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Articles 1 - 30 of 90

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Morality Of Trading And Purchasing Pollution Emissions Rights: Further Comments On The Dec 1997

The Morality Of Trading And Purchasing Pollution Emissions Rights: Further Comments On The

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The December 12, 1997 Issue of IBPP provides an analysis supporting the trading and purchasing of pollution- emissions rights as means to responsibly confront the threat of global warming. The present article maintains this stance in critiquing a December 15, 1997 article in The New York Times by Michael J. Sandel, a professor of government at Harvard University.


Trends. Iran, Iraq, And Dual Containment: The Unbalanced Balance, Editor Dec 1997

Trends. Iran, Iraq, And Dual Containment: The Unbalanced Balance, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses his views on whether or not US policy should change in regards to Iran and Iraq in the wake of allegedly conciliatory comments towards the USG made by Iranian President Mohammed Khatami and of continued noncompliance by Saddam Hussein with United Nations (UN)-mandated sanctions.


Trends. The Kyoto Protocol: Emissions On Trading Or Purchasing Emissions Rights, Editor Dec 1997

Trends. The Kyoto Protocol: Emissions On Trading Or Purchasing Emissions Rights, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

In this analysis, the author discusses the Kyoto Protocol.


Functionalism As An Aid To Antiterrorist/Counterterrorist Analysis Dec 1997

Functionalism As An Aid To Antiterrorist/Counterterrorist Analysis

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes how philosophical and psychological variants of functionalism can aid antiterrorist/counterterrorist analysis.


Ethnic Boundaries And The Margins Of The Margin, Bent D. Jφrgenson Dec 1997

Ethnic Boundaries And The Margins Of The Margin, Bent D. Jφrgenson

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Conflict Resolution: Towards Problem Solving, John Burton Dec 1997

Conflict Resolution: Towards Problem Solving, John Burton

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Securitised Ethnic Identities And Communal Conflicts, Tarja Väyrynen Dec 1997

Securitised Ethnic Identities And Communal Conflicts, Tarja Väyrynen

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Transitions To Democratic Constitutions In Ethnic Conflicts, Tore Nyhamar Dec 1997

Transitions To Democratic Constitutions In Ethnic Conflicts, Tore Nyhamar

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Peacemaking Through Nonviolence, Michael N. Nagler Dec 1997

Peacemaking Through Nonviolence, Michael N. Nagler

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


New Communitarian Thought And The Future Of Social Policy, John Mcnutt Dec 1997

New Communitarian Thought And The Future Of Social Policy, John Mcnutt

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Communitarian thought is an emerging force in American social policy in the 1990s. Communitarians see the breakdown of community and morality as the major problem of our society. They conclude that rampant individualism is the cause of this breakdown. Communitarians propose reforms that will limit rampant individualism and restore our communities and institutions. In these proposals are threats to social justice, as well as positive elements that social workers can endorse. This paper reviews and critiques the communitarian position and suggests ways that social workers can use this new force to advance the cause of social justice.


Time Series Analysis Of The Implementation Of Child Support Enforcement Policies In Federal Region V States, Susan Gaffney, Sumati Dubey Dec 1997

Time Series Analysis Of The Implementation Of Child Support Enforcement Policies In Federal Region V States, Susan Gaffney, Sumati Dubey

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study examines the impact legislation, such as the Family Support Act of 1988, Child Support Recovery Act of 1992 and Ted Weiss Child Support Enforcement Act of 1992 had on child support enforcement in Federal Region V states (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin). These pieces of legislation authorize coercive means to force noncustodial parents to meet their child support obligations. Child support is the money noncustodial parents are obligated to pay for the support of their children on a monthly basis. Child support laws have been enacted to increase the number of noncustodial parents located, paternities established ...


Globalization: Bad News For Antiterrorism And Counterterrorism Nov 1997

Globalization: Bad News For Antiterrorism And Counterterrorism

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article suggests that increasing globalization increases the threat of terrorism.


