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1997

PMN

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ddasaccident132, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Dec 1997

Ddasaccident132, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim was investigating a reading in a pile of soil deposited by the back-hoe when the mine went off. The investigators reported that the victim claimed to have been using a bayonet but that his lack of injury made them think this unlikely.


Ddasaccident134, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Dec 1997

Ddasaccident134, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that Victim No.1 was investigating a pile of spoil deposited by the back-hoe when he got a continuous detector reading and started excavating with a long handled shovel. He detonated a mine. The mine was identified as a PMN (by "found fragments").


Ddasaccident135, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Dec 1997

Ddasaccident135, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators decided that the victim found a detector reading, marked it, and started to excavate with a pick – contravening a UN MAC directive to stop using a pick for excavation. The mine was identified as a PMN (from "found fragments").


Ddasaccident136, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Dec 1997

Ddasaccident136, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

No investigation on behalf of the UN MAC was made available. An initial letter informing the UN MAC of the accident was found. The following summarises its content.


Ddasaccident139, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Nov 1997

Ddasaccident139, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators concluded that the victim was feeling unwell and had requested leave, so he might not have been concentrating when he stepped into an uncleared area. He might also have stepped on a missed mine.


Ddasaccident009, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Nov 1997

Ddasaccident009, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The victim had been a deminer for seven years. It was ten days since he had last attended a revision course, and two days since he was last on leave. The ground being cleared was described as the medium-hard bed of a dry lake. The victim's bayonet was destroyed and the visor damaged. The investigators claimed to have found fragments to confirm that the mine involved was a PMN.


Ddasaccident139, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Nov 1997

Ddasaccident139, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators checked the Team's detectors and found five to be not "in proper working condition". The victim used one of these detectors. At the end of the working day the victim was taking his equipment to the store and either stepped into an uncleared area or stepped on a missed mine (due to the faulty detectors).


Ddasaccident116, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Nov 1997

Ddasaccident116, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The accident occurred at 11:15 in an area that was undulating and steep with dry earth and rock. The victim was investigating a detector reading with a prodder when the mine exploded. He suffered minor blast injuries to his chin and small fragment injuries to his right hand, his right thigh and knee joint. His helmet and visor took most of the blast. The victim was blown back and rolled several metres down a slope. He was evacuated, with two deminers of the same blood group, to the "Emergency" Hospital.


Ddasaccident140, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 1997

Ddasaccident140, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators decided that the victim was working with the detector and got a reading. He placed one mark and squatted to prod without wearing his helmet correctly. His bayonet was “destroyed” in the accident.


Ddasaccident141, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 1997

Ddasaccident141, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim had got a detector reading, marked it and then started to excavate using a shovel and without wearing his helmet and visor. They said that during the investigation people pretended the victim has been marking the cleared area when the accident occurred but in the original accident report it was mentioned that the accident occurred during prodding – the investigators decided that "this is their pretext to confuse investigation".


Ddasaccident143, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 1997

Ddasaccident143, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that a dog had indicated a reading and Victim No.1 used his detector at the site and got two readings 35cm apart. He marked one of the indications and uncovered a MK 7 AT mine. Thinking that the second reading must be a fragment, he began investigating it carelessly and detonated the mine. His bayonet was "lost".


Ddasaccident145, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 1997

Ddasaccident145, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators found that "the ground was suitable for prodding in a prone position, but the victim was performing prodding in the squatting position. During prodding he failed to maintain the correct prodding angle and applied excessive pressure on the mine…it is presumed that the locator of the victim might not have been working properly…" The deminer's visor and glove were damaged, and his bayonet was reported to have been "lost".


Ddasaccident147, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Sep 1997

Ddasaccident147, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the accident occurred when the deminer used only one marking stone to mark a detector signal, then prodded in a squatting position which "failed him to maintain the correct prodding angle". It is suggested that he was careless because he thought he had detected a fragment (having detected many fragments immediately beforehand).


Ddasaccident008, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Sep 1997

Ddasaccident008, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

At 10:30 the victim was walking through the area to reach the rest area when he stood on a mine, thought to be a PMN buried to a depth of about 5cm. The victim suffered a below knee amputation to his left leg and minor injuries to both arms and legs.


Ddasaccident138, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Sep 1997

Ddasaccident138, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The accident area was undulating and steep with dry earth and rock. The team had found "many" PMNs in the area prior to the accident. The deminer was clearing a safe-lane and was using a prodder to inspect a reading when a PMN exploded at 11:20. He suffered minor blast injuries to his neck and chin as well as small injuries to both hands in the dorsal area and his right shoulder. His visor and helmet took most of the blast. The victim walked out of the accident area and was taken to the Emergency hospital in Sulymania along ...


