Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 42

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Western Michigan University Teaching Style Survey: A Nonevaluative Scale Of Teaching Style As Reported By Students, Christopher A. Lewis Dec 1997

Western Michigan University Teaching Style Survey: A Nonevaluative Scale Of Teaching Style As Reported By Students, Christopher A. Lewis

Honors Theses

Students know little about the differences between professors that they may at some point come in contact. Students rely heavily on hearsay of others to learn about the teaching style of professors. This hearsay is non-scientific, relying on mainly opinions instead of fact. The Teaching Style Survey (TSS) looks at a professors' teaching style and how it relates to the students' learning style. With this information, students will be able to find professors that complement their learning style, not blindly picking the professor just to fill a time slot. This becomes particularly important when looking at multiple sections and elective ...


Power Of The Party: An Assessment Of Political Party Impact On The Nomination Processes For The U.S. House Of Representatives, Cary Gibson May 1997

Power Of The Party: An Assessment Of Political Party Impact On The Nomination Processes For The U.S. House Of Representatives, Cary Gibson

Honors Theses

In 1942, prominent political scientist E.E. Schattschneider said of the importance of the nomination to political parties: "Unless the party makes authoritative and effective nominations, it cannot stay in business...The nature of the nomination procedure determines the nature of the party; he who can make nominations is the owner of the party."l Statements such as this articulate the importance of the nominating power to political parties: the ability to make effective nominations is an integral part of their function in the electoral system. However, throughout this century, American political parties have been witness to a startling decline ...


Us/Japanese Trade Policy: A Defense Of Limited Unilateralism, Stephen D. Behnke Apr 1997

Us/Japanese Trade Policy: A Defense Of Limited Unilateralism, Stephen D. Behnke

Honors Theses

With the end of the Cold War, the Soviet threat is no longer a factor in our formulation of trade policy with Japan. In days past, the State Department cited geopolitical concerns in its on-going battle with those sections of the government who were more willing to slap trade restrictions on Japan for alleged unfair trading practices. Until the early 1970s, United States trade policy was almost totally subjugated to winning the Cold War; our market was thrown open to imports even if others were not. Back then, though, this was not only a wise Cold War "military tactic," but ...


Michigan State Government Employment Sector: Are We In Line With The National Trends?, Thomas Walter Cronkright Ii Apr 1997

Michigan State Government Employment Sector: Are We In Line With The National Trends?, Thomas Walter Cronkright Ii

Honors Theses

Examines the national trends of employment to make a comparison for Michigan State government employment. Results show that Michigan's public employment trends do not follow national employment trends in a comparable way. Michigan is distinct from the nation for several reasons: a hiring freeze placed on Michigan State Departments, higher levels of union participation and employee pay, and benefits packages that cost more than the Executive Branch of the U.S. government. Thus, either Michigan provides superior benefits or it pays a premium for those benefits. Suggests further research is needed.


Empowerment In The United States Congress, James D. Mark, Christopher J. Poulos Apr 1997

Empowerment In The United States Congress, James D. Mark, Christopher J. Poulos

Honors Theses

The purpose of the forthcoming study is to gain an understanding of how empowerment is utilized in the political arena. The project will primarily deal with Congress and the relations between Members. With all of the facets of the legislative branch, it is necessary to narrow this study to several aspects of the body. Due to the diversity of Congressional Members and the formal structure of House and Senate committees, this investigation will serve to provide a concentrated, yet thorough analysis of the presence of empowerment.


The Prophet And The Preacher : An Exploration Of Charismatic Leadership In Two American Religious Movements, Stefanie R. Mathew Jan 1997

The Prophet And The Preacher : An Exploration Of Charismatic Leadership In Two American Religious Movements, Stefanie R. Mathew

Honors Theses

From its very inception. the general, overarching goal of this study has been to integrate two academic disciplines that had a relatively small amount of previous scholarship uniting them. This paper has shown that it is quite possible to intermingle the fields of leadership studies and religion successfully. The specific purpose of this paper was the further exploration of the topic of charismatic leadership in a relatively untouched context, that of radical religious groups in modem America. The result of this project is a lengthy treatment of the topic of charismatic leadership in two specific case studies, and the final ...


Why Teams? : Assessing The Incorporation And Development Of Teams At J.P. Morgan's Delaware Private Client Group-Operations, Christine M. Wang Jan 1997

Why Teams? : Assessing The Incorporation And Development Of Teams At J.P. Morgan's Delaware Private Client Group-Operations, Christine M. Wang

Honors Theses

J.P. Morgan Services, Inc. implemented teams into its Private Client Group-Operations (PCG-Ops) located in Wilmington, Delaware during the summer of 1996, in an initiative the company called Realignment. The goal of my senior project is to explore the use of teams in corporate settings. By assessing how consistent the Private Client Group's Realignment initiative is with the current team development, organizational change, and organizational development literature. In this project four main concepts will be examined:

l . The reasons why JP Morgan changed from a traditional hierarchical structure to one that is team based.

