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2009

Urban Studies and Planning

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Articles 1 - 30 of 401

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Town Of Ludlow Master Plan. Part I: Envisioning 2030, Rachael Cain, Euripedes De Oliveria, Paul W. Gagnon, Peter Gillo, Meredith Hill, Mark Kresge, Alyssa Larose, Walter Ramsey, Joshua Rickman, Sonya C. Smith, Ryan Wallace, Rebecca Williams, Barbara Constable, Helena Farrell, Brian C. Giggey, Chris Jennett, Zhujun Kong, Megan Plante, Ben Eli Webb, Deborah A. Zervas Dec 2009

Town Of Ludlow Master Plan. Part I: Envisioning 2030, Rachael Cain, Euripedes De Oliveria, Paul W. Gagnon, Peter Gillo, Meredith Hill, Mark Kresge, Alyssa Larose, Walter Ramsey, Joshua Rickman, Sonya C. Smith, Ryan Wallace, Rebecca Williams, Barbara Constable, Helena Farrell, Brian C. Giggey, Chris Jennett, Zhujun Kong, Megan Plante, Ben Eli Webb, Deborah A. Zervas

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

The Master Plan Committee for the town of Ludlow contracted with the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission (PVPC) to prepare a new Master Plan. PVPC engaged the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning (LARP) at the University of Massachusetts Amherst to assist with a portion of the Master Plan work. This work included: executing analysis and assessment of existing community conditions, conducting a weekend visioning workshop, and developing land use scenarios for the purpose of providing concrete visualization of possible futures for the Town of Ludlow in 2030.


Town Of Ludlow Master Plan. Part Ii: Envisioning 2030, Rachael Cain, Euripedes De Oliveria, Paul W. Gagnon, Peter Gillo, Meredith Hill, Mark Kresge, Alyssa Larose, Walter Ramsey, Joshua Rickman, Sonya C. Smith, Ryan Wallace, Rebecca Williams Dec 2009

Town Of Ludlow Master Plan. Part Ii: Envisioning 2030, Rachael Cain, Euripedes De Oliveria, Paul W. Gagnon, Peter Gillo, Meredith Hill, Mark Kresge, Alyssa Larose, Walter Ramsey, Joshua Rickman, Sonya C. Smith, Ryan Wallace, Rebecca Williams

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

The Master Plan Committee for the town of Ludlow contracted with the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission (PVPC) to prepare a new Master Plan. PVPC engaged the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning (LARP) at the University of Massachusetts Amherst to assist with a portion of the Master Plan work. This work included: executing analysis and assessment of existing community conditions, conducting a weekend visioning workshop, and developing land use scenarios for the purpose of providing concrete visualization of possible futures for the Town of Ludlow in 2030.


El Nombre Quito: ¿Qué Ciudad Evoca?, Fernando Carrión Mena Dec 2009

El Nombre Quito: ¿Qué Ciudad Evoca?, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Armando Silva -un académico de alta calidad, nacido en tierras colombianas- se ha dedicado al estudio de los imaginarios urbanos en América Latina y, en uno de sus últimos estudios nos plantea una afirmación de riqueza extraordinaria: “Ciudad y palabra que la nombra van juntas desde los inicios”. De allí se pueden extrae algunas conclusiones interesantes para la comprensión cultural de las urbes. Para que la ciudad exista debe ser verbalizada y tener un sentido interpretable; por eso la ciudad nace a la par de las escrituras y representaciones que se hacen de ella. Lo urbano significa lo que hacen ...


La Violencia Fronteriza, Fernando Carrión Mena Dec 2009

La Violencia Fronteriza, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

La globalización parece licuar las fronteras tradicionales de los estados nacionales, debido a la apertura de los mercados y al desarrollo tecnológico. Sin embargo, en estos últimos años se percibe la redefinición de sus funciones, de puntos de encuentro-separación de realidades estatales distintas, hacia puertos o plataformas de proyección internacional, que hace pensar, con Augé, que las fronteras nunca llegan a borrarse, sino que vuelven a trazarse. En América Latina esta transformación toma forma con una economía fronteriza, una masa de atracción poblacional y el desarrollo de una violencia fronteriza específica. Con ello se observa un cambio en la localización ...