Trends. Verification Of Nuclear Weapons Treaties: Do "Open Skies" Make A Difference? Necessarily Enjoying It, Editor Oct 1997

Trends. Verification Of Nuclear Weapons Treaties: Do "Open Skies" Make A Difference? Necessarily Enjoying It, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the implication of "Open Skies" on the misperceptions and government deceptions leading to increased conflict and war.


Trends. Political Psychologies Of Welfare, Editor Oct 1997

Trends. Political Psychologies Of Welfare, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the pros and cons of government welfare programs.


Amnesty For Amnesty: Towards An International Criminal Court Oct 1997

Amnesty For Amnesty: Towards An International Criminal Court

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This paper articulates some of the psychological and philosophical Issues underlying political conflict on the question of amnesty.


Trends. Environment And Security In An Era Of Globalization: Why Kyoto Matters Oct 1997

Trends. Environment And Security In An Era Of Globalization: Why Kyoto Matters

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

THe author discusses the international meeting on global warming set for Kyoto, Japan in December 1997, in which the United States government (USG) still has not provided significant input as to direction, agenda, criteria, and the like.


What Should You Notice When You Get Notice?: Undiscovered But Discoverable Environmental Claims In Bankruptcy, Royanne Kashiwahara Doi, H. Hammer Hill Oct 1997

What Should You Notice When You Get Notice?: Undiscovered But Discoverable Environmental Claims In Bankruptcy, Royanne Kashiwahara Doi, H. Hammer Hill

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Risky Assessments: Uncertainties In Science And The Human Dimensions Of Environmental Decision Making, Eileen Gay Jones Oct 1997

Risky Assessments: Uncertainties In Science And The Human Dimensions Of Environmental Decision Making, Eileen Gay Jones

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley Sep 1997

Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley

New England Journal of Public Policy

This special issue of the journal, "Workforce Development: Health Care and Human Services," focuses on a range of problems in the health care and human service fields from a perspective that is, to say the least, frequently neglected in public policy discussion — the perspective of their workforces and the labor organizations that represent them. In many respects, the questions the articles address are a microcosm of the problems that will daunt us in the future, daunt us even more because, in a world of limited choices, denial has a special utility: by allowing us to evoke the unpalatable, it allows ...


Labor's Response To Hospital And Workplace Transformation, Enid Eckstein Sep 1997

Labor's Response To Hospital And Workplace Transformation, Enid Eckstein

New England Journal of Public Policy

The health care industry and the nation's hospitals are in the throes of revolutionary change. The shift to managed care resulted in fundamental changes in the delivery of care and the structure of health care, For the past ten years, hospitals have actively been merging and creating large-scale integrated delivery systems. Employers, eager to expand market share and reduce costs, are engaged in radical reorganization of the hospital and the structure of work from which no group is immune. Physicians, nurses, technicians, and housekeepers are all affected by these changes. Hospitals are reducing their personnel, shifting work outside the ...


From Welfare To What?: The Limitations Of Low-Income Work, Lande Ajose Sep 1997

From Welfare To What?: The Limitations Of Low-Income Work, Lande Ajose

New England Journal of Public Policy

The premise of the welfare law enacted by Congress is that people living in poverty could vastly improve their economic status if only they were employed. The author argues that economic security for welfare recipients will not be realized simply by increasing the labor-force attachment. Home health aides comprise an occupation that could absorb many of the large pool of workers expected to join the labor market because demand for their services is high and barriers to entry are low. However, as this survey shows, the home health field offers limited promise to welfare recipients because, significantly for women rolling ...


Nursing: A New Day, A New Way, Lin Zhan, Jane Cloutterback Sep 1997

Nursing: A New Day, A New Way, Lin Zhan, Jane Cloutterback

New England Journal of Public Policy

The U.S. health care environment is changing rapidly. Its structure, financing, and delivery are being reconfigured toward an integrated system based on managed care. Increasingly, national interest in health promotion and disease prevention is moving care away from a disease-oriented, institutionally based model to a population-focused, wellness-oriented, and community-based system. Health care consumers are diversifying in age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. The approach emerging from these changes and others requires nursing to rethink, redesign, and retool its workforce to meet new challenges. This article analyzes nursing education, practice, and operations. The authors discuss the dilemmas and complexity of developing ...


