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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 9852

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Next Los Angeles: The Struggle For A Livable City, Regina Freer, Robert Gottlieb, Mark Vallianatos, Peter Dreier Dec 2015

The Next Los Angeles: The Struggle For A Livable City, Regina Freer, Robert Gottlieb, Mark Vallianatos, Peter Dreier

Mark Vallianatos

While most historians, journalists, and filmmakers have focused on Los Angeles as a bastion of corporate greed, business boosterism, political corruption, cheap labor, exploited immigrants, and unregulated sprawl, The Next Los Angeles tells a different story: that of the reformers and radicals who have struggled for alternative visions of social and economic justice. In a new preface, the authors reflect on the gathering momentum of L.A.'s progressive movement, including the 2005 landslide victory of Antonio Villaraigosa as mayor.


Developing A Web-Based Training Directory For Children’S Mental Health Professionals, Ardis Hanson, William Kearns, Tanya Thomas Jul 2015

Developing A Web-Based Training Directory For Children’S Mental Health Professionals, Ardis Hanson, William Kearns, Tanya Thomas

William D. Kearns, PhD

No abstract provided.


On Being Entrepreneurial With Havel's The Memorandum: A Cross-Curricular Conversation, Sarah Feldner, Stephen Hudson-Mairet Mar 2015

On Being Entrepreneurial With Havel's The Memorandum: A Cross-Curricular Conversation, Sarah Feldner, Stephen Hudson-Mairet

Stephen Hudson-Mairet

No abstract provided.


Occupational Hearing Loss In Agricultural Settings, Marilia Antunez Dec 2014

Occupational Hearing Loss In Agricultural Settings, Marilia Antunez

Marilia Y. Antunez, MLS, MA

Most of the materials on hearing loss due to noise in the agricultural industry are training and research-oriented materials in the form of brochures, manuals, and journal articles, published by academic presses, government associations, and professional organizations, respectively. Few books are entirely devoted to the topic of hearing loss in agricultural settings. Recently, many occupational and safety Web sites have been adding information and links to publications dealing with hearing loss in the agricultural industry. This Webliography represents the author's best efforts to briefly describe some authoritative Web sites with information targeted to individuals interested in farm occupational hearing ...


Types Of Communication Triads Perceived By Young-Adult Stepchildren In Established Stepfamilies, Leslie Baxter, Dawn Braithwaite, L. Bryant Aug 2014

Types Of Communication Triads Perceived By Young-Adult Stepchildren In Established Stepfamilies, Leslie Baxter, Dawn Braithwaite, L. Bryant

Dawn O. Braithwaite

This study was an analysis of the kinds of residential parent-stepparent-stepchild triadic communication structures expressed in interviews with 50 college-aged children from established stepfamilies. In an interpretive analysis of the interview transcripts, four communication structures were identified. In the linked triad the stepchild relied on indirect communication with the stepparent through his or her residential parent. The outsider triad was characterized by the stepchild communicating primarily with the residential parent with limited awareness of interdependence with the stepparent. In the adult-coalition triad the stepchild perceived that the residential parent and stepparent had formed a coalition, leading to cautious and distrustful ...


“You're My Parent But You're Not”: Dialectical Tensions In Stepchildren's Perceptions About Communicating With The Nonresidential Parent, Dawn Braithwaite, Leslie Baxter Aug 2014

“You're My Parent But You're Not”: Dialectical Tensions In Stepchildren's Perceptions About Communicating With The Nonresidential Parent, Dawn Braithwaite, Leslie Baxter

Dawn O. Braithwaite

The nonresidential parent plays a role in the lives of stepchildren and in stepfamily households. The focus of the present study was on the interaction between the nonresidential parent and his/her child who resides as part of a stepfamily household. Grounded in relational dialectics theory, the researchers performed an interpretive analysis of 50 transcribed interviews with college-aged stepchildren. Stepchildren's perceptions of communication with the nonresidential parent were animated by two contradictions: parenting/nonparenting and openness/closedness. These two contradictions form a totality, interwoven with one another. The parenting/nonparenting contradiction reflected stepchildren's ambivalence over parenting attempts of ...


Social Dialectics: The Contradictions Of Relating, Leslie Baxter, Dawn Braithwaite Aug 2014

Social Dialectics: The Contradictions Of Relating, Leslie Baxter, Dawn Braithwaite

Dawn O. Braithwaite

No abstract provided.