Joe Lieberman Senator From Aetna, Peter Dreier Dec 2009

Joe Lieberman Senator From Aetna, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Acorn Scandal Offers Key Lessons To All Charities, Peter Dreier, John Atlas Dec 2009

The Acorn Scandal Offers Key Lessons To All Charities, Peter Dreier, John Atlas

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Changing Landscape Of A Rural Region: The Effect Of The Harry S. Truman Dam And Reservoir In The Osage River Basin Of Missouri, Melvin Arthur Johnson Dec 2009

The Changing Landscape Of A Rural Region: The Effect Of The Harry S. Truman Dam And Reservoir In The Osage River Basin Of Missouri, Melvin Arthur Johnson

Theses and Dissertations in Geography

The Harry S. Truman Dam and Reservoir project is of immense size. Many thousands of tons of raw materials were required to complete the construction of the dam and relocations. Millions of dollars were spent to acquire land, compensate those who were displaced, and to pay those who were employed in the planning, purchasing, coordinating, defending, and managing the myriad of contractors, contracts, and legal defenses. The affected area of the project is not only complex physically but also socially and economically. It is, therefore, not surprising that the counties studied (Benton, Henry, and St. Clair) would react in different ...


Acorn “Not Guilty”, Peter Dreier Dec 2009

Acorn “Not Guilty”, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Carta Para Patricio Torres, Fernando Carrión Mena Dec 2009

Carta Para Patricio Torres, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Es hora de que el país reconozca el valor que tienes, como una demanda para que asumas la Presidencia de la FEF

Estimado Patricio: Recuerdo la presidencia de Carlos Coello en La Federación Ecuatoriana de Fútbol, que marcó el despegue definitivo de este deporte en el país. No se puede negar que, en aquella época, se establecieron las bases para que nuestro fútbol pueda desarrollarse y obtener los éxitos de las participaciones en los campeonatos mundiales de Alemania y Corea-Japón.

El gran aporte de esa directiva estuvo en la creación de una comisión de selecciones con autonomía relativa de la ...


Comprehensive Academic And Classroom Facilities Plan, Joel Nordberg, Alex Wing, Jeff Funovits, Emily Blaze, Jenna Beltram, Ann Storer, Bryan Harvey, Ludmilla D. Pavlova-Gillham Dec 2009

Comprehensive Academic And Classroom Facilities Plan, Joel Nordberg, Alex Wing, Jeff Funovits, Emily Blaze, Jenna Beltram, Ann Storer, Bryan Harvey, Ludmilla D. Pavlova-Gillham

Campus Planning Books

In 2009 UMass Amherst, under the direction of Chancellor Robert Holub, engaged in a Framework for Excellence initiative and a commitment to elevate the national profile of the institution. The Framework for Excellence called for the recruitment of 250 additional faculty and an increase of 2,500 undergraduate students over the next 10 years. More space and improved, state-of-the-arts facilities was recognized as key in attracting and retaining the highest caliber faculty and students.

The Comprehensive Academic and Classroom Facilities Plan was funded by the MA Division of Capital Asset Management & Maintenance (DCAMM), which hired Burt Hill to initiate an ...


College Of Engineering Senior Design Competition Fall 2009, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas Dec 2009

College Of Engineering Senior Design Competition Fall 2009, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas

Senior Projects (COE)

Each student in his or her senior year chooses, plans, designs, and prototypes a product in this required element of the curriculum. The senior design project encourages the student to use everything learned in the engineering program to create a practical, real-world solution to an engineering challenge.

A highlight of the year-long senior design project is the senior design competition. This competition, which usually takes place the week before finals each semester, helps focus the senior students on increasing the quality and potential for commercial application for their design projects.

Judges from local industry evaluate the projects on innovation, commercial ...


The Impact Of An Urban Wal-Mart Store On Area Businesses: An Evaluation Of One Chicago Neighborhood's Experience, Center For Urban Research And Learning, Julie Davis, David Merriman, Lucia Samayoa, Brian Flanagan, Ron Baiman, Joseph Persky Dec 2009

The Impact Of An Urban Wal-Mart Store On Area Businesses: An Evaluation Of One Chicago Neighborhood's Experience, Center For Urban Research And Learning, Julie Davis, David Merriman, Lucia Samayoa, Brian Flanagan, Ron Baiman, Joseph Persky

Center for Urban Research and Learning: Publications and Other Works

Having achieved nearly complete coverage of non-urban and suburban markets, mega-retailer Wal-Mart has turned its attention to urban expansion. Evaluations of Wal-Mart’s impact on urban retail businesses and local employment are necessary to inform policy makers, scholars, and community activists looking to improve economic opportunities for inner-city residents. This study focuses on the Wal-Mart store that opened on the West Side of Chicago in September 2006.


