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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Grounded Theory Of The Leadership Process In A Large Government Bureaucracy, George K. Kriflik, R. Jones Dec 2002

A Grounded Theory Of The Leadership Process In A Large Government Bureaucracy, George K. Kriflik, R. Jones

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper presents a theory of the leadership process within the particular substantive setting of a large government bureaucracy. The study organisation (labelled AGRO) possesses a dominant engineering culture and has a history characterised by non- tumultuous change. The research methodology of orthodox grounded theory was employed. The main concern of the participants was found to be a desire to close the gap between their current work reality and that level they perceived themselves to be capable of achieving. This was resolved through the basic social process of Minimising Attainment Deficit. Leadership aspects of charisma and vision where not evident ...


Strategic Brand Image Analysis For Heterogeneous Markets – Applying Dynamic Perceptions Based Market Segmentation (Dynpbms) To Dishwashing Brand Data, Sara Dolnicar Dec 2002

Strategic Brand Image Analysis For Heterogeneous Markets – Applying Dynamic Perceptions Based Market Segmentation (Dynpbms) To Dishwashing Brand Data, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The aim of this article is to illustrate the usefulness of an exploratory tool called dynamic perceptions based market segmentation (dynPBMS, based on the PBMS approach introduced by Mazanec and Strasser (2000) and Buchta, Dolnicar and Reutterer (2000)) for the investigation of image patterns in the marketplace as well as structural changes of such patterns over time. As starting point for analysis typical brand image data is used: repeated surveys questioning respondents about their evaluation of multiple brands with regard to multiple attributes. The advantages of using dynPBMS as compared to traditional tools applied in market structure analysis include (1 ...


A Review Of Unquestioned Standards In Using Cluster Analysis For Data-Driven Market Segmentation, Sara Dolnicar Dec 2002

A Review Of Unquestioned Standards In Using Cluster Analysis For Data-Driven Market Segmentation, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Clustering is a highly popular and widely used tool for identifying or constructing databased market segments. Over decades of applying cluster analytical procedures for the purpose of searching for homogeneous subgroups among consumers, questionable standards of utilization have emerged, e.g. the non-explorative manner in which results from cluster analytic procedures are reported, the black-box approach ignoring crucial parameters of the algorithms applied or the lack of harmonization of methodology chosen and data conditions. The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) to investigate whether and which standards of application of cluster analysis have emerged in the academic marketing literature ...


Activity-Based Market Sub-Segmentation Of Cultural Tourists, Sara Dolnicar Aug 2002

Activity-Based Market Sub-Segmentation Of Cultural Tourists, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The group of cultural tourists has received a lot of attention in the past decades. Nevertheless only few attempts have been made to study the characteristics of the “culture tourism market segment”. Besides, it is often implicitly assumed that this segment is a homogeneous group of tourists. The contribution of this article is twofold: First, the assumption of one homogeneous market segment is questioned by searching for sub-segment among cultural tourist in a data-driven manner. Second, this data partitioning task is achieved by using a topology representing network (TRN), methodology that allows additional insight into the similarity structure of the ...


Diffusion Of R&D Within The Australian Wine Industry, D. K. Aylward Jun 2002

Diffusion Of R&D Within The Australian Wine Industry, D. K. Aylward

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


The Legitimizing Power Of Financial Statements In The Salvation Army In England, 1865 - 1892, H. J. Irvine Jun 2002

The Legitimizing Power Of Financial Statements In The Salvation Army In England, 1865 - 1892, H. J. Irvine

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Since its inception The Salvation Army has relied heavily on external funds to survive. There is evidence to suggest that at the time of its founding, in 19th century England, and in its early years, financial statements played a powerful legitimizing role. This was crucial to an organization like The Salvation Army, newly formed and in desperate need of funds. This view is consistent with institutional theory, which emphasizes the importance of such legitimacy. However, it challenges the notion, prevalent in academic literature on accounting in religious organizations, that there is a resistance to the use of accounting as a ...