Ddasaccident150, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Sep 1997

Ddasaccident150, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim investigated a signal and found part of the handle of a metal spoon. When checking the spot again, the detector signalled again and the deminer did not re-mark the signal properly because he thought the signal would be from the rest of the spoon. He prodded in a squatting position and initiated the mine with his bayonet – which was "destroyed".


Ddasaccident152, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 1997

Ddasaccident152, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim was clearing a breaching lane. He got a detector reading, marked it with a single stone, and began to prod in a squatting position. During prodding he initiated the mine. The victim was wearing a helmet and visor.


Ddasaccident154, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 1997

Ddasaccident154, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators decided that the two victims were assigned a breaching lane to clear. Victim No.1 was eager to finish investigating a signal when a rest period was announced, so hurried and used excessive force. Victim No.2: was not maintaining the safety distance required and was also injured.


Ddasaccident012, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 1997

Ddasaccident012, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The victim had last attended a revision course seven months before and had last been on leave eight days before the accident. The accident occurred on ground described as soft agricultural land. A photograph showed the ground which appeared to be dust on top of compacted fine-silt.


Ddasaccident077, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 1997

Ddasaccident077, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

A deminer [the victim in a later accident on the same day] began clearance and located a PMN. He informed the Team Leader and then continued work and located another two PMNs. He then moved to the end of the clearance lane and found a further three PMNs. As he worked he marked the lane by taking markers from the right side and putting them on the left side. Each of the discovered mines was marked with a wooden picket.


Ddasaccident078, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 1997

Ddasaccident078, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The Team leader was preparing to destroy the discovered mines when he was injured in the first mine accident on the site that day [See accident No.227]. After the Supervisor had dealt with that accident he went looking for the deminer who had found the mines, intending to appoint him as the acting Team Leader.


Ddasaccident157, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 1997

Ddasaccident157, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim was working in a “small garden”. His detector registered a signal and he prodded and located a fragment. He checked the area with the detector and it signalled again, so he prodded the same area and the mine initiated. The deminer's helmet and bayonet prodder were "destroyed". A photograph showed that the visor has been torn from the helmet on one side.


Ddasaccident156, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Aug 1997

Ddasaccident156, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim used his detector over the two meter clearance lane he was working. He then put on an anti-fragment jacket and a helmet to start prodding. During the prodding he "made mistake by inserting excessive pressure on the top of the mine…"


Ddasaccident026, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Jul 1997

Ddasaccident026, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

On the day of the accident a truck initiated a mine with its right front wheel as it turned onto the verge to unload. The driver was sitting above the wheel that caused the detonation. He escaped from the cab before it caught fire. He was taken to hospital but later discharged in "good health". The blast wave threw the truck one-meter forward, destroyed the wheel and made the cab and front tyres catch fire. [Photographs indicate minimal blast damage to the cab above the wheel arch – implying deflagration rather than detonation of the device, or an incendiary/small blast ...


Ddasaccident082, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Jul 1997

Ddasaccident082, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim had checked the area with a detector then started to cut the grass and bush with a sickle. He stepped on a mine that he has missed at the end of his work on the previous day. The investigation was limited by bad security in the area and the investigators were unable to validate a claim that the Schiebel detector signalled constantly and so was unreliable.


Ddasaccident084, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Jul 1997

Ddasaccident084, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim was clearing the side of a small stream when he got a detector signal and marked it, then prodded but could not find anything. He checked the reading but did not "remark" it and started to prod again. The mine detonated. The victim's visor shattered into many shards in the blast (as shown in a photograph). His bayonet had a bent blade and the handle had broken up.


Ddasaccident083, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Jul 1997

Ddasaccident083, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The victim had been a deminer for three years. It was two months since he had last attended a revision course and seven days since his last leave. The area being cleared was described as "hard and bushy". The investigators decided that the mine involved was a PMN and that either the victim was cutting bushes without sweeping/detecting the area in front of him, or the deminer lost his balance while squatting to cut bush and stepped sideways onto a mine. His helmet was reported to have been damaged in the blast.


Ddasaccident086, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Jun 1997

Ddasaccident086, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim had investigated a reading in the squatting position with a prod. He was not "wearing his helmet properly". They identified the mine as a PMN (from "found fragments") and recorded that the victim's helmet and bayonet were "destroyed".


Ddasaccident088, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Jun 1997

Ddasaccident088, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that, after a dog had signalled at a spot, the deminer located a signal with a detector and marked it, then started digging with a pick. His partner warning him to change to a bayonet at the second marker but he ignored the warning. He dug up to the third marker with the pick, so struck the mine. His pick was "destroyed".


Ddasaccident101, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Jun 1997

Ddasaccident101, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

The investigators determined that the victim thought a detector reading was a fragment and was careless when prodding. The mine was identified as a PMN (from "found fragments/pieces"). The victim's bayonet was "lost" and his helmet damaged.