Tigard-Tualatin School District Enrollment Forecast Update, 2010-11 To 2019-20, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu Dec 2009

Tigard-Tualatin School District Enrollment Forecast Update, 2010-11 To 2019-20, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

This report presents the results of a demographic study conducted by the Portland State University Population Research Center (PRC). The study includes analysis of population, housing and enrollment trends affecting the District in recent years, estimates of the impacts of housing development on TTSD enrollment, and forecasts of districtwide and individual school enrollments for the 2010-11 to 2019-20 school years. The Tigard-Tualatin School District (TTSD) enrolled 12,467 students in Fall 2009, a decrease of 128 students (1.0 percent) from Fall 2008. The loss occurred at both the elementary and high school levels, with decreases of 88 students (1 ...


[Re]Formulating The Informal, Sebastien Coles Dec 2009

[Re]Formulating The Informal, Sebastien Coles

Architecture Senior Theses

The identity associate with the inhabitants of the "Bidonvilles" of Haiti is arguably nonexistent aside from its connection to the impoverished conditions of the Haitian slum/shantytown. This thesis contends that with the insertion of a reformative intervention in the heart of the community promoting a conducive and educational environment while overlaying a currently absent infrastructure, will help in creating a positive inner growth within the informal typology. More specifically architecture will act as a form of "pride of place," enticing interaction through the direction connection to culture.


A Study Of Land Use Planning Practices And The Relationship Between Population Distribution And Transportation Infrastructure In Kathmandu, Nepal., Walter Suwal Dec 2009

A Study Of Land Use Planning Practices And The Relationship Between Population Distribution And Transportation Infrastructure In Kathmandu, Nepal., Walter Suwal

Theses and Dissertations

This particular paper is meant to investigate planning in Kathmandu, Nepal specifically land use planning practices and the implications on the transportation network(s). Very early on in the research including existing land use (if any), and current transportation networks, it was clear that investigations must be made into the political and planning situation leading up to the modern era in Nepal. The overview of past political events is necessary to explain current planning trends and techniques, and also the mindset of the people of Kathmandu towards planning. Of course universal planning truths can be applied in various international contexts ...


Development Of A Multi-Class Bicyclist Route Choice Model Using Revealed Preference Data, Joseph Broach, John Gliebe, Jennifer Dill Dec 2009

Development Of A Multi-Class Bicyclist Route Choice Model Using Revealed Preference Data, Joseph Broach, John Gliebe, Jennifer Dill

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Existing regional travel forecasting systems are not typically set up to forecast usage of bicycle infrastructure and are insensitive to bicyclists' route preferences in general. We collected revealed preference, GPS data on 162 bicyclists over the course of several days and coded the resulting trips to a highly detailed bicycle network model. We then use these data to estimate bicyclist route choice models. As part of this research, we developed a sophisticated choice set generation algorithm based on multiple permutations of labeled path attributes, which seems to out-perform comparable implementations of other route choice set generation algorithms. The model was ...


New Establishment Dynamics: Business Formation And Survival Trends In Ohio, Afia Yamoah, Ziona Austrian, Joel A. Elvery Dec 2009

New Establishment Dynamics: Business Formation And Survival Trends In Ohio, Afia Yamoah, Ziona Austrian, Joel A. Elvery

Urban Publications

The Ohio New Establishments Dynamics data (O-NED) is a new data set, developed by the College and Center. O-NED tracks employment and number of establishments for establishments that first started employing people between the 2nd quarter of 1997 and the 1st quarter of 2008. The report “New Establishment Dynamics: Business Formation and Survival Trends in Ohio” summarizes how trends in employment growth and establishment survivorship differ across sectors of the economy and various regions of Ohio. This new data set allows us to analyze the number of establishments born in a specific year called “birth cohort” and document their survival ...


Commercialization Of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology In North America: Pathways To Success In Northeast Ohio, E. Brandon Henneman, Et Al. Dec 2009

Commercialization Of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology In North America: Pathways To Success In Northeast Ohio, E. Brandon Henneman, Et Al.

Urban Publications

The feasibility of hydrogen as a source of energy has been researched in one capacity or another for over a century. The first usage of the term ‘hydrogen economy’ is attributed to 11John Bockris in 1970. At the time, Dr. Bockris was a professor at the University of Pennsylvania. During a discussion at the General Motors technical center in Michigan he used this term to describe his vision of United States cities being supplied with energy derived from the sun. Typical of a disruptive technology, many years of laboratory testing have created a hydrogen fuel cell product that is ready ...


