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Articles 1 - 30 of 101

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Agriculture's Sustainability In Connecticut And Its Relationship With Policy Development: A Community Development Capstone Project, Clark J. Chapin Jan 2009

Agriculture's Sustainability In Connecticut And Its Relationship With Policy Development: A Community Development Capstone Project, Clark J. Chapin

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Development Officer Training And Orientation Iowa State University Foundation, Jeremy Galvin Jan 2009

Development Officer Training And Orientation Iowa State University Foundation, Jeremy Galvin

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


I.O.U. What Price Does She Really Pay?, Kelly Helling Jan 2009

I.O.U. What Price Does She Really Pay?, Kelly Helling

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Identifying Strategies To Best Serve Homeless Families In We Care For You, Usa, A Mid-Western Community, Lo'real Cliffon Bass Jan 2009

Identifying Strategies To Best Serve Homeless Families In We Care For You, Usa, A Mid-Western Community, Lo'real Cliffon Bass

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Strength Coach's Model Of Developing An Athlete, Kevin Heiberger Jan 2009

Strength Coach's Model Of Developing An Athlete, Kevin Heiberger

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Frederick County, Virginia Comprehensive Policy Plan: A Case Study In Updating The Environmental Chapter, Candice Eve Perkins Jan 2009

Frederick County, Virginia Comprehensive Policy Plan: A Case Study In Updating The Environmental Chapter, Candice Eve Perkins

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Participatory Plant Breeding's Contribution To Resilience And The Triple Bottom Line Of Sustainability--Healthy Ecosystem, Vital Economy, And Social Inclusion, Theresa Maria Podoll Jan 2009

Participatory Plant Breeding's Contribution To Resilience And The Triple Bottom Line Of Sustainability--Healthy Ecosystem, Vital Economy, And Social Inclusion, Theresa Maria Podoll

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


A Handbook: Using The Six Pillars Of Character Counts To Help Counsel Criminal Justice Offenders And Reduce Future Incarcerations, Diane Romero Jan 2009

A Handbook: Using The Six Pillars Of Character Counts To Help Counsel Criminal Justice Offenders And Reduce Future Incarcerations, Diane Romero

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Asset-Based Economic Development: The Ionia State Recreational Area, Diane L. Smith Jan 2009

Asset-Based Economic Development: The Ionia State Recreational Area, Diane L. Smith

Retrospective Creative Components

No abstract provided.


The Experience Of Therapy From The Perspective Of Lesbian Couple Clients And Their Therapists, Mary Sue Green Jan 2009

The Experience Of Therapy From The Perspective Of Lesbian Couple Clients And Their Therapists, Mary Sue Green

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Lesbian couples often present for therapy for the same reasons as heterosexual couples; however, lesbian couples also have to negotiate societal homonegativity that devalues and marginalizes their relationships. The aim of this study was to explore a common experience of therapy from the perspective of lesbian couples and their therapists. A feminist qualitative method was used to attend to diversity within and among triads, maintain an awareness of the multiple influences on the client-therapist relationship, view the participants in their larger societal context, and consider the power dynamics that are inherent in relationships. Interviews were conducted with seven lesbian clients ...


Resilience In Small Towns: An Analysis Of Economic Shocks, Social Capital, And Quality Of Life, Nicholas Lee Recker Jan 2009

Resilience In Small Towns: An Analysis Of Economic Shocks, Social Capital, And Quality Of Life, Nicholas Lee Recker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines how small Iowa communities respond to sudden events that significantly impact the local economy (economic shocks). I focus my analysis on two specific types of economic shocks: 1.) internally generated and positive in regards to the local economy and 2.) externally generated and negative in regards to the local economy. As these economic shocks occur, some communities may retain their local quality of life where others do not. I focus on social capital as a pivotal concept in explaining why some communities are better able to retain their quality of life. The literature suggests that quality of ...


A Lattice Analysis Of Social Capital And Related Concepts In Small Iowa Towns, Ehren Dean Stover-Wright Jan 2009

A Lattice Analysis Of Social Capital And Related Concepts In Small Iowa Towns, Ehren Dean Stover-Wright

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Using the 2004 Rural Development Initiative data, 99 communities are compared. Three varieties of social capital and ten other constructs serve as dependent variables. The social capital forms are within group, between group, and out-bridging. The dependent qualities are homogeneity, us-versus-them, embeddedness, selectorate, trusting attitude, cohesiveness, contentment, relational rationality, satisfaction with public services and satisfaction with government services. The four forms of cardinality are level cardinality, bijective cardinality, injective cardinality and composite cardinality. An analytic paradigm employing lattices and network analysis is developed to analyze hypotheses. I also address a confusion that grows from sociology investigating groups and group interaction ...