Assessing The Impact Of Change In Petroleum Prices On Inflation And Household Expenditures In Australia, Abbas Valadkhani, W. F. Mitchell Mar 2002

Assessing The Impact Of Change In Petroleum Prices On Inflation And Household Expenditures In Australia, Abbas Valadkhani, W. F. Mitchell

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In this paper we examine three broad issues: (a) the expected impact of the recent petrol price rises on prices throughout the economy, (b) the hypothesis that the economy is now less susceptible to oil price rises than it was in the 1970s when the first major oil prices occurred, and (c) the likely distributional impacts of the petrol price rises? A modified input-output (IO) price model is used to simulate the impact of a two-fold increase in petrol prices on the sectoral and aggregate price indices in Australia. The 1996-97 and 1977-78 IO tables are used. Among the results ...


Long- And Short-Run Determinants Of The Demand For Money In New Zealand: A Cointegration Analysis, Abbas Valadkhani Mar 2002

Long- And Short-Run Determinants Of The Demand For Money In New Zealand: A Cointegration Analysis, Abbas Valadkhani

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The existence of a stable demand for money is very important for the conduct of monetary policy even in this new era of inflation targeting. It is argued that previous work on the demand for money in New Zealand has been either not very satisfactory in a number of ways or outdated. This paper examines the long-run determinants of the demand for M3 employing the Johansen cointegration technique and quarterly data for the period 1988:1-2002:2. This paper finds, inter alia, that the demand for money is cointegrated with real income, the spread between interest on money and on ...


An Examination Of Indexes For Determining The Number Of Clusters In Binary Data Sets, E. Dimitriadou, Sara Dolnicar, A. Weingessel Mar 2002

An Examination Of Indexes For Determining The Number Of Clusters In Binary Data Sets, E. Dimitriadou, Sara Dolnicar, A. Weingessel

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The problem of choosing the correct number of clusters is as old as cluster analysis itself. A number of authors have suggested various indexes to facilitate this crucial decision. One of the most extensive comparative studies of indexes was conducted by Milligan & Cooper (1985). The present piece of work pursues the same goal under different conditions. In contrast to Milligan and Cooper's work, the emphasis here is on high-dimensional empirical binary data. Binary artificial data sets are constructed to reflect features typically encountered in real-world situations in the field of marketing research. The simulation includes 162 binary data sets ...


Activity-Based Market Sub-Segmentation Of Cultural Tourists, Sara Dolnicar Feb 2002

Activity-Based Market Sub-Segmentation Of Cultural Tourists, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The group of cultural tourists has received a lot of attention in the past decades. Nevertheless only few attempts have been made to study the characteristics of the “culture tourism market segment”. Besides, it is often implicitly assumed that this segment is a homogeneous group of tourists. The contribution of this article is twofold: First, the assumption of one homogeneous market segment is questioned by searching for sub-segment among cultural tourist in a data-driven manner. Second, this data partitioning task is achieved by using a topology representing network (TRN), methodology that allows additional insight into the similarity structure of the ...


Paths Of Corporate Development: Directions And Methods Of Growth, Simon Ville Jan 2002

Paths Of Corporate Development: Directions And Methods Of Growth, Simon Ville

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In Scale and Scope Chandler explained the typical directions of growth followed by large scale American corporations who sustained their industry leadership. I This involved phases of horizontal and vertical integration to capture economies of scale and throughput, followed by product diversification in response to new scientific research, and internationalization to exploit their competitive advantages in foreign markets. This has not been a universal experience of all countries; successful British firms, for example, have been less vertically integrated and Japanese firms were for long reluctant to expand overseas. Typical methods of growth - internal expansion, mergers, and interfirm ventures - have been ...


Encouraging Tutorial Attendance At University Did Not Increase Performance, Joan R. Rodgers Jan 2002

Encouraging Tutorial Attendance At University Did Not Increase Performance, Joan R. Rodgers

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

When tertiary education is subsidized the cost of poor student performance in university subjects falls not only on the individual student but also on society in general. Society therefore has an interest in promoting student performance. There is evidence in the literature that absenteeism from university classes is widespread and that absenteeism adversely affects student performance. In this paper I describe an incentive scheme that increased attendance of business and economics students in an introductory statistics subject at a typical Australian university. Like other authors I find a strong positive association between attendance and academic performance, both in the presence ...


