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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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1997

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Articles 4021 - 4036 of 4036

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Political Culture And Suffrage In An Anglo-American Women's West, Karen M. Morin Dec 1996

Political Culture And Suffrage In An Anglo-American Women's West, Karen M. Morin

Karen M. Morin

No abstract provided.


Contemporary Research On The Balkan Family, Anthropological And Historical Approaches, Joel Halpern, Karl Kaser Dec 1996

Contemporary Research On The Balkan Family, Anthropological And Historical Approaches, Joel Halpern, Karl Kaser

Joel M. Halpern

It seems appropriate to stress at the outset that while we continue to adhere to our scholarly objectives, focusing on social structure, we also cannot avoid being concernedwith the ways in which contemporary values are formed. Thus is especially so in societieswhere so much concern, both overt and covert, is concerned with the importanceof "traditions", including those in which patriarchal values play a significant role. Patriarchy can be defined as a value embedded in a social structure system whichemphasizes both gender and age as the formation factors. This structuring is linkedto defining a system of values which guide both family ...


Endogenous Substitution Among Energy Resources And Global Warming, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, James Roumasset, Kin-Ping Tse Dec 1996

Endogenous Substitution Among Energy Resources And Global Warming, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, James Roumasset, Kin-Ping Tse

Ujjayant Chakravorty

The theory of resource extraction has focused primarily on extraction when there is a single, homogeneous demand for the resource. In reality, however, we observe the simultaneous extraction of different resources such as oil, coal, and natural gas and multiple demands such as transportation, residential and commercial heating, and electricity generation. This paper develops a model with multiple resources and grades and multiple demands. The model is simulated with extraction cost, estimated reserves, and energy demand data for the world economy. It is shown that if historical rates of cost reduction in the production of solar energy are maintained, more ...


Estimating Economic Impacts From Tourism, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, Deyong Zhou, John Yanagida, Pingsun Leung Dec 1996

Estimating Economic Impacts From Tourism, Ujjayant N. Chakravorty, Deyong Zhou, John Yanagida, Pingsun Leung

Ujjayant Chakravorty

Economists have traditionally used input-output (IO) analysis to examine the impacts of tourism on the economy of a region. This paper introduces a relatively new and alternative technique, computable general equilibrium (CGE). The two approaches are compared and then used to analyze, as an illustration, the impacts on Hawaii’s economy from a reduction in visitor expenditure. The study concludes that the results of the IO model are similar in magnitude to those of the CGE model but generally higher and that sectors closely associated with tourism exhibit the largest effects. The ability to account for inter-sectoral resource flows is ...


Utterance Meaning And Syntactic Ellipsis, Robert J. Stainton Dec 1996

Utterance Meaning And Syntactic Ellipsis, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


The University Library And Campus Web Development: A Case Study, Jeffrey A. Franks Dec 1996

The University Library And Campus Web Development: A Case Study, Jeffrey A. Franks

Jeffrey A Franks

Describes a new organizational structure that placed the campus web master and oversight for campus web development under the auspices of the University Libraries at the University of Akron in the late 1990's. Discusses rationale and advantages.


Forming A Reference Service Philosophy, Jeffrey A. Franks Dec 1996

Forming A Reference Service Philosophy, Jeffrey A. Franks

Jeffrey A Franks

Describes a process for discovering a reference department's shared values and their role in shaping the unit's reference service philosophy.


The Plight Of Maids In Relation To Exploitation And Domestic Aggression: A Case Study Of Nakuru Municipality (M.A. Thesis), Jospeter M. Mbuba Dec 1996

The Plight Of Maids In Relation To Exploitation And Domestic Aggression: A Case Study Of Nakuru Municipality (M.A. Thesis), Jospeter M. Mbuba

Prof. Jospeter M. Mbuba

In this report, the researcher presents the findings of a study investigating the factors behind mistreatment of maids by their employers. The study was carried out from November 1994 to February 1995 in Nakuru Municipality, Nakuru District. Realizing that there is no one overall theory of exploitation and aggression, the study was based on two theoretical perspectives; the theory of aggression and the Marxist Social Class Theory. A number of distinct areas were covered in the literature review, including the entire realm of domestic violence where aggression and general mistreatment of maids lie. It was found that literature on domestic ...