Sources Of Facts And Advice For Farmer Decision-Making Concerning Soil Conservation Practices In Grant County, Wisconsin, Tammy L. Enz Jan 2009

Sources Of Facts And Advice For Farmer Decision-Making Concerning Soil Conservation Practices In Grant County, Wisconsin, Tammy L. Enz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study uses diffusion theory and opinion leadership to investigate sources of facts and advice used in farmer decision-making concerning soil conservation practices. The importance of interpersonal interactions and the role of new communication technologies, including the Internet, email and the cellular telephone, as well as practical inquiry into which persons, organizations and/or media sources are important opinion leaders in the area of implementation of soil conservation were investigated. Information sources used in actual past behavior changes and information sources likely to be influential in a future hypothetical scenario were assessed.

Data for this study were gathered through a ...


Boned Up: Differential Decomposition Of Child-Sized Swine Remains To Model A Forensic Context, Elizabeth K. White Jan 2009

Boned Up: Differential Decomposition Of Child-Sized Swine Remains To Model A Forensic Context, Elizabeth K. White

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Forensic anthropology is often connected with the identification of human skeletal remains using various skeletal analyses. However in a medicolegal context, forensic anthropologists aid investigators by collecting information on the condition of skeletal remains. Little research has been conducted on the differences in decomposition rate between subjects in outdoor and insect restricted environments in central Iowa. Limited accessibility to appropriate facilities in the Midwest for a comparison between indoor and outdoor decomposition rates has prevented comprehensive research with human or swine remains from being conducted. A study on the impact insect restriction has on the decomposition process and how subject ...


The Influence Of Negative Affectivity On Depressive Symptoms, Perceived Social Support And Marital Satisfaction Among African American Women, Ashley Nicole Rink Jan 2009

The Influence Of Negative Affectivity On Depressive Symptoms, Perceived Social Support And Marital Satisfaction Among African American Women, Ashley Nicole Rink

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined whether the relationship between depressive symptoms and relational outcomes such as marital satisfaction and perceived spousal social support reflect the influence of a third variable, negative affectivity. Specifically, the study addressed whether the effects of negative affectivity on these other self report measures extend over time. Negative affectivity, marital satisfaction, and perceived spousal social support were tested as predictors of depression. The sample included 178 married African American women participating in the FACHS study. Both perceived spousal support and marital satisfaction continued to significantly predict depression after controlling for negative affectivity at a previous time point. These ...


Individual And Partner Effects: Influences Of Anxiety And Warmth On Marital Satisfaction Among African American Spouses, Sonja Stutzman Jan 2009

Individual And Partner Effects: Influences Of Anxiety And Warmth On Marital Satisfaction Among African American Spouses, Sonja Stutzman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

African Americans are currently the 2nd largest minority group in the United States (U.S. Census, 2004); however, there is a paucity of research within this population examining the unique context and characteristics of both individuals and couples related to marital and emotional distress. The current study addressed these limitations through the utilization of self-reported and observational data measures of partner warmth provided through the Family and Community Health Study (FACHS). The current analyses focused on the longitudinal effects of anxiety and partner warmth on marital satisfaction among 99 African American couples within FACHS. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed significant associations ...


Essays On Repated Moral Hazard, Youzhi Yang Jan 2009

Essays On Repated Moral Hazard, Youzhi Yang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In Chapter 1, I study an infinitely repeated moral hazard problem in which the principal privately observes and publicly reports the agent's output, as in Fuchs (2007). The role of the agent's private strategies, which depend on the history of his private efforts, is examined in providing incentives for the principal to be truthful. I show that in order for his effort history to work as an incentive device, the agent has to use a mixed strategy, since otherwise his efforts are predictable by the principal and thus, in effect, public information. However, hiding the agent's efforts ...


An Economic Analysis Of Decisions On Physical Activity And Energy Imbalance: Cross-Sectional Evidence From A Panel Of Middle-Aged Adults, Yanni Chen Jan 2009

An Economic Analysis Of Decisions On Physical Activity And Energy Imbalance: Cross-Sectional Evidence From A Panel Of Middle-Aged Adults, Yanni Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ample evidence indicates that regular physical activity has many human health benefits. Maintenance of good physical fitness enables one to meet the physical demands of work and leisure comfortably and be less prone to a number of illnesses. In addition to physical inactivity, a poor diet is another factor in energy imbalance (more calories consumed than expended). According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005, physical inactivity and poor diets are the two most important factors contributing to the increase in overweight and obesity in the United States. Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for certain chronic diseases such ...