Re-Visioning The Future Of Work: Towards A New Mindset, Colin C. Williams Nov 2009

Re-Visioning The Future Of Work: Towards A New Mindset, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

No abstract provided.


El Patrminonio: Escenario De Disputa Y Encuentro, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 2009

El Patrminonio: Escenario De Disputa Y Encuentro, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Durante el mes de septiembre pasado se presentaron algunas disputas y encuentros entre países de América latina alrededor del patrimonio cultural y natural, que bien vale la pena resaltarlo. Están los casos entre Perú y Bolivia; Argentina y Uruguay; y de Brasil y los países de la cuenca del Amazonas. Hay que empezar señalando que en el último concurso de Miss Universo, celebrado en Agosto en las islas Bahamas, se presentó la candidatura de Miss Perú –Karen Schwarz- con el traje de la danza tradicional de la “diablada”, como vestido nacional, lo cual dio origen a una disputa respecto del ...


Energy Use In Penn's Student Housing And Techniques To Achieve Energy Reduction, Brandon Gollotti Nov 2009

Energy Use In Penn's Student Housing And Techniques To Achieve Energy Reduction, Brandon Gollotti

Urban Studies Senior Seminar Papers

Institutions of higher education have a profound role in the battle against climate change. From making large purchases to educating thousands of people in a localized setting, universities and colleges can truly make a difference. While instituting large-scale changes are difficult and can take years, small initiatives are necessary to achieve to the overarching goal of creating a sustainable university. The purpose of this thesis is to look at electricity consumption in student housing and specific techniques to achieve energy reduction at this level of the university. The paper seeks to advise the University of Pennsylvania’s Facilities and Real ...


Validation Of A Commercial Geographical Information Systems Database Of Walking And Bicycling Destinations, Heather A. Whitcomb, Ellen K. Cromley, Kosuke Tamura, Steven J. Melly, Sayali Kale, Francine Laden, Peter James, Robin Puett, Eran Ben-Joseph, Philip J. Troped Nov 2009

Validation Of A Commercial Geographical Information Systems Database Of Walking And Bicycling Destinations, Heather A. Whitcomb, Ellen K. Cromley, Kosuke Tamura, Steven J. Melly, Sayali Kale, Francine Laden, Peter James, Robin Puett, Eran Ben-Joseph, Philip J. Troped

GIS Day

Background: Recent interdisciplinary studies in public health, transportation, and urban planning have shown that stores and other destinations such as banks, post offices, and physical activity facilities within close proximity to residences are positively related to recreational and transportation physical activity. The built environment has been measured several different ways, including conducting field audits and by surveying individuals’ perceptions of their neighborhood. Increasingly researchers are also using geographic information systems (GIS) software and commercially available data sources to create objective measures of the built environment. The advantages of commercial data are that they are relatively easy to access and are ...


Militares Callejeros Y Violencia, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 2009

Militares Callejeros Y Violencia, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

En la revista Vanguardia número 213, del 3 al 9 de noviembre pasado, aparecen los datos de una encuesta de opinión pública sumamente interesantes, respecto de la violencia, de la percepción de inseguridad y de la presencia militar en las calles. Los datos promedios son de Quito y Guayaquil (donde se ha desplegado la presencia militar, aunque falta Manta) y dicen lo siguiente: La población en un 74.5 por ciento cree que en estos últimos 6 meses la delincuencia ha aumentado. Un 83 por ciento de los encuestados están de acuerdo con la presencia militar en las calles. El ...


Cultura Urbana: ¿Un Asunto De Imaginarios?, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 2009

Cultura Urbana: ¿Un Asunto De Imaginarios?, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Durante estos últimos años se ha puesto en debate la multiculturalidad y la interculturalidad de nuestras sociedades, no solo por lo que viene del pasado con la presencia de una variedad de pueblos y nacionalidades, sino también por lo que tenemos en el presente en términos de las masivas migraciones internacionales, de la revolución científico tecnológica en el campo de las comunicaciones y de las nuevas industrias culturales que se asientan con fuerza en el planeta. Sin duda que han hecho presencia un conjunto de tradiciones que vienen desde el tiempo como memoria histórica que se proyecta, así como también ...


