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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ideology And Party In Congressional Iraq War Voting Patterns, John Hart Siebenmann Jan 2009

Ideology And Party In Congressional Iraq War Voting Patterns, John Hart Siebenmann

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examined whether party identity (ID), or the ideological score assigned by Americans for Democratic Action (ADA), was a better predictor of roll-call voting on Iraq War legislation during the 110th Congress in 2007. Party ID and ADA scores were separately correlated with voting outcomes on twenty-two Senate, and twenty-six House votes on Iraq War bills. Though party and ideology both correlated strongly with voting outcomes in cross-tabulation statistics, a test of significance of the difference between two nonindependent correlations revealed ADA scores predominated in all House votes, and nearly half of the Senate votes. While the results add ...


The Foreign Policy Of The Bush Administration: Terrorism And The Promotion Of Democracy, James M. Mccormick Jan 2009

The Foreign Policy Of The Bush Administration: Terrorism And The Promotion Of Democracy, James M. Mccormick

Political Science Publications

During the 2000 presidential campaign, George W. Bush announced that he would pursue a "distinctly American internationalism" in foreign policy (Bush i999a), largely in contrast to the liberal internationalism of the Clinton administration. He initially sought to have a foreign policy that placed greater emphasis on American national interests than on global interests. The 9/11 attacks quickly changed both the content of the administration's foreign policy and the process by which American foreign policy was made. As a result, the administration pursued a foreign policy that was universal in scope and that viewed virtually all international actions as ...


Privacy In The Networked World: A Millian Utilitarian Appraisal, Colter Bayard Jan 2009

Privacy In The Networked World: A Millian Utilitarian Appraisal, Colter Bayard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is about how John Stuart Mill's utilitarianism can be applied to

contemporary information assurance privacy cases. The expanded use of

networked computing creates a demand for innovative

approaches to privacy issues. The global scope of privacy challenges require

an approach to resolving policy questions that is pluralistic and robust

enough to cross cultural lines and yet provide an objective way to reach a

solution.

In this thesis six legal cases concerning privacy (Katz v. US, Alana Shoars v. Epson

America, Inc., Beacon Journal Publishing v. City of Akron, Condon v. Reno, FTC

v. Toysmart.com, and Gilmore ...


India Health: Impact Of Medical Tourism Facilities On State Health, Ann Sommer Rutherford Jan 2009

India Health: Impact Of Medical Tourism Facilities On State Health, Ann Sommer Rutherford

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The following study is an investigation of the impact on the health of local populations spurred by the medical tourism industry. More specifically the study explores a possible increase in life expectancy in areas surrounding medical tourism facilities in India. There are ten Indian states examined in this study; five states are host to a leading location of Apollo Hospitals, and five are not. Despite the small sample size, the chosen states present a good representation of Indian states based on size, wealth, and health indicators. The findings show that the presence of Apollo Hospital Medical Tourism facilities may lead ...


European Space Policy And The Construction Of A European Collective Identity, Nicholas Charles Kariya Jan 2009

European Space Policy And The Construction Of A European Collective Identity, Nicholas Charles Kariya

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

To what extent have European space institutions contributed to the construction of European collective identity? Using Martha Finnemore's and Kathryn Sikkink's model for the norm life cycle, this paper tracks the progress of the idea that European states ought to proceed as "Europeans" in space policy. Although the debate is far from complete, there is historical evidence to suggest that the idea is approaching a stage of norm acceptance among European space states. A constructivist analysis of European space history helps to understand the driving forces behind this process, and why one might suspect the idea of "Europe ...


The Integration Of Traditional Leaders The Democratization Process, Rabah Ali Omer Jan 2009

The Integration Of Traditional Leaders The Democratization Process, Rabah Ali Omer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Governance is a common problem in African countries wherein it manifests itself in various phenomena, such as authoritarian rules, conflict, civil wars, poverty, and unemployment. The research studied to tackle this problem addressed issues on the central governmental level in terms of constitutional and institutional arrangements. Sudan is one of the most complicated cases of governance in Africa considering its long history of civil wars and dictatorships.

Using Sudan as a case, this study addressed the issue of governance in traditional communities and rural areas. The study focused on the emphasis on popular participation and civic engagement as measures ...


The Effect Of Globalization On The United Nations, Joanna Awoniyi Jan 2009

The Effect Of Globalization On The United Nations, Joanna Awoniyi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In order to fill the gap between globalization and the future of the UN, this study examines the effects of Globalization on the United Nations. This is a two-part study that first examines the effect of globalization on the state and non-state actors; while the second part examines the impact globalization will have on UN power. 137 countries have been thoroughly examined between the years 1970-2006. The analysis finds that globalization affects the power transfer from states to the non-state actors and will eventually result in an increase in power for the UN and these effects are found to occur ...