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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2008

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 13908

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

"Brown On Brown": The Institutional Conditioning Of Racial Conflict In An Urban High School, Calvin Morrill, Michael Musheno, Cindy Bejarano, Christine Yalda, Madelaine Adelman Dec 2015

"Brown On Brown": The Institutional Conditioning Of Racial Conflict In An Urban High School, Calvin Morrill, Michael Musheno, Cindy Bejarano, Christine Yalda, Madelaine Adelman

Michael Musheno

No abstract provided.


Business Improvement Districts: The Case Of Municipal Management Districts In Houston. Paper/Presentation, Andrew Ewoh, Theophilus Herrington Sep 2015

Business Improvement Districts: The Case Of Municipal Management Districts In Houston. Paper/Presentation, Andrew Ewoh, Theophilus Herrington

THEOPHILUS HERRINGTON

No abstract provided.


"Brown On Brown": The Institutional Conditioning Of Racial Conflict In An Urban High School, Calvin Morrill, Michael Musheno, Cindy Bejarano, Christine Yalda, Madelaine Adelman Jul 2015

"Brown On Brown": The Institutional Conditioning Of Racial Conflict In An Urban High School, Calvin Morrill, Michael Musheno, Cindy Bejarano, Christine Yalda, Madelaine Adelman

Calvin Morrill

No abstract provided.


Eucharist And Dragon Fighting As Resistance: Against Commodity Fetishism And Scientism, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Eucharist And Dragon Fighting As Resistance: Against Commodity Fetishism And Scientism, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

This paper examines two practices – the Roman Catholic Practice of Eucharist and the game Dungeons and Dragons – to show how social critique can be mounted from within a practice. It begins by relating Alasdair MacIntyre’s notion of tradition to his earlier analysis of ideology and to the notion of ideology in general. The paper then tackles two dominant forms of ideology – Commodity Fetishism and Scientism – and shows how both Eucharist and Dungeons and Dragons promote critical thinking to resist those ideologies. In the process, it denies the Althusserian-Foucauldian analysis of ideology as mere materiality and defends a conception of ...


Organizational And Institutional Factors Associated With National Institutes Of Health Research Grant Awards To Social Work Programs., Ken Corvo, Joan Zlotnik, Wan-Yi Chen Mar 2015

Organizational And Institutional Factors Associated With National Institutes Of Health Research Grant Awards To Social Work Programs., Ken Corvo, Joan Zlotnik, Wan-Yi Chen

Wan-Yi Chen

This study examines the organizational and institutional factors that may be associated with the success of schools of social work (SOSWs) in securing research grant awards from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and constituent agencies. Using data from the CRISP database on NIH grant funding, the Lombardi Program on Measuring University Performance, the Council on Social Work Education, the American Association of University Professors, and other sources, several key factors were identified as being associated with SOSWs'grant success: having a PhD program, not having a BSW program, being an independent academic unit, faculty publication rates, having a medical ...


Towards Evidence-Based Practice With Domestic Violence Perpetrators., Ken Corvo, Donald Dutton, Wan-Yi Chen Mar 2015

Towards Evidence-Based Practice With Domestic Violence Perpetrators., Ken Corvo, Donald Dutton, Wan-Yi Chen

Wan-Yi Chen

This review examines the policy and practice of interventions with male perpetrators of domestic violence in light of the widely accepted principles of evidence-based practice. Thus far, these policies and practices have enjoyed immunity from the external, empirical accountability available through implementing the findings from evaluations research and other empirical practice analyses. This immunity is supported by a policy framework where, for example, the state certifying agencies may presumptively forbid methods of intervention, with no obligation to empirically assess their efficacy or safety, that contradict the approved model. Based on the review of findings from both explanatory research and interventions ...


Going By The Book: Want To Improve Your Information Seeking And Management Skills? Ask Your Librarian, Marilia Antunez Dec 2014

Going By The Book: Want To Improve Your Information Seeking And Management Skills? Ask Your Librarian, Marilia Antunez

Marilia Y. Antunez, MLS, MA

As you embark on your career in communication disorders, take advantage of the many services and resources available at your university library.


From Parapro To Professional, Lori Gwinett, Rubye Cross, Trina Holloway Oct 2014

From Parapro To Professional, Lori Gwinett, Rubye Cross, Trina Holloway

Trina Holloway

What a difference a Library Science degree makes!


Houston Housing Authority And The Status Of Affordable Housing For Low Income Families. Paper/Presentation, Andrew Ewoh, Michael Adams Jun 2014

Houston Housing Authority And The Status Of Affordable Housing For Low Income Families. Paper/Presentation, Andrew Ewoh, Michael Adams

Michael O Adams

No abstract provided.