The Divorce Decree, Communication, And The Structuration Of Coparenting Relationships In Stepfamilies, Paul Schrodt, Leslie Baxter, M. Mcbride, Dawn Braithwaite, Mark Fine Aug 2014

The Divorce Decree, Communication, And The Structuration Of Coparenting Relationships In Stepfamilies, Paul Schrodt, Leslie Baxter, M. Mcbride, Dawn Braithwaite, Mark Fine

Dawn O. Braithwaite

sing Giddens's (1984) structuration theory, this study explored the communicative processes surrounding the divorce decree in coparenting relationships in stepfamilies. Participants included 21 adults who were coparenting children in stepfamilies who completed diary entries of all interactions with coparents over a 2-week period, and who completed follow-up interviews. Results revealed two structures of signification with respect to the divorce decree that enabled and constrained coparenting interactions. The first signification structure was one in which the decree was framed as a legal document, dictating the rights and responsibilities of parenting, especially with respect to child access and financial issues. The ...


Estimation Of Uninsurance Rate: Comparison Of Four Estimation Methods, Jackie Zhang, Renee Hotchkiss, Thomas Wan Jul 2014

Estimation Of Uninsurance Rate: Comparison Of Four Estimation Methods, Jackie Zhang, Renee Hotchkiss, Thomas Wan

Thomas T.H. Wan

Objective: Although high percentage of the uninsured is an important public policy issue, the discrepancies in both state and national estimates of the numbers of uninsured are reported. This study compares four advanced estimation methods for uninsurance, by using Florida Health Insurance Survey data as an example. Design: The four predictive models include decision tree, neural network, general logistic regression, and two-stage logistic regression. Risk factors to uninsurance are identified. Population: The study sample comes from the Florida Health Insurance Study data collected for the Florida Agency of Health Care Administration in 1999, representing the first large-scale study designed exclusively ...


Environment, Disaster, And Race After Katrina, Manuel Pastor, Robert Bullard, James Boyce, Alice Fothergill, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Beverly Wright Jun 2014

Environment, Disaster, And Race After Katrina, Manuel Pastor, Robert Bullard, James Boyce, Alice Fothergill, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Beverly Wright

Robert D Bullard

No abstract provided.


Jus Post Bellum: Just War Theory And The Principles Of Just Peace, Robert Williams, Dan Caldwell Mar 2014

Jus Post Bellum: Just War Theory And The Principles Of Just Peace, Robert Williams, Dan Caldwell

Dan Caldwell

What happens following a war is important to the moral judgments we make concerning warfare, just as the intentions going in and the means used are. There has, however, been inadequate attention paid to considerations of jus post bellum in the just war tradition. This essay seeks to contribute to recent efforts to develop jus post bellum principles by first noting some of the ways that jus ad bellum and jus in bello considerations serve to constrain what can legitimately be done after war. We argue, however, that the constraints grounded in traditional just war theory do not offer sufficient ...


The Southern Tree Of Liberty - The Democratic Movement In New South Wales Before 1856, Terry Irving Jan 2014

The Southern Tree Of Liberty - The Democratic Movement In New South Wales Before 1856, Terry Irving

Terence H Irving, Dr (Terry)

Responsible government began in New South Wales after two decades of radical democratic agitation. Radical intellectuals from England, Ireland, Scotland and Europe mobilized the working men and women of the colony to resist the aristocratic form of government proposed by pastoralists and city capitalists. There was violence on the streets and goldfields, and some notable electoral victories. As 'a great fear' gripped the local elites the British government forced them to accept a more liberal form of representative government in the belief that this would placate the democrats and keep the colony safe for British imperial needs.


Promoting Investments In Intangible Organizational Assets Through Aligned Incentive Compensation Plans, Susan Hughes, Craig Caldwell, Kathy Paulson Gjerde Apr 2010

Promoting Investments In Intangible Organizational Assets Through Aligned Incentive Compensation Plans, Susan Hughes, Craig Caldwell, Kathy Paulson Gjerde

Craig B. Caldwell

Strategic business unit managers are often evaluated based upon return on investment targets--targets that reward lower expenses and lower investments. This focus, however, may be at odds with the strategic objectives of the larger organization that require investment in organizational assets, generally large-scale intangible assets that form the basis for achieving the organization's strategic goals. Investments in these intangible assets have the potential to reduce profits in the short term but enhance profits in the long term. To encourage investment in organizational assets, organizations must align their compensation schemes with their long-term objectives. We examine the experiences of the ...


The Special Case Of Scientific Data Sharing With Education, Jillian Wallis, Stasa Milojevic, Christine Borgman, William Sandoval May 2009

The Special Case Of Scientific Data Sharing With Education, Jillian Wallis, Stasa Milojevic, Christine Borgman, William Sandoval

Jillian C Wallis

No abstract provided.


