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1997

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Articles 1 - 30 of 54

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Growth Of A Natural History Museum On The Prairie: The University Of Nebraska State Museum, 1871-1996, Thomas P. Myers Oct 1997

Growth Of A Natural History Museum On The Prairie: The University Of Nebraska State Museum, 1871-1996, Thomas P. Myers

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Since its founding in 1871, the University of Nebraska State Museum has been a leader in the study of the natural history of the plains and prairies of the central United States. Its history can be divided into three eras: 1)founding and first steps in a struggling new university (1871-1891); 2) the Barbour-Schultz era (1891-1970) when research focused on vertebrate paleontology and exhibition became a major focus; and 3) recent history (1970-present) beginning with the consolidation of university collections in 1970, the professionalization of museum staff, and increased access through computerization. Research and public exhibits have been prominent components ...


Review Of The Carrion Beetles (Coleoptera: Silphidae) Of Nebraska By Brett C. Ratcliffe, Stephen Trumbo Oct 1997

Review Of The Carrion Beetles (Coleoptera: Silphidae) Of Nebraska By Brett C. Ratcliffe, Stephen Trumbo

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Until the 1970s the carrion beetles were appreciated by only a handful of entomologists who knew where to locate the scattered pertinent information buried within the scientific literature. Summaries of the natural history of the only social genus (Nicrophorus) within the family Silphidae by E. O. Wilson (1971) and Milne and Milne (1976) seem to have attracted biologists of diverse interests to investigate these odoriferous beetles. At present, nearly a dozen papers are published yearly on the ecology, behavior, evolution, physiology, conservation, and molecular biology of the silphids. The Carrion Beetles of Nebraska, a handsome and well-written volume, provides the ...


A Great Plains Presidential Primary?, James L. Mcdowell Oct 1997

A Great Plains Presidential Primary?, James L. Mcdowell

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

This paper examines the feasibility of establishing a regional presidential primary for the Great Plains States. It reviews the introduction of primaries for selecting national convention delegates, and the slowness of these states to adopt this method. Further, it surveys the use of the primary in the region, noting the independence of Great Plains voters in both the prereform and post-reform periods. Finally, the paper recommends that Great Plains States adopt a regional primary; suggests they select the earliest possible date in order to enhance their influence on the selection of presidential nominees; and offers several alternative proposals, depending upon ...


Where One Size Does Not Fit All: Small Community Diversity, Kathleen Prochaska-Cue, Ann Ziebarth, Bonnie Shrewsbury Oct 1997

Where One Size Does Not Fit All: Small Community Diversity, Kathleen Prochaska-Cue, Ann Ziebarth, Bonnie Shrewsbury

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Using a community classification based on key demographic and geographic factors and data from the U.S. Census, analyses from 212 small communities indicate significant inter- and intra-state differences. The communities studied were located in two states within the North Central Region. The sample was limited to incorporated places with populations between 1,000 and 2,500. Several commonly-held ideas about small communities are either challenged or confirmed by this research. Similarities and differences among the communities as well as between the states support the conclusion that small communities have diverse characteristics. Not all small communities ofthis size are geographically ...


Regional Socioeconomic And Sociocultural Differences Among U.S. Latinos: The Effects Of Historical And Contemporary Latino Immigration/Migration Streams, Ed A. Munoz, Suzanne T. Ortega Oct 1997

Regional Socioeconomic And Sociocultural Differences Among U.S. Latinos: The Effects Of Historical And Contemporary Latino Immigration/Migration Streams, Ed A. Munoz, Suzanne T. Ortega

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

In this paper we explore two potential sources of variation in the life experiences of Latinos in the United States: region of the country in which a group resides and national origin. Although scholars have recognized the theoretical importance of these two variables, few studies have empirically examined the relationship of region of the country and national origin to socioeconomic variables such as occupation, education, and income or to cultural variables such as bilingualism and English language proficiency. Data from the 1990 U.S. Census 5% Public Use Micro Sample show that both the social structural and cultural experiences of ...


