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2002

University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Articles 1 - 30 of 60

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Model System For Study Of Sex Chromosome Effects On Sexually Dimorphic Neural And Behavioral Traits, Geert De Vries, E. F. Rissman, R. B. Simerly, Y. L. Yang, E. M. Scordalakes, C. J. Auger, A. Swain, R. Lovell-Badge, P. S. Burgoyne, A. P. Arnold Oct 2002

A Model System For Study Of Sex Chromosome Effects On Sexually Dimorphic Neural And Behavioral Traits, Geert De Vries, E. F. Rissman, R. B. Simerly, Y. L. Yang, E. M. Scordalakes, C. J. Auger, A. Swain, R. Lovell-Badge, P. S. Burgoyne, A. P. Arnold

Geert De Vries

We tested the hypothesis that genes encoded on the sex chromosomes play a direct role in sexual differentiation of brain and behavior. We used mice in which the testis-determining gene (Sry) was moved from the Y chromosome to an autosome (by deletion ofSry from the Y and subsequent insertion of anSry transgene onto an autosome), so that the determination of testis development occurred independently of the complement of X or Y chromosomes. We compared XX and XY mice with ovaries (females) and XX and XY mice with testes (males). These comparisons allowed us to assess the effect of sex chromosome ...


Meridian Hill Park: The Making Of An American Neoclassical Landscape, Elizabeth Brabec Oct 2002

Meridian Hill Park: The Making Of An American Neoclassical Landscape, Elizabeth Brabec

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

The neoclassical design was the dominant design movement in landscape architecture at the turn of the last century, dictating the form and design of public parks for most of the first half of the twentieth century. Meridian Hill Park, located just north of the White ouse in Washington, DC, is considered the most ambitious neoclassical park ever conceived in the United States. The paper provides an overview of the design development of the park, illustrating how classical design precedents were used to create a contemporary neo-classical park.


Reflection Of Jozef Obrebski’S Work In Macedonia From The Perspective Of American Anthropology, Joel Halpern Sep 2002

Reflection Of Jozef Obrebski’S Work In Macedonia From The Perspective Of American Anthropology, Joel Halpern

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

Jozef Obrebski (1905-1967) had a moderately long, interesting, and, in some respects, tragic life. The consequences of the Second World War and the subsequent Communist domination of Eastern Europe altered his life profoundly. While he and his immediate family escaped relatively unscathed and even his relatively voluminous scholarly documents were preserved he was never able to successfully readapt to the life he chose first in the lands of the then British Empire and finally in America. It would indeed be a limited approach to judge a person's life simply by their public record, in this case by a published ...


Reflection Of Jozef Obrebski’S Work In Macedonia From The Perspective Of American Anthropology, Joel Halpern Sep 2002

Reflection Of Jozef Obrebski’S Work In Macedonia From The Perspective Of American Anthropology, Joel Halpern

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

Jozef Obrebski (1905-1967) had a moderately long, interesting, and, in some respects, tragic life. The consequences of the Second World War and the subsequent Communist domination of Eastern Europe altered his life profoundly. While he and his immediate family escaped relatively unscathed and even his relatively voluminous scholarly documents were preserved he was never able to successfully readapt to the life he chose first in the lands of the then British Empire and finally in America. It would indeed be a limited approach to judge a person's life simply by their public record, in this case by a published ...


Nelig Meeting - August 15, 2002, New England Library Instruction Group Aug 2002

Nelig Meeting - August 15, 2002, New England Library Instruction Group

New England Library Instruction Group

NELIG quarterly meeting.


The Changing Character Of Economic Development, John R. Mullin Jul 2002

The Changing Character Of Economic Development, John R. Mullin

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

This article lays out several key trends concerning industrial development that I have noted over the past ten years in my consulting practice and academic research. They are not exhaustive nor will they be reflected in all parts of the country. They do, however, point out that we need to continually adapt to the market place; we need to become more pro-active in controlling how and where we stimulate development; we need to insure that we provide the opportunity for industry to succeed; and, finally, we must be reflective of world events and the speed of change.