Where To From Here? A Policy Research Agenda Based On The Analysis Of Administrative Data, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux Dec 1996

Where To From Here? A Policy Research Agenda Based On The Analysis Of Administrative Data, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux

Dennis P. Culhane

This article outlines a policy research agenda based on the analysis of administrative data. Computerized records of client characteristics and their related shelter utilization patterns offer researchers a rich source of longitudinal data that makes possible a wide range of investigations and can be analyzed by using an array of multivariate statistical tools. Specifically, this article discusses the contributions administrative data can make to (1) enumerating and determining the characteristics of the homeless population, (2) understanding the effect of homelessness on related public systems, (3) gauging the effect of policy interventions on the use of homeless services, (4) evaluating the ...


International Relations, Steven Alan Samson Dec 1996

International Relations, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Review Discussion: Game Theory And The Law By Douglas Baird, Robert Gertner, And Randall Picker, Eric Bennett Rasmusen, Kenneth Dau- Schmidt, Michael Alexeev, Jeff Stake, Bob Heidt Dec 1996

Review Discussion: Game Theory And The Law By Douglas Baird, Robert Gertner, And Randall Picker, Eric Bennett Rasmusen, Kenneth Dau- Schmidt, Michael Alexeev, Jeff Stake, Bob Heidt

Eric Bennett Rasmusen

Our dialogue- form review of the 1994 book by Douglas Baird, Robert Gertner \& Randall Picker.


Intended And Unintended Overconsumption Of Physical, Spacial, And Temporal Resources., Carin Herlocker, Scott Allison, John D. Foubert, James Beggan Dec 1996

Intended And Unintended Overconsumption Of Physical, Spacial, And Temporal Resources., Carin Herlocker, Scott Allison, John D. Foubert, James Beggan

John D. Foubert

Two studies explored perceptual biases on how resources are shared among groups of people. Intentional and unintentional processes were uncovered.


The Effects Of Oppositional Political Terrorism: Five Actor Based Models, Jeffrey Ian Ross Ph.D. Dec 1996

The Effects Of Oppositional Political Terrorism: Five Actor Based Models, Jeffrey Ian Ross Ph.D.

Jeffrey Ian Ross Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Promoting Identity Development: A New Role For Academic Faculty, Scott E. Hall, Susan J. Sears Dec 1996

Promoting Identity Development: A New Role For Academic Faculty, Scott E. Hall, Susan J. Sears

Scott E. Hall, Ph.D., LPCC-S

This study examined the influence of a structured curricular intervention on the personal and social identity development of college students. The authors implemented a pretest/posttest design using the revised version of the Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status-2 (EOMEIS-2). Significant posttest results supported faculty’s role in developing students’ capabilities beyond the intellectual domain. Finally, the authors discuss collaboration between academic faculty and student affairs practitioners in contributing toward students’ identity development.


Anthropology And Conflict: Reflections On The Bosnian War Part 2, Joel Halpern Dec 1996

Anthropology And Conflict: Reflections On The Bosnian War Part 2, Joel Halpern

Joel M. Halpern

It clearly takes a certain period to reflect on a singular experience in one's life. In the May 1996 issue of AnthroWatch I reported on my winter visit to Sarajevo and Mostar, the two principle towns in Bosnia. I want to begin to approach an evaluation of this situation through a personal lens. Perhaps for some anthropologists their field experiences have been distanced from war and conflict. But this has not been my experience. Rather my anthropological journeys have been contextualized by major conflicts. I first went to the Balkans in 1953, and researched, principally in Serbia, for my ...


Process-Specific Constraints In Optimality Theory, John J. Mccarthy Dec 1996

Process-Specific Constraints In Optimality Theory, John J. Mccarthy

John J. McCarthy

Similar phonological processes can be governed by different constraints. Davis (1995) claims that the effect of such process-specific constraints cannot be obtained in Optimality Theory (OT), exemplifying this point with material from harmony in Palestinian Arabic. On the contrary, I show that process-specific constraints are a natural and expected result of constraint ranking, the fundamental idea of OT. Furthermore, OT makes a restrictive prediction, the subset criterion, about coexistent process-specific constraints within a single grammar—a prediction supported by the Palestinian material. Davis also presents evidence that epenthetic segments have featural specifications, claiming that OT says they are featureless. This ...