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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Assessing China's Potential Import Demand For Distillers Dried Grain: Implications For Grain Trade, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, James Hansen, Holger Matthey, Suwen Pan, Francis Tuan Dec 2009

Assessing China's Potential Import Demand For Distillers Dried Grain: Implications For Grain Trade, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, James Hansen, Holger Matthey, Suwen Pan, Francis Tuan

CARD Staff Reports

A team of U.S. analysts visited China to assess the potential for use of distillers dried grain plus solubles (DDGS) in China's livestock sector. They examined the economics of the use of DDGS in feeds, the policy issues surrounding the use of the product, and transportation-logistic constraints in the expansion of DDGS imports. The team collected actual and secondary data to conduct a micro-economic analysis of the impact of DDGS on feed cost, solicited official and expert opinions through interviews, and conducted site visits. They found the development of the DDGS import market in China to be very ...


Does Local School Control Raise Student Outcomes? Evidence On The Roles Of School Autonomy And Parental Participation, Victoria Gunnarsson, Peter F. Orazem, Mario A. Sanchez, Aimee Verdisco Oct 2009

Does Local School Control Raise Student Outcomes? Evidence On The Roles Of School Autonomy And Parental Participation, Victoria Gunnarsson, Peter F. Orazem, Mario A. Sanchez, Aimee Verdisco

Economics Publications

As early as 1962, international agencies such as the United Nations and the World Bank were advising that the decentralization of public service delivery could serve as a development strategy. The strategy has become even more prominent over the past 15 years, particularly in education.1 Decentralization efforts in developed countries include various programs in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Spain, the United Kingdom, and in at least 44 states in the United States. Among the developing countries, Burkina Faso, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, India, and Nicaragua have introduced new programs aimed at devolving power to the local schools ...


Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects On Grain And Livestock Sectors, And Implications For Food Prices And Consumers, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad E. Hart, Eddie Chavez, Suwen Pan, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R. F. Dumortier Mar 2009

Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects On Grain And Livestock Sectors, And Implications For Food Prices And Consumers, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad E. Hart, Eddie Chavez, Suwen Pan, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R. F. Dumortier

CARD Working Papers

We examine four scenarios for the evolution of the biofuel sector using a partial equilibrium model of the world agricultural sector. The model includes the new Renewable Fuels Standard in the 2007 energy act, the two-way relationship between fossil energy and biofuel markets, and a new trend toward corn oil extraction in ethanol plants. At one extreme, one scenario eliminates all support to the biofuel sector when the energy price is low, while the other extreme assumes no distribution bottleneck in ethanol demand growth when the energy price is high. Of the remaining two scenarios, one considers a pure market ...


Fapri 2009 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Browhn, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack Jan 2009

Fapri 2009 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Browhn, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2009 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by IHS Global Insight.


The Impact Of Energy Markets On The Eu Agricultural Sector, Simla Tokgoz Jan 2009

The Impact Of Energy Markets On The Eu Agricultural Sector, Simla Tokgoz

CARD Working Papers

The objective of this study is to analyze the impact of crude oil prices on the EU agricultural sector in an era when the biofuels sector is expanding because of policy initiatives and the desire to find alternative fuel sources. To this end, first a baseline is set up for the EU ethanol, grain, and dried distillers grains markets. In the next step, two different scenarios are run. The first scenario incorporates a 10-Euros-per-barrel increase in the EU crude oil price with the ethanol import tariffs in place. The second scenario incorporates the same shock with the ethanol import tariffs ...


Determinants Of World Demand For U.S. Corn Seeds: The Role Of Trade Costs, Sampath Jayasinghe, John C. Beghin, Giancarlo Moschini Jan 2009

Determinants Of World Demand For U.S. Corn Seeds: The Role Of Trade Costs, Sampath Jayasinghe, John C. Beghin, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

The United States is a large net exporter of corn seeds. Seed trade, including that of corn, has been expanding, but its determinants are not well understood. This paper econometrically investigates the determinants of world demand for U.S. corn seeds with a detailed analysis of trade costs impeding export flows to various markets, including costs associated with distance, tariffs, and sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) regulations. The analysis relies on a gravity-like model based on an explicit specification of derived demand for seed by foreign corn producers, estimated based on data from 48 countries and for the years 1989 to ...