Improvement And Growth Of Local Productive Systems From Identity, Selfsufficiency, Federico Del Giorgio Solfa, Luciana Mercedes Girotto Nov 2009

Improvement And Growth Of Local Productive Systems From Identity, Selfsufficiency, Federico Del Giorgio Solfa, Luciana Mercedes Girotto

Federico Del Giorgio Solfa

This paper intends to begin the discussion of a new territorial development perspective. According to Boisier, the concept of territorial development is understood as one related to the idea of container, rather than content. Therefore, it is understood that, even though every portion of the earth surface is territory, not all territories are important from a developmental perspective. The aforementioned author differentiates among: “natural territory”, composed by natural elements free from any human intervention; "equipped territory" or “intervened territory”, where man has already built transport systems, infrastructure and even extractive production activities; and "organized territory", characterized by a community with ...


120 Estrategias Y 36 Experiencias De Seguridad Ciudadana, Fernando Carrión Mena, Jenny Pontón, Blanca Armijos Verdesotp Nov 2009

120 Estrategias Y 36 Experiencias De Seguridad Ciudadana, Fernando Carrión Mena, Jenny Pontón, Blanca Armijos Verdesotp

Fernando Carrión Mena

En las últimas décadas, los niveles de violencia e inseguridad se han incrementado significativamente, y a la par, se han suscitado diversas iniciativas con el fin de reducirlos. En el desarrollo de políticas orientadas a la seguridad ciudadana, la mayoría de medidas adoptadas han obviado las inquietudes y propuestas de los actores involucrados en hechos de inseguridad; no se puede hablar de un solo tipo de violencia, es una realidad visible a través de una amplia gama de manifestaciones configuradas de acuerdo con cada situación. Algunas expresiones de inseguridad y violencia han sido objeto de estudio para la elaboración de ...


Achieving Sustainable, Compact Development In The Portland Metropolitan Area: New Tools And Approaches For Developing Centers And Corridors, Gil Kelley, Sheila A. Martin, Elizabeth Mylott Nov 2009

Achieving Sustainable, Compact Development In The Portland Metropolitan Area: New Tools And Approaches For Developing Centers And Corridors, Gil Kelley, Sheila A. Martin, Elizabeth Mylott

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

This report represents the work of a group of local public, private and institutional experts in real estate development and finance convened by the Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies at Portland State University. This was done at the request of Metro, which wanted outside expert advice on ways to achieve more robust development of centers and corridors in the Portland metropolitan area, an important aspect of implementing the 2040 Growth Concept. Although the expert advisory group (EAG) enthusiastically took on this task, it wanted to first back up a step and deliberate over whether and to what extent center and ...


Affordable Homeownership Policy: Implications For Housing Markets, Sock Yong Phang Nov 2009

Affordable Homeownership Policy: Implications For Housing Markets, Sock Yong Phang

Research Collection School Of Economics

Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. In this paper, we examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the targeted sector. We use a simple model of the housing market with a homeownership affordability target to derive the market implications of such targets. In the presence of uncertainty and resource constraints, the objective of homeownership affordability is achieved for the targeted group at ...


Co-Evolution Of Transportation And Land Use: Modeling Historical Dependencies In Land Use And Decision-Making, Lei Zhang, Wei Zu, Mingxin Li Nov 2009

Co-Evolution Of Transportation And Land Use: Modeling Historical Dependencies In Land Use And Decision-Making, Lei Zhang, Wei Zu, Mingxin Li

TREC Final Reports

The interaction between land use and transportation has long been the central issue in urban and regional planning. Models of such interactions provide vital information to support many public policy decisions, such as land supply, infrastructure provision, and growth management. Both the transportation and land use systems exhibit historical dependencies in policy decisions. For instance, the expansion of a roadway today will change travel demand patterns, and make certain other roads more or less likely to be expanded in the future. A specific land supply decision made at one point in time, by changing the relative attractiveness of other areas ...


Portland Public Schools Enrollment Forecasts, 2009-10 To 2020-21, Based On October 2008 Enrollments, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu, Danan Gu, Richard Lycan, Kenneth Radin Nov 2009

Portland Public Schools Enrollment Forecasts, 2009-10 To 2020-21, Based On October 2008 Enrollments, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu, Danan Gu, Richard Lycan, Kenneth Radin

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

The Enrollment Forecasts in this report were prepared in Spring and Summer 2009, based on historic enrollment data from Fall 2008 and previous years. However, the entire report was not ready for publication until after preliminary Fall 2009 enrollment data became available. This preface briefly addresses the district-wide trends observed in Fall 2009 and evaluates the forecasts in the short term. The next report will include more analysis of enrollment trends with respect to area demographics and trends within subareas such as high school clusters. All 2009-10 enrollment figures are preliminary figures as of October 1, tabulated by the District ...