We Are The Roots: The Culture Of Home Health Aides, Ruth Glasser, Jeremy Brecher Sep 1997

We Are The Roots: The Culture Of Home Health Aides, Ruth Glasser, Jeremy Brecher

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article focuses on the contributions of its workers' culture to the success of Cooperative Home Care Associates (CHCA). It examines what the home healthaides bring to the culture of the company, how their contribution develops through their experience with the company, and how their heritage contributes to their CHCA work and to the company as an organization. This is one segment of a larger study that will deal with the background and history of CHCA, the vision of the founders and its implementation, the role of organizational policy, and the contribution of management philosophy to its accomplishment.


Improving Workforce Conditions In Private Human Service Agencies: A Partnership Between A Union And Human Service Providers, James Green Sep 1997

Improving Workforce Conditions In Private Human Service Agencies: A Partnership Between A Union And Human Service Providers, James Green

New England Journal of Public Policy

In 1995 the Service Employees International Union Local 509 and four Massachusetts human service providers signed an unusual agreement to forge a partnership in which employers would remain neutral while the union approached its workers with an offer to advocate in the state legislature for greater funding for private human service employees and to promote cooperative relations with their employers. This study examines the context of the agreement and the pressures on public employee unions and small human service providers whose workforce copes with low wages, high turnover, meager benefits, and poor public image as well as the give-and-take between ...


Foreword, Andrés Torres, James Green Sep 1997

Foreword, Andrés Torres, James Green

New England Journal of Public Policy

Many important debates about public policy at the national level and in states like Massachusetts have centered on health care and human services, including welfare and the care of children, the abused, the disabled, the elderly, and those suffering from mental and physical illness. In this issue scholars and advocates examine a range of problems in the health care and human service fields from a perspective often lacking in the public policy discussion — that of the workforce and of the labor organizations that represent the workforce.


Performance And Accountability In Human Services: Ownership And Responsibility Of Professionals, Anna-Marie Madison Sep 1997

Performance And Accountability In Human Services: Ownership And Responsibility Of Professionals, Anna-Marie Madison

New England Journal of Public Policy

The recent frenzy of grant makers and government agencies in requiring impact evaluations of all grant recipients has created consternation among human service providers. To ensure their agencies' survival and worker job security, the leaders are faced with meeting the demands offunder-driven programming. Agencies seeking funding must comply with funder-defined needs and accountability criteria rather than their public missions. This article describes the use of mission-based performance evaluation rather than funder compliance to demonstrate accountability for mission accomplishment.


The Potential Impact Of Workforce Development Legislation On Cbos, Edwin Meléndez Sep 1997

The Potential Impact Of Workforce Development Legislation On Cbos, Edwin Meléndez

New England Journal of Public Policy

The proposed congressional legislation revamping the employment and training system will result in budget cuts, program consolidation, and block grants for the states. These changes are potentially harmful to community-based organizations (CBOs) because (J ) they eliminate categorical funding that traditionally has required contracting with organizations which specialize in servicing the disadvantaged, and (2) they introduce stricter performance standards that may be unattainable for many small-scale operations. However, the adoption of best practices in serving non-English-speaking and poor populations, increasing connections to emerging government intermediaries in labor markets, and establishing greater linkages to postsecondary educational institutions may offer CBOs the opportunity ...


Trends. Mother Teresa And The War On Poverty Sep 1997

Trends. Mother Teresa And The War On Poverty

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses Mother Teresa's views on poverty.


A Moral Dilemma For The Political Psychologist: Decreasing Criminal Violence As Symptom Sep 1997

A Moral Dilemma For The Political Psychologist: Decreasing Criminal Violence As Symptom

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes two approaches to decreasing criminal violence and the moral dilemma in choosing between them.


Some Truth About Truth Commissions Ii Sep 1997

Some Truth About Truth Commissions Ii

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

In "Some Truth about Truth Commissions," 1(12), 1-3, IBPP described some of the main purposes and consequences of political truth commissions. In the present article, IBPP describes some of the problems inherent in discharging one potential responsibility of such commissions--managing the disposition of secret files developed by a previous government on the citizens that government allegedly represented.