A Review Of Data-Driven Market Segmentation In Tourism, Sara Dolnicar Jan 2002

A Review Of Data-Driven Market Segmentation In Tourism, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Clustering has become a very popular way of identifying market segments based on survey data. The number of published segmentation studies has strongly increased since the milestone publication on benefit segmentation by Haley in 1968. Nevertheless, numerous very fundamental weaknesses are permanently encountered when studying segmentation studies in detail, thus making the results reported more than questionable. This article illustrates how data-driven segmentation studies are typically conducted in the field of tourism research, provides a systematic overview of applications published in the last decades, outlines critical issues that often lead to overestimation of the validity of results and offers solutions ...


Business Travellers’ Hotel Expectations And Disappointments: A Different Perspective To Hotel Attribute Importance Investigation, Sara Dolnicar Jan 2002

Business Travellers’ Hotel Expectations And Disappointments: A Different Perspective To Hotel Attribute Importance Investigation, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Hotel attribute importance studies have a long tradition in hospitality research. This study investigates the issue for business travelers by asking the respondents to state their expectations and disappointments / dissatisfaction in an open question format instead of rating the importance of attributes directly. The aim of the study is twofold: (1) to learn about expectations and past disappointments of this particular segment to provide additional insight for customizing hotel offers and (2) to investigate whether the findings reported in literature so far are mirrored or not.


Operationalizing Segment Choice Criteria, Sara Dolnicar, Roman Freitag Jan 2002

Operationalizing Segment Choice Criteria, Sara Dolnicar, Roman Freitag

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Market segmentation has become one of the fundamental building blocks of strategic marketing during the last decades. Although the methodology of deriving market segments from survey data became more and more sophisticated, no operationalized list of selection criteria for alternative segment options has been introduced so far to the authors' knowledge. The purpose of this paper is (l) to illustrate the lack of operationalized segment choice (or attractiveness evaluation) criteria and (2) to make a first step towards filling this gap.


Identifying The Corporate Leaders, Simon Ville Jan 2002

Identifying The Corporate Leaders, Simon Ville

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In chapter two we used a range of aggregated time series and pooled cross-sectional data on the economy and firms to present a broad picture of the growth of big business in the Australian economy, and drew parallels with the experience of other nations. We were able to identify in which sectors our largest firms have been located, how this changed over the course of the twentieth century, and who these firms were. This provides the basis for a closer investigation of some of these firms in this and the subsequent chapters. Thus, in the current chapter, we develop the ...


Metacapitalism And The Politics Of The New Academy, George M. Mickhail Jan 2002

Metacapitalism And The Politics Of The New Academy, George M. Mickhail

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The salvationary promise of immortality is equally seductive let alone dominant in our personal and professional lives alike. The promise of an institution's global successful salvation is no different to the promise of humans' salvation. It has been the most revered ideal over the ages and religions promise to deliver such salvation. Consulting firms are no different, as they represent the modem religious experience to institutions, private and public alike. The prophets of consulting have been invoking such feelings of 'awe' with their 'symbols', like: Business Process Reengineering, Best Practice and so on, in rituals, such as: MetaCapitalim, engaged ...


The Organisation Of Knowledge: Optimising The Role Of Universities In A Western Australian 'Knowledge Hub', Tim Turpin, Jane Marceau, Samuel Garrett-Jones, Reg Appleyard, Dora Marinova Jan 2002

The Organisation Of Knowledge: Optimising The Role Of Universities In A Western Australian 'Knowledge Hub', Tim Turpin, Jane Marceau, Samuel Garrett-Jones, Reg Appleyard, Dora Marinova

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A feature of globally competitive knowledge-based economies is that governments, universities and industry work together in these economies to create regional ‘knowledge hubs’. A knowledge hub is essentially a “region” with an ensemble of knowledgeintensive organisations located in both public and private sectors. Knowledge hubs have three major functions: to generate knowledge; to transfer and apply knowledge; and to transmit knowledge to others in the community through education and training. The present study was commissioned by TIAC with a view to developing options to optimise the role of WA’s universities in supporting a WA Knowledge Hub. Universities have an ...