Contents - Volume 7, Number 2, Fall 1997 Oct 1997

Contents - Volume 7, Number 2, Fall 1997

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Contents:

Articles

Book Reviews

News and Notes

Annual Index


Annual Index Oct 1997

Annual Index

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

index


Review Of "Toil And Peaceful Life": Doukhobor Village Settlement In Saskatchewan, 1899-1918 By Carl J. Tracie, Hans B. Werner Oct 1997

Review Of "Toil And Peaceful Life": Doukhobor Village Settlement In Saskatchewan, 1899-1918 By Carl J. Tracie, Hans B. Werner

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

The Doukhobor story has had an abiding interest for students of group settlement on the Canadian Prairies. Doukhobors were pacifist Russian peasants and some of the more exotic of Clifford Sifton's sturdy immigrant farmers. The 7,400 Doukhobors who came to Canada established some fifty-seven villages on three reserved blocks of prairie and parkland in Saskatchewan. By 1918 the original villages were abandoned and the reserved lands were lost. Carl Tracie's study of Community Doukhobor settlement in Saskatchewan seeks to explain "past cultural landscapes-the distinctive marks on the land which people of differing cultures make in the process ...


Review Of Prairie Voices: Process Anthropology In Family Medicine By Howard F. Stein, Charles B. Hennon Oct 1997

Review Of Prairie Voices: Process Anthropology In Family Medicine By Howard F. Stein, Charles B. Hennon

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Prairie Voices is a volume full of surprises. From the Foreword and Preface I was expecting a deep narrative on how the author lives in and experiences the prairie world and found instead a drawn-out discussion about how the author uses poetry in his medical school practice.

Each of eleven chapters gives some glimpse of the author's understanding of the prairie and its culture. Through his poetry and stories Stein attempts to provide the reader with an appreciation of the essence of the prairie, offering a more holistic understanding. We learn about day, night, weeds, drinking coffee, functioning, dependency ...


Review Of Beyond Subsistence: Plains Archaeology And The Postprocessual Critique Edited By Philip Duke And Michael C. Wilson, Alan J. Osborn Oct 1997

Review Of Beyond Subsistence: Plains Archaeology And The Postprocessual Critique Edited By Philip Duke And Michael C. Wilson, Alan J. Osborn

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Philip Duke and Michael Wilson have compiled a well-written, well-organized book designed to "demonstrate the potential of postprocessualism to Plains archaeologists." It contains an editors' introduction, eleven scholarly contributions, as well as two commentaries. The editors suggest that the success of this "new paradigm or research strategy" will be assessed on the basis of its "second-generation scholars" and what they contribute to the "intellectual hybridization" of postprocessualism.

The reader must be aware that postprocessual archaeology does not consist of a coherent body of theory, models, concepts, or robust methods for data collection and analysis. Instead, it is a postmodern response ...


Review Of From Fort Laramie To Wounded Knee: In The West That Was By Charles W. Allen, John Husmann Oct 1997

Review Of From Fort Laramie To Wounded Knee: In The West That Was By Charles W. Allen, John Husmann

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Charles Wesley Allen witnessed episodes of late nineteenth-century western American history through the eyes of a "soldier, freighter, rancher, clerk, blacksmith, contractor, editor, war correspondent, Pine Ridge postmaster, philosopher, and poet" (p. viii). Allen's good friend, Addison E. Sheldon, wrote this description of Allen's career in his foreword to the unpublished 1938 manuscript of Allen's reminiscences located at Nebraska State Historical Society. Richard E. Jensen, the Senior Research Anthropologist at the Society has produced an edited version of the manuscript, making it available to a wider audience for the first time. The book, as an edited volume ...


Review Of Nebraskaland Magazine: Wildlife Viewing Guide By Joseph Knue, Paul M. Mckenzie Oct 1997

Review Of Nebraskaland Magazine: Wildlife Viewing Guide By Joseph Knue, Paul M. Mckenzie

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Joseph Knue's new Nebraska Wildlife Viewing Guide is a well organized and concise guide that many state residents and visitors will find useful as they travel throughout Nebraska. Its sharp photographs and maps greatly add to the overall aesthetically pleasing quality of the book, and the directions and icons used to depict the various available recreational facilities are clear and easy to follow. Given the modest price tag, the book should accompany anyone planning to view wildlife throughout the Nebraska countryside.


