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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Examining The Obstacles To Broadening Participation In Computing: Evidence From A Survey Of Professional Workers, Ronald A. Ash, Leanne Coder, Brandon Dupont, Joshua L. Rosenbloom Jul 2009

Examining The Obstacles To Broadening Participation In Computing: Evidence From A Survey Of Professional Workers, Ronald A. Ash, Leanne Coder, Brandon Dupont, Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Joshua L. Rosenbloom

This article describes the results of a survey of professional workers that was designed to explore the underlying reasons for the widely documented underrepresentation of women in information technology (IT) jobs. Our analysis suggests that it is different occupational personalities between men and women rather than the demanding nature of IT work that is largely responsible for the relatively few women in IT occupations. We discuss the implications these results have for policies that are designed to create greater gender equity in the rapidly growing IT industries.


Labor-Market Regimes In U.S. Economic History, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, William A. Sundstrom Jun 2009

Labor-Market Regimes In U.S. Economic History, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, William A. Sundstrom

Joshua L. Rosenbloom

In much economic analysis it is a convenient fiction to suppose that changes over time in wages and employment are determined by shifts in supply or demand within a more or less competitive market framework Indeed, this framework has been effectively deployed to understand many episodes in American economic history. We argue here, however, that by minimizing the role of labor-market institutions such an approach is incomplete. Drawing on the history of American labor markets over two centuries, we argue that institutions—by which we mean both formal and informal rules that constrain the choices of economic agents—have played ...


Teaching Reflexive Practice In Archives: Questioning Permanence, Evidence, And Institutions, Kimberly D. Anderson Jan 2009

Teaching Reflexive Practice In Archives: Questioning Permanence, Evidence, And Institutions, Kimberly D. Anderson

Kimberly D. Anderson

Part of session 1.4: "Indigenous Memory, Identity, and Sustability: Decolonizing Archival Education and Methods"

Session abstract: Scholars who have conducted research on and with archives in indigenous and marginalized communities will describe the Western hegemony in current archival systems and practices. They will suggest ways to decolonize and pluralize archival education, thus giving voice to indigenous knowledge systems and community-based rules and norms for preserving memory and identity. They will suggest methods for archival education that is inclusive and culturally responsive.


Review: Personal Archives And A New Archival Calling: Readings, Reflections, And Ruminations, Kimberly D. Anderson Jan 2009

Review: Personal Archives And A New Archival Calling: Readings, Reflections, And Ruminations, Kimberly D. Anderson

Kimberly D. Anderson

Within the archival community, the concept of personal archives has evolved from that of the private papers of well-known and/or powerful individuals (literary manuscripts, private diaries of administrators, etc.) to incorporate the daily recordkeeping and memory practices of potentially all individuals, regardless of their status. With the advent of digital technologies, the ability to create and share evidence of self, family, and community has grown in the public consciousness. Richard Cox’s new book Personal Archives and a New Archival Calling is an appeal to archivists to tap into this increased awareness and to develop a “new partnership” with ...


Designing An Intelligent Discourse Evaluation Tool: Theoretical, Empirical, And Technological Considerations, Elena Cotos Jan 2009

Designing An Intelligent Discourse Evaluation Tool: Theoretical, Empirical, And Technological Considerations, Elena Cotos

Elena Cotos

Considering the promising potential of ICALL and intelligent feedback, this paper addresses this topic from the perspective of practical applications. It reviews existing intelligent language learning systems and their feedback capabilities, arguing that while ICALL is very promising and highly complex, its development should be more principled. In other words, the decisions behind the system design need to be justified theoretically, integrating technology with theory, research, and practice in instructed SLA. To support this argument, this paper provides an example of how this was achieved in the context of L2 graduate academic writing. It describes a new natural language processing-based ...


Benefits Of Gardening For Children, Bambi L. Yost, Louise Chawla Jan 2009

Benefits Of Gardening For Children, Bambi L. Yost, Louise Chawla

Bambi L Yost

Gardening provides different forms of engagement for children, including designing, planting, and maintaining gardens; harvesting, preparing, and sharing food; working cooperatively in groups; learning about science and nutrition; and creating art and stories inspired by gardens. The studies summarized below have been selected because they include control groups, pre- and post-measures, well controlled correlations, or in-depth qualitative analyses. For more studies and an analysis of this research, see Blair (2009), “The child in the garden: An evaluative review of the benefits of school gardening.” Available online at http://www.colorado.edu/cye/sites/default/files/attached-files/Gardening_factsheet_2011.pdf


Cross-Racial Lineup Identification: The Potential Benefits Of Context Reinstatement, Jacqueline R. Evans, Jessica L. Marcon, Christian A. Meissner Jan 2009

Cross-Racial Lineup Identification: The Potential Benefits Of Context Reinstatement, Jacqueline R. Evans, Jessica L. Marcon, Christian A. Meissner

Christian A. Meissner, Ph.D.

The current research examined the potential benefit of context reinstatement on the cross-race effect in lineup identification. Participants viewed a series of own- and other-race faces and subsequently attempted identification of these faces from target-present and target-absent lineups. The traditional cross-race effect was found on measures of discrimination accuracy and response bias; however, discrimination accuracy across own- and other-race faces was shown to interact with context reinstatement such that only own-race faces benefited from the provision of contextual information. This finding is discussed in light of encoding-based theories of the cross-race effect, and with regard to the theoretical and practical ...


False Confessions, Christian A. Meissner, Allyson J. Horgan, Justin S. Albrechtsen Jan 2009

False Confessions, Christian A. Meissner, Allyson J. Horgan, Justin S. Albrechtsen

Christian A. Meissner, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Can Intuition Improve Deception Detection Performance?, Justin S. Albrechtsen, Christian A. Meissner, Kyle J. Susa Jan 2009

Can Intuition Improve Deception Detection Performance?, Justin S. Albrechtsen, Christian A. Meissner, Kyle J. Susa

Christian A. Meissner, Ph.D.

Two studies examined the role of processing style (intuitive vs. deliberative processing) in a deception detection task. In the first experiment, a thin slicing manipulation was used to demonstrate that intuitive processing can lead to more accurate judgments of deception when compared with traditional deliberative forms of processing. In the second experiment, participants who engaged in a secondary (concurrent) task performed more accurately in a deception detection task than participants who were asked to provide a verbal rationale for each decision and those in a control condition. Overall, the results converge to suggest that intuitive processing can significantly improve deception ...


The Need For Expert Psychological Testimony On Eyewitness Identification, Roy S. Malpass, Stephen J. Ross, Christian A. Meissner, Jessica L. Marcon Jan 2009

The Need For Expert Psychological Testimony On Eyewitness Identification, Roy S. Malpass, Stephen J. Ross, Christian A. Meissner, Jessica L. Marcon

Christian A. Meissner, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.