Improving The System Of Financial Incentives For Enhancing Thailand's Industrial Technological Capabilities, Tim Turpin, Samuel Garrett-Jones, Paul Robertson, Siracha Charoenpanij, Peter Brimble Jan 2002

Improving The System Of Financial Incentives For Enhancing Thailand's Industrial Technological Capabilities, Tim Turpin, Samuel Garrett-Jones, Paul Robertson, Siracha Charoenpanij, Peter Brimble

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This report provides a summary of current international experiences with financial incentives for supporting technology development and identifies some important implications for public policy in Thailand. International experiences have demonstrated the broader public good that can be achieved through policies and public interventions that stimulate technology learning environments built around clusters or networks of firms and national support institutions. Financial incentives serve as a mediating influence to enhance the flow of knowledge from firms that are closer to a leading technological edge through to those firms where technological skills are lagging. They are therefore an essential tool available to governments ...


"Fractured Tales For Teaching Accounting: A Journey Through Three Worlds?", Kathleen A. Cooper, Kellie M. Mccombie, Kathy M. Rudkin Jan 2002

"Fractured Tales For Teaching Accounting: A Journey Through Three Worlds?", Kathleen A. Cooper, Kellie M. Mccombie, Kathy M. Rudkin

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper discusses the present educational trends in the Western World, and in particular Australia, that endanger the prospect of critical thought in accounting education. Such trends include the commodification of the student and education, reductions in government funding, and the emergence of Online education. We believe that economic pressure brought to bear on what accounting, and how accounting is taught, should be resisted to preserve the integrity of learning outcomes for students. This then leads us to reveal our struggle to learn/teach in a critical sense. The paper evaluates various pedagogical approaches, and their consequences for teaching and ...


Analysis Of Information Cost Incurred In Foreign Exchange Risk Management By Smes, Shyam S. Bhati Jan 2002

Analysis Of Information Cost Incurred In Foreign Exchange Risk Management By Smes, Shyam S. Bhati

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In this study, the theory of Information Cost developed by Casson (1995) is used to explain the various intormatlOn cost associated with foreign exchange risk management by SMEs. From the application of Casson's theory, 1t 1S concluded that the SMEs incur maximum cost in collecting, communicating and synthesising information while managing foreign exchange risk. Also, the SMEs do not seem to have the potential to reduce these information costs because of ,their limited bargaining capacity in relation to service provIders. As such, SMEs would fit the description of "optimal" organisation as defined by Casson (1995) due to the trade-offmade ...


Evaluating The Knowledge Assets Of Innovative Companies, Helen M. Hasan, Maen Al-Hawari Jan 2002

Evaluating The Knowledge Assets Of Innovative Companies, Helen M. Hasan, Maen Al-Hawari

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In the current post-industrial society, knowledge is recognised as a primary source of a company's wealth. However knowledge assets are much more difficult to identify and measure than are the physical assets with which we are much more familiar. (Boisot 1998) As a company's innovative capacity may be dependent upon its ability to take advantage of its knowledge assets, it is important to be able to identify and measure those assets. While large companies can afford extensive knowledge management projects, there is a acute need for a method by which managers in smaller organisations can easily and reliably ...


An Overview Of Export Processing Zones: Selected Asian Countries, Kankesu Jayanthakumaran Jan 2002

An Overview Of Export Processing Zones: Selected Asian Countries, Kankesu Jayanthakumaran

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper surveys the literature on the perfonnance of Export processing Zones (EPZs) that have used a benefit-cost analytical framework. The survey reveals that as industrial development proceeds, the gap between market and opportunity cost of labour narrows and the interest on EPZs tends to disspear. Interest on EPZs may hold only if the zones generate private profit to domestic shareholders. Recent policy measures of World Trade Organisation may eventually result in lower rates ofprivate returns and may become a threat to existing and new EPZs.


Structural Change And The Older Male Worker In Australia, Martin J. O'Brien Jan 2002

Structural Change And The Older Male Worker In Australia, Martin J. O'Brien

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Unfavourable changes in the industry composition of employment overt he last two decades has been suggested as a reason for structural unemployment and declining labour force participation of older males in Australia. In this paper, the author explores this proposition by analysing employment data for older males over the 1984 to 1999 period. Standard shift-share analysis findings suggest that, although older males are over-represented in stagnant or declining industries and under-represented in growth sectors, the net aggregate effects of structural change for older males' employment trends are minimal. However, alternative methodologies presented reveal a number of interesting insights into the ...