2. The results of the ...


Lifting The Bar : Leadership In The Attorney-Client Relationship, Dennis C. Barghaan Jan 1997

Lifting The Bar : Leadership In The Attorney-Client Relationship, Dennis C. Barghaan

Honors Theses

VA State Senator Mark Earley, a lawyer by trade, addressed the Norfolk-Portsmouth Bar Association in October 1995, and claimed that the profession, in order to survive, must engage in both serious talk and sincere action. As a result, much of the negative feeling about lawyers within American society will begin to change as the public sees attorneys for what they should be -- leaders in their everyday interactions with clients.


An Application Of Zen Philosophy To A Modern Conceptualization Of Leadership, John Williams Jan 1997

An Application Of Zen Philosophy To A Modern Conceptualization Of Leadership, John Williams

Honors Theses

The purpose of this project is to determine what relationships, if any, exist between Zen Buddhism and modern conceptualizations of leadership. In a review of existing literature, no analysis was found that examined the relationship between concepts associated with leadership theory and Zen principles. Hence, in order to explore these issues, I employed the following basic procedure. First I identified a modern representation of theories of leadership. This step involved an examination of existing theories of leadership, and a survey in which the faculty at the Jepson School of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond ranked a set of ...


"A Model Of Crisis", Charlotte A. Trudel Jan 1997

"A Model Of Crisis", Charlotte A. Trudel

Honors Theses

During the spring 1996 semester, the Jepson School of Leadership Studies offered a special topics course titled "Leadership in Crisis." The course, co-taught by Dr. Richard Couto and former Virginia Attorney-General Mary-Sue Terry, intended to "offer students CPR instruction to sustain organizational and personal vision" (Couto) for a group or organization dealing with crisis. Members of the class were instructed in crisis taxonomy and classification, crisis in diverse contexts, crisis management plans, crisis perspectives from both inside and outside of organizations, and the role of the personal in dealing with crisis. The faculty instructors determined that although the course had ...


Making The Net Work : The Influence Of Networking On Black Women Executives' Leadership In The Telecommunications Industry, Kayren J. Shoffner Jan 1997

Making The Net Work : The Influence Of Networking On Black Women Executives' Leadership In The Telecommunications Industry, Kayren J. Shoffner

Honors Theses

Leadership is exemplified by growth. It is not enough to be a strong leader; in order to develop that leadership, one must continue to grow. In order to grow, one must be in the company of likeminded people. Hence, the power of networking to increase and enhance one's leadership development is great. When I look at my leadership development over the past four years, I am able to identify definite growth. This growth was facilitated by the networking situations in which I placed myself or created.

Previous research in this area reveals that women in general, and black women ...


The Equal Division Rule Of The Democratic National Committee And Its Effects On Female Leadership, Elizabeth Musick Jan 1997

The Equal Division Rule Of The Democratic National Committee And Its Effects On Female Leadership, Elizabeth Musick

Honors Theses

At the conclusion of this research, I have found that male and female leaders in high political positions (such as the head of state party) differ only slightly in their leadership styles. As Sue Wren pointed out, she does not know if the constant company of male leaders has affected her style more than her own personal leanings toward one leadership practice over another. According to research regarding how one's sex affects his/her leadership, it has been found that," ... sex is related to a preference for using a particular style but does not cause a preference for a ...


University Of Richmond Fraternities : A Plan For The Future, Josh Murray Jan 1997

University Of Richmond Fraternities : A Plan For The Future, Josh Murray

Honors Theses

Colleges and Universities across the country grant students the opportunity for development in all areas of life. Within these educational institutions, student organizations play a major role by challenging students to become more involved and contribute to the University community. Social fraternities exemplify one popular means of student involvement. However, the appeal fraternities have on first-year students is unclear and individualistic. For some freshman students amidst an intense phase of transition, Greek organizations fulfill a desperate need for affiliation. They provide incoming students with a support structure and a network of friends who aid in the adaptation to an entirely ...


Community Organizations As Agents Of Change : A Proposed Framework, Heidi E. Gottschalk Jan 1997

Community Organizations As Agents Of Change : A Proposed Framework, Heidi E. Gottschalk

Honors Theses

This project evaluates the way that community organizations influence children and adults, and can be leaders as a positive force of change. Programs provide teens with the opportunity to become involved in activities that are more enriching and beneficial to their well-being than alcohol, drugs, sex, violence and crime. The hope is that these programs have a positive effect on teens, which in turn, will indirectly affect positive change within the community.