Aggregated Interdisciplinary Databases And The Needs Of Undergraduate Researchers, Barbara Fister, Amy Fry, Julie Gilbert Oct 2013

Aggregated Interdisciplinary Databases And The Needs Of Undergraduate Researchers, Barbara Fister, Amy Fry, Julie Gilbert

Amy Fry

After seeing growing frustration among inexperienced undergraduate researchers searching a popular aggregated interdisciplinary database, the authors questioned whether the leading interdisciplinary databases are serving undergraduates' needs. As a preliminary exploration of this question, the authors queried vendors, analyzed their marketing materials, surveyed librarians and students, and examined what titles were being downloaded at 14 liberal arts institutions. Although librarians are satisfied with these databases, and vendors intend to continue the trend of adding more content, actual usage patterns suggest that these databases are not serving the purpose one might expect. Librarians should learn more about user experiences in order to ...


Focus On The Future: Learning About Tomorrow's Students Today, Lisa Smith, Sonya Shepherd Aug 2013

Focus On The Future: Learning About Tomorrow's Students Today, Lisa Smith, Sonya Shepherd

Sonya S. Gaither

No abstract provided.


Estimating The Age Of Young Females: Do We See Children As Adults?, Steven Patrick, Robert Marsh Sep 2012

Estimating The Age Of Young Females: Do We See Children As Adults?, Steven Patrick, Robert Marsh

Robert L. Marsh

No abstract provided.


Public Health Informatics, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, David Scott Oct 2011

Public Health Informatics, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, David Scott

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

No abstract provided.


Disease Prevention And Health Promotion, Peter Hurd, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, William Lang Oct 2011

Disease Prevention And Health Promotion, Peter Hurd, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, William Lang

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

When people think of public health, they often think of the development of epidemiology and a famous public health story about John Snow in 1854. What he did was to map the cholera cases in London and then talk with the people to look for common links between their behaviors and the disease. ...Ever since John Snow removed the pump handle from the cholera infected well in London, heralding the start of population-based health care, the world has struggled with the realities of health promotion and disease prevention.


Introduction To Public Health In Pharmacy, Bruce Levin, Peter Hurd, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Introduction To Public Health In Pharmacy, Bruce Levin, Peter Hurd, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to public health from a pharmacy perspective. Organized into three main sections, Part I presents concepts and issues that pharmacists need in order to develop a knowledge base in public health. Part II examines the connection between pharmacy and public health services, including an overview of the different health services, evaluation and outcome assessment, financing, managed care pharmacy, and pharmacoeconomics. Part III contains chapters that illustrate key applications of public health concepts to pharmacy practice, including law and ethics, cultural perspectives, informatics, emergency preparedness, and education and training. Each chapter is co-authored by a ...


Public Health Services, David Scott, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Public Health Services, David Scott, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

Unlike clinical care, with its focus on the individual, public health focuses on preventing disease and promoting health in communities based upon a population health analysis. Greater emphasis will be placed upon health promotion and disease prevention, the safety of communities and workers, school-based health programming, and the health of underserved and disadvantaged populations. Public health research has an increased emphasis on behavioral change to prevent risky behaviors and activities that lead to substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, and environmental and occupational hazards. These changes have created a broad array of new opportunities for professionals with advanced training in public ...


Behavioral Health, Tawny Bettinger, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Behavioral Health, Tawny Bettinger, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

This chapter will present a brief overview of selected topics in behavioral health, emphasizing the history, epidemiology, treatment, medication adherence, and the role of the pharmacist in the delivery of behavioral health (including alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health) services. For a more thorough examination of mental health and substance abuse services delivery in the United States, see Levin, Petrila, and Hennessy (2004).


Introduction And Overview Of Pharmacy And Public Health, Peter Hurd, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Introduction And Overview Of Pharmacy And Public Health, Peter Hurd, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

While there are many definitions of public health, key components include a community focus, a concern about disease prevention, and a commitment to health promotion. One of the most familiar definitions was first articulated in 1920 by C. E. A. Winslow, and was rearticulated by the Institute of Medicine in 1988: “The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort.” (p. 29). This approach works well for those seeking to apply public health activities to pharmacy settings.


Goal Setting, Feedback, And Task Performance: A Laboratory Experiment, Trishita Mathew, Richard Hicks Jul 2011

Goal Setting, Feedback, And Task Performance: A Laboratory Experiment, Trishita Mathew, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

The present study investigated the effects of goal setting and feedback on task performance among university students. The study was conducted in two phases with a total of 80 participants. Locke and Latham’s (1990) goal setting theory states that assigning a specific and difficult goal and provision of feedback leads to higher performance. It was hypothesized that when assigned a specific, difficult goal on a complex task and (1) only provided with outcome feedback, higher performance would not result and (2) when provided with both outcome and process feedback, higher performance would result. A 2 x 2, between subjects ...