Review Of A Language Of Our Own: The Genesis Of Michif, The Mixed Cree-French Language Of The Canadian Metis By Peter Bakker, Paul Dube Oct 1997

Review Of A Language Of Our Own: The Genesis Of Michif, The Mixed Cree-French Language Of The Canadian Metis By Peter Bakker, Paul Dube

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

In the current context of reconciliation between the Native peoples and the government of Canada, there may be no stronger outside voice to help the Metis people in their struggle to right the past, be recognized for their contribution to the building of Canada, and to prepare for future than Peter Bakker's brilliant and pioneering book. This study combines a complete knowledge and mastery of all relevant literature and documents, the expert linguist's own research in the field, and an obvious caring, human touch. Its main focus is the language of the Metis people-Michif- but it achieves much ...


Review Of Ordinary Life, Festival Days: Aesthetics In The Midwestern County Fair By Leslie Prosterman, Georgia L. Stevens Oct 1997

Review Of Ordinary Life, Festival Days: Aesthetics In The Midwestern County Fair By Leslie Prosterman, Georgia L. Stevens

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Prosterman graphically describes and idealizes traditional midwestern life as it focuses and culminates in the county fair by connecting food production to the harvest bounty. Her account of these American "festivals" began as a dissertation with data gathered in 1981-82. She visited twenty-four fairs, studied six in depth and conducted more than one hundred ethnographic interviews in two states. As a cultural anthropologist, Prosterman defines the county fair and its system of thought processes as folklore intimately connected to a small group people within a community. To the student of family and community sustainability, the book supplies a rich history ...


Review Of Ecology & Economics Of The Great Plains By Daniel S. Licht, David M. Armstrong Oct 1997

Review Of Ecology & Economics Of The Great Plains By Daniel S. Licht, David M. Armstrong

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

This book provides an excellent review of its several subjects. I admire the breadth of its vision. It argues for restoration of grasslands on a meaningful scale. It is an important book and in many ways it is a good book, but the subject deserves a great book.

Considering its range, actual errors are few. The problems lie in focus, organization, and integration. The fundamental ecological inadequacy is the deliberate (p. 2) neglect of the extraordinary diversity of grassland ecosystems. Tall grass prairie differs in kind from shortgrass steppe: in predominant flora, fauna, primary and secondary productivity, in dollar-value per ...


Review Of Social Policy And Social Justice: The Ndp Government In Saskatchewan During The Blakeney Years Edited By Jim Harding, Allen Seager Oct 1997

Review Of Social Policy And Social Justice: The Ndp Government In Saskatchewan During The Blakeney Years Edited By Jim Harding, Allen Seager

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Long a fixture on the Canadian political landscape, and best known outside province for a dogged defense of provincial rights in pursuit of its state entrepreneurial agenda, the three-term NDP government of Saskatchewan's Allan Blakeney (1979-1982) is beginning to attract a more critical and systematic attention, centered around the traditional paradox of populism on the Great Plains: the admixture of conservative community values with a more or less radical economic view. Jim Harding, a left NDP activist and Regina city Councilor as well as an academic sociologist-a narrow cross section of the social science community, exclusive of history and ...


Review Of Changing Rural Institutions: A Canadian Perspective Edited By Richard C. Rounds, Paul H. Gessaman Oct 1997

Review Of Changing Rural Institutions: A Canadian Perspective Edited By Richard C. Rounds, Paul H. Gessaman

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

In seventeen independently-developed chapters this book provides a multi-dimensional examination of the restructuring of rural institutions and institutional systems in Canada. Though not stated in the book narrative, it appears the chapters were written for the Seventh National Canadian Rural Restructuring Foundation/Canadian Agricultural and Rural Restructuring Group Conference held in the City of Grande Prairie, Alberta. No information on the conference dates or other circumstances is provided. The editor acknowledges financial support by a relatively large number of organizations, public sector units, and private sector businesses, as well as the efforts of the conference staff and volunteers. The latter ...


Review Of Native Americans And Wage Labor: Ethnohistorical Perspectives Edited By Alice Littlefield And Martha C. Knack, Ronald L. Trosper Oct 1997

Review Of Native Americans And Wage Labor: Ethnohistorical Perspectives Edited By Alice Littlefield And Martha C. Knack, Ronald L. Trosper

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

The ten essays in Native Americans and Wage Labor provide an excellent source for information regarding the participation of Native Americans in labor markets in the United States from colonial times to the present. The editors' introductory essay reviews the literature showing that wage labor by Native Americans is not a recent phenomenon. It was crucial to the survival of some Native groups when other means of sustenance were removed. At particular times and places, Native labor was also crucial to settlers who needed to harvest crops, construct railroads, or build mines. Many of these examples are furnished by essays ...