Early Influences On Leadership Behavior, Autumn Fehr Jan 1997

Early Influences On Leadership Behavior, Autumn Fehr

Honors Theses

The goal of my research project is to study early influences, especially those from the family, on leadership behavior. While children are growing up, their families play a large role in shaping their ideas, beliefs, values and behaviors. Certainly, the development of an individual's leadership style is a continuous process which does not end when one becomes independent of the family. However, the impact of this early influence must be assessed.


The Study Of Leadership In Chesapeake Bay Watershed Associations : A Case Study In Citizen Leadership, Joanne Demoss Jan 1997

The Study Of Leadership In Chesapeake Bay Watershed Associations : A Case Study In Citizen Leadership, Joanne Demoss

Honors Theses

There are many watershed associations such as the James River Association or the Chicahominy Watershed Alliance throughout the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, but it is unclear how these organizations function and what makes one more effective than another. I have evaluated these organizations through surveys and interviews in an attempt to develop a guideline of leadership best practices of these various organizations.


Economic System As A Factor Influencing Leadership Behavior : A Case Study Of Leadership In Russia From 1917 To 1995, Matthew B. Danis Jan 1997

Economic System As A Factor Influencing Leadership Behavior : A Case Study Of Leadership In Russia From 1917 To 1995, Matthew B. Danis

Honors Theses

Envisioned by Lenin and molded by Stalin, the Soviet Union, and its communist economic system, lasted seventy-four years, from 1917 to 1991. The inception of communism in the Soviet Union was a result of the losses Russia incurred during World War I. Devastation during the war and mismanagement by the government throughout created an atmosphere ripe for revolution. With the leadership of Lenin, the Bolshevik Revolution occurred in November 1917, and the Communist Party was created in March 1918.


Emerging Leaders : Leadership Studies In Secondary Education, Scott D. Dalessio, Megan Delany Jan 1997

Emerging Leaders : Leadership Studies In Secondary Education, Scott D. Dalessio, Megan Delany

Honors Theses

The high school students of today that will be the leaders of tomorrow. These individuals guide the country through the new changes and diverse conflicts that characterize the twenty­ first century. How can these students leave the effective leadership skills that they will need to respond to this challenge? American educational systems must provide their students with the tools to cope successfully with such transitions. Programs such as Empowered Leaders of Hanover County High Schools therefore represent attempt to respond to the need for modem leaders and a recognition of the value and imporrtance of the instruction of leadership competencies ...


Leadership In Teams At Owen And Minor, Inc., Jay Carroll Jan 1997

Leadership In Teams At Owen And Minor, Inc., Jay Carroll

Honors Theses

In this paper, we researched concepts directly linked with the idea of leadership as it relates to teams. As a result of our initial reactions to leadership in teams at Owens & Minor, we decided to explore the relationship between teams and organizational culture, communication, motivation and empowerment. However, we did not limit ourselves only to these concepts. We selected the above leadership and team concepts based on a review of research that explored issues associated with the use of teams in organizations.With direction provided by our supervisors and other members of the Jepson faculty, we narrowed the plethora of ...


A Cultural Test Of Transforming Leadership Using Three Case Studies : W.E.B. Dubois, Leopold Sedar Senghor, And Vaclav Havel, Christie Getman Jan 1997

A Cultural Test Of Transforming Leadership Using Three Case Studies : W.E.B. Dubois, Leopold Sedar Senghor, And Vaclav Havel, Christie Getman

Honors Theses

The overall goal of this research project is to do a comprehensive study that integrates an undergraduate career in leadership studies with a thorough, critical examination of a topic that is of interest to me. Since beginning course work at the Jepson School, I have felt that a majority of the theories and concepts studied have been primarily focused on the leader and the follower, and their relationship. My goal is to examine the theory of transforming leadership through specific case studies of transforming leaders, and test how the element of culture affects this transforming leadership.


Effective Nonprofit Organizations Through Leadership And Alignment, Megan Fleischman Jan 1997

Effective Nonprofit Organizations Through Leadership And Alignment, Megan Fleischman

Honors Theses

As nonprofit organizations grow in size and number, there is an ever-growing need to strength in leadership within these organizations that will help to combat the general ineffective nature of nonprofits. This leadership must follow a model that emphasizes the essential nature of a cooperative relationship among all of the primary leadership entities that exist in nonprofit organizations. Without a balance among these forces, nonprofit organizations risk their productivity and effectiveness.


Leadership And King Lear, Lauren P. Fitzgerald Jan 1997

Leadership And King Lear, Lauren P. Fitzgerald

Honors Theses

This project deals with language used in critical works. Specifically, this paper is about leadership in Shakespeare's works.