Defining The Pattern Of The Sustainable Urban Region - Development Of Regional Measurement Methods, Elizabeth Brabec, Geoffrey Mcd. Lewis Jun 2002

Defining The Pattern Of The Sustainable Urban Region - Development Of Regional Measurement Methods, Elizabeth Brabec, Geoffrey Mcd. Lewis

Elizabeth Brabec

To date, the debate on the sustainability of human settlements has focused on the urban portion of the land use pattern. Since urban areas rely on suburban, rural, and other less densely settled areas for their existence, these areas must be included in any sustainability assessment. This need for a regional view has resulted in a typology of regional form, which allows comparisons of relative sustainability between various regional land use patterns. Based on resource efficiency, this regional analysis includes measurements related to water, agricultural land, habitat, energy use, and transportation and identifies primary indicators for each category. Existing methods ...


Selling Canada To Canadians: Collective Memory, National Identity, And Popular Culture, Emily West Jun 2002

Selling Canada To Canadians: Collective Memory, National Identity, And Popular Culture, Emily West

Emily E. West

Two media endeavours, the Heritage Minutes and the CBC documentary Canada: A People’s History, hope to serve as a corrective to Canadians’ lack of interest in their history and to bolster national identity. However, the producers do not want to appear propagandistic in a country where there is conflict about what the shape of the nation should be. They accomplish this by appealing to the “on the spot” authority of journalistic representation and the emotional immediacy of dramatic story-telling. They also emphasize the multi-cultural and multi-perspectival nature of Canada’s past. However, ultimately these efforts exist within a larger ...


Nelig Meeting - May 3, 2002, New England Library Instruction Group May 2002

Nelig Meeting - May 3, 2002, New England Library Instruction Group

New England Library Instruction Group

NELIG quarterly meeting.


Benchmarking: Measurable Indicators Of Economic Success, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval, Edward Murray Apr 2002

Benchmarking: Measurable Indicators Of Economic Success, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval, Edward Murray

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

All our communities are striving for economic success. Political platforms are built on promises of economic prosperity. However, we rarely thoroughly measure this success. Across the country people are increasingly interested in ensuring that government expenditures are well spent. We can note this interest at all levels of government ranging from local to national scales. As well, accountability, in all of its manifestations, is a critical element of the "quality movement" that is becoming acculturated in both the private and public sectors. This article focuses on how local economic development officials can measure and evaluate their professional activities in a ...


Photographs: Bosnia 1954-1996, Joel Halpern Mar 2002

Photographs: Bosnia 1954-1996, Joel Halpern

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

The images which appear here are, unless otherwise indicated, are copyright Joel M. Halpern and taken from the catalog of an exhibition entitled The Thin Veneer; the Peoples of Bosnia and their Disappearing Cultural Heritage (Copyright 1997, University of Massachusetts Amherst and used by permission). Copies of the catalog are available for $ 6.00 including postage, from: Betsy Siersma, Director, University Art Gallery, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01002. Part of this presentation is also available online at http://www.h-net.org/~sae/halpern/photos.html.


Using Small Group Assignments In Teaching Research Ethics, Kenneth D. Pimple Mar 2002

Using Small Group Assignments In Teaching Research Ethics, Kenneth D. Pimple

Ethics in Science and Engineering National Clearinghouse

No abstract provided.


Using Short Writing Assignments In Teaching Research Ethics, Kenneth D. Pimple Mar 2002

Using Short Writing Assignments In Teaching Research Ethics, Kenneth D. Pimple

Ethics in Science and Engineering National Clearinghouse

Regularly asking students to write down their thoughts and reactions to class readings and discussions is an effective method of teaching and assessing student learning. Furthermore, as composition teachers will attest, frequent writing assignments, regardless of content, dramatically improve writing skills. Asking students to think “on paper” about topics encountered in the classroom encourages them to think about those topics in greater depth, relate them to their own lives, and thus connect the classroom to the world outside. I will describe four kinds of useful short writing assignments – freewriting, the non-quiz, the one-minute paper, and logbooks.


Nelig Meeting - January 25, 2002, New England Library Instruction Group Jan 2002

Nelig Meeting - January 25, 2002, New England Library Instruction Group

New England Library Instruction Group

NELIG quarterly meeting.