Depopulation Of The Rural Great Plains Counties Of Texas, Charlene R. Nickels, Frederick A. Day Oct 1997

Depopulation Of The Rural Great Plains Counties Of Texas, Charlene R. Nickels, Frederick A. Day

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

The counties of the Texas Great Plains have been part of a depopulation of the rural "heartland" of the United States. This paper traces the loss of population in these counties since 1910 and tries to account for the reasons underlying the trend. Four major groups of variables are analyzed through stepwise regression to determine their relative conceptual importance: demographic factors (age-structure and percent Hispanic), environmental factors (annual rainfall, percent irrigated land, and amount of oil production), geographic factors (distance to an urban central place and population size of a county's central place) and socioeconomic factors (lack of diversification ...


The Politics Of Elementary Schools In A German-American Roman Catholic Settlement In Canada’S Province Of Saskatchewan, 1903-1925, Clinton O. White Oct 1997

The Politics Of Elementary Schools In A German-American Roman Catholic Settlement In Canada’S Province Of Saskatchewan, 1903-1925, Clinton O. White

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Scholars who have studied the political behavior of residents of Canada's province of Saskatchewan conclude that members of minority groups such as Roman Catholics and people of Central and Eastern European background voted Liberal much more frequently than Conservative, at least prior to the 1930s. There is no reason to question this conclusion when voting throughout the province by a specific minority is considered. However, the same is not always found to be true when the voting behavior of a particular minority group in a single constituency is examined. This paper discusses the German Catholics of the Humboldt Constituency ...


Microclimate Of An Aboriginal Winter Campsite At Wanuskewin Heritage Park, Saskatoom, E. A. Ripley, O. W. Archibold, C. Jackson, E. J. Walker Oct 1997

Microclimate Of An Aboriginal Winter Campsite At Wanuskewin Heritage Park, Saskatoom, E. A. Ripley, O. W. Archibold, C. Jackson, E. J. Walker

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

The microclimate of an aboriginal winter campsite, set in an incised, south-facing meander of a small creek, is compared to the conditions on the adjacent open prairie at Wanuskewin Heritage Park, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Maximum and minimum temperatures and wind speeds were measured daily, on the prairie and in the valley, along with temperatures in a modern canvas tipi erected in the valley. Maximum temperatures tended to be about 1 °C higher in the valley, and 2 °C higher in the tipi, than on the prairie, while minima were 1-2 °C lower. Wind speeds were reduced to about 50% in the ...


Annual Index - Volume 7, Number 2, Fall 1997 Oct 1997

Annual Index - Volume 7, Number 2, Fall 1997

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

index


News And Notes - Volume 7, Number 2, Fall 1997 Oct 1997

News And Notes - Volume 7, Number 2, Fall 1997

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Content:

Call for papers

Conferences


Review Of Dividing New Mexico's Waters, 1700-1912 By John O. Baxter, Kenneth Orona Oct 1997

Review Of Dividing New Mexico's Waters, 1700-1912 By John O. Baxter, Kenneth Orona

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

In Dividing New Mexico's Waters, 1700-1912, John O. Baxter examines New Mexico's sordid water history spanning more than two-hundred years and three colonial empires-Spanish, Mexican, and American. Drawing on a range of primary documents including legal cases, Surveyor General reports, deed books, Spanish and Mexican records, and U.S. territorial papers, Baxter pieces together a complex and informative story of water allocation and management. The pervasive theme running throughout the book addresses the gulf between political structures and legal statutes colonial powers established to administer water usage and the more common and pragmatic forms citizens employed to manage ...


Review Of The Texas Challenge: Population Change And The Future Of Texas Edited By Steve H. Murdock, Nazrul Hoque, Martha Michael, Steve White, And Beverly Pecotte, Robert K. Holz Oct 1997

Review Of The Texas Challenge: Population Change And The Future Of Texas Edited By Steve H. Murdock, Nazrul Hoque, Martha Michael, Steve White, And Beverly Pecotte, Robert K. Holz

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Steve H. Murdock, in collaboration with four secondary authors, has produced an intriguing but somewhat puzzling book on population change and the future of Texas. While population studies are certainly within the authors' domain of Rural Sociology, Texas is no longer a "rural" state based on population. Over eighty percent of the state's population now resides in urban areas, although Texas laws, traditions, and attitudes still honor and project a rural mystique. This might have been emphasized as part of the Texas Challenge.