Building Digital Libraries For Scientific Data: An Exploratory Study Of Data Practices In Habitat Ecology, Christine Borgman, Jillian Wallis, Noel Enyedy May 2009

Building Digital Libraries For Scientific Data: An Exploratory Study Of Data Practices In Habitat Ecology, Christine Borgman, Jillian Wallis, Noel Enyedy

Jillian C Wallis

As data become scientific capital, digital libraries of data become more valuable. To build good tools and services, it is necessary to understand scientists’ data practices. We report on an exploratory study of habitat ecologists and other participants in the Center for Embedded Networked Sensing. These scientists are more willing to share data already published than data that they plan to publish, and are more willing to share data from instruments than hand-collected data.

Policy issues include responsibility to provide clean and reliable data, concerns for liability and misappropriation of data, ways to handle sensitive data about human subjects arising ...


Mayer, Brown, Rowe & Maw, Michele Villagran Dec 2006

Mayer, Brown, Rowe & Maw, Michele Villagran

Faculty Publications

Mayer, Brown, Rowe & Maw is one of the nation’s largest corporate law firms with offices in seven US cities and eight cities overseas. The firm, founded in 1881, has headquarters in Chicago, with offices in New York, Los Angeles, Houston, Charlotte, Washington D.C. and Palo Alto. Overseas offices are in London, Paris, Brussels, Berlin, Frankfurt, Cologne, Shanghai and Beijing. The firm has more than 1300 attorneys and 566 partners. We spoke with Michelle Lucero, Legal Information Manager and Director of the Houston Office.


Effects Of Family Factors On The Development Of Alcohol-Related Problems Among Males From Pre-Adolescence To Adulthood Dec 2006

Effects Of Family Factors On The Development Of Alcohol-Related Problems Among Males From Pre-Adolescence To Adulthood

Florida Public Health Review

Alcohol use is a leading risk factor in suicides, homicides and unintentional injuries (including motor vehicle crashes and drownings) among adolescents, and is associated with adolescent health risk behaviors such as cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, and risky sexual behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine if family factors would predict alcohol-related problems as the study cohort transitioned into young adulthood, and to determine if early alcohol use remained a significant influence on the development of alcohol-related problems in young adulthood. Results of the analyses indicate that three of the family factors measured in mid-adolescence were statistically significant ...


Assessment Of Client Satisfaction In Six Urban Wic Clinics Dec 2006

Assessment Of Client Satisfaction In Six Urban Wic Clinics

Florida Public Health Review

Customer service is a measure of support and courtesy provided to individuals who patronize an organization, and is a factor vital to the success of any business. Programs that strive to meet critical needs of at risk populations, such as the Special Supplementation Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), may also benefit from assessment of client satisfaction. The purpose of the study was to examine factors related to customer satisfaction in Duval County Florida WIC clinics and identify potential barriers to participation through a two-year project initiated by the health department and the state university. The study examined ...


Smallpox Vaccination Outcomes And Adverse Event Surveillance Of 18 Counties In North Central Florida Dec 2006

Smallpox Vaccination Outcomes And Adverse Event Surveillance Of 18 Counties In North Central Florida

Florida Public Health Review

Based on the directive from President George W. Bush to prepare the nation better for a possible smallpox attack, Florida enacted Operation Vaccinate Florida- Stage I (OVF I). Between February 10, 2003, and March 31, 2003, Florida vaccinated 4,434 individuals against smallpox. During this period a smallpox vaccine surveillance study was conducted in 18 counties in North Central Florida. The study was conducted via journal log, which participants completed daily by recording all symptoms, vaccination site stage development, and demographic information. The study included 350 vaccinees from Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Clay, Columbia, Dixie, Duval, Hamilton, Gilchrist, Lafayette, Levy, Flagler ...


Bird Flu Update Dec 2006

Bird Flu Update

Florida Public Health Review

No abstract provided.


Conducting Surveys Among Immigrants: Methodology And Implementation Of A Health Needs Assessment In The Haitian Community Of Miami, Florida Dec 2006

Conducting Surveys Among Immigrants: Methodology And Implementation Of A Health Needs Assessment In The Haitian Community Of Miami, Florida

Florida Public Health Review

Lack of reliable data about foreign-born groups creates gaps in demographic measurement methodology leading to a cycle of misinformed policy development. Haitian immigrants represent one of the largest foreign-born groups in Florida. Only limited information is available on the health care issues that they face. This paper describes the methodological design and strategies employed for the implementation of a study whose primary purpose was to identify and evaluate basic health care needs and barriers to health care access for the Haitian immigrant population of Miami, Florida. Information was collected during face-to-face interviews on demographic characteristic and health needs and access ...


Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Interagency Science and Research Strategy

  • Completed draft review and analysis of 6 interagency and 2 single-agency science strategies.
  • Developed an outline for a Southern Nevada Agency Partnership Science Strategy based upon these reviews.
  • Initiated a beta-test of a science proposal review process.


Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Organized data from 129 features at St. Thomas into a comprehensive site record

• Reviewed more than 800 site records in ASMIS

• Completed Class 1 inventories for Capital Improvement and Lost City Projects

• Surveyed 585 acres for the NPS Andrus Burn Unit on the Shivwits Plateau

• Surveyed 330 acres for the Lost City Project

• Conducted an assessment of recent flood damage at the Willow Beach site


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

• The Cultural Site Stewardship Program now has 249 enrolled site stewards, an increase of 732% since program inception in 2004.

• Four training classes were held in 2006, adding 72 new stewards.

• Site Stewards reported 55 significant impacts during the 12-month period compared to 25 impacts during the same period last year.


Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Anti-littering Programs

• Don’t Trash Nevada roll-out event held on October 12, 2006.

• Program website launched.

• 74 people have taken the on-line anti-litter and dumping pledge.

• Public-private partnership with Republic Services of Southern Nevada generated $11,917.97 in donations to Don’t Trash Nevada.

• Conducted 3 volunteer and 1 alternative workforce clean-ups this quarter.

• Fulfilled deliverable of 12 clean-ups for 2006 (9 volunteer / 3 alternative workforce).

• 16 volunteer clean-ups scheduled for 2007. • Two tons of agency-generated paper recycled this quarter, saving 14,000 gallons of water, 34 trees, and almost 8 cubic yards of landfill space.

• Phase I judicial analysis draft ...


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

  • Volunteer database increased 8% over last quarter. Database now contains 2,923 records.
  • Website activity increased, recording an average of 51,568 hits per month, with an average of 4,985 pages viewed per month (12.4% increase in pages viewed).
  • Team charter approved and signed by federal managers and IVP team.
  • Volunteer orientation and training in 11 subject areas delivered to 80 volunteers.
  • Recognition Banquet and Awards Ceremony recognized 180 volunteers.
  • Volunteer event list revised for 2007.


From Vulnerability To Resiliency: Assessing Impacts And Responses To Disaster, John J. Green, Duane A. Gill, Anna M. Kleiner Dec 2006

From Vulnerability To Resiliency: Assessing Impacts And Responses To Disaster, John J. Green, Duane A. Gill, Anna M. Kleiner

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

Hurricane Katrina devastated the social, economic, and physical infrastructure of communities along the Gulf Coast, and many organizations responded in a massive effort to meet their needs. Building from a livelihoods theoretical framework emphasizing the vulnerability-resiliency continuum, this research note focuses on informing services provided during post-disaster relief, recovery, and redevelopment. Based on a case study conducted in East Biloxi, Mississippi, we describe a project that included a needs assessment survey and qualitative interviews. Research findings address the expressed needs of community members following the disaster, types of relief and recovery assistance provided to them, and the kinds of social ...


The Effects Of Race, Place, Class, And Gender On Instructional Strategies In Kentucky's Seventh Grade Science Classes: Individual And School Level Analyses, Stephen K. Miller, D. Clayton Smith, Larry S. Ennis Dec 2006

The Effects Of Race, Place, Class, And Gender On Instructional Strategies In Kentucky's Seventh Grade Science Classes: Individual And School Level Analyses, Stephen K. Miller, D. Clayton Smith, Larry S. Ennis

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

This study explored the relationship of student demographics to teaching method in Kentucky’s seventh grade science classrooms for 1997-98, based on performance assessment data (student level N = 21,499; school level N = 264). Students’ perceptions of seven instructional strategies from the KIRIS student questionnaires were placed into three groups: traditional, inquiry-based, and computer. At the student level, these strategies were regressed on race, gender, free/reduced lunch, urbanity of the district, Appalachian status, and Educational Service Region. At the school level, the three approaches were regressed on aggregate school data for these same variables. Findings indicated that demographic factors ...


Cuba's De-Dollarization Program: Policy Measures, Main Objectives, And Principal Motivations, Mario A. Gonzalez-Corzo Dec 2006

Cuba's De-Dollarization Program: Policy Measures, Main Objectives, And Principal Motivations, Mario A. Gonzalez-Corzo

Publications and Research

This paper examines the main characteristics of Cuba’s de-dollarization program, the objectives of these policy measures, and their principal causes and motivations. The paper is organized in three sections. The first section describes the policy measures associated with the process of de-dollarization, followed by a detailed account of their main objectives (section two), and an analysis of their principal causes and motivations (section three).


Editor's Preface, D. Clayton Smith Dec 2006

Editor's Preface, D. Clayton Smith

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

introduction of Doug Smith as new editor of SRS