Changing Perceptions Of Seeking Help: A Test Of The Effectiveness Of An Intervention Video, Scott Alexander Kaplan Jan 2009

Changing Perceptions Of Seeking Help: A Test Of The Effectiveness Of An Intervention Video, Scott Alexander Kaplan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an intervention video designed to promote positive associations with help seeking for mental health concerns. Participants were 290 undergraduates who were randomly assigned to a repeated exposure video intervention, a single exposure video intervention, or a control video condition. Participants completed measures pre-intervention, post-interventions, and at a six-week follow-up. The intervention repeated exposure group improved significantly more than the control group on help-seeking peer norms but not on the other outcome variables. The effect for peer norms was found at each time point, indicating both immediate and longer-term effects ...


Identifying The Contributions Of Letter Identity And Relative Letter Position To Orthographic Priming, Mary Lynn Still Jan 2009

Identifying The Contributions Of Letter Identity And Relative Letter Position To Orthographic Priming, Mary Lynn Still

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Still and Morris (2008) discovered that nonword anagram primes interfere with word target processing when the letters in the prime appear in reverse order of the letters in the target (e.g., yruf - FURY). This finding was unexpected as facilitation is typically found when a word target is preceded by an orthographically similar nonword prime (e.g., Grainger & Jacobs, 1999). The present study was designed to replicate and extend Still and Morris' finding of anagram interference. Results across three experiments indicate that anagram interference is modulated by target word frequency, stimulus length, prime exposure duration, and whether or not the ...


Interspecific And Integroup Interactions Of Mantled Howling Monkeys (Alouatta Palliata) In Primary Versus Secondary Forest At El Zota Biological Field Station, Costa Rica, Melissa Joy Senf Jan 2009

Interspecific And Integroup Interactions Of Mantled Howling Monkeys (Alouatta Palliata) In Primary Versus Secondary Forest At El Zota Biological Field Station, Costa Rica, Melissa Joy Senf

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Four groups of mantled howling monkeys (Alouatta palliata) were observed at El Zota Biological Field Station in northeastern Costa Rica to assess whether resource scarcity caused by anthropogenic disturbance and hypothesized increased competition for limited resources would result in more frequent and more aggressive interactions between neighboring howling monkey groups and between howling monkeys and other, sympatric primate species, namely white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) and black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Using a comparison between the primary forest, as a control, and anthropogenically-altered secondary forest, I examined whether a behavioral difference existed between groups with hypothesized varying degrees of resource competition ...


The Unique Influence Of Mothers' And Fathers' Negative Parental Practices On Adolescent Anti-Social Behavior: Mediating Effects Of Adolescent Psychological Resources And Deviant Peer Relationships, Ryan Eugene Lott Jan 2009

The Unique Influence Of Mothers' And Fathers' Negative Parental Practices On Adolescent Anti-Social Behavior: Mediating Effects Of Adolescent Psychological Resources And Deviant Peer Relationships, Ryan Eugene Lott

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Researchers investigating delinquent and anti-social behavior have documented that negative parental practices is linked to psychological resources (mastery), deviant relationships, and anti-social behaviors. However, there is a gap in the current literature on how these variables combine to influence an adolescent's anti-social behavior, specifically the causal effects of deviant relationships on anti-social behavior. The purpose of this thesis is to include all of these pathways in one succinct causal model that is founded by empirical research. The current study used structural equation model (SEM) analyses to estimate the comprehensive model in order to take measurement error into account. The ...


Applying Social Cognitive Career Theory To College Science Majors, Leann R. Mills Jan 2009

Applying Social Cognitive Career Theory To College Science Majors, Leann R. Mills

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although there has been a substantial amount of research done to examine the applicability of social cognitive career theory (SCCT, Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994), almost none of this has focused on the prediction of science interests or goals. Additionally, this theory has not been applied to a group of individuals focused on studying science. The present study applies social cognitive career theory to a group of 245 college science majors and pre-medical students at a large Midwestern University. Additionally, this study also expands beyond the core of the theory to more peripheral theorized predictors such as learning experiences, aptitude, and parent support. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to assess model fit for the whole sample as well as men and women separately. Results indicated that social cognitive career theory was a good fit for the data with some exceptions; it was also found that background factors such as parent support and aptitude were important contributors to the model. No significant sex differences were found in the models. Discussion emphasizes the good fit of the model as well as the importance of background factors in developing self-efficacy, interests, and goals in science.