Ssrn As An Initial Revolution In Academic Knowledge Aggregation And Dissemination, David Bray, Sascha Vitzthum, Benn Konsynski Jan 2010

Ssrn As An Initial Revolution In Academic Knowledge Aggregation And Dissemination, David Bray, Sascha Vitzthum, Benn Konsynski

Sascha Vitzthum

Within this paper we consider our results of using the Social Science Research Network (SSRN) over a period of 18 months to distribute our working papers to the research community. Our experiences have been quite positive, with SSRN serving as a platform both to inform our colleagues about our research as well as inform us about related research (through email and telephoned conversations of colleagues who discovered our paper on SSRN). We then discuss potential future directions for SSRN to consider, and how SSRN might well represent an initial revolution in 21st century academic knowledge aggregation and dissemination. Our paper ...


Little Science Confronts The Data Deluge: Habitat Ecology, Embedded Sensor Networks, And Digital Libraries, Christine Borgman, Jillian Wallis, Noel Enyedy May 2009

Little Science Confronts The Data Deluge: Habitat Ecology, Embedded Sensor Networks, And Digital Libraries, Christine Borgman, Jillian Wallis, Noel Enyedy

Jillian C Wallis

e-Science promises to increase the pace of science via fast, distributed access to computational resources, analytical tools, and digital libraries. “Big science” fields such as physics and astronomy that collaborate around expensive instrumentation have constructed shared digital libraries to manage their data and documents, while “little science” research areas that gather data through hand-crafted fieldwork continue to manage their data locally. As habitat ecology researchers begin to deploy embedded sensor networks, they are confronting an array of challenges in capturing, organizing, and managing large amounts of data. The scientists and their partners in computer science and engineering make use of ...


The 4 X 4 Semantic Model: Exploiting Data, Functional, Non-Functional And Execution Semantics Across Business Process, Workflow, Partner Services And Middleware Services Tiers, Amit P. Sheth, Karthik Gomadam Dec 2008

The 4 X 4 Semantic Model: Exploiting Data, Functional, Non-Functional And Execution Semantics Across Business Process, Workflow, Partner Services And Middleware Services Tiers, Amit P. Sheth, Karthik Gomadam

Kno.e.sis Publications

Business processes in the global environment increasingly encompass multiple partners and complex, rapidly changing requirements. In this context it is critical that strategic business objectives align with and map accurately to systems that support flexible and dynamic business processes. To support the demanding requirements of global business processes, we propose a comprehensive, unifying 4 X 4 Semantic Model that uses Semantic Templates to link four tiers of implementation with four types of semantics. The four tiers are the Business Process Tier, the Workflow Enactment Tier, the Partner Services Tier, and the Middleware Services Tier. The four types of semantics are ...


Automatic Reaction To A Chemical Event Detected By A Low-Cost Wireless Chemical Sensing Network, Stephen Beirne, King Tong Lau, Brian Corcoran, Dermot Diamond Dec 2008

Automatic Reaction To A Chemical Event Detected By A Low-Cost Wireless Chemical Sensing Network, Stephen Beirne, King Tong Lau, Brian Corcoran, Dermot Diamond

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

A test-scale wireless chemical sensor network (WCSN) has been deployed within a controlled Environmental Chamber (EC). The combined signals from the WCSN were used to initiate a controllable response to the detected chemical event. When a particular sensor response pattern was obtained, a purging cycle was initiated. Sensor data were continuously checked against user-defined action limits, to determine if a chemical event had occurred. An acidic contaminant was used to demonstrate the response of the sensor network. Once the acid plume was simultaneously detected by a number of wireless chemical sensor nodes, an automatic response action, which was the purging ...


The Coase Theorem And Arthur Cecil Pigou, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Dec 2008

The Coase Theorem And Arthur Cecil Pigou, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In "The Problem of Social Cost" Ronald Coase was highly critical of the work of Cambridge University Economics Professor Arthur Cecil Pigou, presenting him as a radical government interventionist. In later work Coase's critique of Pigou became even more strident. In fact, however, Pigou's Economics of Welfare created the basic model and many of the tools that Coase's later work employed. Much of what we today characterize as the "Coase Theorem," including the relevance of transaction costs, externalities, and bilateral monopoly, was either stated or anticipated in Pigou's work. Further, Coase's extreme faith in private ...


Vol. 14 Editor's Note, Zachary M. Baker Dec 2008

Vol. 14 Editor's Note, Zachary M. Baker

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Vol. 14 Cover Dec 2008

Vol. 14 Cover

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


The 2008 Sydney Taylor Book Awards: An Overview, Rachel Kamin Dec 2008

The 2008 Sydney Taylor Book Awards: An Overview, Rachel Kamin

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Yizkor Books In The Twenty-First Century: A History And Guide To The Genre, Michlean J. Amir, Rosemary Horowitz Dec 2008

Yizkor Books In The Twenty-First Century: A History And Guide To The Genre, Michlean J. Amir, Rosemary Horowitz

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Vol. 14 Back Matter Dec 2008

Vol. 14 Back Matter

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Letter To The Editor, Bella Hass Weinberg Dec 2008

Letter To The Editor, Bella Hass Weinberg

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.