Throughout the text the authors emphasize four major trends in Texas population: the changing rate of ...


Review Of Peyote: The Divine Cactus By Edward F. Anderson, Daniel Gelo Oct 1997

Review Of Peyote: The Divine Cactus By Edward F. Anderson, Daniel Gelo

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

The explanation of peyote, the hallucinogenic cactus central to several American Indian ceremonies, requires forays into many diverse fields, from chemistry and botany to ethnomusicology, frontier history, and legal studies. Other books approach peyote via the anthropology of ritual, appending material about the cactus itself. Anderson's work, which first appeared in 1980, places the plant at the heart of inquiry. This new edition offers minor reorganization and a major updating in style and content.


Review Of Of Bison And Man By Harold P. Danz, James R. Shortridge Oct 1997

Review Of Of Bison And Man By Harold P. Danz, James R. Shortridge

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Because plains bison have come to symbolize open spaces and freedom to Americans, as well as past ecological insensitivity, stories about them have widespread appeal. Harold Danz's contribution to this large and growing literature is an overview, a brief treatment of the animal's evolution, demise, and eventual recovery. Mr. Danz brings a varied background to his writing: long-time service with the National Park Service, a PhD, and the first executive directorship of the American Bison Association (ABA). This experience produces an unusual book, one that mixes detached analysis with enthusiastic promotion. The promotion sections, in my opinion, are ...


Review Of Grazing On Public Lands, Kathleen H. Keeler Oct 1997

Review Of Grazing On Public Lands, Kathleen H. Keeler

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

The CAST (Council on Agricultural Science and Technology) report "Grazing on Public Lands" is a pamphlet. The mission statement inside the front cover leads one to expect an objective look at the impact of grazing on public lands. The topic may be so controversial that an objective look is impossible, and this idea is certainly supported by the Task Force Report. This report argues that the current management of grazing on public lands is sustainable, promotes biodiversity and that any change (such as increases in federal grazing fees) will adversely affect western communities.

For a short report, this one is ...


The Prairie Indian Vote In Canadian Politics 1965-1993: A Critical Case Study From Alberta, Russel Lawrence Barsh, Michelle Fraser, Faye Morning Bull, Toby Provost, Kirby Smith May 1997

The Prairie Indian Vote In Canadian Politics 1965-1993: A Critical Case Study From Alberta, Russel Lawrence Barsh, Michelle Fraser, Faye Morning Bull, Toby Provost, Kirby Smith

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Voting behavior in the three largest Aboriginal communities of Alberta-Blood Tribe, Peigan Nation, and Four Nations-is contrasted with non-Aboriginal voting behavior using polling-station counts from 16 general elections and the 1992 constitutional referendum. Lower voter turnout and distinctive patterns of party preferences among Aboriginal voters are examined more closely using data collected through standardized, open-ended interviews conducted in conjunction with a voter mobilization effort on the Peigan Reserve in 1996. Although respondents did not report refraining from participation in Federal or Provincial elections to avoid compromising their sovereignty-an argument sometimes made by national Aboriginal organizations-the responses often exhibited pessimism or ...


Farmsteads As Mirrors Of Cultural Adjustments And Change: The Ukrainian Canadian Experience, James W. Darlington May 1997

Farmsteads As Mirrors Of Cultural Adjustments And Change: The Ukrainian Canadian Experience, James W. Darlington

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Farmsteads reflect more than the nature and health of agricultural activity on individual farms and across geographic regions; they provide a reliable record of other aspects of cultural and economic adjustment and change. This paper considers the farmsteads constructed by the Ukrainian immigrants and their descendants who settled in one district of the Canadian prairies beginning in 1896. A field survey of four townships reveals that between the time of initial settlement and the present four distinct generations of farm structures were erected. These generations of buildings-labeled here pioneer, traditional, transitional, and modern provide clear evidence of the economic progress ...