Effects Of Metacognitive Instructional Strategies In Secondary Career And Technical Education Courses, Michael Lynn Pate Jan 2009

Effects Of Metacognitive Instructional Strategies In Secondary Career And Technical Education Courses, Michael Lynn Pate

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation was comprised of three exploratory studies investigating the effects of metacognitive instructional strategies on secondary career and technical education students' problem solving performance. Recommendations for future research are discussed.


Examination Of Factors Related To Kindergarten Readiness, Katie Christoffersen Jan 2009

Examination Of Factors Related To Kindergarten Readiness, Katie Christoffersen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study provides information on various factors impacting kindergarten readiness. Survey information from six teachers and the families of 69 children is included. The study examines correlations among age at kindergarten entry and later academic and social skills, parent and teacher ratings of the importance of various dimensions of readiness, the relationship between parental characteristics and views on readiness, and the acceptance of transitional versus pre-kindergarten programs. Results indicate that age at entry had little effect on future academic performance or social skills. Parents and teachers differed in the ratings of the importance of four out of 14 readiness factors ...


Qualitative Analysis Of Couple Decision-Making, Tara Danielle Dekkers Jan 2009

Qualitative Analysis Of Couple Decision-Making, Tara Danielle Dekkers

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Couple decision-making is a complex process which includes a variety of factors. Little research has been done that considers reflections after a decision has been made. The ways that couples make decisions varies but there are a number of underlying issues that are considered when making a family or couple decision. This qualitative study was a feminist grounded theory study in which the decision-making practices of nine couples were explored. These nine couples were interviewed together and separately about their decision-making practices. Themes indicate that outside influences such as one's faith, family, and friends affect most aspects of decision-making ...


Practicing Gender Or Practicing Science? Gender Practices Of Women Scientists, Laura Anne Rhoton Jan 2009

Practicing Gender Or Practicing Science? Gender Practices Of Women Scientists, Laura Anne Rhoton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The subtle biases women face in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields have been the subject of many studies and initiatives in recent years. Many programs hoping to increase the numbers of women in these fields and to contribute to women's advancement have focused on identifying and remedying gendered institutional barriers and practices that ultimately disadvantage women. This dissertation focuses specifically on one component of institutional barriers and practices: individual women's gender practices. The interactions in which women engage and the way women position themselves relative to other women professionally using gender practices contributes to the recreation ...


Health Risk Cognitions: An Empirical Examination Of The Effects Of Heuristic Versus, Rachel Ann Reimer Jan 2009

Health Risk Cognitions: An Empirical Examination Of The Effects Of Heuristic Versus, Rachel Ann Reimer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined adolescent health risk behaviors from the perspective of dual-process theories. Specifically, assumptions underlying dual-processing theories were empirically examined in two experiments in which processing route was manipulated and subsequent measures of behavioral willingness and behavioral intentions to engage in casual sex and to drink alcohol were examined. The primary goals of Study 1 were two-fold. One goal was to demonstrate that processing route can be varied via an external factor, such as the instructional set used in the current study. The second goal was to examine the effect that the induced route of processing style had on ...


Framing Of The 2008 Presidential Election In Print News, Erin Kathleen O'Gara Jan 2009

Framing Of The 2008 Presidential Election In Print News, Erin Kathleen O'Gara

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines newspaper coverage of the Democratic and Republican presidential and vice presidential candidates in the 2008 U.S. election. Since the composition of candidates involved in this election is so unprecedented, this study seeks to uncover the ways in which they are portrayed through the lens of framing theory. The study focused on three major frames: experience, race and viability. A total of 225 newspaper articles randomly collected from The New York Times, the Chicago Tribune and USA Today were content analyzed. The following questions were asked: What is the most dominant frame used in the coverage of ...


Experimental Manipulation Of Vocational Interests: Influence On Self-Efficacy And Choice Goals, Verena Sylvia Bonitz Jan 2009

Experimental Manipulation Of Vocational Interests: Influence On Self-Efficacy And Choice Goals, Verena Sylvia Bonitz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was the first to use a true experimental design to test the hypothesis that vocational interests can be a precursor to the development of domain-specific self-efficacy beliefs in three occupational domains, namely information technology, sales, and teaching. Two levels of interest were created based on work values that differed in their level of appeal. Participants (206 college students from a large Midwestern university) rated sets of job descriptions that contained activity-based information in addition to a reference to work values associated with the position. Participants rated each of the job descriptions in terms of interest, confidence, and choice ...