Leadership And The Breast Cancer Movement, Amy Silverstein Jan 1997

Leadership And The Breast Cancer Movement, Amy Silverstein

Honors Theses

The breast cancer movement stays away from power struggles and superiority complexes. These women figured out that in order to stay organized and in control, every woman needed to feel included. The nature of the issue of the movement helps as well. Since most of these women fought the disease either themselves or with others, they understand how important a supportive environment contributes to a person's well-being. This support flows into the movement and contributes to the sense of togetherness. Some women are more prone to leadership than others, but that does not mean that they are somehow superior ...


Leadership Skills : A Course Proposal, Joe Rinaldi Jan 1997

Leadership Skills : A Course Proposal, Joe Rinaldi

Honors Theses

Theory based classes are the foundation that future leadership is built upon. These classes provide a useful framework that leadership majors can draw from for the rest of their lives, but this ignores where they are now. The leadership school focuses too much on leadership beyond graduation and not enough on the limitless opportunities for leadership that are available to students today. The leadership school has no interaction with the vast number of leadership training courses that are taught to every group from Resident Assistants to Orientation Counselors to the various honor councils and governmental bodies that flourish on campus ...


A Model For Cultural Analysis In The Frame Of Leadership, David Nelson Jan 1997

A Model For Cultural Analysis In The Frame Of Leadership, David Nelson

Honors Theses

Leadership in the business world is coming under scrutiny now more than ever. The foundations of the business world are crumbling and new perspectives are diversifying the context of almost every business. Even the inside of business' are changing. New people are getting the chance to make changes in the companies, and their changes are altering how things are done. Business can be analyzed through the frame of culture. An analysis of the culture of a company will bring to light the way the company is structured (the formal structure) and the way the company works in day to day ...


Leadership And Its Impact On Young People Attending American Red Cross Youth Development Conference, Colleen M. Lynam Jan 1997

Leadership And Its Impact On Young People Attending American Red Cross Youth Development Conference, Colleen M. Lynam

Honors Theses

My involvement with the American Red Cross began in the fall of 1996. After many phone calls and meetings to talk about responsibilities and requirements as a volunteer, I decided to do my Jepson Internship as the Youth Coordinator for the Red Cross. During my semester downtown on Main Street, I learned a great deal about non-profit organizations in general and the Red Cross specifically. The employees there became both my role models and my friends. As the fall semester came to a close, we talked about the possibility of my continuing my association with the Red Cross by finding ...


Crisis Management And Negotiation In Professional Sports : The Leadership Of The Commissioner, Eric Hoffman Jan 1997

Crisis Management And Negotiation In Professional Sports : The Leadership Of The Commissioner, Eric Hoffman

Honors Theses

My research has yielded two distinctive types of literature which I will be combining in my research to develop logical conclusions that will provide support for the basic hypothesis: The ability of a commissioner to effectively exercise leadership skills in crisis and negotiation has a correlated effect upon the popularity and marketability of the sport. The two categories of literature are leadership textbooks and newspaper articles primarily written by sports journalists.

The main hypothesis that will be tested in this research project is that when a commissioner competently exercises crisis management, conflict resolution, and communication skills in the eyes of ...


Women's Leadership : A Study On Empowerment As Related To Midwifery, J.T. Henry Jan 1997

Women's Leadership : A Study On Empowerment As Related To Midwifery, J.T. Henry

Honors Theses

The hypothesis stating empowerment is a competency displayed within feminine leadership and manifested in the practice of midwifery is proven through the research of this project. The case studies and literature review both provide the evidence to make this conclusion. Researchers Loden, Klenke, and Rosener are proponents of feminine leadership, and whom support the style of feminine leadership has one which will be vital in the coming century. The midwives and mothers whose testimony are secured within the case studies also advocate the importance of feminine leadership and the competency empowerment as being present in their experiences, ensuring success. Within ...


Project America : A Leader In Service, Karen Mcdonnell Jan 1997

Project America : A Leader In Service, Karen Mcdonnell

Honors Theses

Project America was founded as a grassroots organization which uses a national day of service as a vital means of promotion of volunteerism. It targets people from all walks of life, from elementary school students to senior citizens, Girl Scouts to union members. It is an organization that exists to promote and empower citizens to improve their communities. The primary objective of Project America is "to engage citizens in addressing issues important to them on a local level through volunteerism. This year round mission is anchored in an annual national day of community improvement, Project America Day."1

The founders ...


Leadership Within The Camps : A Study Of Holocaust Resistance, Meredith Ann Fallon Jan 1997

Leadership Within The Camps : A Study Of Holocaust Resistance, Meredith Ann Fallon

Honors Theses

The primary question underlying my research is, "What environmental factors, individual characteristics, behaviors, beliefs, and socialization factors enabled or ignited certain Jews to emerge as leaders within the concentration camps during WW II?" This study could reveal valuable information concerning why, how, and what types of leaders emerge in highly adverse and life threatening situations, and how some of these leaders were able to achieve success.