The First Revolt And Its Afterlife, Neil Silberman Jan 2002

The First Revolt And Its Afterlife, Neil Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Defining The Pattern Of The Sustainable Urban Region, Elizabeth Brabec, Geoffrey Mcd. Lewis Jan 2002

Defining The Pattern Of The Sustainable Urban Region, Elizabeth Brabec, Geoffrey Mcd. Lewis

Elizabeth Brabec

No abstract provided.


Benchmarking: Measurable Indicators Of Economic Success, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval, Edward Murray Jan 2002

Benchmarking: Measurable Indicators Of Economic Success, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval, Edward Murray

John R. Mullin

All our communities are striving for economic success. Political platforms are built on promises of economic prosperity. However, we rarely thoroughly measure this success. Across the country people are increasingly interested in ensuring that government expenditures are well spent. We can note this interest at all levels of government ranging from local to national scales. As well, accountability, in all of its manifestations, is a critical element of the "quality movement" that is becoming acculturated in both the private and public sectors. This article focuses on how local economic development officials can measure and evaluate their professional activities in a ...


Meridian Hill Park: The Making Of An American Neoclassical Landscape, Elizabeth Brabec Jan 2002

Meridian Hill Park: The Making Of An American Neoclassical Landscape, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

The neoclassical design was the dominant design movement in landscape architecture at the turn of the last century, dictating the form and design of public parks for most of the first half of the twentieth century. Meridian Hill Park, located just north of the White ouse in Washington, DC, is considered the most ambitious neoclassical park ever conceived in the United States. The paper provides an overview of the design development of the park, illustrating how classical design precedents were used to create a contemporary neo-classical park.


The Changing Character Of Economic Development, John R. Mullin Jan 2002

The Changing Character Of Economic Development, John R. Mullin

John R. Mullin

This article lays out several key trends concerning industrial development that I have noted over the past ten years in my consulting practice and academic research. They are not exhaustive nor will they be reflected in all parts of the country. They do, however, point out that we need to continually adapt to the market place; we need to become more pro-active in controlling how and where we stimulate development; we need to insure that we provide the opportunity for industry to succeed; and, finally, we must be reflective of world events and the speed of change.


Who Lives On The Wrong Side Of The Environmental Tracks? Evidence From The Epa's Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators Model, Michael Ash, T. Robert Fetter Jan 2002

Who Lives On The Wrong Side Of The Environmental Tracks? Evidence From The Epa's Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators Model, Michael Ash, T. Robert Fetter

PERI Working Papers

This study analyzes the social and economic correlates of air pollution exposure in U.S. cities using a unique dataset created as a by-product of the EPA’s Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators model and finds evidence of disproportionate exposure to environmental hazards in communities with higher concentrations of lower-income people and people of color. We improve on previous studies of environmental inequality in three ways. First, where previous studies focus on the proximity to point sources and the total mass of pollutants released, our measure of toxic exposure reflects atmospheric dispersion and chemical toxicity. Second, we analyze the data at a ...


Assessing Student Learning In The Responsible Conduct Of Research, Kenneth D. Pimple Jan 2002

Assessing Student Learning In The Responsible Conduct Of Research, Kenneth D. Pimple

Ethics in Science and Engineering National Clearinghouse

Introduction

As with all effective teaching, a key element in any unit designed to teach research ethics is assessment of student learning, whether the “unit” is a whole course, a brown bag lunch seminar, or a few sessions or segments of sections within a course. How can we know what our students learned, and whether they learned what we intended them to learn? How can we tell whether our instructional goals were met?

I am reminded of the Saturday Night Live skit in which a reporter asks President Carter, “Why are you building the B-1 Bomber?” To which Carter replies ...


Global Apparel Production And Sweatshop Labor: Can Raising Retail Prices Finance Living Wages?, Robert Pollin, Justine Burns, James Heintz Jan 2002

Global Apparel Production And Sweatshop Labor: Can Raising Retail Prices Finance Living Wages?, Robert Pollin, Justine Burns, James Heintz

PERI Working Papers

This paper provides some empirical evidence on issues raised by the global antisweatshop movement. We first consider the relationship between wage and employment growth, finding no consistent trade-off between them. We then measure the share of labor costs in the production of garments in the United States and Mexico. We find that the retail price increases necessary to absorb the costs of substantially raising wages are small, well within the range of price increases that polls suggest U.S. consumers are willing to pay. We close by considering some implications of these results.


