofuel sector using a partial equilibrium model of the world agricultural sector. The model includes the new Renewable Fuels Standard in the 2007 energy act, the two-way relationship between fossil energy and biofuel markets, and a new trend toward corn oil extraction in ethanol plants. At one extreme, one scenario eliminates all support to the biofuel sector when the energy price is low, while the other extreme assumes no distribution bottleneck in ethanol demand growth when the energy price is high. Of the remaining two scenarios, one considers a pure market ...


Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects On Grain And Livestock Sectors, And Implications For Food Prices And Consumers, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad E. Hart, Eddie Chavez, Suwen Pan, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R. F. Dumortier Mar 2009

Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects On Grain And Livestock Sectors, And Implications For Food Prices And Consumers, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad E. Hart, Eddie Chavez, Suwen Pan, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R. F. Dumortier

CARD Working Papers

We examine four scenarios for the evolution of the biofuel sector using a partial equilibrium model of the world agricultural sector. The model includes the new Renewable Fuels Standard in the 2007 energy act, the two-way relationship between fossil energy and biofuel markets, and a new trend toward corn oil extraction in ethanol plants. At one extreme, one scenario eliminates all support to the biofuel sector when the energy price is low, while the other extreme assumes no distribution bottleneck in ethanol demand growth when the energy price is high. Of the remaining two scenarios, one considers a pure market ...


Land Allocation Effects Of The Global Ethanol Surge: Predictions From The International Fapri Model, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu Mar 2009

Land Allocation Effects Of The Global Ethanol Surge: Predictions From The International Fapri Model, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu

CARD Working Papers

We quantify the emergence of biofuel markets and its impact on U.S. and world agriculture for the coming decade using the multi-market, multi-commodity international FAPRI (Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute) model. The model incorporates the trade-offs between biofuel, feed, and food production and consumption and international feedback effects of the emergence through world commodity prices and trade. We examine land allocation by type of crop, and pasture use for countries growing feedstock for ethanol (corn, sorghum, wheat, sugarcane, and other grains) and major crops competing with feedstock for land resources such as oilseeds. We shock the model with ...


Three Essays Concerning Agriculture And Energy, Mindy Lyn Baker Jan 2009

Three Essays Concerning Agriculture And Energy, Mindy Lyn Baker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three papers, each regarding a particular aspect of the relationship between energy and agriculture. The objective of the first paper is to create a model that will enhance informed policy decisions regarding the bioeconomy. A forward-looking stochastic model captures the effect of uncertainty in crude oil prices and commodity yields on biofuel industry development. Acreage limitations on feedstocks such as corn, soybeans, and switchgrass are shown to create competition for acreage among the crops. Investors in the model are rational in the sense that they engage in biofuel production only if returns exceed what they expect ...