Trust, Choice And Online Shopping, Lawrence Ang, Chris Dubelaar, Boon-Chye Lee Jan 2002

Trust, Choice And Online Shopping, Lawrence Ang, Chris Dubelaar, Boon-Chye Lee

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Trust is a major issue in Internet transactions. This paper presents a model of trust on the Internet that focuses on three dimensions of trust. It investigates the perceived value a consumer places on these dimensions when set in the context of different product categories, price discounts, and delivery time. It is argued that the more willing an Internet merchant is to heed these three dimension of trusts, the greater the probability of transaction on the Internet.


Strengthening The Knowledge Economy, Samuel Garrett-Jones Jan 2002

Strengthening The Knowledge Economy, Samuel Garrett-Jones

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

What is knowledge ecomony? The knowledge economy could be defined as one where "comparative advantage [is] much less a function of natural resource endowments and capital-labour ratios and much more a function of technology and skills". 13 Its development is the product of two forces: a rise in the knowledge intensity of economic activities and an increasing globalization of economic affairs. It is driven by the revolution in information and communications technology, the increasing pace of technological change and by national and international deregulation. 14


Rehabilitation Of Mining Sites: Do Taxation And Accounting Systems Legitimize The Privileged Or Serve Community Interests?, Natalie P. Stoianoff, Mary A. Kaidonis Jan 2002

Rehabilitation Of Mining Sites: Do Taxation And Accounting Systems Legitimize The Privileged Or Serve Community Interests?, Natalie P. Stoianoff, Mary A. Kaidonis

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Accounting and taxation systems are considered as two coexisting institutional practices which claim to be neutral and to function for the benefit of society. These claims are examined with reference to the natural resources industry and the treatment of rehabilitation costs in Australia, as the impact of this industry, both economic and environmental, is significant. By comparing the practice of accounting in financial reporting and in taxation, the use of calculative and representational practices is exposed to identify contradictions, conflicts and disparities.


Institutional Isomorphism And The Adoption Of Lass In A Developing Country: Another Crisis Of External Dependence, Monir Zaman Mir, Abu Shiraz Rahaman Jan 2002

Institutional Isomorphism And The Adoption Of Lass In A Developing Country: Another Crisis Of External Dependence, Monir Zaman Mir, Abu Shiraz Rahaman

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper provides a critical evaluation of the recent decision of the Bangladeshi accounting profession to adopt all applicable International Accounting Standards. The paper argues that institutional legitimisation is a key factor that drives the adoption process. This argument is based on evidence of immense pressure that major international donor/lending institutions put on the Bangladeshi government and professional accounting bodies to adopt lASs not only to provide credibility to foreign investors but also ensure that accountability arrangements with lending/donor agencies are tight enough. Clearly, the government and other institutions in Bangladesh have very little option (if any at ...


An Appraisal Of Socially Responsible Investments And Implications For Trustees And Other Investment Fiduciaries, Paul U. Ali, Martin Gold Jan 2002

An Appraisal Of Socially Responsible Investments And Implications For Trustees And Other Investment Fiduciaries, Paul U. Ali, Martin Gold

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the suitability for trustees and other investment fiduciaries of the class of investments known variously as "socially responsible", "ethical", "screened", "social" or "sustainable" investments, in the context of the legal duties imposed on fiduciaries to invest the fund entrusted to them in a prudent manner. The paper is intended to provide trustees and investment fiduciaries with the legal tools for appraising socially responsible investments, a task fraught with difficulties given the political sensitivities and controversies associated with such investments. An estimated $1.9 billion has been invested according to socially responsible investment r'SRI") strategies by Australian ...


Internationalisation Process: Revisiting The Uppsala Model In The Asian Context, J Rajendren Pandian, Ah Ba Sim Jan 2002

Internationalisation Process: Revisiting The Uppsala Model In The Asian Context, J Rajendren Pandian, Ah Ba Sim

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The Uppsala model of the intemationalisation process in terms of gradual incremental steps had been widely adopted in empirical research, particularly in the context of western multinational firms. We revisited this model in the context of Asian multinational firms. Examining case studies of Asian MNEs from Taiwan and Singapore in the textile and electronics industries, we found variations in the process postulated by the Uppsala model, and seek to explain them in terms of proactive actions and absorptive capacity perspective. Future research and limitations are also indicated.