Africa’S Debt: Who Owes Whom?, James K. Boyce, Léonce Ndikumana Jan 2002

Africa’S Debt: Who Owes Whom?, James K. Boyce, Léonce Ndikumana

PERI Working Papers

No abstract provided.


Stock Market Liquidity And Economic Growth: A Critical Appraisal Of The Levine/Zervos Model, Andong Zhu, Michael Ash, Robert Pollin Jan 2002

Stock Market Liquidity And Economic Growth: A Critical Appraisal Of The Levine/Zervos Model, Andong Zhu, Michael Ash, Robert Pollin

PERI Working Papers

Levine and Zervos (1998) presented cross-country econometric evidence showing that, in a sample of 47 countries, stock market liquidity contributed a significant positive influence on GDP growth between 1976-93. We show that the Levine-Zervos results are not robust to alternative specifications because of the incomplete manner in which they control for outliers in their data. We show that when one properly controls for outliers, stock market liquidity no longer exerts any statistically observable influence on GDP growth.


Global Labor Standards: Their Impact And Implementation, James Heintz Jan 2002

Global Labor Standards: Their Impact And Implementation, James Heintz

PERI Working Papers

This paper reviews the critical issues concerning the establishment of a global system of labor standards. Global labor standards have gained a renewed prominence in policy debates with the rise of the new international division of labor, in which developing countries are producing an ever-increasing share of the world’s manufactured exports. This paper takes a close look at the research and theories that inform the current debates. In particular, it summarizes the arguments in support of global standards, evaluates the threat of unintended negative consequences, examines gender-specific issues relating to low-wage labor and informal employment, and discusses past and ...


Bargaining Power And Foreign Direct Investment In China: Can 1.3 Billion Consumers Tame The Multinationals?, Elissa Braunstein, Gerald Epstein Jan 2002

Bargaining Power And Foreign Direct Investment In China: Can 1.3 Billion Consumers Tame The Multinationals?, Elissa Braunstein, Gerald Epstein

PERI Working Papers

Foreign direct investment (FDI) has become a much desired commodity by nations, regions and cities throughout the world. Indeed, governments bid for FDI because it is commonly thought to be an important engine of economic growth, job creation, and technological upgrading. The People’s Republic of China (PRC), the developing world’s largest recipient of FDI and one of the world’s fastest growing economies, is often cited as evidence for the beneficial effects of FDI. Given the PRC’s size and the huge allure of its cheap labor force and customer base, one would think that if any country ...


The Effects Of Increased Product Market Competition And Changes In Financial Markets On The Performance Of Nonfinancial Corporations In The Neoliberal Era, James Crotty Jan 2002

The Effects Of Increased Product Market Competition And Changes In Financial Markets On The Performance Of Nonfinancial Corporations In The Neoliberal Era, James Crotty

PERI Working Papers

No abstract provided.


Measuring The Impact Of Living Wage Laws: A Critical Appraisal Of David Neumark's How Living Wage Laws Affect Low-Wage Workers And Low-Income Families, Mark D. Brenner, Jeannette Wicks-Linn, Robert Pollin Jan 2002

Measuring The Impact Of Living Wage Laws: A Critical Appraisal Of David Neumark's How Living Wage Laws Affect Low-Wage Workers And Low-Income Families, Mark D. Brenner, Jeannette Wicks-Linn, Robert Pollin

PERI Working Papers

Drawing on data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), David Neumark (2002) finds that living wage laws have brought substantial wage increases for a high proportion of workers in cities that have passed these laws. He also finds that living wage laws significantly reduce employment opportunities for low-wage workers. We argue, first, that by truncating his sample to concentrate his analysis on low-wage workers, Neumark’s analysis is vulnerable to sample selection bias, and that his results are not robust to alternative specifications that utilize quantile regression to avoid such selection bias. In addition, we argue that Neumark has erroneously ...


Globalization And The Transition To Egalitarian Development, Robert Pollin Jan 2002

Globalization And The Transition To Egalitarian Development, Robert Pollin

PERI Working Papers

No abstract provided.


Capitalism, Carol E. Heim Jan 2002

Capitalism, Carol E. Heim

PERI Working Papers

No abstract provided.